An alternative nation

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My contribution to the 'community' session of a PDC, summer, 2012.

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An alternative nation

  1. 1. Permaculture, Polyculture, Community and Cooperation: Harry Wykman, P EACETREE P ERMACULTURE PDC, H ILTON, 5th of April, 2012 1 / 21
  2. 2. An AlternativeNationy Science andSocietySocial PatternsPolyculture andCommunityCooperation,Commonwork andCommunity An Alternative Nation* 2 / 21
  3. 3. Permaculture, Science and SocietyAn AlternativeNationy Science andSocietySocial PatternsPolyculture andCommunityCooperation,Commonwork andCommunity* “Just as we can select a global range of plants for a garden, we can select from all extant ethics and beliefs those elements that we see to be sustainable, use- ful, beneficial to life and to our community.” — Mollison [1988, p. 507] 3 / 21
  4. 4. An AlternativeNationSocial Patternsy Marauding Antsy State Capitalismy A Garden Cityy An Australian Plany The Analogy ofFlowy Small-mart Social PatternsPolyculture andCommunityCooperation,Commonwork andCommunity* 4 / 21
  5. 5. Patterns of ExploitationAn AlternativeNation q The dedritic raidingSocial Patterns pattern of ’army ants’y Marauding Antsy State Capitalism (Eciton burchelli) Bally A Garden City [2011, pp, 147-50]y An Australian Plany The Analogy ofFlowy Small-martPolyculture andCommunityCooperation,Commonwork andCommunity* 5 / 21
  6. 6. Patterns of ExploitationAn AlternativeNation Transport networks, land use Such a pattern has been previ- and the location of central ously recognized as a dendriticSocial Patternsy Marauding Ants places in Western Australia draining pattern focused ony State Capitalism were clearly set up to ef- supplying an overseas mar-y A Garden City ficiently direct regional re- ket . . . It could be ar-y An Australian Plan sources into the British sup-y The Analogy of gued that Western Australia has ply and distribution network.Flow never achieved core status . . .y Small-mart Raw materials are removed effi-Polyculture andCommunity ciently from WA by multinationalCooperation, companies who pay only a frac-Commonwork and tion of their worth to the Aus-Community tralian and state governments* ... and the Western Aus- tralian built landscape is still shaped as a drainage system . . . ” — Nayton [2011, pp, 53-4] 6 / 21
  7. 7. Patterns of Stability — Ebenezer Howard’s Garden CityAn AlternativeNationSocial Patternsy Marauding Antsy State Capitalismy A Garden Cityy An Australian Plany The Analogy ofFlowy Small-martPolyculture andCommunityCooperation,Commonwork andCommunity* 7 / 21
  8. 8. The Analogy of FlowAn AlternativeNation Exploitation — Drainage Stability — CirculationSocial Patternsy Marauding Antsy State Capitalismy A Garden Cityy An Australian Plany The Analogy ofFlowy Small-martPolyculture andCommunityCooperation,Commonwork andCommunity* Leonardo da Vinci, ’Study in Perpetual Motion’, Source: Google Maps Forster Codex, Volume II-2, 91v, 1495-97. Museum no. F.141 Volume II-2 V91 (Forster) 9 / 21
  9. 9. The Small-Mart RevolutionAn AlternativeNation Local is what goes aroundSocial Patternsy Marauding Ants “The more times a dollar cir-y State Capitalism culates within a defined ge-y A Garden Cityy An Australian Plan ographic area and the fastery The Analogy of it circulates without leavingFlowy Small-mart that area, the more income,Polyculture and wealth and jobs it generates.”Community Shuman [2007, p. 41]Cooperation,Commonwork andCommunity “The healthiest economy is both* self-reliant and a strong ex- porter. Meet as many of your “Local businesses yield two own needs as possible, then to four times the multiplier compete globally with a di- benefit as comparable nonlocal versity of products.” Shuman businesses.” Shuman [2007, p. [2007, p. 51] 49] 10 / 21
  10. 10. An AlternativeNationSocial PatternsPolyculture andCommunityy The scandal ofsunlighty overyieldingpolycultureCooperation, Polyculture and CommunityCommonwork andCommunity* 11 / 21
  11. 11. The scandal of sunlightAn AlternativeNationSocial PatternsPolyculture andCommunityy The scandal ofsunlighty overyieldingpolycultureCooperation,Commonwork andCommunity* 12 / 21
  12. 12. The scandal of sunlightAn AlternativeNationSocial PatternsPolyculture andCommunityy The scandal ofsunlighty overyieldingpolycultureCooperation,Commonwork andCommunity* 12 / 21
  13. 13. An AlternativeNationSocial PatternsPolyculture andCommunityCooperation,Commonwork andCommunityy Mollison on Love Cooperation, Commonwork andy Cooperationy Commonwork Communityy Communityy References* 14 / 21
  14. 14. We’ve Given up on LoveAn AlternativeNation Bill Mollison on Community: q CooperationSocial PatternsPolyculture andCommunity “We’ve given 3 manufacturingCooperation,Commonwork andCommunity up on love.” q Commonwork, andy Mollison on Lovey Cooperation — Bill Mollison, 1983 3 land-based worky Commonworky Communityy References tape 21b 40:50 q Communities of Mu-* tual Aid (Extended Families) 3 households based on friendship, work affinity or lifestage 15 / 21
  15. 15. CooperationAn AlternativeNation Cooperative Principles:Social Patterns q 1st Principle: Voluntary q 7th Principle: ConcernPolyculture and and Open Membership for CommunityCommunityCooperation, q 2nd Principle: Demo- T HE R OCHDALE P IONEER ’ SCommonwork andCommunity cratic Member Control C O - OPERATIVE S OCIETY statedy Mollison on Love their aim:y Cooperation q 3rd Principle: Membery Commonwork Economic Participation "The as soon as practicable,y Communityy References this Society shall proceed to q 4th Principle: Autonomy arrange the powers of pro-* and Independence duction, distribution, educa- tion and government; or, in q 5th Principle: Education, other words, to establish a Training self-supporting home colony of q 6th Principle: Co- united interests, or assist other operation among Co- societies in establishing such operatives colonies." 16 / 21
  16. 16. Commonwork — Layers of land-based or low-overhead livelihoodsAn AlternativeNation PalimpsestSocial Patterns “We can all seek for right wider group, and some inPolyculture and livelihood to do work that as- relaxation-celebration is ideal;Community sists in caring for the earth or few achieve it.” Mollison [1988,Cooperation,Commonwork and other people, work that is con- p. 533]Community gruent with our beliefs.y Mollison on Lovey Cooperation When we discuss the princi-y Commonwork ples of “commonwork”, or studyy Community the varies roles of an idividualy References in a village, we can see that* no person is just a miner, or clerk, or banker, but that on different days one can be a banker, forester, bee-keeper, writer, printer, or carpenter ... In modern life, some time spent in primary production or in man- ufacture, some in service to a 17 / 21
  17. 17. CommunityAn AlternativeNation q Organic CommunitySocial PatternsPolyculture and 3 workplaceCommunityCooperation, 3 neighbourhoodCommonwork andCommunityy Mollison on Lovey Cooperationy Commonworky Communityy References* q Housing Cooperative q Commune q Ecovillage q Cohousing 18 / 21
  18. 18. ReferencesAn AlternativeNation This catalog of 1 entries was generated by calibre onSocial Patterns Thursday, 05. April 2012 16:53This catalog of 500 entriesPolyculture and was generated by calibre on Thursday, 05. April 2012 21:04Community ReferencesCooperation,Commonwork andCommunity Philip Ball. Shapes: Nature’s Patterns: A Tapestry in Threey Mollison on Lovey Cooperation Parts. Oxford University Press, USA, Jul 2011.y Commonworky Community B Mollison. Permaculture : a designer’s manual. Tagariy References Publications, Tyalgum Australia, 1988. ISBN* 9780908228010. Gaye Nayton. The Archaeology of Market Capitalism: A Western Australian Perspective. Springer, Apr 2011. Michael H. Shuman. The Small-Mart Revolution: How Local Businesses Are Beating the Global Competition. Berrett-Koehler Publishers, Aug 2007. 19 / 21
  19. 19. CreditsThis document, authored by Harry Wykman is licensed under aCreative Commons Attribution 2.5 Australia License. q 35 Woolgar Way L OCKRIDGE, 6054 q (08) 9377 1258 q harry@ptpc.com.au q www.ptpc.com.au 21 / 21

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