Open Options Evolutionary Trends


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Open Options Evolutionary Trends

  1. 1. Evolutionary Trends in Access Control- it’s the Network Baby! Presented by: Steve Fisher, Founder Open Options Inc.
  2. 2. A brief history of Access Control Network Topology <ul><li>Individual Door Controllers </li></ul><ul><li>Proprietary Network/Communications Loop </li></ul><ul><li>Single Stage Design </li></ul><ul><li>Access Relay on Non-Secure Side </li></ul><ul><li>Single Card & Reader Technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Only Three Access Control Companies </li></ul>
  3. 3. Proprietary Host Single Stage Readers Proprietary Communications
  4. 4. Advancements The 2cd Generation <ul><li>Two Stage Design </li></ul><ul><li>Reader Separated </li></ul><ul><li>Access Relay behind Secure Side </li></ul><ul><li>Various Card & Reader Technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Options Emerge in Topology </li></ul>
  5. 5. Proprietary Host Two Stage Readers Proprietary Communications
  6. 6. Single Stage Readers – The wiring for lock and door contact is routed to the reader and possibly exposed to attack. 2 Stage Readers – The wiring for each device is routed back to the controller to reduce risk of accidental exposure
  7. 7. What is Distributive Intelligence? The 3 rd Generation <ul><li>What if the computer goes down? </li></ul><ul><li>Off Line Storage of Event Data </li></ul><ul><li>Off Line Continuation of Access Decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Centralized Decision and Reporting </li></ul><ul><li>Non-host based Linking between hardware </li></ul><ul><li>Resilience of single door failure </li></ul>
  8. 8. Control Panels with Distributed Intelligence RS-485 communications line More controllers
  9. 9. Access Control on the Network 1994 <ul><li>Host to Distributive Intelligent </li></ul><ul><li>“ Non-Standard” Networks-Novell, X.25, Token Ring, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Host Limitations </li></ul><ul><li>Network Limitations </li></ul><ul><li>Only a Few Systems Capable </li></ul>
  10. 10. Cat 5 network cable Network Hub/Switch Control Panels with Distributed Intelligence
  11. 11. Last 10 years <ul><li>Robust Networks </li></ul><ul><li>Standardization of TCP/IP </li></ul><ul><li>The Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Interoperability-Non Proprietary Emphasis </li></ul><ul><li>Microprocessor Designs/Costs </li></ul><ul><li>Growth in Access Control Customers </li></ul><ul><li>Enterprise Deployments </li></ul><ul><li>Computer Savvy Society </li></ul>
  12. 12. 2008 ,…” back to the future ?” <ul><li>Single Stage </li></ul><ul><li>Access Relay on Non-Secure Side </li></ul><ul><li>Limited Feature Set </li></ul><ul><li>Limited Distributive Intelligence </li></ul><ul><li>Only a few Systems Capable </li></ul>
  13. 13. IP readers Cat 5 network cable Network Hub/Switch
  14. 14. Today,… “on with the future!” <ul><li>Dual Stage Designs </li></ul><ul><li>Networked Full Distributive Intelligence </li></ul><ul><li>Power Over Ethernet (POE) </li></ul><ul><li>Interoperability at the Portal ..Video & IC </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced Costs </li></ul>
  15. 15. Cat 5 network cable Network Hub/Switch
  16. 16. Why is understanding “evolution” important? <ul><li>Staged roll outs of systems </li></ul><ul><li>Budget constraints for replacements </li></ul><ul><li>Wide spread use of specific feature sets </li></ul><ul><li>Continuity of maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>Long term use of the systems ( average 8 years) </li></ul><ul><li>Consistency of operations-Daily use </li></ul><ul><li>Usually cannot replace entire system (locks, readers, control devices </li></ul>
  17. 17. “ Just because it’s warm, brown and on your plate does not mean it’s a steak.” <ul><li>Remote Access Portals-To drop or not to drop? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Parking Facilities </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Perimeter Turnstiles & Gates </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Existing Locking Devices & POE Limitations </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Magnetic Locks </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fire Codes and Municipal Authorities </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Existing Feature Utilization in Upgrades </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Linked Events </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Anti-passback </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Card Triggers </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Questions & Discussion
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