IHA 2013 World Congress: Landsvirkjun: Renewable Systems: Sharing Experience: Hydropower case study

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Mr Oli Blöndal Sveinsson, Executive Vice President, Landsvirkjun

For many years, renewable energy systems were seen as dependent on non-renewable sources. Challenges of cost, variability, storage and ancillary services have been put forward as barriers to a renewable future. However, an increasing number of cases describe 100% renewable energy systems, utilizing the differentiated, but mutually supportive, characteristics of different renewable sources. Leading energy agencies will present the current status of the renewables sector, and representatives of each renewable energy technology will contribute on behalf of their constituencies.

For more information about this event, visit: http://ihacongress.org

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IHA 2013 World Congress: Landsvirkjun: Renewable Systems: Sharing Experience: Hydropower case study

  1. 1. Óli Grétar Blöndal SveinssonLandsvirkjunRenewable Systems: Hydropower Case StudyPresented at theIHA 2013 World Congress
  2. 2. IHA Congress 2013:Renewable Systems: Case Study HYDROÓli Grétar Blöndal SveinssonEVP of R&D at Landsvirkjun24 May 2013
  3. 3. Iceland´s distributed hydro and geothermalis connected over a nationwide network175MW37MW7MW423MW14MW150MW28MW690MW840MW89MW63MWIceland´s infrastructure ranks no. 3 globally in termsof interruptions and voltage fluctuations1)Wind capacityHydro capacityGeothermal capacityTransmission gridCurrent GenerationIceland´s generationis 100% renewable1) Global Competitiveness Report 2010-2011, World Economic ForumGeothermal(4.6 TWh)Hydro(12.6 TWh)17.2 TWh2MW
  4. 4. Iceland generates renewable energy significantly beyond itsbasic needs making it an “exporter” of renewable energyNorwaySpainFranceSwedenGermanyItalyAustriaTurkeySwissPortugalRomaniaIcelandUKIceland generates 2% of Europe´srenewable electricity despite onlybeing 0.1% of its population17 TWhIcelandNorway54 GWh/CapitaLVLandsvirkjun 8th largest renewableelectricity producer in Europe13 TWh
  5. 5. Iceland generates renewable energy significantly beyond itsbasic needs making it an “exporter” of renewable energyComparison of Energy Prices3 person home – 100 m2
  6. 6. Integration of Renewables the role of HydroHydro is the secret ingredient to achieve 100% RENRenewables:› Hydro: Flexible generation optimal forfrequency regulation and load balancing› Wind: Intermittent, needs balancing› Solar: Predictable intermittency› Geothermal/Biomass: BaseloadHydro: Efficient, proven and mature› Run – of – River› Storage schemes• Energy and water storage• Flood control and management• Reduce vulnerability to droughts› Pumped HydroHydro key points to success:› Storage schemes are often controversial• Pros and cons – compromising• Headwater reservoirs for large cascades› Policies and protocols to filter out badprojects from good ones› Hydro is renewable and where availableusually the most price competitiverenewable technology

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