Gendered intimacies power pointPresentation Transcript
Gendered Differences in Same-Sex Friendships HyoJi Park Sociology 235 Gender role in society
Interests I saw many cases Male’s friendship and Female’s friendship are different. These differences may represent gendered stereotypes. So, I guess that the differences may be caused by cultural effects. Because I am from Korea, which has strong gendered stereotypes, I start to research about this.
Hypothesis Since Korean culture is still contributed by strong stereotypes in gender, Korean teenagers will show male’s intimacy and female’s intimacy as inexpressiveness and expressiveness, activity oriented and person oriented, side-to-side and face-to-face style of interaction, and deep lasting relationship and short period relationship by following the stereotypes of male and female, such as calm and friendly.
Background Kimmel says…. “there are sex differences in same sex friendship.”
Cont. Background According to the article ofBeyond intimacy: conceptualizing sex difference in same-sex friendships, there are no differences.
The mean length of closest friendships
The number of times spoke with closest friends
The number of times saw closest friends
But, there is one sex difference
Girls trust their friends more than boys.
Cont. Background According to the article of Friendship maintenance: an analysis of individual and dyad behavior, relationship with the same-sex best friends mostly share positivity, supportiveness, openness, and interaction.
Survey Target - 30 girls and 28 boys - 18 years old (senior high school students) - Korean. 12 short-answer questions in terms of their own friendships are asked.
Boy’s Definition of Best Friend is..
“who contacts with me frequently” “who trust me and I trust” “who has lots of similarity”
Boy’s the Mean of Number of Best Friend
is.. 6.82 people
Boy’s the Mean of Length of Being
Friendship is.. 5.15 years
Boy’s the Mean of Number of Contact to
Best Friend in a week is..4.9 days
Boy’s the Mean of Time of Speaking with
Best Friend on the phone a day is..7.8mins
Boy’s Activity with Best Friend is..
Playing a game (75% of boys say..) Talking (15% of boys say...)
The Number of Boys who share secret with
Best Friend is.. 16 boys
Boy’s Percentage of how much they trust
Best Friend is.. 77.1%
Girl’s Definition of Best Friend is..
“who can share secret” “who is friendly unless frequent contact”.
Girl’s the Mean of Number of Best Friend is.. 5.13 people
Girl’s the Mean of Length of Being Friendship is.. 4.8 years
Girl’s the Mean of Number of Contact to Best Friend in a week is.. 5.4 days
Girl’s the Mean of Time of Speaking with Best Friend on the phone a day is.. 28.7 mins
Girl’s Activity with Best Friend is.. Talking (97% of girls say..)
The Number of Girls who share secret with Best Friend is.. 21 girls
Girl’s Percentage of how much they trust Best Friend is.. 88.7%
Cont Result Table 1.1 The Number of Best Friends
Cont. Result Table1.2 The Years of Being Together as a Friend
Cont. Result Table 1.3 Girl’s and Boy’s friendship
Conclusion There are both sex differences and no difference in the same sex friendships. Differences- Meaning of Best Friends - Time of Speaking with Best Friend on the phone daily - Activity with Best Friend - The Number of who share secret with Best Friend - Percentage of how much they trust Best Friend No Differences-Number of Best Friend - Length of Being Friendship - Number of Contact to Best Friend in a week
Cont. Conclusion There are cultural effects. Korean culture is conservative and has strong stereotypes in male and female. The stereotypes result in people’s perception about the gendered images. In reality, there are some differences in the way to get along with best friends, to talking about self-disclosure, and to show their intimacy; on the contrary, there are no differences in maintenance of friendships such as similar results in the number of contact with closest friends, in emotional expression, in the length of friendships. Unlike my expectation, Korean boys did not have gendered images. I assume that Korean society becomes involved in gender equality.
References Kimmel, Micheal. (2011). The gendered society: Gendered intimacies. New York: Oxford University Press. 317-324 Oswald, D., Clark, E., & Kelly, C. (2004). FRIENDSHIP MAINTENANCE: AN ANALYSIS OF INDIVIDUAL AND DYAD BEHAVIORS. Journal of Social & Clinical Psychology, 23(3), 413-441. Retrieved from Academic Search Complete database. Roy, R., & Benenson, J. (2000). Beyond Intimacy: Conceptualizing Sex Differences in Same-Sex Friendships. Journal of Psychology, 134(1), 93. Retrieved from Academic Search Complete database.