Allocation under the
project as per PIP (Rs.
Crores)
Rs.7.55 Crore as per original
PIP
Rs. 14.04 Crore as per
Revised Cost...
Component wise break up
Detailed Costs
Financials (Rs. In Thousands)
2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-...
Detailed Costs
Financials (Rs. In Thousands)
2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 Total
INVESTM...
Detailed Costs
Financials (Rs. In Thousands)
2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 Total
RECURRE...
Detailed Costs
Financials (Rs. In Thousands)
2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 Total
RECURRE...
Gauging of Hydro- meteorological
stations using modern data
collection Equipments
• 54 River gauging sites
• 140 meteorolo...
• GSM telemetry system has been installed in State Data
Processing Centre.
• Up gradation of existing hydro meteorological...
Data Processing and Analysis
Current Data Analysed in SDPC and Published in the form of Water Year
Book.
Pictorial represe...
•
• Training programmes were implemented to handle the
latest, sophisticated technologies, software and protocols in
HIS.
• ...
• Construction of training center building at Thrissur –
completed.
• Construction of Regional Centre for Ground Water Building
and Lab Level II at Ernakulm.- Work is nearing Completion.
Major Basin Bharathapuzha
Basin area 6186 KM2
(4400 KM2
in Kerala)
Latitude 100
25’ to 110
15’ N
Longitude 750
50’ to 760
...
Hydrological parameters (including groundwater parameters in accordance
with the latest GEC) in the basin was fine tuned u...
1. Conjunctive Use
2. Inter basin transfer with Hydropower module- Revisit of
Kuriarkuty-Karapara Project
3. Inter Sub Bas...
Conjunctive Use
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
Demand Deficit
Base Scenario
(Mm3/Yr)
Demand Deficit
Optimal Scenario-
(Mm3/Yr)
Redu...
The application was envisaged for providing irrigation to Kanjikode -
Kozhijampara area. The project was conceived 2 decad...
 The unutilized capacity of Parambikulam reservoir is made use of for
supplying water to Palakkad region in the summer mo...
 Forest submergence will be minimum in this proposal.
 The power generated will be around 15 MW from Karapara and 30MW f...
Artificial Recharge Viability Analysis
A project proposal amounting to 7.5 crores was submitted before the Kerala State Gr...
Inter Sub Basin Transfer
This application was to study the viability of inter sub basin water transfer during
monsoon seas...
Water Availability of Bharathapuzha Basin
Specific runoff in the basinRain fall distribution
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
Litres/...
Reservoir Operation
Simulated data of seven reservoirs in the Study Basin was integrated using DSS
(P) Software. Inflow (i...
1. Dam release study for meeting the domestic water supply in
Trivandrum.
2. Integrated operation of proposed reservoirs i...
• Database (access &
update)
• DSS
• MIKEBASIN
GW 1
(TSR)
SE - SW SE - GW EE-SW/Sr. HG -
GW
Chief Engineer
Hydrology
Direc...
DSS Project
Status of Kerala state
 Rainfall Runoff model of Bharathapuzha basin
represents characteristics of GW & SW. The trainings
and DHI support was ef...
1. License issue for model tools
Now no network License for modelling………
2. TOT Training and Training in MIKE HYDRO
No bod...
• Kerala State Irrigation Department
• Kerala State Ground Water Department
&
• Hard Rock Regional Centre, National
Instit...
 To ascertain the existing pollution levels of Rivers,
Streams, Lakes, Ponds, Wells, Tap water and other
water bodies in ...
 Sampling Network Design.
 Collection and analysis of Water Samples.
 Onsite analysis of Hourly DO and BOD for selected...
Sample Collection network was designed covering
all River Basins of the state.
The locations selected are river gauging st...
PHYSICAL.
CHEMICAL.
BACTERIOLOGICAL.
TRACES & PESTICIDES.
PHYSICAL PARAMETERS : Colour, Temperature,
Turbidity, Total Dissolved Solids, Electrical
Conductivity, Odour.
CHEMICAL PAR...
WQ Labs involved in the analysis of Samples.
Level II WQ Lab established under Hydrology
Project at Thrissur.
Quality Cont...
Physical Achievements
 WQ Data of surface water samples of 485 stations
pertaining to various River Basins of the State h...
 DO-BOD Monitoring of River Basins viz. Pamba,
Periyar, Muvattupuzha, Karamana, Chaliyar,
Vamanapuram, Kallada, Achenkovi...
Location Map of WQ Monitoring Stations
Findings of the Study
The major water quality problem associated
with rivers of Kerala is bacteriological pollution.
The...
 In general the water quality deterioration is
reported to be mainly due to anthropogenic
activities.
 Large scale urban...
 There is an urgent need to make integrated efforts by
different Government as well as Non-Governmental
organizations in ...
 Appropriate Scientific interventions and management practices
are required to be evolved for proper disposal of solid an...
Post project plan for continuation of
HPII Activities
Proposal for next phase of Hydrology Project submitted…….
• Development of DSS (Planning) for all River Basins of
Kerala.
...
Thank You
Kerala sw
Kerala sw
Kerala sw
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Kerala sw
Kerala sw
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Kerala sw

  1. 1. Allocation under the project as per PIP (Rs. Crores) Rs.7.55 Crore as per original PIP Rs. 14.04 Crore as per Revised Cost Table 2013 Expenditure upto March 2014 (Rs. Crores) Rs. 10.43 Crore Expenditure in the FY 2013-14 (Rs. Crores) Rs. 2.86 Crore Likely expenditure by May31, 2014 (Rs. Crores) Rs. 0.91 Crore
  2. 2. Component wise break up Detailed Costs Financials (Rs. In Thousands) 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 Total INVESTMENT COST COMPONENT I: Institutional Strengthening 1. I.A. Consolidation of HP I 0.00 318.59 218.95 1883.38 1946.58 2603.82 614.13 5274.747 12860.20 2. I.B. Awareness, Dissemination and Knowledge Sharing 1.80 0.00 14.17 157.03 345.74 480.98 121.65 14.885 1136.26 3. I.C. Implementation Support 755.31 300.67 1387.41 3346.79 472.99 2298.63 2222.28 10072.21 1 20856.28 Component I 757.11 619.26 1620.53 5387.20 2765.30 5383.44 2958.06 15361.84 34852.73
  3. 3. Detailed Costs Financials (Rs. In Thousands) 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 Total INVESTMENT COST COMPONENT II: Vertical Extension 1. II.A. Hydrological Design Aids 0 0 0 0 15.515 0 13.144 0 28.66 2. II.B. Decision Support Systems 0 0 29.5 287.255 2218.08 2 505.819 775.683 197.464 4013.80 3. II.C. Purpose- Driven Studies 0 0 1947.23 2 828.577 524.819 183.982 264.175 30.939 3779.72 Component II 0 0 1976.73 1115.832 2758.41 689.801 1053.002 228.403 7822.19 Total Investment Cost 757.109 619.26 3597.26 6503.02 5523.71 6073.23 4011.06 15590.25 42674.92
  4. 4. Detailed Costs Financials (Rs. In Thousands) 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 Total RECURRENT COST COMPONENT I: Institutional Strengthening 1. I.A. Consolidation of HP I 275.45 252.789 337.14 149.8 116.55 56.859 43.758 54.114 1286.46 2. I.B. Awareness, Dissemination and Knowledge Sharing 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 2.00 3. I.C. Implementation Support 4510.18 4703.50 5476.69 7787.69 7468.11 9153.47 7979.144 12958.51 60037.33 Component I 4785.63 4956.29 5813.83 7937.49 7584.66 9212.33 8022.902 13012.62 61325.78
  5. 5. Detailed Costs Financials (Rs. In Thousands) 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 Total RECURRENT COST COMPONENT II: Vertical Extension 1. II.A. Hydrological Design Aids 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 2. II.B. Decision Support Systems 2.724 0 5.472 174.662 75.683 8.638 5.086 0 272.27 3. II.C. Purpose- Driven Studies 0 0 1.68 0 19.448 21.989 0 0 43.12 Component II 2.724 0 7.152 174.662 95.131 30.627 5.086 0 315.382 Total Recurrent Cost 4788 4956 5821 8112 7680 9243 8028 13013 61641 Total Cost 5545 5576 9418 14615 13204 15316 12039 28603 104316(Investment + Recurrent)
  6. 6. Gauging of Hydro- meteorological stations using modern data collection Equipments • 54 River gauging sites • 140 meteorological sites including 9 full climatic stations. • Historical hydro- Meteorological data digitized.
  7. 7. • GSM telemetry system has been installed in State Data Processing Centre. • Up gradation of existing hydro meteorological stations in Bharathapuzha River basin with Real Time Telemetric Systems. Water Level Recorder with Telemetry Systems– 7Nos Rain Gauge with Telemetry Systems – 6 Nos
  8. 8. Data Processing and Analysis Current Data Analysed in SDPC and Published in the form of Water Year Book. Pictorial representation of Analysis Results of Rainfall patterns in the year 2011 and drought year 2012
  9. 9.
  10. 10. • Training programmes were implemented to handle the latest, sophisticated technologies, software and protocols in HIS. • Awareness Raising Programmes to data users. • Construction of new River gauging stations in ungauged river basins -10Nos (7 nos completed and 3 Nos nearing completion). • Procured Arc GIS Software with 3D Analyst and Spatial Analyst extensions. • Strengthened and upgraded the infrastructure facilities of Level II WQ Lab at Thrissur. Salinity Study Conducted for Major Irrigation Projects. • DSS Server with Static IP Connection and Work Stations - 3Nos. • Procured Reference Books for Library. Other Physical Achievements
  11. 11. • Construction of training center building at Thrissur – completed.
  12. 12. • Construction of Regional Centre for Ground Water Building and Lab Level II at Ernakulm.- Work is nearing Completion.
  13. 13. Major Basin Bharathapuzha Basin area 6186 KM2 (4400 KM2 in Kerala) Latitude 100 25’ to 110 15’ N Longitude 750 50’ to 760 55’ E Tributaries 43 Nos
  14. 14. Hydrological parameters (including groundwater parameters in accordance with the latest GEC) in the basin was fine tuned using NAM & Mike Basin
  15. 15. 1. Conjunctive Use 2. Inter basin transfer with Hydropower module- Revisit of Kuriarkuty-Karapara Project 3. Inter Sub Basin Transfer- Silent Valley to Malampuzha reservoir 4. Artificial Recharge Viability Analysis. 5. Water Quality module 6. Water Availability of Bharathapuzha Basin 7. Reservoir Operation 8. Irrigation module
  16. 16. Conjunctive Use 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Demand Deficit Base Scenario (Mm3/Yr) Demand Deficit Optimal Scenario- (Mm3/Yr) Reduction in Deficit % Tail Middle Head Scenario User areas Total Demand (Mm3 /Yr) SW Abstractio n (Mm3 /Yr) GW Abstractio n (Mm3 /Yr) Demand Deficit (Mm3 /Yr) Base Head 19.32 19.33 0 0 Middle 32.34 7.9 6.32 18.2 Tail 20.32 5.97 5.94 8.43 Optimal Head 19.32 9.66 9.66 0 Middle 32.34 23.45 4.89 4 Tail 20.32 9.36 5.46 5.5
  17. 17. The application was envisaged for providing irrigation to Kanjikode - Kozhijampara area. The project was conceived 2 decades ago but did not materialize due to objection from forest department. Scenarios were run for different levels of submergence using DEM. Mike Basin was used to analyze the amount water conveyed through tunnel and the hydropower generated.
  18. 18.  The unutilized capacity of Parambikulam reservoir is made use of for supplying water to Palakkad region in the summer months. The process of supplying the water to Contour canal in the monsoon months and receiving back a lesser amount in summer months is equivalent of having a new reservoir of capacity 90Mm3 up in the Western Ghats without any cost. (Capacity of the proposed Karapara reservoir is only 28Mm3.) The most suitable option appears to be the 2nd scenario in which maximum water (164.3Mm3) is transferred to Contour canal from Karapara and Upper Kuriarkuty and getting back a stable flow of 88.6Mm3 in summer months for power and Irrigation. The water availability at Moolathara will be doubled from 7.5 TMC (as per PAP agreement), if the project is implemented.
  19. 19.  Forest submergence will be minimum in this proposal.  The power generated will be around 15 MW from Karapara and 30MW from Main tunnel. Power can be produced in the summer also.  The power generated from the project will be more than 200MW if only peak hour generation is followed.  During heavy rainy season, the main tunnel can also be used for transferring flood water from Chalakudy basin to Bharathapuzha basin, where flood does not cause much damage.
  20. 20. Artificial Recharge Viability Analysis A project proposal amounting to 7.5 crores was submitted before the Kerala State Ground Water Authority which in turn has recommended to the Government for the final nod.
  21. 21. Inter Sub Basin Transfer This application was to study the viability of inter sub basin water transfer during monsoon season to rain shadow regions and there by to augment the ground resource of the area.
  22. 22. Water Availability of Bharathapuzha Basin Specific runoff in the basinRain fall distribution 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Litres/sec/km2 Catchment Name Sub Basin Wise Specific run off
  23. 23. Reservoir Operation Simulated data of seven reservoirs in the Study Basin was integrated using DSS (P) Software. Inflow (including dependability), Water level, Demands etc. can be viewed and exported to MS Excel. This will help Officers involved in Water Resources planning to take decisions on Water allocation.
  24. 24. 1. Dam release study for meeting the domestic water supply in Trivandrum. 2. Integrated operation of proposed reservoirs in Vamanapuram Basin. 3. Analysing the feasibility of a dam at Murinjapuzha – Manimala Basin. 4. Viability analysis of proposed Pattissery Dam in Pambar basin. 5. Feasibility of 7 check dam locations - Meenachil Basin. 6. Reconnaissance study for storage locations - Chalakudy Basin. 7. Feasibility of check dam locations in Pampar Basin . 8. Drinking water supply to Kollam City 9. Kuttanad Flood study 10.Thampanoor Flood study
  25. 25. • Database (access & update) • DSS • MIKEBASIN GW 1 (TSR) SE - SW SE - GW EE-SW/Sr. HG - GW Chief Engineer Hydrology Director Ground Water Secretary Water Resources • Database (access) • DSS • MIKEBASIN VPN Connectivity • Database (access) • DSS LAN/VPN Connectivity • Analysed data • Model results Web Server GW Server (TVM) GW 2 (EKM) SW 1 (TSR Division) SW Server (TSR) SW 2 (Under CGNR Division) DSS Set-up SW SW GW GW LAN
  26. 26. DSS Project Status of Kerala state
  27. 27.  Rainfall Runoff model of Bharathapuzha basin represents characteristics of GW & SW. The trainings and DHI support was effectively utilized by the state as there was no change in team members in the last four years.  The Secretary to Govt. (Water Resources Department, Kerala) and department Heads in Kerala are keen to make use of this decision making tool. The applications mentioned earlier was carried out on such directions.  Detailed documentation on all the developed applications is in progress.  With projects like DSS getting good momentum, Kerala also focuses on the extension on HP…
  28. 28. 1. License issue for model tools Now no network License for modelling……… 2. TOT Training and Training in MIKE HYDRO No body is trained in MIKE HYDRO (New Modelling Software). In House training programme is needed for DSS team Members and other officials. TOT Programme originally planned for the state was not materialized. 3. Less training in DSS(P) Software An exhaustive training was lacking. Comparison, Optimization, Dashboard…….. techniques 4. Modeling of other basins Need future support to the modeling processes – NIH/DHI 5. Hardware issues Trouble shooting in future. There is no system in place.
  29. 29. • Kerala State Irrigation Department • Kerala State Ground Water Department & • Hard Rock Regional Centre, National Institute of Hydrology, Belgaum
  30. 30.  To ascertain the existing pollution levels of Rivers, Streams, Lakes, Ponds, Wells, Tap water and other water bodies in Kerala  To evolve Water Quality Index for the surface water bodies and quality modelling for the selected river reaches  To develop vulnerability index for ground water resources  To create awareness among people about the locations causing pollution and thereby to initiate proper pollution control practices.
  31. 31.  Sampling Network Design.  Collection and analysis of Water Samples.  Onsite analysis of Hourly DO and BOD for selected river Basins.  Discharge measurement at sampling sites.  Compilation of WQ Data.  Preparation of Location maps in GIS.  Data exchange to NIH for further processing and reporting .  Awareness dissemination & Technical Workshops.
  32. 32. Sample Collection network was designed covering all River Basins of the state. The locations selected are river gauging stations, reservoirs, ponds, lakes, intake points of Kerala water authority, tap water points of KWA, upstream of major tributaries confluences, points likely to be contaminated by pesticides and d/s of discharge points of industries.
  33. 33. PHYSICAL. CHEMICAL. BACTERIOLOGICAL. TRACES & PESTICIDES.
  34. 34. PHYSICAL PARAMETERS : Colour, Temperature, Turbidity, Total Dissolved Solids, Electrical Conductivity, Odour. CHEMICAL PARAMETERS : pH, Acidity, Alkalinity, Total Hardness, Calcium, Magnesium, Chloride, Fluoride, Iron, Nitrate, Dissolved Oxygen, BOD, COD Sulphate, Phosphate, Manganese. BACTERIOLOGICAL : Total Coliform, E- Coli TRACE METALS AND PESTICIDES : Arsenic, Copper, Mercury, Lead, Zinc Nickel, Cadmium, Lindane, Aldrin ,Die Aldrin, Endosulphan Alpha, Endosulphan Beta, DDD, DDE.
  35. 35. WQ Labs involved in the analysis of Samples. Level II WQ Lab established under Hydrology Project at Thrissur. Quality Control Labs of Kerala Water Authority (KWA). Central Water Research Lab of CWRDM, Kozhikode.
  36. 36. Physical Achievements  WQ Data of surface water samples of 485 stations pertaining to various River Basins of the State have been generated for the following seasons Pre and Post Monsoon 2008 Pre Monsoon 2009 Pre and Post Monsoon 2010 Post Monsoon 2011 Pre Monsoon 2012  During the season Post Monsoon 2011 and Pre Monsoon 2012, 175 samples were collected only from the 15 major River Basins of the state and analysed for physico chemical parameters
  37. 37.  DO-BOD Monitoring of River Basins viz. Pamba, Periyar, Muvattupuzha, Karamana, Chaliyar, Vamanapuram, Kallada, Achenkovil, Manimala, Meenachil, Chalakkudy, and Bharathapuzha have been carried out on hourly basis.  Prepared maps of various river basins showing sampling locations in Arc GIS. Conducted awareness raising workshops on district level and Regional Seminar on Water Quality Assessment and Management of Kerala State at State Level.  Technical workshops were organized to train the State Government officials involved in Water quality Analysis, Assessment and Management.
  38. 38. Location Map of WQ Monitoring Stations
  39. 39. Findings of the Study The major water quality problem associated with rivers of Kerala is bacteriological pollution. The study also revealed that industrial pollution of surface water is not much in Kerala compared to other States of India.  In some of the rivers viz Periyar, Muvattupuzha etc which directly receive untreated industrial effluents, the pollution is in an alarming rate.  Salinity is another problem observed in the coastal stretches
  40. 40.  In general the water quality deterioration is reported to be mainly due to anthropogenic activities.  Large scale urbanization, indiscriminate disposal of solid and liquid waste, changes in land-use and agricultural practices contribute significantly to the water quality deterioration  Bacteriological contamination is mainly due to poor sanitation practices
  41. 41.  There is an urgent need to make integrated efforts by different Government as well as Non-Governmental organizations in order to address issues related to large scale contamination of fresh water resources to provide the desired quality of water to various stake holders in Kerala.  A regular water quality monitoring program covering the entire State.  Adequate and well trained technical staff is required for carrying out the analysis utilizing advanced equipments in the WQ laboratories. Recommendations
  42. 42.  Appropriate Scientific interventions and management practices are required to be evolved for proper disposal of solid and liquid waste as these lead to the contamination of the available fresh surface as well as ground water resources.  Scientific, cost-effective and environmental friendly Mitigation activities are to be practised.  Establishing Web based water quality information System.  Mass awareness programs to manage water quality and related health problems.  Water Quality related studies to be continued with extended objectives and scope to address the water quality problems of Kerala State in a Holistic Manner.
  43. 43. Post project plan for continuation of HPII Activities
  44. 44. Proposal for next phase of Hydrology Project submitted……. • Development of DSS (Planning) for all River Basins of Kerala. • Water Quality Monitoring and Modelling of Reservoirs. • Dam Break Analysis and Flood Forecasting Study. • Climate Change study and Hydrological Modelling. • Real Time Data Acquisition Systems. • Training Programmes. • Infrastructure Development:
  45. 45. Thank You
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