Cameron Ironside, IHA


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Regional Leadership Forum
Advancing Sustainable Hydropower in Latin America and the Caribbean

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  • AKLetslook at a topic to see the sort of scoring statements we are talking about:This is page 123 of your Protocol DocumentThe topic is I-6 which addresses Financial Viability in the Implementation tool.This topic looks at project financial management, funding for sustainability measures, and the project’s ability to generate financial return.If you look at the scoring statement to achieve a 3, which is the basic good practice level, you can see that this topic is assessed against four criteria: Assessment, Management, Conformance/Compliance and Outcomes.The management statement is: Measures are in place for financial management of project implementations; plans are in place for financial management of the futureoperating hydropower facility .So the assessor will be looking for evidence to see if this statement is true.If no significant gaps between the statement and reality are found, then the assessor will go on to assess whether:In addition, financial management plans provide for well considered contingency measures for all environmental and social mitigation plans and commitments; and processes are in place to anticipate and respond to emerging risks and opportunities.Again the assessor will be looking for evidence to see if this statement is true.
  • The website introduces the Protocol and allows visitors to download the Protocol documents. The website gives access to :The Terms and Conditions of use of the Protocol, which sets out how the Protocol can be usedThe Charter – Which details the governance of the ProtocolThe website explains the Hydro4Life project in more detailIn the future it will give access to a database of protocol assessments which will be searchable by region, project type or by topic.The site also gives access to news, links and frequently asked questions
  • Cameron Ironside, IHA

    1. 1. Measuring SustainabilityCameron IronsideRio, Nov 2012
    2. 2. Protocol evolutionWorld Commission Initial Sustainability on Dams Final Assessment Protocol Report Official Protocol launch2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 IHA Sustainability Multi-stakeholder Forum refines Guidelines Protocol the Protocol Training 2
    3. 3. www.hydrosustainability.orgAspects of sustainability covered The Protocol encompasses all aspects of sustainability TECHNICAL ENVIRONMENTAL SOCIAL ECONOMIC AND INTEGRATIVE FINANCIALSiting and design Downstream flows Project affected Economic viability Demonstrated need communities and and strategic fit livelihoodsHydrological resource Erosion and Resettlement Financial viability Communications sedimentation and consultationReservoir planning, Water quality Indigenous peoples Project benefits Governancefilling andmanagementInfrastructure safety Biodiversity and Cultural heritage Procurement Integrated project invasive species managementAsset reliability and Waste, noise and air Public health Environmental andefficiency quality social issues management 3
    4. 4. Protocol documents Background document:Four methodology documents for four stages of development: Early stage Preparation Implementation Operation 4
    5. 5. www.hydrosustainability.orgProtocol topics (1) P I O Communications and Consultation l l l Governance l l l Demonstrated Need and Strategic Fit l Siting and Design l Environmental and Social Impact Assessment and Management / l l l Environmental and Social Issues Management Integrated Project Management l l l Hydrological Resource l l Asset reliability and efficiency l Infrastructure Safety l l l Financial Viability l l l Project Benefits l l l Economic Viability l Procurement l l 5
    6. 6. www.hydrosustainability.orgTopic structure Statements of Description and Intent Scoring Levels from 1-5 For each criteria Level 3 - Statements of Basic Good Practice Level 5 - Statements of Proven Best Practice 6
    7. 7. www.hydrosustainability.orgSustainability profile O-1 Communications O-19 Downstream and Consultation O-2 Governance Flows O-18 Reservoir O-3 Environmental and Social Issues Management Management O-17 Water O-4 Hydrological Quality Resource O-16 Erosion and O-5 Asset Sedimentation Reliability O-6 Infrastructure O-15 Biodiversity Safety 1 O-14 Public 2 O-7 Financial Viability Health 3 Basic good practice O-13 Cultural Heritage O-8 Project Benefits 4 O-12 Labor and Working Conditions O-9 Project-affected Communities and 5 Proven best practice Livelihoods O-11 Indigenous Peoples O-10 Resettlement 7
    8. 8. www.hydrosustainability.orgIHA Sustainability Partners 8
    9. 9. www.hydrosustainability.orgEnsuring Integrity• Standardised methodology and process• Replicability and Quality Control• Qualified assessors: • Accreditation • ISO17024 • Experience • Training• Governance Committee 9
    10. 10.• Protocol documents: background and four stages• Charter, and Terms and Conditions• FAQs and news• Database of published Protocol assessments 10
    11. 11. www.hydrosustainability.orgScopeThe Protocol provides:• A focus on hydropower, allowing emphasis on a number of topics of particular importance in the sustainability of hydropower, including technical and financial topics;• Four separate tools that are tailored for each stage of the development of a hydropower project;• Scoring of the project in relation to basic good practice and proven best practice, allowing immediate comparison with industry practice, and comparability through time;• Promotion of the criteria of assessment, management, stakeholder engagement and support, conformance, compliance and outcomes through all sustainability topics.Significant gaps identified in a Protocol assessment reportcorrespond directly to actions in an Environmental and SocialAction Plan (PS 1 requires an ESAP) . 11
    12. 12. www.hydrosustainability.orgIFC Performance Standards and World BankSafeguards• Financial institutions included in Forum, referring to a wider Equator Principles FI’s working group on hydropower• World Bank was an observer to the Forum and continues as observer to the Protocol Governance Committee• Now: financial institutions and development banks chamber in Protocol Council, elected chair will sit on Governance Committee• Ten Protocol topics correspond to IFC Performance Standards and World Bank safeguards, and cross- cutting issues strongly align• Protocol scoring system draws on IFC approach of continuous improvement 12
    13. 13. www.hydrosustainability.orgComparison with Implementation toolIFC Performance Standards World Bank Safeguards Protocol topics1 Assessment and Management of Environmental Assessment I-1, I-3 Environmental and Social Risks and Impacts2 Labour and Working Conditions I-123 Resource Efficiency and Pollution Prevention Pest management I-184 Community Health, Safety, and Security Safety of Dams I-5, I-9, I-145 Land Acquisition and Involuntary Resettlement Involuntary Resettlement I-9, I-106 Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Natural Habitats I-15, I-3 Management of Living Natural Resources Forests7 Indigenous Peoples Indigenous Peoples I-118 Cultural Heritage Physical Cultural Resources I-13 Safety of Dams I-5 International Waterways I-20, I-23, cross- cutting 13
    14. 14. www.hydrosustainability.orgAlignment• Protocol topic intent statements strongly align with the objectives of the Performance Standards• Protocol Assessment Guidance includes Performance Standard requirements, applicability will vary with context• Across all topics, basic good practice requires adequate assessment of impacts and risks as set out in PS 1, whilst proven best practice requires a broader view than the project• Consistent expectation at the level of basic good practice of general support amongst directly affected stakeholder groups, also corresponds to PS 1• Protocol Assessment provides information for screening and due diligence, especially when ESIA is limited in scope or analysis 14
    15. 15. www.hydrosustainability.orgUsing the Protocol with IFC Performance Standards• Assessment report could be used to inform whether PS’s are met• Protocol Assessment report provides hydro- specific detail, and findings are backed up by evidence• Performance below Level 3 on any particular topic should not rule out financing; the point is to use the financing to incentivise improvements• The Protocol is useful for supervision / reporting, as it offers results that are comparable through time. 15