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personal knowledge management

personal knowledge management

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  • 心理学角度的知识定义:根据最新的布鲁姆的目标分类,知识分为陈述性知识、程序性知识和领悟性知识。
  • 隐性知识:难以用文字记录和传播。是个人固有的、个性化的、难以与他人交流的的知识。是非结构化的,实践中摸索和错误中尝试。 显性知识:通过媒体载体可以显示和传播的知识。结构化
  • 技术学派:知识管理就是对信息的管理 行为学派:知识就是对人的管理;个人知识管理和组织知识管理 综合学派: PPT 上 过程学派:知识只有在流动的过程中才能实现增值,知识事实上就是对知识流的管理。
  • 技术学派:知识管理就是对信息的管理 行为学派:知识就是对人的管理;个人知识管理和组织知识管理 综合学派: PPT 上 过程学派:知识只有在流动的过程中才能实现增值,知识事实上就是对知识流的管理。
  • KM 1.0 focused on collecting knowledge "before it walked out the door". Many organizations created large knowledge systems, expert systems, knowledge repositories and intranets to ensure that they captured their knowledge assets. Most companies didn't really have a clear strategy for using this knowledge, but at least they made sure that they collected it and kept it in a database or file somewhere. KM 2.0 focused on sharing knowledge using web-enabled and social media tools. With the advent of web 2.0, focus shifted towards sharing, communication and collaboration. The popularity of social media and web 2.0 tools has started to reach the enterprise, and the use of these tools in an enterprise setting is often named " Enterprise 2.0 ". Instead of simply capturing knowledge, KM 2.0 focuses on sharing knowledge directly between people using new social media tools like blogs , wikis , Twitter and IMs . KM 3.0 focus on using existing knowledge to help people get their job done !
  • Aggregate – looking for good sources of information (people) – noting or tagging pieces of information while working collaboratively. Filter Understand – saving information for later – considering how it may be useful in various contexts – making sense of it – finding the right information, at the right time, in the right format,  from the information repositories of our subject matter networks . Connect – ongoing conversations while learning and working including connecting ideas and people. Enhanced Serendipity – PKM increases the chances of serendipitous learning. and as Louis Pasteur said, “Chance favours the prepared mind”. According to Ross Dawson : “You cannot control serendipity. However you can certainly enhance it, act to increase the likelihood of happy and unexpected discoveries and connections. That’s is what many of us do day by day, contributing to others like us by sharing what we find interesting.”
  • In looking at how we can make sense of the growing and changing knowledge in our respective professional fields, I see two parallel processes that support each other. One is internally focused, as in “How do I learn this?” and the other is external, as in “Who can help me learn this?”.
  • Connecting: We need to be reading, watching and listening to find out what is happening in our professional fields. There are flows of conversation around us all the time. For those of us with access to the digital surround we have no excuses not to connect. Finding conflicting viewpoints on a subject is as easy as going to Wikipedia and reading the comments on any controversial subject. The variety and depth of our connections are indicators of how seriously we take our sense-making efforts. Who we know helps to improve what we know. Exchanging: We exchange and note ideas and information all of the time. In the age of print we lent out or gave away books, magazines and newspapers. We exchanged opinions, sometime without knowing it. An empty restaurant on a Saturday night may have indicated that the locals did not think it was any good.
  • In looking at how we can make sense of the growing and changing knowledge in our respective professional fields, I see two parallel processes that support each other. One is internally focused, as in “How do I learn this?” and the other is external, as in “Who can help me learn this?”.
  • In looking at how we can make sense of the growing and changing knowledge in our respective professional fields, I see two parallel processes that support each other. One is internally focused, as in “How do I learn this?” and the other is external, as in “Who can help me learn this?”.
  • Agrregator:iGoogle,Flock(http://www.flock.com/) 三顾

personal knowledge management personal knowledge management Presentation Transcript

  • Personal Knowledge Management E-learning Group: Kevin Huang Email:hxqabc@126.com http://commonlearning.blogbus.com
  • Agenda Something Of PKM 2 PKM Tools 3 Knowledge Management 1 My PKM 4
  • Knowledge Management Knowledge Management Definition 2 Development of KM 3 Social Definition Knowledge 1
  • Knowledge Management
    • Social Definition of Knowledge
      • Sociology Prospect
      • Explicit knowledge Tacit knowledge
      • 知识是一个动态的过程,只有 使用 和 交流 过程中才能体现其本质,这个过程从本质上讲是一个意会的过程。
      • ------Michael Polanyi
  • Knowledge Management = People knowledge = Media-based Explicit Written down Tacit in People’s head Intellectual Property Individuals Paper-based Multimedia Digitally-Indexed Digitally-Active Groups
  • Knowledge Management
    • Knowledge Management Definition
      • http:// blog.simslearningconnections.com/?p =279
      • 知识管理不仅要对人和信息进行管理,还要将人和信息连接起来进行管理;知识管理要将信息处理能力和创新能力相互结合,增强组织对环境的适应能力。(顾基发 唐锡晋; 2005 , 2006 )
      • 人 信息 关系(人与人、人与信息、信息与信息)
      • 信息处理与信息创新
  • Knowledge Management
    • Knowledge Management Definition
      • “ The distribution,access and retrieval of unstructured information about “human experiences” between interdependent individuals or among members of a workgroup. Knowledge management involves identifying a group of people who have a need to share knowledge, developing technological support that enables knowledge sharing, and creating a process for transferring and disseminating knowledge.” ( S ims L earning C onnections )
  • Knowledge Management
    • Development of KM
    http://www.ppcsoft.com/blog/km-3.asp KM 1.0 KM 2.0 KM 3.0
  • Knowledge Management
    • Development of KM
    http://www.ppcsoft.com/blog/km-3.asp We select our tools (IT + I together) I select my tools IT select the tools KM is helping me do my work KM is part of my work KM is extra work personal, social, practical social tools (blogs, wikis, IM’s) email, newsletters, databases personal and decentralised systems decentralised ecosystems centralised monolithic systems practical social command and control productivity-centric people-centric techno-centric KM 3.0 KM 2.0 KM 1.0
  • Something Of PKM Why needs PKM 2 Process of PKM 3 What is PKM 1
  • Something Of PKM
    • What is PKM
      • “ Personal knowledge management (PKM) refers to a collection of processes that an individual needs to carry out in order to gather, classify, store, search, and retrieve knowledge in his/her daily activities” ( Wikipedia )
      • Personal Knowledge Management is taking responsibility for what you know, who you know - and what they know. ( SlideShare )
      • PKM is an individual, disciplined process by which we make sense of information, observations and ideas. ( Harold Jarche )
  • Something Of PKM
    • What is PKM
      • Personal management is a systematic approach to manage oneself - typical problems are time and task management, work-life balance and personal learning and productivity.
      • Personal knowledge focus on the use of methods and tools to help you work better with knowledge - for example how to file ideas to be able to retrieve them when needed and how to recall previously learned knowledge faster.
    http://www.ppcsoft.com/blog/km-3-3.asp
  • Something Of PKM
    • Why needs PKM
    • Why (1998)
      • Information explosion
      • Information chaos
      • Information overload
      • Shift in responsibility
    • Why(2002)
      • Information overload
      • Did You Know 3.0 ?
      • Did You Know 4.0 ?
  • Something Of PKM
    • Process of PKM (Competency )
    Personal Knowledge (Tacit) Impersonal Knowledge Interpersonal Knowledge ( Explicit Knowledge) (Implicit Knowledge) Information competencies Social competencies http://www.slideshare.net/nikeshn/personal-knowledge-management-3072624
  • Something Of PKM
    • Process of PKM
      • PKM Model
    http://www.jarche.com/2010/01/pkm-in-2010/ People – People , Ideas – Ideas, People – Ideas Annotate, Tag, List, File, Classify, Clarify, Expand, Question Observations & Notes Information Knowledge Sources of Info & Knowledge Connect Understand Aggregate
  • Something Of PKM
    • Process of PKM
      • Harold Jarche’s Viewpoint
      • Sense-making with PKM
      • Internal: “How do I learn this?”
      • External:“Who can help me learn this?”.
    http://www.jarche.com/2009/03/sense-making-with-pkm/
  • Something Of PKM
    • Process of PKM
      • Internal: “How do I learn this?”
    http://www.jarche.com/2009/03/sense-making-with-pkm/ Look-up as/when needed Write Tag, List, File, Classify Observations & Readings Retrieve Make Explicit Categorize Sort
  • Something Of PKM
    • Process of PKM
      • External:“Who can help me learn this?”
    • Connect – with others via various platforms and extend my reach
    • Exchange – ideas and observations
    • Contribute – to conversations
    http://www.jarche.com/2009/03/sense-making-with-pkm/
  • Something Of PKM
    • Process of PKM
      • Harold Jarche’s Viewpoint
    http://www.jarche.com/2009/03/sense-making-with-pkm/
  • INFO KNOWLEDGE http://www.jarche.com/2009/03/sense-making-with-pkm/
  • PKM Tools What Web 2.0 companies do you recognize? What are their products? http://www.slideshare.net/checkmark/web-20-tools-for-knowledge-management
  • PKM Tools http://www.jarche.com/2009/03/sense-making-with-pkm/
  • PKM Tools http://www.jarche.com/2009/03/sense-making-with-pkm/ Exchanging Contributing Making Explicit Facebook Elgg (OS) Social Networking Exchanging Contributing Sorting Categorizing Making Explicit Flickr Photo Bucket Photo-sharing Contributing Making Explicit Blogger WordPress (OS) Blogging Connecting Exchanging Sorting Making Explicit Twitter Jaiku (OS) Micro-blogging Connecting Exchanging Sorting Categorizing Making Explicit Delicious Diigo Social Bookmarks Connecting Sorting Categorizing Bloglines Google Reader Aggregator OUTWARD SUPPORT INWARD SUPPORT EXAMPLES OS = open source TOOLS
  • My PKM http://www.williamlong.info/archives/2172.html
  • My PKM
  • Thank You ! E-learning Group: Kevin Huang Email:hxqabc@126.com http://commonlearning.blogbus.com