FINDING ELECTRONIC JOURNALS Click to access full text
FINDING ELECTRONIC JOURNALS Links to contents pages
FINDING ELECTRONIC JOURNALS Link to full-text Contents page
FINDING ELECTRONIC JOURNALS Full-text article
SUMMARY OF DIFFERENCES
Longer publication time
not so current
more GENERAL topics
relatively STATIC info
Shorter publication time
= more current
Found within journals
Usually relatively short
Generally, report recent research studies
ANATOMY OF AN ARTICLE
Introduction What/ Why
Results What found
Discussion Lit review/results
Conclusion/s Why results useful
What CAN conclude
What CAN’T conclude
Further research needed
ABSTRACT ABSTRACT This research subjected the visual rightness theory of picture perception to experimental scrutiny. It investigated the ability of adults untrained in the visual arts to discriminate between reproductions of original abstract and representational paintings by renowned artists from two experimentally manipulated less well-organized versions of each art stimulus . Perturbed stimuli contained either minor or major disruptions in the originals' principal structural networks. It was found that participants were significantly more successful in discriminating between originals and their highly altered, but not slightly altered, perturbation than expected by chance. Accuracy of detection was found to be a function of style of painting and a viewer's way of thinking about a work as determined from their verbal reactions to it. Specifically, hit rates for originals were highest for abstract works when participants focused on their compositional style and form and highest for representational works when their content and realism were the focus of attention. Findings support the view that visually right (i.e., "good") compositions have efficient structural organizations that are visually salient to viewers who lack formal training in the visual arts .
HOW TO FIND ARTICLES
Browsing Table of Contents (TOC)
- lists articles in each issue
Searching Databases / Literature search
Acta Psychologica 114(3) 2003
Special issue on "Visual Gestalt Formation” Pages 211-213
Peter A. van der Helm, Rob van Lier and Johan Wagemans
Acts of perceptual inquiry: problems for any stimulus-based
simplicity theory, Julian Hochberg Pages 215-228
Perceived complexity and the grouping effect in band patterns, Pages 229-244
STRATEGY MAP STROKE Cerebrovascular Accident CVA Apoplexy Strokes CVAs Narrower Term Brain Infarction Broader Term Brain Diseases CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY Clinical Psychologist/s Narrower Term Clinical Neuropsychology Broader Term Psychology DEPRESSION Depressive – State/s Symptom/s Narrower Term Clinical Depression Broader Term Behavioural Symptoms
BUILDING BLOCK TECHNIQUE
Search for each concept
AND, OR, NOT
AND, OR, NOT AND INTERSECTION OR OR OR UNION NOT NOT EXCLUDING SET 1= STROKE SET 2= DEPRESSION
STRATEGY MAP Stroke/s OR Cerebrovascular Accidents OR CVA/s OR Apoplexy Clinical Psychology OR Clinical Psychologist/s Depression OR Depressive State/s OR Depressive Symptom/s AND AND STROKE CLINCAL PSYCHOLOGY DEPRESSION
Seldom right first time
Modify each set of results until you find what you’re looking for
Very seldom you get exactly what you want first time!
A SET of records of published items
ALWAYS give BIBLIOGRAPHIC DETAILS
MOST OFTEN also give an ABSTRACT
SOMETIMES also link to FULL-TEXT electronic documents
IT IS POSSIBLE TO –
PRINT, EMAIL, SAVE RECORDS
SAVE SEARCH STRATEGIES FOR RE- USE
Link to full-text on-screen from within database record (where available)
Use library CATALOGUE to see if we have the item in print copy
Use library A-Z list of electronic journals to see if we offer electronic access
Search other library catalogues (via HWUL webpages)
Request item/s on Inter-Library Loan
SUMMARY SO FAR
Types of reading material
What is a bibliographic database?
How do you go about searching a database?
Building a search strategy
Good English / grammar
Development of an argument
Literature to support argument
CITING & REFERENCING
GOOD ENGLISH / STYLE
Numerous books on this in library
“ I read an article by David Thomson and didn’t agree
with it . . .”
“ It has been suggested that . . . Thomson (1998).
However, this opinion has been challenged by Holt
DEVELOPING AN ARGUMENT
Give a balance of opinion
On the one hand . . . However, on the other hand . . .
Range of sources - not just those which back up your own opinion
“I think that . . . . .” or statement of fact (with no back up)
Opinion must be backed up with evidence
“ Although I agree with Williams (1966) that . . . I also consider the argument put forward by Davidson (1994) to have considerable merit”
“ There has been some very useful work done on this
subject . . . (Eysenck, 1992)”.
“ It has been argued that . . . . (Johnson, 2002). However, more recent research has shown. . (Smith, 2003)”
BALANCE OF OPINION
STATEMENTS BACKED UP WITH EVIDENCE
SUPPORTING YOUR ARGUMENT
Well used sources
Balance of opinions / wider reading
Add authority to your work
SOURCES MUST BE ACKNOWLEDGED
CITING & REFERENCING - WHAT
MENTIONING WORK OF OTHERS IN YOUR OWN WORK
Depressed mood has been shown to interfere with attentional strategies of efficient task solution (Hertel, 1997, 1998; Hertel & Rude, 1991)
CITING & REFERENCING - WHAT
DETAILING SOURCES CITED / MENTIONED IN TEXT
= BIBLIOGRAPHIC DETAILS
in REFERENCE LIST / BIBLIOGRAPHY
Hertel, P. T. (1997). On the contributions of deficient cognitive control to memory impairments in depression. Cognition and Emotion, 11, 569–583.
CITING & REFERENCING - WHY
Shows what sources used / how you have used them
Provides evidence in support of argument
Adds authority to your work
CITING & REFERENCING
Helps to display a balance of opinions / wider reading
Lends appropriate style
ESSENTIAL TO GOOD ACADEMIC WRITING
Guards against plagiarism
ALLOWS YOU TO ACKNOWLEDGE YOUR SOURCES
CITING – HOW?
Acknowledge your sources in your text to support points / statements made / quotes eg
“ It is worthwhile noting that the link between depression and risk sensitive behavioral strategies is not a theoretical novelty. Indeed, Nesse (2000), Leahy (1997) and Klinger (1975) have all proposed that depressed states represent a risk-management strategy that has evolved to alter an individual’s behaviour in contexts of high risk environments” 1. Statement/opinion 2. What sources read to back this up? 3.Evidence – sources used
REFERENCING – HOW?
Link your in-text citations to full bibliographic details of sources in your BIBLIOGRAPHY
Klinger, T. (1975). Depressed states and risk-management strategies. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 12, 23-35.
Leahy, M. (1997). Alterations in individuals’ behaviour in contexts of high-risk environments. Journal of Personality, 22, 339-406.
Nesse, J. (2000) Link between depression and risk-sensitive behavior. Journal of Social Psychology, 38, 228-301.
Give full bibliographic details
Who, what, where, when (description of item)
Author/s or editor/s, title, edition, year/place of publication, publisher
Author/s, article title, journal name, volume number, issue number, page numbers, year of publication.
WHY CITE & REFERENCE?
compile a bibliography for your assignment
acknowledge all sources used
Guards against plagiarism
enable another researcher to find the texts you based your work on
support points made in your argument
add authority to your work
Essential for good academic writing
Numerous styles in which you can format references
American Psychological Association (APA)
Style must be consistent
Author surname(s) followed by date of publication in brackets
. . . Berm (1973) has shown that sex-biased advertising contributes to sex discrimination. . . .
BIBLIOGRAPHY ENTRIES (APA style)
Berm,S.L. (1973) Does sex-biased advertising aid and abet sex
discrimination? Journal of Applied Social Psychology , 3 (1), 6-18.
pages JOURNAL ARTICLE part volume year of publication author title of article name of journal Festinger,L.A. (1975). A Theory of Cognitive Dissonance Stanford,C.A.: Stanford University Press . BOOK (authored) place of publication publisher
Banks, I. (n.d.). The NHS healthcare guide . Retrieved
August 29, 2001, from http://www.healthcareguide.nhsdirect.nhs.uk