Focus and Organization

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Focus and Organization

  1. 1. FOCUS AND ORGANIZATION When you need a guide in the writing process
  2. 2. BRAINSTORM WHEN THINGS GET HAZY <ul><li>Make a list. </li></ul><ul><li>Look outside the box. </li></ul><ul><li>Write down everything. </li></ul><ul><li>Restate the assignment. </li></ul><ul><li>(Study Guides) Image at www.theslblog.org/2008/04/index.html </li></ul>
  3. 3. AFTER BRAINSTORMING WHAT’S NEXT?
  4. 4. THE “TEN COMMANDMENTS” FOR WRITING AN ORGANIZED PAPER <ul><li>1. Thou shall develop a topic. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Thou shall research topic/ possible topics. </li></ul><ul><li>3.Thou shall organize and write out a plan. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Thou shall write several drafts. </li></ul><ul><li>5.Thou shall use a logical pattern. </li></ul><ul><li>6. Thou shall use transitional words effectively. </li></ul><ul><li>7. Thou shall make sure to be unified. </li></ul><ul><li>8.Thou shall leave no questions. </li></ul><ul><li>9.Thou shall Revise Revise Revise! </li></ul><ul><li>10. Thou shall proofread, no one is perfect. </li></ul><ul><li>(Study Guides and Strategies) </li></ul><ul><li> Image at www.shcm.org </li></ul>
  5. 6. DEVELOPING YOUR TOPIC
  6. 7. RESEARCH AND BECOME INFORMED <ul><li>** Research topics! </li></ul><ul><li>Once you obtain information, it will be easier to pick a topic. </li></ul><ul><li>You will find out what you are more interested in, or what topic is easier to write about. </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure to keep the audience in mind. </li></ul><ul><li>example: If the audience is young, be sure to use simple vocabulary. </li></ul><ul><li>Use numerous different search engines and get as much useful </li></ul><ul><li>information as you can. </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure to keep record of the sites you’ve searched, including </li></ul><ul><li>dates and the URL, making it easier to cite your sources. </li></ul><ul><li>(Study Guides and Strategies) </li></ul>
  7. 8. PREWRITING AND SETTING UP A PLAN <ul><li>Set up a basic outline. </li></ul><ul><li>When doing this, make sure you get away from distractions. </li></ul><ul><li>Decide where to place information, and also which info to leave out. </li></ul><ul><li>You should make sure to have your thesis written or part of the introduction, a main objective for the body paragraphs, and a generalized conclusion. </li></ul><ul><li>By starting papers early, with just a plan, can help avoid procrastination. </li></ul><ul><li>(Study Guides) </li></ul>
  8. 9. TIPS FOR HOW TO WRITE A HELPFUL OUTLINE <ul><li>I. Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>A . Grab your reader’s attention </li></ul><ul><li>B . State a clear thesis </li></ul><ul><li>II. Body </li></ul><ul><li>A . Build your points </li></ul><ul><li>B . Develop your ideas </li></ul><ul><li>C . Support claim with information </li></ul><ul><li>III. Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>A . Reiterate main idea </li></ul><ul><li>(Focus) </li></ul>
  9. 10. THE ROUGH DRAFT <ul><li>Piece all information together and recall the plans you made. </li></ul><ul><li>Stay on TOPIC! Reread the topic if you need to! </li></ul><ul><li>Quotes are great, in moderation. If you use them, be sure to cite them and explain why you chose them. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t worry about the title at first, it will come. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t worry about revising while writing, stay </li></ul><ul><li>focused and then go back and edit. </li></ul><ul><li>Be sure to keep away from distractions! </li></ul><ul><li>(Finding Your Focus) </li></ul>
  10. 11. LOGICAL ? <ul><li>Make sure the paper flows from paragraphs. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t add off topic information, it will cause the reader to be confused. </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure to avoid logical fallacies. </li></ul><ul><li>Claims supported by reasons. </li></ul><ul><li>** because is not a good enough reason, it must be an unstated assumption that is articulated. </li></ul>
  11. 12. IN ADDITION.. <ul><li>Make sure transitional words are present, and are effective. </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure they connect paragraphs, ideas, or details in a way the reader will comprehend. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>** addition: also, again, similarly, likewise, in addition. </li></ul><ul><li>** emphasis: above all, especially, particularly. </li></ul><ul><li>** summarizing: after all, in all, in conclusion, finally. </li></ul><ul><li>(Study Guides) </li></ul>Connect ideas!
  12. 13. REVISING AND UNIFYING <ul><li>Before you revise, make sure you had time off from looking at the essay, and have a fresh start. </li></ul><ul><li>Unified? Do all the paragraphs relate to the main topic and strengthen the thesis? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the progression and transitions clear and comprehendible? </li></ul><ul><li>It takes time, so start with vocabulary. </li></ul><ul><li>How’s the paragraph structure? </li></ul><ul><li>Are the thesis and conclusion strong? </li></ul><ul><li>What about the title? </li></ul>
  13. 14. PROOFREAD! LEAVE NO QUESTIONS <ul><li>Have others read your work. </li></ul><ul><li>*Make sure the paper has a strong conclusion. </li></ul><ul><li>Spell check doesn’t catch everything! </li></ul><ul><li>Read your paper out loud, slowly and multiple times. </li></ul><ul><li>Logical Flow! Is your topic clear? </li></ul><ul><li>Double check: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Punctuation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sentence structure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spelling (Finding Your Focus) </li></ul></ul>
  14. 15. GIVE CREDIT WHERE CREDIT IS DUE <ul><li>Citing sources- avoid plagiarism. </li></ul><ul><li>MLA format- margins and spacing. </li></ul><ul><li>The Owl at Purdue site is a perfect guideline for citing sources. </li></ul><ul><li>Citing isn’t easy, it takes practice! </li></ul>
  15. 17. WORKS CITED <ul><li>Kunka, Jennifer. “Finding Your Focus: The Writing Process.” 01 December 2008. Purdue University Writing Lab . 2000. < http://74.125.47.132/search?q=cache:qQBoqsfWC4IJ:owl.english.purdue.edu/workshops/pp/writproc.PPT+focus+and+organization+powerpoint&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=2&gl=us > </li></ul><ul><li>Landsberger, Joe. “Study Guides and Strategies.” 01 December 2008. Joe’s professional and personal webpages . 1996. </li></ul><ul><li>< http://www.studygs.net/wrtstr2.htm > </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Owl At Purdue.” 01 December 2008. Purdue University . 1995-2008. < http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/557/06/ > </li></ul>

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