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Phone-based information services for farmers

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Presentation by Phil Abrahams (CABI) at the 2010 IAALD World Congress - 26-29 April 2010, Montpellier, France

Presentation by Phil Abrahams (CABI) at the 2010 IAALD World Congress - 26-29 April 2010, Montpellier, France

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  • the FAO estimated the number of hungry people at 973 million in 2008. MDG goal half the number of people who live in hunger by 2015 World Bank President Robert B. Zoellick. “A dynamic ‘agriculture for development’ agenda can benefit the estimated 900 million rural people in the developing world who live on less than $1 a day, most of whom are engaged in agriculture,” said Robert B. Zoellick, World Bank Group President . “We need to give agriculture more prominence across the board. At the global level, countries must deliver on vital reforms such as cutting distorting subsidies and opening markets, while civil society groups, especially farmer organizations, need more say in setting the agricultural agenda.”
  • the FAO estimated the number of hungry people at 973 million in 2008. MDG goal half the number of people who live in hunger by 2015 World Bank President Robert B. Zoellick. “A dynamic ‘agriculture for development’ agenda can benefit the estimated 900 million rural people in the developing world who live on less than $1 a day, most of whom are engaged in agriculture,” said Robert B. Zoellick, World Bank Group President . “We need to give agriculture more prominence across the board. At the global level, countries must deliver on vital reforms such as cutting distorting subsidies and opening markets, while civil society groups, especially farmer organizations, need more say in setting the agricultural agenda.”
  • the FAO estimated the number of hungry people at 973 million in 2008. MDG goal half the number of people who live in hunger by 2015 World Bank President Robert B. Zoellick. “A dynamic ‘agriculture for development’ agenda can benefit the estimated 900 million rural people in the developing world who live on less than $1 a day, most of whom are engaged in agriculture,” said Robert B. Zoellick, World Bank Group President . “We need to give agriculture more prominence across the board. At the global level, countries must deliver on vital reforms such as cutting distorting subsidies and opening markets, while civil society groups, especially farmer organizations, need more say in setting the agricultural agenda.”
  • the FAO estimated the number of hungry people at 973 million in 2008. MDG goal half the number of people who live in hunger by 2015 World Bank President Robert B. Zoellick. “A dynamic ‘agriculture for development’ agenda can benefit the estimated 900 million rural people in the developing world who live on less than $1 a day, most of whom are engaged in agriculture,” said Robert B. Zoellick, World Bank Group President . “We need to give agriculture more prominence across the board. At the global level, countries must deliver on vital reforms such as cutting distorting subsidies and opening markets, while civil society groups, especially farmer organizations, need more say in setting the agricultural agenda.”
  • the FAO estimated the number of hungry people at 973 million in 2008. MDG goal half the number of people who live in hunger by 2015 World Bank President Robert B. Zoellick. “A dynamic ‘agriculture for development’ agenda can benefit the estimated 900 million rural people in the developing world who live on less than $1 a day, most of whom are engaged in agriculture,” said Robert B. Zoellick, World Bank Group President . “We need to give agriculture more prominence across the board. At the global level, countries must deliver on vital reforms such as cutting distorting subsidies and opening markets, while civil society groups, especially farmer organizations, need more say in setting the agricultural agenda.”
  • the FAO estimated the number of hungry people at 973 million in 2008. MDG goal half the number of people who live in hunger by 2015 World Bank President Robert B. Zoellick. “A dynamic ‘agriculture for development’ agenda can benefit the estimated 900 million rural people in the developing world who live on less than $1 a day, most of whom are engaged in agriculture,” said Robert B. Zoellick, World Bank Group President . “We need to give agriculture more prominence across the board. At the global level, countries must deliver on vital reforms such as cutting distorting subsidies and opening markets, while civil society groups, especially farmer organizations, need more say in setting the agricultural agenda.”
  • the FAO estimated the number of hungry people at 973 million in 2008. MDG goal half the number of people who live in hunger by 2015 World Bank President Robert B. Zoellick. “A dynamic ‘agriculture for development’ agenda can benefit the estimated 900 million rural people in the developing world who live on less than $1 a day, most of whom are engaged in agriculture,” said Robert B. Zoellick, World Bank Group President . “We need to give agriculture more prominence across the board. At the global level, countries must deliver on vital reforms such as cutting distorting subsidies and opening markets, while civil society groups, especially farmer organizations, need more say in setting the agricultural agenda.”
  • Transcript

    • 1. Phone-based information services for farmers IAALD 2010 Sharbendu Banerjee & Phil Abrahams, CABI
    • 2. Background
        • Agriculture’s significance:
          • ~20% of GDP
          • 60% of population directly/indirectly dependent
        • ~127m growers in India, most on plots <5 acres
        • Only 40% of farmer households access information about modern agricultural techniques
        • Very wide (1:1000) extension worker : farmer ratio
        • Mobiles: from a communication to a development and socialization tool
    • 3. India telecom market
        • ~500m subscribers (08/09)
        • Tele-density ~42% (08/09)
        • Year-on-year subscriber growth ~43% (06/08-06/09)
        • Expected mobile subscriber base (2013) ~771m
      Tele-density % growth
    • 4. Extension Agents of 21 st Century with thanks to: let’s go mobile
    • 5. IFFCO Kissan Sanchar Ltd and CABI
        • IFFCO and Bharti Airtel JV
          • >1.5m farmer subscribers in 18 states
        • Each farmer gets a daily local language voice mail on crop protection, agronomy, animal husbandry and govt schemes etc
        • Helpline for farmer queries manned by locally based content manager who consults with experts and provides solutions
        • CABI provides scientific backstopping and solves difficult/complex farmer problems through its global knowledge base and scientific resources
        • We help IKSL generate contents for knowledge dissemination
        • We develop a crop protection database based on the farmers’ questions and the solutions provided
    • 6. Science backstopping
        • Latest knowledge, contents and training tools supplied to/via IKSL advisors
      Database Products, Research Findings & Diagnostics (CABI) Q & A Custom Search Expert Referral FAQ Bulletins Pest & Disease Alerts Good Agriculture Practice Customized Contents Factsheet Field Guide Farmers’ Booklet Calendars Quality Tools Q&A Protocol Q&A Audit Impact Study Farmers’ Helpline (IKSL) Farmers subscribed to IKSL Service
    • 7. Proactive messaging
        • Selection
          • Question trends, farmer feedback, seasonal, critical crop stages
        • Production
          • Topics prepared 7 days in advance
          • Message text from local/national expert panel
          • Vetted by IKSL Expert Panel/CABI
          • Vernacular verbal translation prepared & disseminated to subscribers
    • 8. Schematic The Advisor documents the solution into FAQ database The Hotline Advisor documents the query and prepares answer Query goes to an expert If answer is readily not available Answers Query Advisor Farmer raises a query through phone Generic Info from Mobile Operator: Name Geog. Location Date/Time Specific Info taken during call: Type of problem Crop/Season/ Soil/Land Holding Searches the FAQ database for answers Expert provides solution Back stopping service from CABI
    • 9. Sample recommendation
    • 10. Sample success Name of farmer Shivashankar District Chamarajanagara Phone No. XXXXXXXXXX Crop/Category Coconut & animal husbandry Details Owns coconut orchard with 40 trees. Rears 35 sheep & 5 cows. Used [IKSL] “green sim” card for 8m; 75% of the messages are useful - Mite attack on trees - >Rps25k on pesticides but no solution - Adopted voice message advice (Integrated fertilizer application with potash application to root zone) - Plants recovering - Has also adopted balanced feed advice ( Soaked maize, broken grain feeding to increase milk yield) - Milk yield increased from 2.0 to 3.5 ltrs/day/cow - He said that because he gave sheep vaccination at right time, his sheep are healthier & sold for 15% more
    • 11. IKSL Factsheet
      • Content managers 18 Experts on panel 52 Total messages delivered 95,000 Questions on Helpline 61,500 Feedbacks from farmers 4,200 Plus, Phone-In Expert Programmes 155 Quizzes 267
    • 12. Thank you. For questions, contact
      • Sharbendu Banerjee
      • CABI India
      • T: +91(0)93 1334 6691
      • E: s.banerjee@cabi.org

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