Culture could be easily misinterpreted as Biological factors. However biologyincludes apparent features, like: skin or eye color, facial features, etc. And despite all this,humans around the world are more similar that we think.What’s culture? As a social aspect, culture involve, how human communities organize elements, suchas: the way they raise their children or the way people love, play and very impor tant, the waythey transmit all this. “Teaching”
Culture assumptions Humans construct cultureCulture is Shared Culture is objective and subjective Culture is Nurtured
Sources of culture Ethnicity / Race Nationality Social Class Ability / Gender / Disability SexLanguage Culture Health Social Age Status Religion Geographic Sexuality Region (Cushner, McClelland & Safford, 2009)
What influences culture? School Family Church Technology Community Workplace The Neighborhood individual Print Media Peer Group Ar ts Electronic Media Spor ts (Cushner, McClelland & Safford, 2009)
What’s diversity? We understand diversity as everything that make somebody different to us. Butthis differences could be found even in our own family. However humans are shifters, andthere are always some that are more “talented” than others. But people often tend to hide some aspects of their culture if this specificaspect is negatively seen.
Teacher, be careful!!! There aren’t norms or rules about culture. There is no normal orstandard group, there is no normal or right member of any specific gender,nationality, age, or social class. As a teacher, let your students express themselves since a young age.School must be the place where differences in culture must be highly respected.
What’s the matter? Cultural diversity matters because it reflects:• Human conditions;• Struggle and resistance between groups understanding;• How knowledge is embedded in culture and language;
In education Cultural diversity matters because it promotes equity, socialjustice, awareness and respect. Cultural diversity is definitely something that help us achieve knowledgeform many different sources and let us develop new approaches to solve problems.
Adjustment isn’t easy Honeymoon Home Humor Hostility
6 challenges (Freeman & Ramirez, 2008).1. Find out who your students are.2. Recognize that all students are diverse in multiple ways.3. Difference ≠ deficit.4. Teaching in and outside the classroom.5. Keeping up change and new ways of thinking about it.6. Understanding limits of Culturally Responsible Education.
ESL and ELL’s In the U.S. the number of ELL’s has increased dramatically in the past fewdecades. Sadly national statistics show that ELL’s are three times more likely to be lowacademic achievers than native speakers (Freeman & Ramirez, 2008). The question is “How to meet their needs in order to enable each student to be academically successful ?”
Making content comprehensible SIOP = Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol (Echevarria, Vogt &Shor t, 2008)Language acquisition Meaningful use and interaction Skills integrated Techniques Factors
Cushner, K., McClelland, A., & Safford, P. (2009). Human diversity in education: An integrativeapproach (6th ed.). Boston: McGraw Hill. (ISBN #10:0-07298193-8)Echevarria, J., Vogt, M., & Short, D. J. (2008). Making content comprehensible for Englishlearners: The SIOP model (3rd ed.). Boston: Pearson Education. (ISBN #978-0-205-51886-9)Freeman, Y., Freeman, D., & Ramírez, R. (2008).Diverse Learners in the Mainstream Classroom:Strategies for supporting All students across content areas. Portsmouth: Heinemann. (ISBN#978-0-325-01313-8)Music “Dreamcatcher” by Andy Mckee.Images: “blue man” by Leo Blanchette, “running numbers” by Cory Thoman, office.com picturecollection