The Alice Springs School of the Air provides an educational service for about 120 children living on properties or settlements covering over 1 million square kilometers of Central Australia. These children grow and develop in a peculiar situation, isolated in a unique environment and their formal education must of necessity be unorthodox. The Le@rning Federation, a project of Curriculum Corporation, manages the national resource pool and infrastructure of digital curriculum resources. These resources are aligned with the curriculums of the Australian states and territories and will be aligned with the Australian Curriculum as it develops.
In the EU this fall, the International Baccalaureate program started an IB diploma programme online. The IB developed gold-standard online courses, trained master teachers to teach online and will offer the IB program to students in 125 countries.
China is centering their education strategy using online learning to expand access as a new delivery model. Three years ago, CHINA digitized their entire K-12 academic curriculum. They are training master teachers to teach online. China is working to move all exams online and provide test prep online. In the next 10 years, the Chinese Ministry of Education plans to reach 100 million more students through online learning.
This is an area where SREB and iNACOL, working with many member states, have been very active. SREB developed the Standards for Quality Online Teaching, (2006) which defines the qualifications, standards and indicators of a quality online teacher…Online Teaching Evaluation Guidelines developed standards checklist. ADVANCE: iNACOL National Standards for Quality Online Teaching as a comprehensive set of criteria combining SREB Standards with 21 st Century Skills criteria… Speak Up Survey: Teachers see professional development as one of the primary barriers… Good news: 1/3 of teachers have taken online PD course (57% increase from 2007) But much, much more is needed! Working with member states, SREB developed the nation’s first (ADVANCE) Guidelines for Professional Development of Online Teachers , which define the qualifications of a quality online teacher and the standards needed for academic preparation, content knowledge, online skills and delivery. The guidelines give state virtual schools a valuable tool to: develop and provide professional development programs and support for their online teachers; and assess the quality of professional development programs, products and services available from third-party providers.
Education Evolving - Minnesota
Why Online Learning Matters: ANational and International Perspective on the Future of Online and Blended Learning Dr. Allison Powell Vice President, State and District Serviceswww.inacol.org
International Association for K- 12 Online Learning (iNACOL)• iNACOL is the premier K-12 nonprofit in online learning• 4300+ members in K-12 virtual schools and online learning representing over 50 countries• Provides leadership, advocacy, research, training, and networking with experts in K-12 online learning.• “Ensure every student has access to the best education available regardless of geography, income or background.”• Conference – Virtual School Symposium (VSS): New Orleans, LA on October 21-24, 2012
Disrupting ClassChristensen suggests that by 2019 about half ofall high school courses will be online.
Providing Opportunities to All Students Traditional Public/Private Accelerated Credit Recovery Students Medically Fragile Need to work and/or support family Rural Students Special Education and Aspiring athletes and Home Schoolers ELL performers
Online Learning in the United States• States with online learning policies: 50• State virtual schools or statewide initiatives for online learning: 40• States with full-time online learning programs: 30 + D.C. (250,000 students)• 50% of employers use e-learning for training• 1 in 4 undergraduate and graduate student enrolls in an online course in higher education; 5.9 million college students take online courses.• 82% of school districts had one or more students in a fully-online or blended course• More universities are offering K-12 courses online – MIT open courseware for K-12 students – Stanford, Northwestern programs for gifted• K-12 online learning enrollments growing 30% annually (50,000 in 2000; 2 million enrollments in 2008-2009; 2.5 million in 2011). Keeping Pace with K-12 Online Learning, Evergreen Education Group, www.kpk12.com
Big Trends to watch:• District programs – new learning models using online and blended learning within single districts• Blended learning & Continuity of Learning• Policy revision - 16 states pass online learning laws – 7 States require online learning as HS graduation – Competency-based (Utah, New Hampshire, FLVS)• Instructional materials and open access - with common core (44 states), districts and states developing materials for PD, content and learning materials are moving toward open policies for content created with taxpayer dollars so it can be shared across schools
State Online Learning Trends & Examples • Michigan, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Virginia, and West Virginia : – Online learning HS graduation requirement • Florida – Funded through performance-budgeting system • Utah – Funding follows student down to course level • Montana: new state virtual school – Managed by the University of Montana’s College of Education
State Online Learning Trends & Examples• California, Texas, Virginia, Washington, Kentucky – Course quality – review all online courses against iNACOL online course standards• Virtual Charter Schools – Florida (blended too), Georgia, Indiana, Louisiana, New Jersey• More Districts – A shift to districts starting their own online programs
Key District Trends• Small % of districts offering comprehensive online options—likely no more than 10%—but number is increasing fast• Decision-makers are sometimes school- based but moving towards district-wide decisions• Key factors are cost, competition, and addressing gaps in opportunities
World Future SocietyTop 10 breakthroughs transforming life over the next 20-30 yearsBest forecast data ever assembled 1. Alternative energy 2. Desalination of water 3. Precision farming 4. Biometrics 5. Quantum computers 6. Entertainment on demand 7. Global access 8. Virtual education or distance learning 9. Nanotechnology 10. Smart Robots
Survey Findings• Almost 60 percent of the surveyed countries reported government funding for blended or online programs at the primary and secondary levels.• China’s first online school was created in 1996; today it has expanded to more than 200 online schools with enrollments exceeding 600,000 students.• Seventy-two percent of the surveyed countries reported that their online and blended classroom teachers participated in professional development for online teaching.• Universities and colleges were reported as the primary source of training for educators, followed by regional centers and local schools.
Survey Findings• In British Columbia, online schools provide complete programs or individual courses to 71,000 students, which is about 12% of the student population.• In 2010, Hong Kong enacted a policy recommendation for digital learning that “de-bundled” textbooks and teaching materials to make them more affordable and accessible to schools, and accelerated the development of an online depository of curriculum-based learning and teaching resources. A pilot scheme later resulted in a program made available to all 410,000 primary and secondary students in 300,000 low-income families—especially the 8 percent without Internet access at home—to gain access to the Internet for the purpose of learning.
Mexico• K-12 Digital Content, Laptop for Every Teacher, Pre- service methods using engaging digital content, new strategies
iNACOL Canada StudyAll 13 Provinces and Territories offer K-12 online learning
eLearning Ontario• Ontario Ministry of Education - eLearning Ontario – Provides LMS for all 72 districts – Funds and oversees the development of eLearning courses – Online content uploaded into the Ontario Educational Resource Bank (OERB) which all Ontario teachers, students and parents can access • Solutions for credit recovery, differentiated instruction and as a study tool for students – Online courses at day schools funded at the same level as face-2- face day school courses• The eLearning Ontario website is http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/elearning
Australia• Pioneer in distance education, mainly servicing isolated rural schools and families• Curriculum breadth and opportunities for students in rural and small schools still limited• Online provision available in each state served via Blackboard, Moodle etc.• Nationally, much is first generation online content – flat text, limited interactivity and use of Web 2.0 capacity• Federal funded national rollout of 1:1 computing across years 9-12 by end of 2011
New Zealand• Professional Development – ICT PD• Teacher Laptop Program• National Broadband Initiative• Virtual Learning Network
European Union• EU: – EU E-Learning Action Plan – IB Diploma Programme Online (125 countries) – New Line Learning Schools• UK: E-Learning Exports - 29 billion pounds annually; deal with China – Education as an export
Turkey, the Middle East & Arab Spring• Turkey: online courses• Arab Bureau of Education for the Gulf States
• Size India – 1 billion+, 70% rural population – Need 200,000 more schools• Internet Accessibility – 2007-08 - 42 million users (3.7%)• Online Learning – Universal access for K-12 in 10 yrs – Shortage of good teachers – “Leverage teachers using technology to bring to scale” – Educomp digitizing learning resources for K-12 Education
Hong Kong – Blended learning for Continuity of Learning
South Korea• South Korea – National Virtual School – Switch to digital content from textbooks
China• China: 1.3 billion people • Digitized K-12 curriculum • Training Master Teachers to teach online • With online learning: increase educational opportunities to 100 million new students
The Futurist: Education 2011China may be the first country to succeed in educating most of its population through the Internet. – From 2003-2007, China spent about $1 billion to implement online learning projects in the rural country-side.
Singapore• Singapore: 100% of Secondary schools use online learning• All teachers trained to teach online• Blended Learning Environments• E-Learning Weeks
Trends in Education: Next Generation Models of Online and Blended Learningwww.inacol.org
Blended learning A formal education program in which a student learns at least in part through online delivery of instruction and content, with some element of student control over time, place, path and/or pace and at least in part in a supervised brick-and- mortar location away from home.
Emerging models of blended learning Rotation Flex Self-Blend Enriched Virtual• Station rotation Online platform with Students attend Students learn• Lab rotation F2F support and physical school & sometimes at a• Flipped Classroom fluid schedules take 1 or more physical school, other• Individual rotation courses online times remotely
Competency-based learning (definition)1. Students advance upon mastery.2. Competencies include explicit, measurable, transferable learning objectives that empower students.3. Assessment is meaningful and a positive learning experience for students.4. Students receive timely, differentiated support based on their individual learning needs.5. Learning outcomes emphasize competencies that include application and creation of knowledge, along with the development of important skills and dispositions.
National Standards for Quality Online Programs, Online Teaching & Online Courses
Online Learning Research• #1 Online Learning Expands Options • “The first impetus to the growth of K-12 distance education was an interest in expanding educational options and providing equal opportunities for all learners.” (NCREL 2005)• #2 Online Learning Is Rapidly Growing • “Recent Surveys show that K-12 online learning is a rapidly growing phenomenon.” – Growing 30% annually – 50,000 enrollments in 2000 – Over 2,000,000 enrollments in 2010
Online Learning Research• #3 Is Effective: “Better” • U.S. Department of Education Report of Online Learning Better than Face-to-Face (USED 2009)• #4 Improves Teaching • Teachers who teach online reported positive improvements in face-to-face, too. • “Of those who reported teaching face-to-face while teaching online or subsequently, three in four reported a positive impact on their face-to-face teaching.”
Project Tomorrow Survey (2009)• Benefits of taking a class online? – According to students: • 51% said it allows them to work at their own pace • 49% to earn college credit • 44% said it allows them to take a class not offered on campus • 35% said it was to get extra help • 19% said they took online courses to get more attention from teachers
How well is our current K-12 system functioning? Depends on who you ask