Visual reinforcement - How?• Don’t clutter• Words alone are not very visual – Use bullet points – Use keywords – Stick to the theme• Keep visuals simple – Do you need each one? – What will each one show? – Any important ones missing?• Ensure visuals are used effectively
Visual reinforcement - Types?• Black/ white board and/ or flip chart?• Magnetic or Velcro boards?• Samples and/ or models?• Slides, film and/ or video?• PC with data projector?• Overhead transparencies (OHTs) with overhead projector?
Using OHT/ PowerPoint• The sequence of slides should tell a story• Use appropriate typesize• Use appropriate colour• Special effects?
Using OHT/ PowerPoint• Think about how to use the medium to its best advantage – Don’t talk to the OHT or screen – Don’t reveal the slide too soon – Don’t leave the slide still showing once you have moved on to your next point
Graphics in oral presentations• Less time to absorb• Simplify – bold and clear• Say if you will supply paper copy of graphics• Think about how graphics fit within your presentation
Prepare final notes• Don’t create word-for-word notes• Use prompt cards, not sheets• Highlight key phrases• Keep contact with your audience
Practice• Rehearse• Consider timing• Consider where props may come in• Ask a friend to listen• Tape yourself?
Clothes• You are a young professional-in-training. Dress accordingly. – No offensively-sloganed tee-shirts – No shorts or ripped jeans – No low cut tops on women• While there is no need for a suit, let your clothes reflect the effort you have put into preparing your presentation.
Voice• Vary pitch• Vary the speed• Watch volume• Speak clearly• Don’t try to hide your accent
Mannerisms• Avoid annoying or distracting habits• Think about your own mannerisms• Review and control – Body language – Expressions – Stance – Movement – Gestures
Humour• Can backfire – doesn’t always go down well• May actually upset people• If you do not feel confident with it, you don’t have to try
Confidence• Everyone wants you to succeed• Preparation will help• You may become more effective as a result of a few nerves
Question technique• Must allow audience questions• Try to remain calm – Thank/ Acknowledge – Rephrase (if appropriate) – Answer – Check (by body language?)