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The Internet and the agricultural world – What interactions between scientific knowledge and pragmatic know-how about the environment?
The Internet and the agricultural world – What interactions between scientific knowledge and pragmatic know-how about the environment?
The Internet and the agricultural world – What interactions between scientific knowledge and pragmatic know-how about the environment?
The Internet and the agricultural world – What interactions between scientific knowledge and pragmatic know-how about the environment?
The Internet and the agricultural world – What interactions between scientific knowledge and pragmatic know-how about the environment?
The Internet and the agricultural world – What interactions between scientific knowledge and pragmatic know-how about the environment?
The Internet and the agricultural world – What interactions between scientific knowledge and pragmatic know-how about the environment?
The Internet and the agricultural world – What interactions between scientific knowledge and pragmatic know-how about the environment?
The Internet and the agricultural world – What interactions between scientific knowledge and pragmatic know-how about the environment?
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The Internet and the agricultural world – What interactions between scientific knowledge and pragmatic know-how about the environment?

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Presentation by Chantal Aspe (LPED) at the IAALD 2010 World Congress - 26-29 April 2010, Montpellier, France

Presentation by Chantal Aspe (LPED) at the IAALD 2010 World Congress - 26-29 April 2010, Montpellier, France

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  • 1. The internet and the agricultural world. What interactions between scientific knowledge and pragmatic know-how about the environment Chantal Aspe, Université de Provence /LPED Constance De Gourcy, Université de Provence /LAMES Marie Jacqué, Université de la Méditerranée/ESPACE
  • 2. The agricultural web : <ul><li>- A tool for handling specific issues of the profession </li></ul><ul><li>- A support for positioning relative to environmental controversies </li></ul>
  • 3. Field Investigation <ul><li>Acta informatique website as an example: </li></ul><ul><li>A wide diffusion : a weekly gazette diffused with a circulation figure of 28,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Diversity of sources and stances about scientific stakes </li></ul><ul><li>Represent a space of metting and debate between scientific knowledge, its technical implementation and professional practice </li></ul>
  • 4. Agricultural web : a stake of recognition and mobilization for the profession <ul><li>A stake of recognition : </li></ul><ul><li>- 1,87% of the working population (INSEE, 2006) </li></ul><ul><li>- A profession often presented like the one to blame for a portion of environmental problems. </li></ul><ul><li>- A number of sites created by farmers answer this concern for showcasing the practice </li></ul><ul><li>- Actors as different as vine growers, cereal farmers, stockbreeders get together around the defense of this “professional identity”. </li></ul>
  • 5. Agricultural web : a stake of recognition and mobilization for the profession <ul><li>A stake of mobilization </li></ul><ul><li>Mobilization of the profession around what it perceives as environmental problems. </li></ul><ul><li>Their position consist in opposing the erudite sens of scientific experts with practical sense founded on the observation of the environment </li></ul><ul><li>A frequent recourse to proverbs and sayings </li></ul>
  • 6. GMO’s debate : bringing back scientific argument into a professional framework <ul><li>Highlight the adventage of GMOs for agricultural profession and the efficiency on agricultural production. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A quantitative and qualitative improvement of agriculture production </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure the sustainability of the feeding role of the profession </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Application of regulatory standards (EFSA, AFSSA) to agricultural activity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Claimed as a technical improvement of modern agriculture, the use of GMOS is presented as a « traditional » form of adaptation to a social demand </li></ul>
  • 7. <ul><li>The justification of the use of GMOs is based on a professional framework of application of regulatory dispositions produced by public agencies </li></ul><ul><li>GMO’s are neutralized politically by a discourse and an argument line putting them in the perspective of a legal use of agricultural innovation. </li></ul>
  • 8. A diversion of the object of criticism <ul><li>About critical positions on GMOs, the object of contention is less GMOs as such than the way in which the agricultural world is presented as the originator of environmental problems </li></ul><ul><li>The «principle of precaution » is not presented as a scientific argument but as a political stake. </li></ul><ul><li>People disputing GMOs are pointed at as people outside of the agricultural world and not attuned to social and economic stakes of the profession. </li></ul>
  • 9. Conclusion <ul><li>Internet is about to take over in the agricultural profession from the traditional supports of information transmission </li></ul><ul><li>This makes it a potential means of social positioning for agricultural profession </li></ul><ul><li>It permits to insist on the economic and social issue potentially affecting the agricultural profession from decisions which would constrain its development </li></ul><ul><li>Arguments are mainly based on the social role of agriculture and the victim’s position of farmers tied up by productivity and necessary adaptation </li></ul>

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