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Regional Leadership Forum

Regional Leadership Forum
Advancing Sustainable Hydropower in Latin America and the Caribbean

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Albert de Melo, Cepel Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Centro de Pesquisas de Energia Elétrica - CEPEL Regional Leadership Forum: Advancing Sustainable Hydropower in Latin America and the Caribbean Theme 3: Environmental Dimension Rio de Janeiro, 13 Nov 2012 Albert C. G. Melo DIRECTOR-GENERALPELElectrical Energy Research Center - CEPEL
  • 2. CEPEL – The Brazilian Electrical Energy Research Center  Not for profit organization  Founded in 1974 by Eletrobras, Chesf, Furnas, Eletrosul & Eletronorte  Largest Brazilian Electric Energy R&D Center  Largest High Voltage and High Power Labs in Latin America  Around 500 employees  Technical Support for  Eletrobras Group  Government (Mines and Energy Ministry, Science, Technoly and Innovation Ministry)  Electrical Sector Entities (National System Operator -ONS, Wholesale Energy Market -CCEE, Expansion Planning Company -EPE and Regulatory Agency -ANEEL)  Utilities and Industry Fundão Island SiteElectrical Energy Research Center - CEPEL Adrianópolis Site
  • 3. Sustainable Development of the Brazilian Electrical System There is no Sustainable Development without Sustainable Energy Source: MME, EPE, 2010Electrical Energy Research Center - CEPEL
  • 4. Sustainability Three Dimensions 1John Elkington, Social Environmental Economic 1998. Cannibals Sustainability with forks: The Sustainability Sustainability triple bottom line of 21st century business Sustainable Development - Triple-botton-line1Electrical Energy Research Center - CEPEL
  • 5. Sustainability Three Dimensions 1John Elkington, Social Environmental Economic 1998. Cannibals Sustainability with forks: The Sustainability Sustainability triple bottom line of 21st century business Sustainable Development - Triple-botton-line1 Quadruple-Bottom-Line? (Policy Framework)Electrical Energy Research Center - CEPEL
  • 6. Sustainable Development ofHydropower The Brazilian ApproachElectrical Energy Research Center - CEPEL
  • 7. Hydropower Potential Brazil Potential : 260 GW Already Developed: 31% Source: Eletrobrás e MME 2011.Electrical Energy Research Center - CEPEL
  • 8. Environmental Conservation andIndigenous Areas in the Brazilian Amazon Existing Indigenous HPPs Lands (0,13%) 24,0% Planned (0,12%) Total 0,25% Conservatio n Units 27,0% Other (*) 48,7% (*) Áreas antropizadas, agricultura e pecuária, massas d água e outras áreas não protegidas.Electrical Energy Research Center - CEPEL Source: EPE, CEPEL
  • 9. GHG Emissions - 2005 Energy Sector share in total emissions EU-27 world USA Brazil Russia India ChinaElectrical Energy Research Center - CEPEL
  • 10. GHG Emissions - 2005 Energy Sector share in total emissions EU-27 world USA Brazil Russia India China Electrical Sector:  1.6%  due to HydropowerElectrical Energy Research Center - CEPEL
  • 11. Solutions for Sustainable Hydropower Development in Brazil  Environmental, social and economic impacts and benefits must be carefully addressed  Social-Environmental aspects  considered since the very first phase of the Expansion Planning  continuously monitored throughout projects´ cycle of life  Examples  Enabling Policy Framework for sustainable development  public Auctions  the role of the National Development Bank  Manual for Hydropower Inventory Studies of river basins  Chain of optimization models and methodologies for power system planning and operation options assessmentElectrical Energy Research Center - CEPEL
  • 12. Enabling Policy Frameworkfor Sustainable Hydropower BRAZILIAN NATIONAL POWER SYSTEM NATIONAL EXPANSION PLANNING AND ENERGY POLICY HYDROPOWER PLANNING - CNPE LONG TERM PLANNING - PNE, PDE Horizon –30 years Updates – 4 years TEN-YEAR EXPANSION EXPANSION PLAN MONITORING Annual Updates - CMSE Horizon – 5 Years Monthly Updates Executive Hydropower Feasibility Basic Recognition AUCTION Project / Operation Inventory Studies Project Construction Studies Hydropower planning Installation Operating Feasibility Study Approval Env. Env. License License Reserve Declaration of Water AvailabilityElectrical Energy Research Center - CEPEL Preliminary Env. License
  • 13. Manual for Hydropower Inventory ofRiver Basins, 2007- Funded by MME & the the World Bank- Coordinated by CEPEL 3 2 Head division of a river 1 basin with sustainability criteria and water uses, 4 since the very first of 3 the planning process 2 1Electrical Energy Research Center - CEPEL
  • 14. Manual for Hydropower Inventory ofRiver Basins, 2007- Funded by MME & the the World Bank- Co-ordinated by CEPEL 3 2 Head division of a river 1 basin with sustainability criteria and water uses, 4 since the very first of 3 the planning process 2 1 Integrated Environmental (and Social) Assessment – IEAElectrical Energy Research Center - CEPEL
  • 15. Manual for Hydropower Inventory ofRiver Basins, 2007- Funded by MME & the the World Bank- Co-ordinated by CEPEL 3 2 Head division of a river 1 basin with sustainability criteria and water uses, 4 since the very first of 3 the planning process 2 1 Integrated Environmental (and Social) Assessment – SE IEA Multi-objective analysis  The Manual defines criteria and methodology COB SINV – Decision Support System for Hydropower River Basin Inventory StudiesElectrical Energy Research Center - CEPEL
  • 16. Socio-Environment Impacts(Negatives and Positives) Negatives Positives - Impact Index (Ian) - Impact Index (IAp) Economic Road Base infrastructure Way of Life improvements Aquatic Ecosystem Local Local Labor Terrain socioenvironmental impact Government Market index Organization Revenue Dinamization Terrestrial Ecosystem increase Indigenous Rational use of Population the river basin water resourcesElectrical Energy Research Center - CEPEL
  • 17. Manual for Hydropower Inventory ofRiver Basins, 2007Electrical Energy Research Center - CEPEL
  • 18. Sustainability at Project Design andImplementation LevelsProject design andimplementation: (starts when theinventory studies are concluded) i. feasibility studies which should comprise Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) reports which should also address social issues and must include water use rights. ii. basic project, which detailed studies also include the elaboration of the Environmental Basic Project report. iii. executive project phase all necessary measures related to the plant, including the implementation of socio-environmental programs are decided in order to get license for starting the filling of the reservoir for the beginning of the operation.Electrical Energy Research Center - CEPEL
  • 19. Energy Resources Assessment and Planning Activities 20-30 Years Horizon, annual steps to 1 Week, hourly steps Synergies in Planning and Operation stages OfficialElectrical Energy Research Center - CEPEL Programs
  • 20. Integrated Operation: Sustainability and Water Uses Coordinated operation - in the same river basin, in the interconnected electrical power system, considering hydrological diversity among regions and other water uses. Energy Optimization and Centralized Dispatch of the Brazilian Interconnected Hydrothermal System: 20% more energy productionElectrical Energy Research Center - CEPEL
  • 21. Itaipu Fishes Water Ways• Built 20 years after Initial Operation of the Plant• A large water head Hydropower Plant (120m)• A large extension channel (10 km) including channels and fish stairsElectrical Energy Research Center - CEPEL Thiago H.S.
  • 22. Example of Environmental Commitment Belo Monte Hydro Plant Original and Modified Project CF CF Indigenous Area PAQUIÇAMBA 440 km2 2 Área Indígena PAQUIÇAMBA 1,225 km 11,233 MWElectrical Energy Research Center - CEPEL
  • 23. “Platform” Hydropower Plants - A New Concept Areas with low or no anthropogenic activity Waterfalls in the chosen location Minimize the impacts on the environment Keep the impact restricted to the plant Lesser deforestation an works impact site Reduced construction sites; no villages or cities after the Lesser deforestation and works impact construction period Affected area recovered during construction Forest is recovered remotely-operated and a small number of staff in turn-over labour Source: ELETROBRAS periodsElectrical Energy Research Center - CEPEL
  • 24. Final Remarks In emerging economies and developing countries, large and small hydropower projects can improve access to modern energy services, alleviate poverty and foster social and economic development, especially for local communitiesElectrical Energy Research Center - CEPEL
  • 25. Final Remarks In emerging economies and developing countries, large and small hydropower projects can improve access to modern energy services, alleviate poverty and foster social and economic development, especially for local communities Thank you! albert@cepel.brElectrical Energy Research Center - CEPEL