Setting up Your First NAS with FreeNAS by Ben Milman

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This presentation will teach newcomers to open source operating systems how to set up a Network Attached Storage device for their home or office using the FreeNAS software appliance. A video of the …

This presentation will teach newcomers to open source operating systems how to set up a Network Attached Storage device for their home or office using the FreeNAS software appliance. A video of the full talk can be found here: http://bit.ly/1lT7Bvo

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Transcript

  • 1. Setting up your first NAS with FreeNAS
  • 2. What to Expect: ● Introduction to FreeNAS ● How to Install ● Doing it Right ● Making it Work
  • 3. FreeNAS is a Free and Open Source Embedded Operating System For Network Attached Storage
  • 4. Get FreeNAS ● FreeNAS.org/download ● Sign up for awesome newsletter ● Choose 64-bit File ● ISO file if you have CD drive, IMG.XZ if not
  • 5. Install FreeNAS 1. Burn ISO to a CD 2. Make sure your PC boots from the CD 3. Follow the instructions to install
  • 6. First Time Setup 1. Remove the CD 2. Boot the PC from the USB 3. Get an IP address
  • 7. Welcome to FreeNAS
  • 8. Users and Groups
  • 9. Planning your Volume ● All disks should be as close as possible in size ● You can't add disks to ZFS RAID groups, only stripe new groups together
  • 10. ZFS Raid Options ● Mirror or Stripe of Mirrors gives great performance, but loses 50% of capacity. ● RAID-Z, RAID-Z2, and RAID-Z3 use one, two and three disks of parity respectively. Good for capacity and redundancy. ● Don't use a hardware RAID controller, ZFS works best with direct disk access.
  • 11. Volume Creation
  • 12. Dataset Features ● Datasets may each have different levels of compression. LZ4 is a good choice. ● Choose the share type you plan to use the dataset with. ● Quotas reserve space for this dataset or prevent it from using more than a given amount. ● Deduplication is for advanced users only.
  • 13. Permissions
  • 14. Sharing is Caring ● CIFS (“Windows”) Shares work with most operating systems. ● NFS (“UNIX”) Shares are a popular choice in enterprise environments. ● AFP (“Apple”) Shares work well with all-Mac environments.
  • 15. Thanks!