Is a city in Essex County , Massachusetts , United States .
It and Lawrence are the county seats of Essex County .
Salem is a residential and tourist area which includes the neighbourhoods of Salem Neck, Salem was one of the most significant seaports in early America.
It has the first National Historic Site designated by Congress, Salem Maritime National Historic Site , which protects Salem's historic waterfront.
A Puritan of 16th and 17th-century England was an associate of any number of religious groups advocating for more "purity" of worship and doctrine, as well as personal and group piety. Puritans felt that the English Reformation had not gone far enough, and that the Church of England was tolerant of practices which they associated with the Catholic Church . Currently, the designation "Puritan" is often expanded to mean any very conservative Protestant, or even more broadly, to evangelicals.
Salem Witch Trials
The Salem witch trials were a series of hearings before local magistrates followed by county court trials to prosecute people accused of witchcraft in Essex , Suffolk , and Middlesex counties of colonial Massachusetts , between February 1692 and May 1693.
The Scarlet Letter ( by Nathaniel Hawthorne )
The Scarlet Letter (1850) is a novel written by Nathaniel Hawthorne , considered to be his " magnum opus ".
Based in 17th-century Puritan Boston , it tells the story of Hester Prynne, who gives birth after committing adultery and struggles to create a new life of repentance and dignity. Throughout the novel, Hawthorne explores themes of legalism , sin , and guilt .
Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804-1864)
He was born in Salem, Massachussets.
His classmates included future president Franklin Pierce and future poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow.
Hawthorne anonymously published his first work.
H e became engaged to Sophia Peabody.
Literary Style And Themes
Hawthorne was predominantly a short story writer in his early career.
One of his publishers, James Thomas Fields, was who convinced Hawthorne to turn The Scarlet Letter into a novel rather than a short story.
His four major romances were written between 1850 and 1860.
Many of his works are inspired by Puritan New England.
Fanshawe (published anonymously, 1828)
The Scarlet Letter (1850)
The House of the Seven Gables (1851)
The Blithedale Romance (1852)
The Marble Faun (1860)
The Dolliver Romance (1863)(unfinished)
Septimius Felton; or, the Elixir of Life (Published in the Atlantic Monthly, 1872)
Doctor Grimshawe's Secret: A romance (unfinished), with Preface and Notes by Julian Hawthorne (1882)
Short Story Collection
Twice-Told Tales (1837)
Grandfather's Chair (1840)
Mosses from an Old Manse (1846)
The Snow-Image, and Other Twice-Told Tales (1852)
A Wonder-Book for Girls and Boys (1852)
Tanglewood Tales (1853)
The Dolliver Romance and Other Pieces (1876)
The Great Stone Face and Other Tales of the White Mountains (1889)