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An alternative nation
An alternative nation
An alternative nation
An alternative nation
An alternative nation
An alternative nation
An alternative nation
An alternative nation
An alternative nation
An alternative nation
An alternative nation
An alternative nation
An alternative nation
An alternative nation
An alternative nation
An alternative nation
An alternative nation
An alternative nation
An alternative nation
An alternative nation
An alternative nation
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An alternative nation

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My contribution to the 'community' session of a PDC, summer, 2012.

My contribution to the 'community' session of a PDC, summer, 2012.

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  • 1. Permaculture, Polyculture, Community and Cooperation: Harry Wykman, P EACETREE P ERMACULTURE PDC, H ILTON, 5th of April, 2012 1 / 21
  • 2. An AlternativeNationy Science andSocietySocial PatternsPolyculture andCommunityCooperation,Commonwork andCommunity An Alternative Nation* 2 / 21
  • 3. Permaculture, Science and SocietyAn AlternativeNationy Science andSocietySocial PatternsPolyculture andCommunityCooperation,Commonwork andCommunity* “Just as we can select a global range of plants for a garden, we can select from all extant ethics and beliefs those elements that we see to be sustainable, use- ful, beneficial to life and to our community.” — Mollison [1988, p. 507] 3 / 21
  • 4. An AlternativeNationSocial Patternsy Marauding Antsy State Capitalismy A Garden Cityy An Australian Plany The Analogy ofFlowy Small-mart Social PatternsPolyculture andCommunityCooperation,Commonwork andCommunity* 4 / 21
  • 5. Patterns of ExploitationAn AlternativeNation q The dedritic raidingSocial Patterns pattern of ’army ants’y Marauding Antsy State Capitalism (Eciton burchelli) Bally A Garden City [2011, pp, 147-50]y An Australian Plany The Analogy ofFlowy Small-martPolyculture andCommunityCooperation,Commonwork andCommunity* 5 / 21
  • 6. Patterns of ExploitationAn AlternativeNation Transport networks, land use Such a pattern has been previ- and the location of central ously recognized as a dendriticSocial Patternsy Marauding Ants places in Western Australia draining pattern focused ony State Capitalism were clearly set up to ef- supplying an overseas mar-y A Garden City ficiently direct regional re- ket . . . It could be ar-y An Australian Plan sources into the British sup-y The Analogy of gued that Western Australia has ply and distribution network.Flow never achieved core status . . .y Small-mart Raw materials are removed effi-Polyculture andCommunity ciently from WA by multinationalCooperation, companies who pay only a frac-Commonwork and tion of their worth to the Aus-Community tralian and state governments* ... and the Western Aus- tralian built landscape is still shaped as a drainage system . . . ” — Nayton [2011, pp, 53-4] 6 / 21
  • 7. Patterns of Stability — Ebenezer Howard’s Garden CityAn AlternativeNationSocial Patternsy Marauding Antsy State Capitalismy A Garden Cityy An Australian Plany The Analogy ofFlowy Small-martPolyculture andCommunityCooperation,Commonwork andCommunity* 7 / 21
  • 8. The Analogy of FlowAn AlternativeNation Exploitation — Drainage Stability — CirculationSocial Patternsy Marauding Antsy State Capitalismy A Garden Cityy An Australian Plany The Analogy ofFlowy Small-martPolyculture andCommunityCooperation,Commonwork andCommunity* Leonardo da Vinci, ’Study in Perpetual Motion’, Source: Google Maps Forster Codex, Volume II-2, 91v, 1495-97. Museum no. F.141 Volume II-2 V91 (Forster) 9 / 21
  • 9. The Small-Mart RevolutionAn AlternativeNation Local is what goes aroundSocial Patternsy Marauding Ants “The more times a dollar cir-y State Capitalism culates within a defined ge-y A Garden Cityy An Australian Plan ographic area and the fastery The Analogy of it circulates without leavingFlowy Small-mart that area, the more income,Polyculture and wealth and jobs it generates.”Community Shuman [2007, p. 41]Cooperation,Commonwork andCommunity “The healthiest economy is both* self-reliant and a strong ex- porter. Meet as many of your “Local businesses yield two own needs as possible, then to four times the multiplier compete globally with a di- benefit as comparable nonlocal versity of products.” Shuman businesses.” Shuman [2007, p. [2007, p. 51] 49] 10 / 21
  • 10. An AlternativeNationSocial PatternsPolyculture andCommunityy The scandal ofsunlighty overyieldingpolycultureCooperation, Polyculture and CommunityCommonwork andCommunity* 11 / 21
  • 11. The scandal of sunlightAn AlternativeNationSocial PatternsPolyculture andCommunityy The scandal ofsunlighty overyieldingpolycultureCooperation,Commonwork andCommunity* 12 / 21
  • 12. The scandal of sunlightAn AlternativeNationSocial PatternsPolyculture andCommunityy The scandal ofsunlighty overyieldingpolycultureCooperation,Commonwork andCommunity* 12 / 21
  • 13. An AlternativeNationSocial PatternsPolyculture andCommunityCooperation,Commonwork andCommunityy Mollison on Love Cooperation, Commonwork andy Cooperationy Commonwork Communityy Communityy References* 14 / 21
  • 14. We’ve Given up on LoveAn AlternativeNation Bill Mollison on Community: q CooperationSocial PatternsPolyculture andCommunity “We’ve given 3 manufacturingCooperation,Commonwork andCommunity up on love.” q Commonwork, andy Mollison on Lovey Cooperation — Bill Mollison, 1983 3 land-based worky Commonworky Communityy References tape 21b 40:50 q Communities of Mu-* tual Aid (Extended Families) 3 households based on friendship, work affinity or lifestage 15 / 21
  • 15. CooperationAn AlternativeNation Cooperative Principles:Social Patterns q 1st Principle: Voluntary q 7th Principle: ConcernPolyculture and and Open Membership for CommunityCommunityCooperation, q 2nd Principle: Demo- T HE R OCHDALE P IONEER ’ SCommonwork andCommunity cratic Member Control C O - OPERATIVE S OCIETY statedy Mollison on Love their aim:y Cooperation q 3rd Principle: Membery Commonwork Economic Participation "The as soon as practicable,y Communityy References this Society shall proceed to q 4th Principle: Autonomy arrange the powers of pro-* and Independence duction, distribution, educa- tion and government; or, in q 5th Principle: Education, other words, to establish a Training self-supporting home colony of q 6th Principle: Co- united interests, or assist other operation among Co- societies in establishing such operatives colonies." 16 / 21
  • 16. Commonwork — Layers of land-based or low-overhead livelihoodsAn AlternativeNation PalimpsestSocial Patterns “We can all seek for right wider group, and some inPolyculture and livelihood to do work that as- relaxation-celebration is ideal;Community sists in caring for the earth or few achieve it.” Mollison [1988,Cooperation,Commonwork and other people, work that is con- p. 533]Community gruent with our beliefs.y Mollison on Lovey Cooperation When we discuss the princi-y Commonwork ples of “commonwork”, or studyy Community the varies roles of an idividualy References in a village, we can see that* no person is just a miner, or clerk, or banker, but that on different days one can be a banker, forester, bee-keeper, writer, printer, or carpenter ... In modern life, some time spent in primary production or in man- ufacture, some in service to a 17 / 21
  • 17. CommunityAn AlternativeNation q Organic CommunitySocial PatternsPolyculture and 3 workplaceCommunityCooperation, 3 neighbourhoodCommonwork andCommunityy Mollison on Lovey Cooperationy Commonworky Communityy References* q Housing Cooperative q Commune q Ecovillage q Cohousing 18 / 21
  • 18. ReferencesAn AlternativeNation This catalog of 1 entries was generated by calibre onSocial Patterns Thursday, 05. April 2012 16:53This catalog of 500 entriesPolyculture and was generated by calibre on Thursday, 05. April 2012 21:04Community ReferencesCooperation,Commonwork andCommunity Philip Ball. Shapes: Nature’s Patterns: A Tapestry in Threey Mollison on Lovey Cooperation Parts. Oxford University Press, USA, Jul 2011.y Commonworky Community B Mollison. Permaculture : a designer’s manual. Tagariy References Publications, Tyalgum Australia, 1988. ISBN* 9780908228010. Gaye Nayton. The Archaeology of Market Capitalism: A Western Australian Perspective. Springer, Apr 2011. Michael H. Shuman. The Small-Mart Revolution: How Local Businesses Are Beating the Global Competition. Berrett-Koehler Publishers, Aug 2007. 19 / 21
  • 19. CreditsThis document, authored by Harry Wykman is licensed under aCreative Commons Attribution 2.5 Australia License. q 35 Woolgar Way L OCKRIDGE, 6054 q (08) 9377 1258 q harry@ptpc.com.au q www.ptpc.com.au 21 / 21

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