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FOG
 

FOG

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    FOG FOG Presentation Transcript

    • FORMS OF GOVERNMENT NOTES
    • Learning Target #1 I can define government and I can explain the ways in which it works to serve society.
    • Frayer Model
    • Purposes of Government
        • Provide security
        • Maintain law and order
        • Provide public services
        • Maintain other institutions
    • Learning Target #2 I can identify the various forms of government in the world and I can describe the sources of power for each.
    • Learning Target #3 I can evaluate how effective the various forms of government have been in serving society.
    • Autocracy A system of government in which the power to rule is in the hands of a single individual
    • Monarchy Autocracy in which a king, queen, or emperor exercises the supreme powers of government
    • Absolute Monarchy
      • A system of government in which the monarch has complete and unlimited power to rule his or her people
        • Source of Power?
          • Divine Right
    • Absolute Monarchy Example: France, 1600s Louis XIV
    • Constitutional Monarchy
      • A system of government in which the monarch shares power with elected legislatures or serves mainly as a ceremonial leader of government
        • Source of Power?
          • Constitution
    • Constitutional Monarchy Example: Great Britain Queen Elizabeth II                                           PM Gordon Brown
    • Dictatorship
      • Autocracy in which an individual seizes power by force and exercises unlimited power
        • Source of Power?
          • Military
    • Dictatorship Example: North Korea Kim Jong Il
    • Dictatorship
      • Other Famous Dictators
        • Adolf Hitler in Germany
        • Pol Pot in Cambodia
        • Augusto Pinochet in Chile
        • Josef Stalin in USSR
        • Mao Zedong in China
    • Dictatorship
      • ADVANTAGES
        • People may be united in their loyalty to a dictator.
        • A dictator can move quickly to take action.
      • DISADVANTAGES
        • People are often given little or no freedom.
        • A dictator’s policies may suit only his own needs.
        • Decision-making has a narrow base.
    • Oligarchy A system of government in which most political power rests with a small segment of society
    • Democracy A system of government in which the people rule
    • The Pillars of Democracy
        • Sovereignty of the people
        • Consent of the governed
        • Majority rule
        • Minority rights
        • Guarantee of basic human rights
        • Free & fair elections
        • Equality before the law
        • Due process of the law
        • Limited government
        • Diversity
        • Cooperation
        • Compromise
      Source: US Department of State
    • Direct Democracy
      • A form of democracy in which people govern themselves by voting on issues
        • Source of Power?
          • The people
          • Constitution
    • Direct Democracy
      • ADVANTAGES
        • Every citizen has equal say in govt.
        • Broad base of support and loyalty.
        • Individual rights are protected.
      • DISADVANTAGES
        • Only works with a small number of people.
        • Time-consuming.
    • Representative Democracy
      • A form of democracy in which the people elect representatives and give them the responsibility and power to make and conduct government
        • Source of Power?
          • The people
          • Constitution
    • Representative Democracy
      • ADVANTAGES
        • Citizens are involved.
        • Representatives know their job depends on keeping citizens happy.
        • Likely that all elements of the population involved.
        • Reps usually educated with time to devote to gov’t problems.
      • DISADVANTAGES
        • Decision-making is time-consuming.
        • Reps may want to please everyone.
        • Reps may not always agree with those they represent.
        • Citizens may not get involved in gov’t.