Mp ground water
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Mp ground water

on

  • 67 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
67
Views on SlideShare
67
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Mp ground water Mp ground water Presentation Transcript

  •    HDROLOGY PROJECT-IIHDROLOGY PROJECT-II MADHYA PRADESHMADHYA PRADESH GROUND WATER COMPONENTGROUND WATER COMPONENT PROGRESS REVIEW BY WORLD BANKPROGRESS REVIEW BY WORLD BANK    Chief Engineer (BODHI)Chief Engineer (BODHI) Water Resources departmentWater Resources department Bhopal (MP)Bhopal (MP)    77thth  May, 2014 May, 2014
  • • Replacement of 51 No Defunct Peizometers and 29 no new Peizometers under DSS Wainganga Basin and 20 no Peizometer under PDS Dhasan basin Sagar and PDS Shahpura lake basin • Replacement of 7 sets of non functional WQ Lab equipments • Renovation of 04 no Div data center and 1 no Ground Water Circle level Training cell. • 30 no In well Boring under PDS and 15 no Hydro fracturing work under PDS Dhasan basin Sagar • Procurement of 08 no single channel resistivity meter Major Physical Input proposed for FY 2014-15 ( April and May 2014)Major Physical Input proposed for FY 2014-15 ( April and May 2014) 01  no.  Multi  channel  resistivity  meter  including Vehicle and incremental O&M  60 lakhs ,(Goods) Major Project Achievements till March 2014Major Project Achievements till March 2014
  • Purpose Driven Study (Title): “The Impact of Contaminated Purpose Driven Study (Title): “The Impact of Contaminated  Shahpura Lake on Ground Water Environment, Bhopal, MP” Shahpura Lake on Ground Water Environment, Bhopal, MP”  Objectives of the P D S  Development of long term monitoring mechanism to keep vigil on progression of surface water pollution by studying systematic & periodically physico-chemical parameters.  Monitoring of groundwater water quality to study ingress of chemical contamination into fringe area aquifer used for drinking water supplies.  Study the impact of contaminants on biological diversity, tropic status of lake and identification of the indicator species.  Tie up of Limnological data with ground water quality in the study area  Dissemination of project output for awareness and management
  • Major FindingsMajor Findings • Propagation of pollution in ground water aquifers in the fringe area is governedPropagation of pollution in ground water aquifers in the fringe area is governed by the Hydraulic gradient of aquifer & used by at least 60 thousand populationsby the Hydraulic gradient of aquifer & used by at least 60 thousand populations .. Surface Water:Surface Water: • Lake is reported having very rich nutrients value such as nitrate andLake is reported having very rich nutrients value such as nitrate and phosphatephosphate alongalong withwith ammonical nitrogen toxicityammonical nitrogen toxicity and rich organic matter (COD) content in north-and rich organic matter (COD) content in north- eastern and north-western upstream and south-western downstream side.eastern and north-western upstream and south-western downstream side. • To an average value of 27.74 mg/l,To an average value of 27.74 mg/l, 4.06 mg/l4.06 mg/l,, 5.2 mg/l5.2 mg/l and 67.86 mg/l respectively.and 67.86 mg/l respectively. • Shahpura lake water shows the percentage of DO ranged between 0% (at confluence)Shahpura lake water shows the percentage of DO ranged between 0% (at confluence) to 98.9% (southern part) in surface layerto 98.9% (southern part) in surface layer • Lake is hyper-eutrophic due to high nutrients load in sediment which enhanced theLake is hyper-eutrophic due to high nutrients load in sediment which enhanced the production of algal biomass.production of algal biomass.
  • Major FindingsMajor Findings Ground water: • The overall well water at both downstream and upstream side of the lake are found contaminated. At upstream (north-east and north-west side of lake): • Average value of nutrients such as nitrate & phosphate along with the organic matter reported as 29.30 mg/l, 0.23 mg/l, and 18.56 mg/l respectively. At  downstream (south and south-western side of lake):  • Nitrate, Phosphate and Organic matter values reported to the maximum of 109.2 mg/l, 1.0 mg/l and 64 mg/l and an average of 26.99 mg/l, 0.26 mg/l and 14.95 mg/l respectively. • Increased level of organic matter in ground water aquifer establishes intrusion of sewage water. .
  • Major FindingsMajor Findings Fish Productivity: • Due to high contamination level , Indian major carps (Catla, Rohita) and other economically benefitted fish productivity are low. Whereas Tilapia mossambica is flourishing well because it grows well in the sewage polluted water.
  • RecommendationsRecommendations • With respect to lakes, all three attributes of the lake i.e. the basin, the water body and the command area need to be conserved instead of the present focus on the water body only. • Assessment and monitoring of water quality is very important. • Effluents/waste water treatment plants, low cost sanitation, should be set up. • Adequate policies, legislations and programmes should be formulated and effective institutions should be put in place for pollution prevention, treatment and restoration of polluted water in lakes and ground water.
  • Purpose Driven StudyPurpose Driven Study Applying  Aquifer  Modification  Techniques Applying  Aquifer  Modification  Techniques  like like  HydrofrakingHydrofraking  in  existing  Ground  Water   in  existing  Ground  Water  abstraction  structures  built  on  various abstraction  structures  built  on  various  Hydrogeological units of Dhasan BasinHydrogeological units of Dhasan Basin
  • Location Of Hydrofracking SitesLocation Of Hydrofracking Sites
  • Location Of The AreaLocation Of The Area • Location of PDS working area is in Rohni water shed of Dhasan River Basin in Distt. Tikamgarh of M.P. Extension of area is approximately 1144sq.km Dhasan River is perennial river being effluent in nature, It receives Base flow of ground water round the year.
  • Basic ObjectivesBasic Objectives Objective are the Hydrofracking studies --- The State OrganizationObjective are the Hydrofracking studies --- The State Organization of Ground water took up the study for following reasons.of Ground water took up the study for following reasons. (1)(1)The officers of the Organization should develop and gain handThe officers of the Organization should develop and gain hand on knowledge of Hydrofracking technique so as to becomeon knowledge of Hydrofracking technique so as to become departmental expert to take up studies in future.departmental expert to take up studies in future. (2)(2)‘’‘’ Seeing is believing ‘’ to believe that Hydrofracking is the mostSeeing is believing ‘’ to believe that Hydrofracking is the most economical method of rejuvenating bore wells.economical method of rejuvenating bore wells. (3)(3)The aquifer modification experiment by using HydrofrackingThe aquifer modification experiment by using Hydrofracking technique need to be tested in the field condition.technique need to be tested in the field condition. (4)(4)To make the farmers (beneficiary) aware of this technique , 15To make the farmers (beneficiary) aware of this technique , 15 numbers of bore wells in different villages had been subjected tonumbers of bore wells in different villages had been subjected to this experiment .this experiment .
  • Suggestion & Recommendations :Suggestion & Recommendations :  Based upon the results and observations made under thisBased upon the results and observations made under this experiment of hydrofracking,experiment of hydrofracking, it is concluded that the VES which gives feasible locations ofit is concluded that the VES which gives feasible locations of fractured zone is not very dependable.fractured zone is not very dependable. Therefore it has not been very adequate to place the packerTherefore it has not been very adequate to place the packer and the application of hydrofracking pressure to the desiredand the application of hydrofracking pressure to the desired fractured zone remains insufficient and inadequate. That is thefractured zone remains insufficient and inadequate. That is the reason why in some of the tube well hydrofracking could notreason why in some of the tube well hydrofracking could not produce the desired discharge..produce the desired discharge..  After the hydrofracking the bore hole logger can be used toAfter the hydrofracking the bore hole logger can be used to see the improvement in the aquifer modification process aroundsee the improvement in the aquifer modification process around the fractured horizon.the fractured horizon. Bore Hole Camera with the facility to project the image of theBore Hole Camera with the facility to project the image of the fractured zone and its improvement on the surface.fractured zone and its improvement on the surface. It is therefore recommended for the procurement of suchIt is therefore recommended for the procurement of such camera.camera.
  • Purpose Driven StudyPurpose Driven Study “Ground Water Quality in Jabalpur Urban Area with Emphasis on Transport of Pathogenic Pollutants in Ground water”(Omti Nala Basin)
  • The study area falls between 790 55’ 37” to 790 57’ 54” longitude and 230 09’ 10” to 230 11’ 06” latitudes(109 sq.Km.)From origin(Central Jail) to Pariyat River, Nala length 37 km. Length through city -19 km STUDY AREA
  • . 1515 Problems/Issues that prompted to take up the PDS Unlined Nala system and sewage system ,which drains the high density residential Area. Deterioration of surface and ground water quality due to much wastewater and effluent disposal Intensive ground water abstraction leading to serious localized aquifer depletion especially in Unconfined/semi-confined systems with risk of induced seepage of contaminated water
  • OBJECTIVEs OF THE PURPOSE DRIVEN STUDY (PDS):OBJECTIVEs OF THE PURPOSE DRIVEN STUDY (PDS): 1. Groundwater pollution caused by Open Omti Nala system and leakage of sewage system and its quality analysis and trend determination 2. Water quality of groundwater aquifers to study ingress of micro- biological contamination in ground water supplies used for drinking purpose. 3. Data utilization to develop precautionary measures to prevent ground water contamination and spread awareness among local residents and water users 4. Awarness raising activities among residents and GW users to keep vigil on leaky septic tanks or direct contamination at abstraction wells.
  • Recommendations and Applications: •Detailed aquifer geometry to be demarcated 3- dimensionally as a follow up separate study. •Though, quotations floated three times intended to perform path finder test and in the mean time Jabalpur Municipal corp. has already started lining work of Omti Nala and its catchment drains, now this test has to be dropped as desired results are difficult to achieve.
  • DEVELOPMENT OF DSS(PLANNING) FOR WAINGANGA BASINDEVELOPMENT OF DSS(PLANNING) FOR WAINGANGA BASIN Wainganga Basin 25480 Sq km
  • WORK DONE UNDER DSS(P)WORK DONE UNDER DSS(P)  Data collection : daily rainfall, runoff, meteorological data, agricultural information, demographic data, reservoir data, groundwater data, etc  Need Assessment for DSS(P) in Madhya Pradesh  Development of MIKE BASIN Model of Wainganga Basin  Application of MIKE 11 NAM rainfall runoff model  Model customization  Development of scenarios in DSS(P) software  Trainings of officers
  • STATUS OF DSS APPLICATION IN MADHYA PRADESHSTATUS OF DSS APPLICATION IN MADHYA PRADESH S.N . Activity Status Remarks 1. Assessment of Surface and Ground Water Availability in Wainganga Basin Completed 2. Surface Water Seasonal Planning. Completed. 3. Seasonal Planning for Reservoir and crop selection. Completed 4. Seasonal Ground Water Planning Completed 5 Performance evaluation of Rajiv Sagar Project Completed 6. Development of DSS IT Infrastructure and DSS online connectivity. Completed
  • SEASONAL PLANNING OF SANJAY SAROWAR PROJECTSEASONAL PLANNING OF SANJAY SAROWAR PROJECT Scenario DevelopedScenario Developed Main inputs to the Seasonal Planning application : Crops grown and its area Water user demands Initial reservoir Level Results of Seasonal planning application: Variation in reservoir water level at various probabilities Variation in storage of the reservoir at various probabilities Water demand-supply and surplus-deficit scenario Planning for crop selection Optimal utilization of available water
  • WATER AVAILABILITY ASSESMENTWATER AVAILABILITY ASSESMENT • Wainganga basin was divided into 22 sub- catchments. • Average daily surface runoff and average daily groundwater recharge time series generated for each sub catchment • Runoff Estimated in Different Sub Catchments of Wainganga Basin is given in table Scenario DevelopedScenario Developed
  • IMPACT OF REHABILITATING THE PROJECT INFRASTRUCTUREIMPACT OF REHABILITATING THE PROJECT INFRASTRUCTURE HHigh level of water loss in irrigation systems of Sanjay sarowar and Dhutyigh level of water loss in irrigation systems of Sanjay sarowar and Dhuty command (30 % ) from the source.command (30 % ) from the source. The model has been applied to assess the impact of reducing the losses from 30%The model has been applied to assess the impact of reducing the losses from 30% to 15%.to 15%. Scenario DevelopedScenario Developed Benefits •Increased efficiency of the irrigation projects, Additional water availability for irrigation •Reduction in demand deficit Increased reliability of the system
  • RESERVOIR OPERATIONRESERVOIR OPERATION  An analysis has been carried out for the Sanjay Sarowar dam for improved flood control based on the forecast of the inflow to the reservoir.  This would enable pre-release from the dam and thereby an increase in the available flood cushion before inflow starts increasing.
  • Real Time Data Acquisition System in Wainganga BasinReal Time Data Acquisition System in Wainganga Basin Under Hydrology Project Phase II Madhya Pradesh Water Resources Department has established Real Time Data Acquisition System(RTDAS) in Wainganga Basin for real time flood forecasting to support reservoir operations and water management.
  • Details of Telemetry stations under RTDASDetails of Telemetry stations under RTDAS S.No. DescriptionofItems Quantity Remarks 1 AutomatedRain-GaugeStations(ARG)withGSM/GPRSbasedtelemetryandpower 28 2 AutomatedWeatherStationswithGSM/GPRSbasedtelemetryandpower 3 3 AutomatedRiver&ReseriorwaterlevelsensorradarType 14 4 Automated,Spillway,Irrigation&PoweroutletGateSensor 13 5 Web-basedDataCollectionprocessinganddisseminationsystem 1
  • Performance Evaluation ofPerformance Evaluation of Rajiv Sagar Project (Bawanthadi)Rajiv Sagar Project (Bawanthadi) • The performance of the Interstate Rajiv Sagar Major Project which has been recently completed is tested in the MIKE BASIN model using the available catchment runoff series from 1976 to 2006. • The analysis indicated that sufficient water will be available in the reservoir to meet the full demands in approximately 90% of the years. Scenario DevelopedScenario Developed
  • To predict how much groundwater will be available at the end of May based on the groundwater level at the end of October. SEASONAL GROUNDWATER PLANNING FOR DHUTY RBCSEASONAL GROUNDWATER PLANNING FOR DHUTY RBC  Model found simulating GW levels with accuracy for Dhuty RBC area.  The model can be used for predicting GW levels of May (pre-monsoon) using information on GW levels in October (post- monsoon).  Model will help to manage the GW demand in the study area Scenario DevelopedScenario Developed
  • AchievementsAchievements • IN DSS platform, we have a water balance modeling primary tool to assist water allocation decision to different sectors as per the priority. • The surface water Seasonal planning application of DSS(P) is found useful to assess water demand-supply and surplus-deficit scenario, planning for crop selection and optimal utilization of available water resources. • The hydrological modeling tools like MIKE 11 NAM Model, MIKE BASIN,MIKE HYDRO and water resources planning tool like DSS(P) are found efficient to develop various scenarios addressing water resources management issues in Wainganga basin and it could further be used in other basin.
  •  WRD has selected Shipra river basin for development of DSS(P) in collaboration of NIH, Regional Centre, Bhopal  To assess sub basin wise water availability  Seasonal and ground water planning for optimal utilization of water  Study of changing scenario of demand supply in shipra basin in view of Narmada-Shipra link.  Development of GIS layers and Data collection is under progress  Area of shipra basin 5750 sq km  Tributary of Chambal river Future PlanFuture Plan
  • Plan for Information DisseminationPlan for Information Dissemination  More workshops and trainings are proposed to be organized for the departmental staff for disseminating DSS outcomes to end users.  The DSS findings and output will be distributed among field offices and line departments in the form of reports, booklet and pomplets.
  • lessons learnt from DSSlessons learnt from DSS • Application of hydrological modeling techniques are important in planning of surface and ground water resources management in Madhya Pradesh state. • The regular monitoring of hydrological and meteorological data is important for future water resources planning. The scientific validation of data is equally important. • The assessment of water availability and demand assessment need to be carried out on regular basis to meet the various water use demands in Wainganga basin • The seasonal groundwater model developed for Dhuty RBC can be used in groundwater planning and to predict how much groundwater will be available at the end of May based on the groundwater level at the end of October. • •
  • lesson learnt from DSSlesson learnt from DSS • The reduction of water losses from Sanjay Sarovar canal, Dhuty weir LBC and Dhuty weir RBC would result in increased efficiency of the irrigation projects, additional water availability for irrigation, reduction in demand deficit and increased reliability of the system.
  • Issues Regarding DSSIssues Regarding DSS • Change of Basic modeling software (Mike basin to Mike Hydro) • Frequent change of DSS(P) version is not comfortable. • DSS software for decision making and result projection requires the knowledge of scripting programming which are difficult to perform.