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Information repackaging for the conservation of biodiversity on farmlands in the central districts of Uganda
 

Information repackaging for the conservation of biodiversity on farmlands in the central districts of Uganda

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Presentation by Eva Mutongole Wamala (NEMA) at the IAALD 2010 World Congress - 26-29 April 2010, Montpellier, France

Presentation by Eva Mutongole Wamala (NEMA) at the IAALD 2010 World Congress - 26-29 April 2010, Montpellier, France

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    Information repackaging for the conservation of biodiversity on farmlands in the central districts of Uganda Information repackaging for the conservation of biodiversity on farmlands in the central districts of Uganda Presentation Transcript

    •   By Eva Mutongole Wamala Librarian National Environment Management Authority NEMA House Plot No. 17,19 & 21,Jinja Road P.O.Box 22255 Kampala Tel : 256-414-251064/5/8Fax: 256-41-257521 Email: [email_address] [email_address] Website: http:// www.nemaug.org
    • Abstract
      • This paper discusses the role of biodiversity in agriculture, Information repackaging, repackaging as a method of information dissemination to farmers, highlights examples of institutions that have been instrumental in the promotion of agro biodiversity by repackaging information, their monitoring and evaluation procedures, and feedback mechanism from farmers in the central districts of Uganda and how these mechanisms have lead to the improvement of the services provided.
      • Uganda is an agrarian economy with a diversity of farming systems. Production of a variety of crops is enhanced by the country’s endowment with rich soils, adequate rainfall and altitude.
      • Agriculture and biological diversity are interdependent. They complement each other in a system of intricate links that involve productivity, adaptation, ecological functioning among others.
      • Information sharing plays a key role in ensuring adequate management and use of biodiversity for productive agriculture
      Introduction
    • How Biodiversity benefits natural and agricultural ecosystems
      • Productivity
      • Bees, earthworms, orchids, and bacteria provide many thousands of nutritious products through agriculture and the harvest of natural populations.
      • Adaptation
      • - Adequate management of agricultural and natural biodiversity; above and below ground and underwater secures help to sustain agricultural production
      • Maintenance of ecosystem functions
      • Nutrient cycling
      • Decomposing of organic matter,
      • Degraded soil rehabilitation,
      • Pest and disease regulation,
      • Water quality control
      • Pollination
      • all the above maintain by a wide range of biologically diverse populations in natural and agricultural ecosystems.
    • How Farming benefits Biodiversity
      • Delivery of ecosystem services
      • Incentives
      • Ecological knowledge
    • Map showing area of study Map production: Dennis Kimera
    • Information repackaging
      • Puts together information gathered from different sources and condenses it.
      • Library service that customizes information to meet the specific needs of users (SAMRC 2007)
    • Why information is repackaged.
      • Bridge language barrier
      • Promote literacy
      • Change farmers attitude
      • Disseminate new research findings
      • Reduction on costs
    • Functions of Information repackaging.
      • A saving tool for information dissemination
      • A selective and systematic sorter of useful information
      • A translation tool
      • An opportunity for practical application of research results
      • A means for prompt delivery of relevant information
    • Key steps in information repackaging
      • Study of potential user and user needs to close information gaps;
      • Information selection and content evaluation;
      • Content analysis;
      • Dissemination in the various formats;
      • Monitoring and review of the products and services accompanied by feedback from users;
      • Evaluation and adjustment of the material
    • Information repackaging as a method of information provision to farmers
      • Librarians are expected to repackage information materials which has been tailored to meet the information needs of rural inhabitants in a language and format they would understand (Aina 2006)
      • Information to be repackaged could be sourced from published materials, raw data collected by research institutions, government statistical service, online information and even from peoples own corpus of indigenous knowledge.(Onwubiko 1999)
    • Types of agricultural information for farmers
      • Technical/ scientific research results
      • Commercial information ie sales of agricultural commodities
      • Social / cultural information ie. indigenous knowledge
      • Legal information – policies and laws
    • Dissemination of agro- biodiversity Information to farmers
      • information professionals collaborate with agricultural extension workers to ensure the accuracy, completeness, and consistency of information to be packaged.
      • Packages have clear presentation and are tested by a wide range of users before more production can be done.
      • Agricultural information is disseminated through the broadcasting media, print media, through extension services, oral or/and group discussions and through educational tours.
      • Indigenous knowledge transfer
      • Information about traditional practices that enhance food production is packaged and information disseminated / shared by all communities.
      • The full participation of rural people in the process of introducing new ideas and in the design and implementation of development projects is essential ;
      • Traditional communication systems
      • Exchange of information takes place where people meet, e.g. market places, health clinics, bus stops, village meetings, schools, churches, mosques.
      • Person-to-person communication has been found to be the most effective, via priests, local dignitaries, age-group leaders, friends, neighbors and parents.
      • Media of communication
      • Repackaged information is presented in an amalgamation of almost all media since most communities are a mixture of both literate and illiterate populations;
      • printed media
      • Visual (e.g. posters), audio (radio, cassettes) and mixed media (e.g. film)
      • theatre, song and group discussion.
      • teaching, apprenticeship and storytelling, have had varied success.
      • External information
      • This is fragmented between several government ministries, non-governmental agencies and parastatals.
      • Most of the agencies supply information as part of a larger package of inputs and services and within a narrow subject field. The supply of information is dismally low.
    • Stake holder involvement in Information delivery and support systems
      • There are several organizations and projects that have partnership with the donor community to promote agro-biodiversity in Uganda
      • Conserving Biodiversity on farmed landscapes of Uganda (COBA) - working on how birds, bees, butterflies and trees as vital components in agricultural yields. A lot of information has been repackaged ie the poster below.
    • Conservation of Biodiversity in Agricultural Farmlands (COBA) Poster Birds, insects trees are indicators of a healthy environment and increase productivity in your farm/ garden. It is a win – win situation for you and for wildlife Source: COBA 2008
    • .
      • National Agricultural Advisory Services (NAADS ) with support from FAO, has integrated farm forestry into its activities
      • National Environment Management Authority (NEMA) with support from the World Bank, has produced a handbooks for biodiversity conservation in Uganda.
      • Multi – purpose community centers in the central region have enabled dissemination of repackaged information to farmers.
      • National Agricultural Research Organization (NARO) established libraries in most of its research centers to promote dissemination of research results.
    • Monitoring and Evaluation
      • Information repackaged is monitored and evaluated to ensure timely corrective measures. interactive discussion with implementers and the recipient group, sample farmers survey, and Participatory Rural Appraisal(PRA) with especial focus on participatory monitoring and evaluation approach.
      • Feed back mechanism used includes:
      • - Adapt systems to the context
      • - Develop assessment criteria with farmers
      • - Generate quantitative data through surveys
      • - Reporting comparative data
      • -Discussing findings together to identify improvements
      • - Repeating the process
      • Agro Biodiversity Working Group
      • Established by COBA has members from project partners, stake holders in agriculture and environment.
      • This working group is to identify best practices for the long-term conservation of bio diversity in selected farmed landscapes in Uganda and establish a framework for sustainable agricultural development. 
      • Workshops and meetings held by this working group and information has been shared amongst the members for further dissemination to farmers..
      • In partnership with twelve national and international organizations, the National Environmental Management Authority (NEMA) produced an improved poster pack was for extension workers for distribution to farmers to encourage them have peer to peer education.
      • These posters show different ways of improving agricultural yields, hygiene and nutrition. Farmers are encouraged to contribute ideas on talk shows on both radio and Television as phone in to share information and also complement the discussions.
    • Conclusion
      • The presence of biodiversity on agricultural land is important for maintaining the health and productivity of farmlands.
      • Agriculture as practiced today threatens the wild plants, animal species and ecosystem services upon which both humans and biodiversity depend.
      • Farmers should be aware of the role of biodiversity in crop yields and be informed on how to manage their gardens wisely to ensure their conservation.
      • Information repackaging can go a long way in providing information that can lead to sustainable use of our farmlands hence increase food security.  
    • Challenges encountered
      • Inadequate Literature
      • Limited time
      • Insufficient resources – funds
      • Overcoming the challenges
      • Proper planning
      • Sampling of respondents
      • Efficient use of funds (sustainable)
      • Lessons Learnt
      • Adequate Planning ensures research success
      • Good research is dependant on good time management
      • Inadequate sources of Information hinder efficient researching.
      • What Still remains
      • There’s need to widen the base of information sources especially concerning Biodiversity Information
      • More research should be carried out to match with the ever changing environment
      • There’s need for more sensitization of local farmers countrywide about the importance of conservation of biodiversity through Information repackaging and adequate dissemination;
    • How Local/ regional Initiatives can link to global initiatives or Vice versa
      • Information sharing and networking during IAALD congresses and regional chapters conferences.
      • Participation in e – discussions
      • Participation in training workshops and seminars on topical issues
      • Information sharing through publications
      • Learning visits to successful initiatives
    • THANK YOU