This presentation reviews the challenges for green ICT in the European Union. The potential contributions of ICT towards meeting some key policy challenges, including climate change and energy efficiency, are discussed.
The EU policy framework and the current ICT energy footprint are presented. The challenge of developing "greener" ICT technology is addressed, in the context of increased use of ICTs in the future.
The contributions of the FP7 Framework Research programme towards meeting these challenges are presented. In particular, several FP7 ICT projects are addressing the implications of energy efficiency as a primary design goal for future networks and the Future Internet.
Source of figures: bio Intelligence Service, Impacts of Information and Communication Technologies on Energy Efficiency, September 2008
ICT footprint Source: The Climate Group & GeSI “ SMART 2020:Enabling the low carbon economy in the information age”, 2008 ICT emissions by subsector (worldwide) (in % of total in GtCO 2 e)
ICT footprint Source: IEA, “Gadgets and Gigawatts - Policies for Energy Efficient Electronics, May 2009 - current share of ICT and CE equipment ~ 15% of global residential electricity consumption - current residential electricity consumption (worldwide) ~ 1/4 of total electricity consumption - 1700 TWh = current combined total residential electricity consumption of US and Japan Estimated electricity consumption by ICT and CE equipment in the residential sector (worldwide), 1990-2030
ICT footprint Source: US Environmental Protection Agency, Energy Star Program, Report to Congress on Server and Data Center Energy Efficiency, August 2007 Electricity use in US data centres 2000-2006
Better monitoring and management of energy consumption
New business models, working practices and lifestyles
Reduce the ICT sector’s footprint
More energy efficient ICT components and systems
ICT contribution to climate action Source: SCF Associates Ltd, “A Green Knowledge Society” Study for the Ministry of Enterprise, Energy and Communications, Government Offices of Sweden, September 2009
EU ICT Energy policy framework Communication from the Commission – May 2008 Addressing the challenge of energy efficiency through Information and Communication Technologies ► points to ICT and ICT-based innovations as one of the potentially most cost-effective means to achieve the 2020 targets Communication from the Commission – March 2009 On mobilising Information and Communication Technologies to facilitate the transition to an energy-efficient, low-carbon economy ► sets out a policy to exploit the enabling capacity of ICT in contributing to energy efficiency Commission Recommendation – October 2009 On mobilising Information and Communication Technologies to facilitate the transition to an energy-efficient, low-carbon economy ► identifies specific actions for stakeholders to exploit ICT to effect change
ICT contribution to climate action Examples of action plans from the ICT industry CO 2 emissions Energy savings/ efficiency 2020 2020 1990 Projected energy use in 2020 20 20 European Union (all sectors) CO 2 emissions 2020 2006/2007 50 Vodafone Plc Eco-efficiency indicator 2008 2007 30 % increase Telecom Italia GHG emissions 2015 2007 20 Sun Microsystems Inc. Energy consumption of products 2009-2010 2007 20 - 49 Nokia Siemens Networks Energy consumption of offices and sites 2012 2006 6 Nokia CO 2 emissions 2010 2000 6 Motorola GHG emissions per production unit 2012 2010 2007 2004 20 30 Intel GHG emissions 2012 2005 7 IBM Energy and GHG emissions for operations and products 2010-2011 2005 16 - 40 Hewlett-Packard CO 2 emissions 2020 2006 20 France Telecom Energy efficiency 2008 2006 15 - 20 Ericsson CO 2 emissions 2020 2006 20 Deutsche Telekom Operational carbon intensity 2012 Not given Additional 15 Dell GHG emissions 2012 2007 25 Cisco Systems CO 2 emissions per unit of contribution to GDP 2020 1996 80 British Telecom GHG emissions 2012 Not given 15 Bell Canada GHG emissions per manufacturing index 2012 2006 33 Advanced Micro Devices Inc CO 2 emissions of facilities 2010 2007 10 Alcatel–Lucent Comment Target date Baseline * Target reduction % Companies
Development of energy-efficient future network infrastructures that support the convergence and interoperability of heterogeneous mobile, wired and wireless broadband network technologies as enablers of the future Internet.
Objective: integrate activities of several major European players in networking to quantitatively assess the energy demand of current and future telecom infrastructures, and to design energy-efficient, scalable and sustainable future networks
Identification of energy friendly devices, technologies, protocols and architectures
Definition of new energy-aware network design criteria