FORMS OF GOVERNMENT NOTES
Learning Target #1 I can define government and I can explain the ways in which it works to serve society.
Frayer Model
Purposes of Government <ul><ul><li>Provide security </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintain law and order </li></ul></ul><ul><...
Learning Target #2 I can identify the various forms of government in the world and I can describe the sources of power for...
Learning Target #3 I can evaluate how effective the various forms of government have been in serving society.
Autocracy A system of government in which the power to rule is in the hands of a single individual
Monarchy Autocracy in which a king, queen, or emperor exercises the supreme powers of government
Absolute Monarchy <ul><li>A system of government in which the monarch has complete and unlimited power to rule his or her ...
Absolute Monarchy Example: France, 1600s Louis XIV
Constitutional Monarchy <ul><li>A system of government in which the monarch shares power with elected legislatures or serv...
Constitutional Monarchy Example: Great Britain Queen Elizabeth II                                           PM Gordon Brown
Dictatorship <ul><li>Autocracy in which an individual seizes power by force and exercises unlimited power </li></ul><ul><u...
Dictatorship Example: North Korea Kim Jong Il
Dictatorship <ul><li>Other Famous Dictators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adolf Hitler in Germany </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pol P...
Dictatorship <ul><li>ADVANTAGES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People may be united in their loyalty to a dictator. </li></ul></ul>...
Oligarchy A system of government in which most political power rests with a small segment of society
Democracy A system of government in which the people rule
The Pillars of Democracy <ul><ul><li>Sovereignty of the people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consent of the governed </li></u...
Direct Democracy <ul><li>A form of democracy in which people govern themselves by voting on issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>S...
Direct Democracy <ul><li>ADVANTAGES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Every citizen has equal say in govt. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>...
Representative Democracy <ul><li>A form of democracy in which the people elect representatives and give them the responsib...
Representative Democracy <ul><li>ADVANTAGES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Citizens are involved. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Repres...
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  1. 1. FORMS OF GOVERNMENT NOTES
  2. 2. Learning Target #1 I can define government and I can explain the ways in which it works to serve society.
  3. 3. Frayer Model
  4. 4. Purposes of Government <ul><ul><li>Provide security </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintain law and order </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide public services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintain other institutions </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Learning Target #2 I can identify the various forms of government in the world and I can describe the sources of power for each.
  6. 6. Learning Target #3 I can evaluate how effective the various forms of government have been in serving society.
  7. 7. Autocracy A system of government in which the power to rule is in the hands of a single individual
  8. 8. Monarchy Autocracy in which a king, queen, or emperor exercises the supreme powers of government
  9. 9. Absolute Monarchy <ul><li>A system of government in which the monarch has complete and unlimited power to rule his or her people </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Source of Power? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Divine Right </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Absolute Monarchy Example: France, 1600s Louis XIV
  11. 11. Constitutional Monarchy <ul><li>A system of government in which the monarch shares power with elected legislatures or serves mainly as a ceremonial leader of government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Source of Power? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Constitution </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Constitutional Monarchy Example: Great Britain Queen Elizabeth II                                           PM Gordon Brown
  13. 13. Dictatorship <ul><li>Autocracy in which an individual seizes power by force and exercises unlimited power </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Source of Power? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Military </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Dictatorship Example: North Korea Kim Jong Il
  15. 15. Dictatorship <ul><li>Other Famous Dictators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adolf Hitler in Germany </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pol Pot in Cambodia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Augusto Pinochet in Chile </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Josef Stalin in USSR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mao Zedong in China </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Dictatorship <ul><li>ADVANTAGES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People may be united in their loyalty to a dictator. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A dictator can move quickly to take action. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>DISADVANTAGES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People are often given little or no freedom. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A dictator’s policies may suit only his own needs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decision-making has a narrow base. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Oligarchy A system of government in which most political power rests with a small segment of society
  18. 18. Democracy A system of government in which the people rule
  19. 19. The Pillars of Democracy <ul><ul><li>Sovereignty of the people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consent of the governed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Majority rule </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minority rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Guarantee of basic human rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free & fair elections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equality before the law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Due process of the law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diversity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cooperation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compromise </li></ul></ul>Source: US Department of State
  20. 20. Direct Democracy <ul><li>A form of democracy in which people govern themselves by voting on issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Source of Power? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The people </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Constitution </li></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Direct Democracy <ul><li>ADVANTAGES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Every citizen has equal say in govt. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Broad base of support and loyalty. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual rights are protected. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>DISADVANTAGES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Only works with a small number of people. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Time-consuming. </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Representative Democracy <ul><li>A form of democracy in which the people elect representatives and give them the responsibility and power to make and conduct government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Source of Power? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The people </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Constitution </li></ul></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Representative Democracy <ul><li>ADVANTAGES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Citizens are involved. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Representatives know their job depends on keeping citizens happy. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Likely that all elements of the population involved. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reps usually educated with time to devote to gov’t problems. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>DISADVANTAGES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Decision-making is time-consuming. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reps may want to please everyone. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reps may not always agree with those they represent. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Citizens may not get involved in gov’t. </li></ul></ul>

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