Punctuation   The Comma
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Punctuation The Comma

on

  • 2,650 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
2,650
Views on SlideShare
2,296
Embed Views
354

Actions

Likes
4
Downloads
95
Comments
0

9 Embeds 354

http://www.mrdaley.com 137
http://mrdaley.com 88
http://ncvps.blackboard.com 88
http://www.weebly.com 25
http://dlms6thgradelanguagearts.weebly.com 10
http://msvjamccarthy.blogspot.com 2
http://caledoniaonlinelarts.weebly.com 2
http://www.slideshare.net 1
http://msvjamccarthy.blogspot.ie 1
More...

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Punctuation   The Comma Punctuation The Comma Presentation Transcript

  • Punctuation
    The Comma
  • What’s a comma for?
    To slow the reader down
    Helps a reader understand the rhythm and flow
    Helps a reader to understand the meaning of a sentence
  • 11 Comma Rules
  • #1 Comma Rule
    Separates two independent clauses (sentences) connected by a Coordinating Conjunction
    FANBOYS – For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, So
    Bob was usually a quiet man, but he screamed upon entering the room.
  • #2 Comma Rule
    Separate elements in a list or a series
    Substitutes the word “and”
    Bob packed his t-shirts, pants, and socks.
    Instead of
    Bob packed his t-shirts and pants and socks.
  • #3 Comma Rule
    Separate introductory phrases and clauses from the independent clause
    After catching his breath, Bob squatted next to the man and took his pulse.
    Eating pizza, Tom suddenly felt sick.
  • #4 Comma Rule
    Separate a series of adjectives
    Replaces the word “and”
    The nimble, fat raccoon began to climb into the garbage.
    Instead of
    The nimble and fat raccoon…
  • #5 Comma Rule
    Use commas to set off an appositive
    Mr. Bowden, my favorite teacher, is retiring this year.
  • #6 Comma Rule
    Use a comma when words or phrases interrupt the sentence, and they could be removed and the sentence still makes sense.
    What the candidate promised, in fact, is impossible to achieve.
    Now then, let’s get back to work!
    She wanted to drive the car, too.
  • #7 Comma Rule
    To set off non-essential WHICH, WHO, WHOM, or THAT clauses (Clauses that you do not really need)
    Bananas, which grow in the tropics, do not need refrigeration.
    The old woman, who lives down the street, drives a red convertible.
  • #8 Comma Rule
    To set off or around quoted elements
    He said, “Can I borrow your car?”
    “Can I borrow your car,” he said, “mine is in the shop.”
  • #8 Comma Rule Continued
    Do not add a comma if the quote ends in a question mark or an exclamation point.
    “What is that?” he asked.
    “Watch out!” she screamed.
  • #9 Comma Rule
    To separate city and state
    He lived in Salam, Massachusetts.
    He visited Albany, New York, on his way to New York City.
  • #10 Comma Rule
    Between date and year
    He was born on July 12, 1999.
    Born on July 12, 1999, Mark would grow up to an astronaut.
  • #11 Comma Rule
    After a greeting or closing in a letter
    At the beginning of a letter
    Dear mom,
    At the closing of a letter
    Sincerely,
  • When not to use a comma
  • Comma misuse #1
    Do not separate subject from the verb
    The most important attribute of a ball player, is quick reflexes. **WRONG**
    The most important attribute of a ball playeris quick reflexes. **CORRECT**
  • Comma misuse #2
    Do not separate VERBS or VERB PHRASES in a COMPOUND PREDICATE
    Mark drove to the store, and bought some groceries. **WRONG**
    Mark drove to the store and bought some groceries. **CORRECT**
  • Comma misuse #3
    When a dependent clause follows an independent clause
    He feel asleep, after he worked all day.
    **WRONG**
    You do use one when the dependent clause comes first
    After he worked all day, he fell asleep.
    **CORRECT**
  • Comma misuse #4
    Do not add a comma if the quote ends in a question mark or an exclamation point.
    “What is that?” he asked.
    “Watch out!” she screamed.