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Parts of Speech - Nouns And Prepositions
Parts of Speech - Nouns And Prepositions
Parts of Speech - Nouns And Prepositions
Parts of Speech - Nouns And Prepositions
Parts of Speech - Nouns And Prepositions
Parts of Speech - Nouns And Prepositions
Parts of Speech - Nouns And Prepositions
Parts of Speech - Nouns And Prepositions
Parts of Speech - Nouns And Prepositions
Parts of Speech - Nouns And Prepositions
Parts of Speech - Nouns And Prepositions
Parts of Speech - Nouns And Prepositions
Parts of Speech - Nouns And Prepositions
Parts of Speech - Nouns And Prepositions
Parts of Speech - Nouns And Prepositions
Parts of Speech - Nouns And Prepositions
Parts of Speech - Nouns And Prepositions
Parts of Speech - Nouns And Prepositions
Parts of Speech - Nouns And Prepositions
Parts of Speech - Nouns And Prepositions
Parts of Speech - Nouns And Prepositions
Parts of Speech - Nouns And Prepositions
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Parts of Speech - Nouns And Prepositions

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  • 1. NOUNS AND PREPOSITIONS Changing a Noun Appositives Subject Complements Direct / Indirect Objects Prepositions and Preposition Objects Plural / Singular subjects Noun (subject) Verb Agreement Types of Nouns – Proper / Common / Concrete / Abstract / Count / Non-Count / Collective
  • 2. WHAT IS A NOUN?
    • A part of speech used to name
      • People, Places, Things (including ideas)
    • Every noun has a type
      • Common / Proper / Concrete / Abstract / Count / Non-Count / Collective
    • Every noun has a Gender
      • Masculine / Feminine / Neuter
    • Every noun has a Number
      • Singular / Plural
    • Every noun has a Person
      • 1st Person / 2 nd Person / 3 rd Person
    • Every noun has a case
      • Nominative, Objective, Possessive,
  • 3. NOUN TYPES – PROPER / COMMON
    • Proper Nouns name specific People, Places, or Things.
      • George Washington
      • The Eiffel Tower
      • Sony Playstation
    • Common Nouns name non-specific People, Places, or Things.
      • president
      • building
      • video game
  • 4. NOUN TYPES – CONCRETE / ABSTRACT
    • Concrete Nouns are able to be touched, smelt, seen, heard, or felt.
      • Cotton
      • Gas
      • Clouds
      • Insect
      • Air
    • Abstract Nouns are ideas, feelings, or attributes – nouns you cannot touch, smell, feel, hear, or see.
      • Love – Hate – Peace – Honesty – Beauty – Dream – Education – Friendship – Thought – Culture – Evil
  • 5. NOUN TYPES – COUNT / NON-COUNT
    • Count names are nouns that can be pluralized or that have a plural form.
      • Cat – Cats
      • Goose – Geese
      • Helicopter –Helicopters
      • Bureau – Bureaus
    • Non-Count nouns are nouns that have no plural form.
      • Weather – Furniture – Happiness – Education
      • Homework – Lightning – Popcorn – Cotton – Rice
      • Corn – Intelligence – Knowledge – Oxygen – Blood
  • 6. NOUN TYPES – COLLECTIVE
    • Collective Nouns are nouns that represent groups of people, places, or things.
      • Flock = many birds
      • Band = many musicians
      • Audience = many people
      • Quiver = many arrows
      • Class = many students
      • Army = many soldiers
      • Gaggle = many geese
      • Team = many athletes
      • Department = many people
  • 7. CHANGING A NOUN
    • Singular to Plural
    • Regular nouns = add –s
      • bell = bells / taco = tacos / teacher = teachers
    • Nouns ending in s, x, z, ch, sh = add –es
      • Church = Churches / Fox = Foxes / Glass = Glasses
    • Nouns ending in “y” with a consonant before it = change y to i add –es
      • Lady = Ladies / Baby = Babies / Army = Armies
    • Nouns ending in “y” with a vowel before it = add –s
      • Key = Keys / Monkey = Monkeys / Alley = Alleys
  • 8. CHANGING A NOUN
    • Nouns that end in “o”, proceeded by a consonant
    • = add –es
      • Hero = Heroes / Tomato = Tomatoes
    • Nouns that end in “o”, proceeded by a vowel = add –s
      • Radio = Radios
    • Nouns that end in “f” = add –s
      • Chief = Chiefs / Belief = Beliefs
    • Some nouns that end in “f” or “fe” = change f to v
    • add = -es
      • Knife = Knives / Thief = Thieves / Half = Halves
  • 9. CHANGING A NOUN
    • Plural forms of Irregular Nouns need to be memorized
      • Foot = Feet
      • Ox = Oxen
      • Mouse = Mice
      • Woman = Women
    • Nouns that end in “is” = change “is” o “es”
      • Basis = Bases
      • Parenthesis / Parentheses
    • Nouns that end in “um” = change “um” to “a”
      • Datum = Data
      • Memorandum = Memoranda
  • 10. CHANGING A NOUN
    • Nouns that end in “us” = change “us” to “i”
      • Radius = Radii
      • Focus = Foci
      • Alumnus / Alumni
    • Some compound or hyphenated words = make the first part of the hyphenated word plural
        • Passer-by = Passers-by
        • Mother-in-law = Mothers-in-law
        • Suit of armor = Suits of armor
        • Some exceptions
          • Ex-husbands / Ex-wives
  • 11. WHAT IS “CASE”?
    • The use of a noun in a sentence
    • Nominative
    • Objective
    • Possessive
  • 12. NOMINATIVE CASE – 1ST CASE
    • Subject of the sentence
      • The bear attacked the astronauts.
    • Appositive
      • The bear, a mean grizzly from Hawaii , attacked the astronauts.
    • Noun that follows the linking verb (Sub. Comp)
      • The bear is an electrical engineer .
  • 13. OBJECTIVE CASE – 2 ND CASE
    • Direct Object
    • Indirect Object
    • Object of a Preposition
  • 14. DIRECT OBJECT
    • The complement of a transitive verb
    • Answer the question “what” or “whom”
      • The man rode the bicycle .
        • Rode what? Rode the bicycle
        • Bicycle is the DO (Direct Object)
      • Jane called her friend .
        • Called whom? Called her friend.
        • Friend is the DO (Direct Object)
  • 15. INDIRECT OBJECT
    • Names the person or thing for which something in done or given.
    • Must have a Direct Object in order to have an Indirect Object
    • He gave the flowers to Sue .
      • Who received the flowers? Sue
      • Sue is the IDO (Indirect Object)
    • Fred gave Jodie a ride.
      • Who received the ride? Jodie
      • Jody is the IDO (Indirect Object)
  • 16. OBJECT OF A PREPOSITION
    • Preposition = a word that shows the relationship between two nouns.
    • The boy drove down the street.
    • Down shows the relationship between boy and street.
    • The preposition and its complement is called a prepositional phrase.
      • The boy drove down the street.
  • 17. OBJECT OF A PREPOSITION
    • Every prepositional phrase must have a complement
      • The boy drove down the street .
      • Street completes the prepositional phrase
      • Street is the object of the preposition.
  • 18. POSSESSIVE CASE – 3 RD CASE
    • Expresses Ownership
      • If noun DOES NOT end in “-s” – add an ‘s
        • Dog = Dog’s food
        • Village = Village’s church
      • If the PLURAL noun ends in “s” already – add ‘ only
        • Computers = Computers’
        • Teams = Teams’
      • If a SINGULAR noun already ends in “s” add an ‘s
        • Bass = Bass’s
        • Swiss = Swiss’s
  • 19. POSSESSIVE CASE – 3 RD CASE - CONTINUED
    • When two people possess something, the last person listed is given the possessive form
      • Sam, Debbie, and Mark’s bike.
      • (they all own ONE bike)
    • When two people have separate ownership, each person is given the possessive form.
      • Jerry’s and Mike’s jerseys.
      • (they EACH own separate jerseys)
  • 20. CAPITALIZATION
    • All Proper Nouns are capitalized
    • Specific Places or Monuments
      • Eiffel Tower
      • Statue of Liberty
      • Erie, Pennsylvania
      • Sony Playstation
    • Languages
      • English
      • Latin
      • Korean
      • German
  • 21. CAPITALIZATION - CONTINUED
    • Days and Months
      • Friday / June
    • Specific Times and Events
        • The War of 1812
        • The Olympics
    • Faiths, Religions. Or Religious Figures
      • Buddha
      • Christianity
      • The Torah
    • Specific People
      • Thomas Jefferson
  • 22. SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT
    • Singular subjects takes a verb with an “s”
      • Bob practices
    • Plural subject takes a verb without an “s”
      • The brothers practice

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