Punctuation Colon Semi Colon

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  • 1. PUNCTUATION
    Semi-Colon
    And
    Colon
  • 2. SEMI-COLON RULES
    #1
    Replaces the word AND in between two independent clauses
    The boy went to the circus; it was the longest night of his life.
    Instead of…
    The boy went to the circus and it was the longest night of his life.
  • 3. SEMI-COLON RULES
    #2
    Used I a list of items when the list already has commas in it.
    He drove to Erie, Pennsylvania; Lansing, Michigan; and Honolulu, Hawaii.
  • 4. COLON
    Used to present something: a statement, a series, a quotation or instructions.
    Meant to bring your sentence to a halt.
  • 5. COLON RULES
    #1
    Use a colon instead of a comma if you want to introduce a quotation.
    I said to him: “Smitty, please pick up a case of Pepsi on your way over.”
    A famous man once said: “Four score and seven years ago.”
  • 6. COLON RULES
    #2
    To introduce a list when what comes before the colon is a complete sentence (subject + predicate)
    Henry bought three kinds of pop: Pepsi, Mountain Dew, and Slice.
    I gave her three choices: do your homework, clean your room, or mow the lawn.
  • 7. COLON RULES
    #3
    Do not use a colon to separate the verb from the rest of the sentence.
    In Henry’s bag were: three carrots, two pineapples, and once squash.
    WRONG! – What is before the colon MUST be a complete sentence.