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  • vocabulary

    1. 1. Bushra Al-meshal..VOCABULARY..
    2. 2. Definition :• persons vocabulary is the set of words within a language that are familiar to that person. A vocabulary usually develops with age, and serves as a useful and fundamental tool for communication and acquiring knowledge. Acquiring an extensive vocabulary is one of the largest challenges in learning a second language.
    3. 3. Types of vocabulary : Listening Reading vocabulary Speakingvocabulary vocabulary We have features for every step of the way
    4. 4. READING VOCABULARY..A literate persons reading vocabulary is all the wordshe or she can recognize when reading.
    5. 5. LISTENING VOCABULARY..person’slistening vocabulary is all the words he or she canrecognize when listening to speech. This vocabulary is aided insize by context and tone of voice.
    6. 6. SPEAKING VOCABULARY..A persons speaking vocabulary is all thewords he or she can use in speech.
    7. 7. The importance of avocabulary ?!
    8. 8. 1. An extensive vocabulary aids expressions and communication.2. Vocabulary size has been directly linked to reading comprehension.3. Linguistic vocabulary is synonymous with thinking vocabulary.4. A person may be judged by others based on his or her vocabulary.
    9. 9. Native- and foreign-languagevocabulary..
    10. 10. native-language vocabulary.. Native speakers vocabularies vary widely within a language, and are especially dependent on the level of the speakers education. A 1995 study estimated the vocabulary size of college-educated speakers at about 8000 words and that of first-year college students (high- school educated) at about 5000.
    11. 11. Foreign-language vocabulary.. • learning vocabulary is one of the first steps of learning a second language, yet a learner never finishes vocabulary acquisition. Whether in one’s native language or a second language, the acquisition of new vocabulary is a continual process. Many methods can help one acquire new vocabulary.
    12. 12. MemorizationAlthough memorization By the time studentscan be seen as tedious reach adulthood, theyor boring, associating generally haveone word in the native gathered a number oflanguage with the personalizedcorresponding word in memorization methods.the second language Although many argueuntil memorized is that memorization doesconsidered one of the not typically require thebest methods of complex cognitivevocabulary acquisition. processing that increases retention.
    13. 13. The Keyword MethodOne useful method to Although these strategiesbuild vocabulary in a tend to take longer tosecond language is the implement and may takekeyword method. longer in recollection,When additional time is they create new oravailable or one wants unusual connections thatto emphasize a few key can increase retention.words, one can create The keyword methodmnemonic devices or requires deeper cognitiveword associations. processing, thus increasing the likelihood of retention
    14. 14. Controlled vocabularySeveral word lists have been developed toprovide people with a limited vocabulary eitherquick language proficiency or an effectivemeans of communication Basic English (850) ,Special English (1500 words) and Oxford 3000.The knowledge of 3000 English words provides acomprehension of most of the English language,enough to render one literate.
    15. 15. Thank you for your listening ..BUSHRA AL-MESHALWhat’s Your Message?