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Shaping Tomorrow’s Agriculture Today


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Presentation by Mark Holderness (GFAR) at the IAALD 2010 World Congress - 26-29 April 2010

Presentation by Mark Holderness (GFAR) at the IAALD 2010 World Congress - 26-29 April 2010

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  • 1. Shaping Tomorrow’s Agriculture Today Mark Holderness, Ajit Maru & Valeria Pesce The Global Forum on Agricultural Research
  • 2. The Global Forum is:
    • A Global Advocate for agricultural research to meet the future needs of humanity
    • The Key Global Link between agricultural science and society
    • A Voice for the disadvantaged
    • A Partnership for change
    • A Catalyst for action
    • An Open and Inclusive Platform for sharing and learning
  • 3. GFAR - We Are You
    • Farmers – putting poor rural communities at the centre of research
    • Civil Society – a voice for the needs of the disadvantaged, bridging local and scientific innovation
    • National Agricultural Research & Extension – capable, relevant and integrated systems meeting the needs of the poor
    • Private Sector – effective, responsible input delivery & output markets
    • International Research Centers – driven by national development needs
    • Fundamental Research Institutions – ‘upstream’ research driven by development objectives
    • Donor organizations – fulfilling development aims through explicitly demand-driven policies and processes
  • 4. Global Forum: Priorities for Action
    • Advocacy for change : Strengthen the voice and demand of society for innovative agricultural research around key development issues
    • Institutions for the Future : Transform agricultural research, extension and education institutions to meet our future needs
    • Inter-regional learning : New partnerships catalysing rapid and efficient change around the world
    • Putting knowledge to use : Empower change by overcoming the barriers to knowledge flow
  • 5. The GCARD - Transforming AR4D: Business as usual is not an option...
    • Populations are growing fast
    • Food demands are changing
    • Climates are changing
    • Land use is changing
    • Water resources are diminishing
    • Soil resources are eroding
    • Urbanization is advancing
    • Farming populations are getting older
    • The poor are increasingly marginalized
  • 6. Towards an ‘evergreen’ revolution
    • How can we increase agricultural productivity and farmer incomes while:
    • Ensuring the poor benefit and societal needs are met
    • Sustainably managing environmental resources
    • And what kind of institutions do we need to meet these challenges?
  • 7.
    • But...
    • Why isn’t past research better benefiting the poor?
    • Why have many apparently effective technologies not been adopted?
    • Why has society been losing confidence in agricultural science?
    • Why are research and extension institutions not effectively connected with those they are intended to benefit?
    The generation and application of knowledge is critical to meeting the huge global challenges facing agriculture Agriculture: a knowledge-based industry
  • 8. Developing countries must have access to external information Researchers per million people
  • 9. Clickstream data : how scientific literature is accessed and connected, from users’ downloading and browsing behaviour (PLoS ONE, 2009) Current science: social science linkages
  • 10. All knowledge has value
    • Scientific knowledge is reductionist, trusted & validated by its method
    • Local knowledge is holistic, trusted & validated by experience & culture
    • Need to link & reconcile these knowledge & trust bases
    • Sustainable development must value & capitalize on both
    P. Van Mele
  • 11. Empowered by Knowledge Society is full of natural innovators... Constrained by resources & risk-aware
  • 12.
    • Knowledge is not static, derives from actions & interactions
    The nature of innovation Information is passive, becomes knowledge through use Innovation and change derives from the interaction and knowledge of multiple actors within a context J.Vos
  • 13. What stops information becoming innovation ?
    • Control
    • Awareness
    • Media
    • Accessibility
    • Reductionism/complexity
    • Intelligibility & format
    • Relevance
    • Institutional barriers
    • Belief systems
    • Attitudes to change
    E. Boa
  • 14. GCARD: agricultural research centred on meeting development needs of the poor Knowledge Flow Policy Processes & Networks Markets
  • 15. Community innovation loops External information pool Scientific innovation loops Innovation Learning Sharing/ feedback New external knowledge Established information Transformation Community innovation brokers Local knowledge base Belief Test under own conditions Result Adoption Share Accessibility Distillation Mass media Connecting science & society Institutional learning Transformation
  • 16. The role of the Innovation brokers
    • Accessing & Sharing
    • Transforming Information
    • Organizing collective actions
    • Catalysing enterprise
    J.Vos E. Boa P. VanMele
  • 17. GCARD: Knowledge is essential for development, but development requires more than knowledge Desired development outcome Policies promoting agricultural development & innovation Innovation pathways Enabling environment & inputs
  • 18. Knowledge for all
    • Overcome communication and trust barriers between science & society
    • ICM to integrate scientific and local innovation
    • Transform knowledge, change lives
    Local innovation Scientific innovation External information Empower change through knowledge
  • 19. Breaking down the walls
    • Community-centred , not technology-centred thinking
    • Innovative knowledge access & transformation systems
    • Stakeholders learning & innovating together, managing benefits & risks
    • Institutional reorientation & changed attitudes/values
    • Convergence of R&D, education and business policies and resources
  • 20. Knowledge for All – Advocacy for...
    • Investment in ICM as integral to research & extension
    • Recognition of ICM as an AR4D discipline
    • Restructuring institutions & promoting knowledge flow
    • Building institutional & inter-disciplinary connections
    • Integrating diverse forms of information, reflecting the needs of poor farmers
  • 21. Knowledge for All - Capacities
    • Build on tools and technologies readily available to the poorest
    • Re-purpose data via ICTs to inform and empower smallholder farmers in their decisions
  • 22. Knowledge for All - Access
    • Improve the coherence and integration of diverse information
    • Make information objects: text, pictures, datasets, models, video, radio etc. reusable and customizable for new purposes and contexts
    • ‘ Blended’ learning tools
    • CIARD – launch of a key step forwards
    ITU, 2004
  • 23.  
  • 24. Knowledge for All - Governance
    • Whose information is it? Accessibility and IP Capacities
    • How relevant is it for specific development needs? Women farmers, the poorest farmers...
    • Sharing knowledge – EGFAR, RSS feeds, blogs, policy papers
    • Develop national and regional agricultural information & learning systems
    • CIARD RING – mapping available information resources
  • 25.  
  • 26. Over to You...
    • You have the tools to transform people’s lives through knowledge
    • Your actions are crucial
    • You have the power to break down the walls and barriers in agricultural research and extension and their institutions
    • Your Global Forum provides the mechanism and the opportunity...
    • Use it to change the world...
  • 27. Thank You