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iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
iMarine initiative overview
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iMarine initiative overview

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Part 1 - What is a data e-infrastructure? …

Part 1 - What is a data e-infrastructure?
Part 2 - Serving policy frameworks facing BIG challenges
Part 3 - The power of an e-Infrastructure - Synergies and efficiencies through Global collaboration communities

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  • 1. Extended Board Meeting 16-17 October 2013 Introduction – iMarine Collaboration Opportunities Marc Taconet (FAO) Donatella Castelli (CNR) iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16-17 October, FAO (Rome)
  • 2. Introduction • Welcome address and Meeting Participants – iMarine Project staff – iMarine Board members – Members of the Extended Board – Other invitees • External • FAO iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16-17 October, FAO (Rome)
  • 3. Introduction New: Extended Board • ABAUNZA Pablo • DE MOOR Willem • EVRARD Maud • MANZELLA Giuseppe • SAGARMINAGA Yolanda • TELLER Anne • THOMAS Hannah • WEBSTER Chloe • HARRIS Peter • CHASSOT Emmanuel • STROMME Tore • GUITTON Jerome • GILMAN Eric • YE Yimin • CAMPANIS George • FITZGERALD Brian • RAMM David • HARLEY Mark • RUPP Jonas • HERRERA Miguel • DEVILLERS Rodolphe Spanish Institute of Oceanography (IEO) VLIZ Science Europe ENEA Fundacion AZTI EC UNEP-WCMC MEDPAN GRID Arendal IRD NANSEN Agrocampus Sustainable Fish FAO SEAFO Fishery Officer with the Sea Fisheries Protection Authority CCAMLR NAFO GOLD IOTC TBTI iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16-17 October, FAO (Rome) 3
  • 4. Introduction Additional invitations to extended Board ex. FAO Staff • BOEHM Klemens • BAILEY Megan • BUSH Simon • GREENE Randal • CONNOR David • FONTAINE Olivier • ERNENS Marcel • SAAB Waddah • LIHTENEGER Darja • LEBLOND Emilie • SHEPHERD iain • MURRAY Alistair • MARSHALL Barb • HALL Martin • PALLARES Pilar • BERTELSEN Mette • HERNANDEZ Pilar (FIPI) • MORGAN Simon • CAMPBELL Neil • ROBIN Agnes • KIEFER Dale • HOAD Richard • SINI Margherita UNI-Karlsruhe BESTTUNA BESTTUNA TBTI Marine Environment and Water Industry, DG Environment Maritime policy for the Mediterranean and Black Sea, DG MARE EUROSTAT DG RTD European Environmental Agency (EEA) IFREMER EMODNET MMO NAFO IATTC ICCAT ICES GFCM CCSBT NAFO Research Infrastructure Unit University of Southern California FAO FAO iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16-17 October, FAO (Rome) 4
  • 5. Outline PART1 – What is a data e-infrastructure PART2 - Serving policy frameworks facing BIG challenges – example of EAF •x PART 3 - The power of an e-Infrastructure -Synergies and efficiencies through Global collaboration communities iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16-17 October, FAO (Rome) 5
  • 6. Outline PART1 – What is a data e-infrastructure iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16 October 2013, FAO (Rome)
  • 7. Project information • • • • • • CNR NKUA CERN E-IIS FORTH TERRA2 Members of the Community Technology • TrustIT • ERCIM Dissemination Finance and admini EU FP7 Capacity e-Infrastructure project, Nov 2012- Apr 2014 • • • • • CRIA FAO FIN IRD UNESCO • NEAFC www.i-marine.eu 7
  • 8. iMarine Objective Launch an Initiative aimed at establishing and operating a data Infrastructure supporting the implementation of the principles of the Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management and Conservation of Marine Living Resources iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16 October 2013, FAO (Rome)
  • 9. Challenges Capacity & Diversity • Analysis and processing of a large amount of heterogeneous, across-domain produced information • Multidisciplinary & multifacets collaboration at the local, national, regional and international levels Marine resource assessment Marine Planning Socioeconomic aspects Habitat types Inventories of biological information Physical and chemical features iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16 October 2013, FAO (Rome) Fishery operation, processingand trade
  • 10. e-Infrastructure Elecronic platform operated by a responsible entity offering an open set of basic enabling facilities (including access to resources) “as-a-service” to a distributed Community of Practice. Fostering harmonization & standardization across communities Economy of scale Time to market Quality of service iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16 October 2013, FAO (Rome)
  • 11. Community of Practice point of view: Services Services • Collaboration • Sharing • Publication • Storage • Processing • Analysis • Modeling • Integration • Enrichment • Transformation • Access • Retrieval iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16 October 2013, FAO (Rome)
  • 12. Community of Practice point of view of the: Open set of services • The set of “services” can change over the time – new / enriched elements in a family – better quality elements – new service families • Support is provided to those adding new elements in a family e.g. models, statistical algorithms, mappings iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16 October 2013, FAO (Rome)
  • 13. Community of Practice point of view: Exploiting service through APIs iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16 October 2013, FAO (Rome)
  • 14. Community of Practice point of view: Virtual Research Environments VRE VRE VRE VRE = Comprehensive, flexible, and secure Web-based working environment designed to serve the application needs of a community working for a specific goal iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16 October 2013, FAO (Rome)
  • 15. iMarine VREs (16 October 2013) gCubeApps (public) controlled access iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16 October 2013, FAO (Rome)
  • 16. AquaMaps VRE iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16 October 2013, FAO (Rome)
  • 17. Documents Workflow VRE iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16 October 2013, FAO (Rome)
  • 18. ICIS VRE iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16 October 2013, FAO (Rome)
  • 19. Inside iMarine: gCube 385 components (web services, libraries, portlets) Hosted Technology and data • Cassandra/Hadoop/Mong oDB Clusters • Virtuoso TripleStore • SDMX registry • OGC services cluster (GeoNetwork, Geoserver, WPS, Thredds) • FishBase and SeaLifeBase DBs • …… iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16 October 2013, FAO (Rome)
  • 20. gCube: selected products iMarine Product Catalogue Application bundles BiolCube ConnectCube StatsCube GeosCube iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16 October 2013, FAO (Rome)
  • 21. e-Infastructure ecosystem building on previous efforts iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16 October 2013, FAO (Rome)
  • 22. Inside iMarine: data capacity - FAO CodeLists - IRD CodeLists - FAO Global Aquaculture Production - FAO Global Capture Production - FAO Global Production - Eurostat - … Semantic Data Documents - FAO FishFinder Factsheeets, OceanDocs, BHL, CEEMaR, BioRisk,…… OAI-PMH, OpenSearch Biodiversity Statistical data data Geospatial RDF, OWL data SDMX * - WorldOcean Atlas, MyOcean, Gebco, NODC, W.O. Atlas, FAO GeoNetwork …. ISO19139 (OGC W*S) - FAO FLOD, DBPedia, IRD Ecoscope, …….. - OBIS, WoRMS, ITIS, AquaMaps, FishBase, SeaLifeBase, CoL, GBIF - …….. DarwinCore iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16 October 2013, FAO (Rome)
  • 23. Same infrastructure: multiple projects www.d4science.org iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16 October 2013, FAO (Rome)
  • 24. Outline PART2 - Serving policy frameworks facing BIG challenges – example of EAF iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16-17 October, FAO (Rome) 24
  • 25. Serving policy framework facing BIG challenges – the EA » BC1: Support to implementation of the EU Common Fishery Policy » BC2: Support to FAO’s deep seas fisheries programme » BC3: Support to regional tropical LME pelagic EAF community  Collaboration with SmartFish  Co-ordination with ABNJ iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16-17 October, FAO (Rome) Biodiversity • The iMarine Business Cases: Environment – Representatives of a set of influential community partners – Act as mediators between EA-CoP at large and the infrastructure, in order to drive technology developments – stimulus - work together on three EA policy challenges (business cases) Fisheries • iMarine Board – the Community Governing body: • FAO • DG MARE • Eurostat • NEAFC • MEDDE/DOF • IRD • ICES • IOC/OBIS • FIN • CRIA • VLIZ • T2/GENESIDEC
  • 26. Serving policy framework facing BIG challenges – the EA Matching the technology offer with community needs A vision in support to EAF needs Biodiversity and habitat preservation Fishery resource productivity Social and economic goals values Policy maker Objectives Fishery manager Indicators / Ref points Scientist Statistician Distribution of non-target species / habitats Abundance levels fish stocks Distribution of fishery activity Socio-economic structure of fishing communities models Data repositories Data manager iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16-17 October, FAO (Rome)
  • 27. Serving policy framework facing BIG challenges – the EA iMarine support to data needs in the EA policy framework 1. Species niche modeling to monitor health and trends of the ecosystems 2. Fine grained catch & effort for resources assessment, management of fishing quota, fishing impact assessments 3. Mapping of sensitive or fragile habitats in need of special management (EBSAs or VMEs) 4. Comprehensive species knowledge base to address impact of fishing on marine ecosystems iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16-17 October, FAO (Rome) 27
  • 28. Outline PART 3 - The power of an e-Infrastructure -Synergies and efficiencies through Global collaboration communities iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16-17 October, FAO (Rome) 28
  • 29. Synergies and efficiencies through Global collaboration & CoP Monitoring ecosystem health and trends requires baselines Species predictive mapping BiolCube Source: Kaschner et. al. (2006) iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16-17 October, FAO (Rome) 29
  • 30. Synergies and efficiencies through Global collaboration & CoP Maintaining ecosystem health requires Identification of Sensitive or fragile habitats – Biodiversity models GeosCube • Joint occurrence of n taxa – Environmental enrichment of species occurrence data Source: Coll et al. (2010) BiolCube iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16-17 October, FAO (Rome) 30
  • 31. Synergies and efficiencies through Global collaboration & CoP – Environmental enrichment of species occurrence data Enriched species occurrences for each occurrence, selection of the most appropriate proxi data according to: Environmental variables -Time range - Z range (depth) Physical variables iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16-17 October, FAO (Rome)
  • 32. Synergies and efficiencies through Global collaboration & CoP fishery policy making and management requires Global assessments of high seas resources vs. resources inside EEZs Fish quotas allocation StatsCube 1. Higher resolution catch & effort assessment • through post-factum reallocation of coarse resolution catch statistics based on species distribution maps SPREAD iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16-17 October, FAO (Rome) 32
  • 33. Synergies and efficiencies through Global collaboration & CoP Fishery control and surveillance, and adaptive fishery management, require : - quota uptake monitoring, fishing impact assessment CONTRIBUTION TO VALID 2. Near-real-time management of high resolution fisheries operational data • • StatsCube Single simplified, more consistent, and cost efficient workflow more integrated and higher quality data in coverage, timeliness, resolution and accuracy 3. Access to MCS data by science – VMS and e-LogBook data processing under confidentiality requirements VTI iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16-17 October, FAO (Rome) 33
  • 34. Synergies and efficiencies through Global collaboration & CoP 2. Near-real-time management of high resolution fisheries operational data iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16-17 October, FAO (Rome)
  • 35. Synergies and efficiencies through Global collaboration & CoP 2. Near-real-time management of high resolution fisheries operational data iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16-17 October, FAO (Rome)
  • 36. Synergies and efficiencies through Global collaboration & CoP 2. Near-real-time management of high resolution fisheries operational data – Promote FLUX as European Global data exchange standard, for MCS and Science – Demonstrate iMarine’s capacity to produce quality data: VALID ASSOCIATED INFORMATION (CODE LISTS, GEOGRAPHIC DATA) VTI - e-Logbooks, VMS (Fishing Activity Reports) FLUX Flag State FLUX VALID rules E-Logbooks vs. Species geographic distributions FLUX FLUX Coastal State FLUX FLUX DG Mare Non-EU country RFMO FLUX FLUX Infrastructure 2nd iMarine Review - Brussels, 12 September 2013 SDMX OTHERS 36
  • 37. Synergies and efficiencies through Global collaboration & CoP Mapping of sensitive habitats is required for applying special management measures: Aimed at reducing ecosystem impacts of e.g. Deep sea fishing on fragile ecosystems (VMEs assessments) iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16-17 October, FAO (Rome) 37
  • 38. Synergies and efficiencies through Global collaboration & CoP Mapping of sensitive habitats is required for applying special management measures: Aimed at reducing ecosystem impacts of, e.g. Tuna Fishing on by-catch species (sharks, small tunas, marine mammals, turtles, seabirds) 1. Workflow management for fishery and scientific data collected on Board fishing vessels, e.g. by-catch species identified by Observers on Board fishing vessels • Isurus oxyrinchus (Shortfin mako - shark) FLUX and FishFrame support Source: IRD ECOSCOPE 2. Modeling of species geographic distribution, • Source: OBIS / IRD ECOSCOPE Application of Predictive mapping models, such as developed by Aquamaps Source: iMarine / AquaMaps iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16-17 October, FAO (Rome) 38
  • 39. Synergies and efficiencies through Global collaboration & CoP Synergies – a case study • In fisheries monitoring, attention is brought to: – By-catch species: Associated, discarded, protected – Species which are indicators of fragile habitats (e.g. VME encounters) • Species identification guides are being developed at regional / national level – Local efforts would benefit from collated knowledge • Issue: many species names are reported, with variations and errors Chondrichthyes (class), Scombridae (family), Lutjanus spp (genus) Condrycthiens (vs. Chondrichthyes) P. notialis (vs. Penaeus notialis) Pomadasydés, Sparidae (Pageot), Penaeus sp, langouste, seiche Farfantepenaeus notialis (deprecated) vs. Penaeus notialis (official) iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16-17 October, FAO (Rome) 39
  • 40. Synergies and efficiencies through Global collaboration & CoP Synergies – a case study: Cross-fertilization opportunities between fisheries sciences and bio-ecological sciences • Taxa name matching / mapping – Names validation through cross-referencing with glo bal taxonomic databases – Capturing mappings between local expressions and authority lists Plus … • Fisheries Linked Open Data (FLOD) – Organizing concepts and terms in comprehensive ontologies available as Linked Open Data Results in … • Comprehensive knowledge bases on: – Species vernacular / multilingual names – broad range of species information • contributing to fill the gap of knowledge iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16-17 October, FAO (Rome) 40
  • 41. Synergies and efficiencies through Global collaboration & CoP Fisheries science will benefit from comprehensive knowledge bases integrating fishery and biodiversity data sources: APPLIFISH • Species focused information disseminated through mobile applications, for use by anyone at consumer places – Requires capacity to integrate multiple / complementary sources – Efficiency will rely on broad knowledge base on species names, combined with GPS information of Mobile user Connect Cube APPLIFISH iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16-17 October, FAO (Rome) 41
  • 42. Synergies and efficiencies through Global collaboration & CoP iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16-17 October, FAO (Rome) 42
  • 43. Synergies and efficiencies through Global collaboration & CoP iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16-17 October, FAO (Rome) 43
  • 44. Synergies and efficiencies through Global collaboration & CoP Elements of synergies – Various Business Cases complement each other: – End-up building comprehensive toolkit required for entire flow from raw data collection to policy indicators – Data produced by A. are inputs to B. – all accessible from same environment – Tools are pooled and can be reused across different communities having similar needs, and enriched – Exchange among disciplines enhance quality – Bridge MCS data with science (confidentiality requirements) Elements of efficiencies – Partner systems tend to specialize on their strength and delegate to others iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16-17 October, FAO (Rome) 44
  • 45. Outline CONCLUSION What are the ingredients of success iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16-17 October, FAO (Rome) 45
  • 46. Conclusion – ingredients of success Powerful technology Community governance Data access and sharing policies Business model for Exploitation of the data infrastructure – Public-led Partnership business model iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16-17 October, FAO (Rome) 46
  • 47. Outline Thanks for your attention iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16-17 October, FAO (Rome) 47
  • 48. Synergies and efficiencies EA-CoP uptake BC overview P/S support to BCs Uptake Status GeosCube BiolCube 2nd iMarine Review - Brussels, 12 September 2013 48
  • 49. Fisheries data flow in support to EU’s CFP Non-EU country eRS or national format  DOF Coastal State Raw or Aggregated data Raw data eRS  FLUX  FLUX RFMO FLUX eRS DOF Flag  FLUX Catch report State DG Mare SDMX  FLUX National format Small fleet segments DCF format ( Fishframe in future?) Research institute ICES JRC DCF Operational data Business cases in support to decision making in EA Other "iMarine e-Infrastructure for Data Driven Decision Making and Research Workshop" 14th & 15th May 2013, Brussels
  • 50. Where iMarine infrastructure can support – National nodes Offer infrastructure services Non-EU country eRS or national format  DOF Coastal State Raw or Aggregated data Raw data eRS  FLUX  FLUX RFMO FLUX eRS DOF Flag  FLUX Catch report State DG Mare SDMX  FLUX National format Small fleet segments DCF format ( Fishframe in future?) Research institute ICES JRC DCF Operational data Business cases in support to decision making in EA Other "iMarine e-Infrastructure for Data Driven Decision Making and Research Workshop" 14th & 15th May 2013, Brussels
  • 51. EU projects Conclusion – synoptic view iMarine FAO projects ABNJ Deep-Seas ABNJ Tunas IOC Smartfish Global Taxonomy Biodiversity Emodnet EuroMarine GeoSeas Assemble JPI Oceans Human activity Genomics Habitats Geology Ocean Observ. physico-chemico Physico Chemico 52
  • 52. Discussion time iMarine Extended Board meeting, 16-17 October, FAO (Rome)

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