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Regional Leadership Forum …

Regional Leadership Forum
Advancing Sustainable Hydropower in Latin America and the Caribbean

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  • Update capacity per later slides (and verify)

Transcript

  • 1. Trends in hydropower development From Global to Regional Richard M. Taylor, FEI. Executive Director© IHA 2012 International Hydropower Association International Hydropower Association  Regional Report 2012 – LA & C
  • 2. 1. Background© IHA 2012 International Hydropower Association  Regional Report 2012 – LA & C
  • 3. ~100 corporate members 1 vision© IHA 2012© IHA 2012 International Hydropower Association  Regional Report 2012 – LA & C
  • 4. IHA Sponsor members© IHA 2012© IHA 2012 International Hydropower Association  Regional Report 2012 – LA & C
  • 5. Hydropower typologies Run-of-river hydro Hydropower typology, covering all scales of development Storage hydro Pump-storage hydro© IHA 2012
  • 6. Specific characteristics • An indigenous, renewable asset • A flexible technology, supporting the energy mix • A driver for smart power systems (energy storage) • A multipurpose asset (water storage) • Irrigation • Water supply and Sanitation • Navigation • Regulated flow regimes • Fisheries • Flood/drought management© IHA 2012
  • 7. IHA’s activities Defining Measuring the hydropower’s evolving sustainability performance role in green growth of hydropower (supported by the Hydropower (supported by the Hydropower Development Strategy Committee) Sustainability Strategy Committee) Sharing knowledge (supported by the Hydropower© IHA 2012© IHA 2012 Communications Committee) International Hydropower Association  Regional Report 2012 – LA & C
  • 8. Hydropower Development Working Groups and Activities } } } } }© IHA 2012
  • 9. Sustainability Timeline World UNEP Dams and Initial Sustainability Commission on Development Assessment Dams Final Report Protocol Official Protocol Project launch 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 IHA Sustainability Multi-stakeholder Forum Guidelines Protocol refines the Protocol Implementation© IHA 2012© IHA 2012 International Hydropower Association  Regional Report 2012 – LA & C 9
  • 10. Communication / Outreach Projects© IHA 2012© IHA 2012 International Hydropower Association  Regional Report 2012 – LA & C
  • 11. 2. Global and Regional Trends© IHA 2012© IHA 2012 International Hydropower Association  Regional Report 2012 – LA & C
  • 12. Global Electricity Supply Graph 2: Estimated Global Power Generation 2010 (*20 267 TWh) Other renewables© IHA 2012© IHA 2012 (Source: IHA Activity Report 2011)
  • 13. Hydropower Deployment in 2011 • 970 GW of worldwide Total Global Capacity: 970 GW capacity China 22% Rest of the world • 25 GW of new hydropower added in 2011, increasing 49% Brazil 8% capacity by nearly 3% United States 8% Canada 8% • Globally hydropower Russia 5% generated 3,400TWh of electricity in 2011. China alone produced 663TWh Total Capacity Additions: followed by Brazil (450TWh) +25 GW 8% Vietnam 6% India • China, Brazil, United 6% Brazil 49% China States, Canada and Russia 5% Canada comprise the top 5© IHA 2012 hydropower markets by Rest of the world capacity 25% Source: REN 21 Global Status Report 2011
  • 14. Growth in Electricity Generation (TWh) Thermal and Renewables 9000 8000 Conventional 7000 Thermal 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 Hydropower 1000 Other Renewables 0© IHA 2012© IHA 2012 Source: Energy Information Administration International Hydropower Association  Regional Report 2012 – LA & C
  • 15. Growth in Electricity Generation (TWh) Hydropower and other renewables 1800 1600 1400 Hydropower 1200 1000 800 600 Other 400 Renewables 200 0© IHA 2012© IHA 2012 Source: Energy Information Administration International Hydropower Association  Regional Report 2012 – LA & C
  • 16. Global Renewable Capacity© IHA 2012© IHA 2012 Source: REN21 Renewables 2012 Global Status Report
  • 17. Global Renewable Capacity 1% 0% 0% 5% 5% Hydro Wind 17% Biomass Solar PV 71% Solar Thermal Geothermal Ocean Hydro Wind Biomass Solar PV Solar Thermal Geothermal Ocean© IHA 2012 970 GW 238 GW 72 GW 69 GW 1.8 GW 11.2 GW .5 GW Source: REN21 Renewables 2012 Global Status Report
  • 18. Forecast Change: 2011-2035© IHA 2012 International Hydropower Association  Regional Report 2012 – LA & C
  • 19. Forecast Change: 2011-2035 Oil© IHA 2012 International Hydropower Association  Regional Report 2012 – LA & C
  • 20. Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Hydro projects are currently in the CDM pipeline - almost 40% of all the renewable energy projects • Installed capacity ranging from 70kW to 1,000 MW • In 36 countries • For a total installed capacity of 45,613 MW • For a total annual GHG reduction of 141 MtCO2/y • Hydro <15 MW: 683 stations – 5,967 MW – 19.41 MtCO2/y • Hydro >15 MW: 634 stations – 39,647 MW – 121.47 MtCO2/y© IHA 2012© IHA 2012 • Post-2012 market change International Hydropower Association  Regional Report 2012 – LA & C
  • 21. Regional Potentials Europe Eurasia North America 179 GW & 554 TWh Asia / Pacific 138 GW & 464 TWh 153 GW & 689TWh Africa 264 GW & 894 TWh South America 23 GW &102TWh 156 GW & 641 TWh© IHA 2012© IHA 2012 Installed Capacity Energy delivered (2008) International Hydropower Association  Regional Report 2012 – LA & C
  • 22. Hydropower Development to 2035 2011-2035 hydropower deployment forecast: 28.5 GW/year (2006-2010 average: 29 GW/year) Hydropower capacity under construction or planned for deployment before 2035 350 300 250 Additional capacity (GW) 200 150 100 50 0 Asia (east) Asia (west) South America Europe Africa North America© IHA 2012© IHA 2012 International Hydropower Association  Regional Report 2012 – LA & C
  • 23. Thank you© IHA 2012© IHA 2012 International Hydropower Association  Regional Report 2012 – LA & C