Arable soil for future generations - Bionic µsoil, an organic fertilizer and soil enhancer that resembles Terra Preta
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Arable soil for future generations - Bionic µsoil, an organic fertilizer and soil enhancer that resembles Terra Preta

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Beginning in 2001, the Bionic Group was leading the development of the innovative Catalytic Microwave Depolymerization Process (Bionic µfuel) which converts carbonaceous feedstock from biomass, solid ...

Beginning in 2001, the Bionic Group was leading the development of the innovative Catalytic Microwave Depolymerization Process (Bionic µfuel) which converts carbonaceous feedstock from biomass, solid waste streams and scrap tires into liquid fuels and blendstocks (µoil) and renders a high quality char product (µchar) as a second product. In the case of biomass feedstock the bionic µchar is a biochar applicable to many uses.

Bionic µsoil is an upgraded derivative which first uses selected microorganisms to activate the sterilized µchar and subsequently mixes it into a unique organic fertilizer production process using waste biomass and animal manure as its raw products which get treated by a special mix of healthy microbes. The result is an absolutely innovative organic fertilizer and soil enhancer representing a high tech descendant of the ancient Terra Preta found in the Amazon Basin by archaeologists.

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  • 1. Arable Soil for Future Generations bionic µsoil is a powerful organic soil enhancement and fertilizer system to  combat land degradation and desertification, which at the same time helps to  suppress epidemic diseases deriving from biological waste streams  recycle scarce plant nutrients in a sustainable way  reduce GHG through carbon sequestration and reduced emissions  conserve water resources and quality µsoil
  • 2. The widely neglected importance of healthy soil Topsoil facts • it takes nature approximately 500 years to create one inch • 6-10 inches are desirable, that’s where all annual crops grow • Losses from erosion alone due to inappropriate agricultural practices: up to 150 tons/acre/year (NRCS-USDA) • At current loss rates only 60 yrs of topsoil are left Topsoil functions • Water storage and management • Nutrient and Carbon balancing • Source of micronutrients and microorganisms • Carbon sink • Environmental pollution control • Plays a fundamental role in climate change and water preservation “Soil health is the continued capacity of soil to function as a vital living ecosystem that sustains plants, animals and humans.” (NRCS-USDA) Topsoil is the upper layer of soil usually extending between 5 and 25 cm. It has the highest concentration of organic matter and microorganisms and hosts most of the Earth’s biological soil activity. 4/8/2014 © 2014 Bionic Fuel Knowledge Partners Inc., Oswego, NY 2
  • 3. A key interface for mankind’s ecosystem Soil is the primary interface between vital resource domains defining the Earth’s carrying capacity for mankind. To perform that function it has to be kept healthy. Atmosphere Food Soil Water 4/8/2014 © 2014 Bionic Fuel Knowledge Partners Inc., Oswego, NY 3
  • 4. Arable land is another global resource in short supply • Limited public awareness for a most critical problem • Carrying capacity of planet earth requires continuous expansion of food production • Resources like air, water, soil formerly considered indefinite are now limited • Inorganic nutrient sources • The UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) • Signed 1994, 193 parties • Is a 10-year strategy framework until 2018 adequate to the problems? • Scarcity of arable land is on the rise since the mid-1990ties with farm productivity levelling Land availability balance:  Soil reclamation is inevitable to counter pressure on food and non-food farm production. Increasing Losses Diminishing Gains Infrastructure, urbanization Clearing of virgin forests Extractive industries Grasslands and Savannahs Desertification 4/8/2014 © 2014 Bionic Fuel Knowledge Partners Inc., Oswego, NY 4
  • 5. What the UN says (also see original text next slide) • Land is a finite resource. Only 1/32 of planet Earth represents arable land. • 52% of agriculture land is at least moderately affected by soil degradation. • 12 million ha are lost per year due to drought and desertification. • Arable land losses estimated at 30-35 times of historical rates. • Land degradation undermines water availability and quality. • Losses in food production due to land degradation may combine with those from depressed yields from effects of climate change reaching up to 50% by 2050 in some countries. • Agriculture is currently responsible for 13% of GHG emissions. 4/8/2014 © 2014 Bionic Fuel Knowledge Partners Inc., Oswego, NY 5
  • 6. 4/8/2014 © 2014 Bionic Fuel Knowledge Partners Inc., Oswego, NY 6
  • 7. A negative balance: losses increasingly exceed gains Historic drivers of farmland losses • Unsustainable agronomic practices • Highly intensive commercial farming • Indigenous small migrating farmers primarily in Africa • Extractive industries • Urbanization and infrastructure • Effects of Climate change • Drought & flooding • Erosion Historic drivers of farmland gains • Clearing of pristine rainforests • Damaging to the environment • Destroying biodiversity • Harming further the CO2 balance • Farming of grasslands and Savannahs • Low fertility soils • Deplete rapidly • Desertification after being abandoned 4/8/2014 © 2014 Bionic Fuel Knowledge Partners Inc., Oswego, NY 7
  • 8. Bold measures are urgently required to reverse losses • Protection of still functional soils • Conservation of good farm land • Recovery of already depleted farm land • End top soil losses to erosion (25 billion tons worldwide every year!) • Maintain natural soil fertility by establishing sustainable nutrient cycles • Reclamation of lost farmland • Former mining and extractive industry use • Former urban, infrastructure and industrial uses • Former farmland lost to desertification • Erosion • Salination • Agro-ecosystems demand active human interference for stability • We have to recognize and accept our duty 4/8/2014 © 2014 Bionic Fuel Knowledge Partners Inc., Oswego, NY 8
  • 9. Why we need abundant, healthy topsoil • Food production • Balanced Sustainability • Continuous yield under adverse climate conditions • Carbon sink (CO2) and sequestration (C) • Avoidance and Mitigation of GHG emissions • Water availability and quality • Storage and release of irrigation water • Supply of drinking water • Cleanup of toxic pollution by soil microbes • chemical: leached fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides • biological: hormones, microbes, germs 4/8/2014 © 2014 Bionic Fuel Knowledge Partners Inc., Oswego, NY 9
  • 10. Bionic µsoil makes a huge difference • µsoil can play a major role reversing the current trend • µsoil is a one-step soil enhancer and 100% organic NPK fertilizer • puts carbon (organic matter) back into the soil • rebuilds a sustainable nutrient and humidity storage capacity • makes nutrients available long term for plant-root uptake as needed • No damaging leaching of surplus mineral fertilizers • µsoil builds on Bionic’s unique µchar product • µchar activated with a selected mixture of beneficial micro organisms • further processed with the patented Bio-Elite organic NPK fertilizer production method* • adding animal manure and 100% organic biomass waste • mixing the combination with additional micro organisms and fungi • fermenting the product for 30-40 days until fully sanitized • µsoil is a modern, high-tech successor of the ancient Terra Preta found in the Amazonian forest by archeologists 4/8/2014 © 2014 Bionic Fuel Knowledge Partners Inc., Oswego, NY 10 *licensed by Bionic from Mr. Wolfgang Wondrak
  • 11. The µsoil Production Process 4/8/2014 © 2014 Bionic Fuel Knowledge Partners Inc., Oswego, NY 11
  • 12. The µsoil Production Plant 4/8/2014 © 2014 Bionic Fuel Knowledge Partners Inc., Oswego, NY 12
  • 13. The Bionic µfuel conversion process* The µfuel process is contained in a high-tech reactor system with a capacity of up to 80 TPD of bonedry feedstock. 13 Lignin Cellulose Bionic µcrude Bionic µchar modulated pulsed microwave zeolite catalyst Biomass Lignocellulosic Biomass is converted at low temperature via the application of advanced microwave radiation combined with catalysts into bio-crude and bio-char in a specific reactor phase. Hydrogen Bionic‘s proprietary µfuel system has been under development since 2001 and is the benchmark for catalytic microwave depolymerization of carbonaceous feedstock worldwide. (patents pending) µfuel * for details a special MWDP presentation is available 4/8/2014 © 2014 Bionic Fuel Knowledge Partners Inc., Oswego, NY
  • 14. Food production in field tests 4/8/2014 © 2014 Bionic Fuel Knowledge Partners Inc., Oswego, NY 14
  • 15. How µsoil carbon sequestration reduces CO2… Source: Lehmann, “A handful of carbon”, 2007 Nature, 447 …and how sequestered carbon improves soil fertility Lettuce seedlings as one example out of many: left side biochar media, right side control with peat media 4/8/2014 © 2014 Bionic Fuel Knowledge Partners Inc., Oswego, NY 15
  • 16. Biomass Production Food Feed Lumber Micro organisms µchar • Bio-char Organic Waste • Animal manure • Food waste • Agric waste char activation Farms Plantations Forests Atmospheric Carbon (CO2), Nutrients (NOx) Energy µsoil Fertilizer and Soil Enhancer Water rainfall & irrigation The Bionic µsoil Nutrient & Carbon Cycle A carbon negative biofuel Long term carbon sequestration Reduced CO2 emissions from waste Biomass Production Formation of healthy topsoil fermentation Micro organisms Mixing and treatment of activated char with organic waste Catalytic Microwave Depolymerization in a µfuel mf60 plant Cellulosic Biomass Feedstock catalysts µfuel • High quality bio-crude • Diesel blendstock • Generator fuel 4/8/2014 © 2014 Bionic Fuel Knowledge Partners Inc., Oswego, NY 16
  • 17. Reclamation of fully depleted land with µsoil: 5 times faster growth of biomass up to 4 crop seasons under irrigation Eroded soil Stabilization of the soil with µsoil and changed agronomic practices No additional synthetic fertilizer required Even the most eroded soils can be transferred back to arable land and then continuously improved to high value farmland thus reactivating land resources, preserving the environment reduce carbon footprint and create value and sustainable farm revenues. Use of µsoil for 3 years 4/8/2014 © 2014 Bionic Fuel Knowledge Partners Inc., Oswego, NY 17
  • 18. Soil remediation at Welzow, Germany, an open pit coal mine Starting from no vegetation at all the reclamation process started by deep plowing the organic fertilizer product into the ground Only 18 months later very strong vegetation has developed. Soil testing reveals the development of a new topsoil layer of at least 25 cm. A new field is ready for a first crop season. Welzow, 2007 Welzow, 2009 4/8/2014 © 2014 Bionic Fuel Knowledge Partners Inc., Oswego, NY 18 ~ 2 years
  • 19. Recovery of degrading soil with bionic µsoil: • 5 times faster growth of biomass • up to 4 crop seasons under irrigation Eroded soil Continuous improvement of land from partially eroded soil back to valuable farmland saves resources, preserves the environment, supports a small carbon footprint and increases value and long term returns. End continuous degradation from conventional farming methods Stabilization of soil conditions with µsoil and agronomic practices 4/8/2014 © 2014 Bionic Fuel Knowledge Partners Inc., Oswego, NY 19
  • 20. Bionic µsoil tests show amazing results – but why? Organic fertilizer plus microorganisms (Bio-Elite) • Normalized organic NPK replacement • Sufficient micro-nutrient supply • No leaching of mineral nutrients • Increase of organic matter • Healthy soil biology through added microbes • Storage capacity for nutrients and water • Natural aeration and loosening of soil Activated biochar (bionic µchar) • Increased carbon supply • Increased levels of soil microbes • Electrically charged carbon boosts soil activity • Even more storage capacity • Carbon is a nutrient for soil microbes • Counters compaction from heavy equipment • Humic acid release 4/8/2014 © 2014 Bionic Fuel Knowledge Partners Inc., Oswego, NY 20
  • 21. Sustaining nutrient balance (comparison) The Terra Preta effect • Balanced self-augmentation of soil nutrients and microorganisms • Sustainable higher yields at low input cost • Top soil increase instead of losses • Soil quality grows beyond that found even in the best virgin land Commercial farming with synthetic NPK • Increasing amounts of synthetic fertilizer required to maintain productivity • Diminishing top soil and soil organic matter (carbon) • Leaching of mineral fertilizers in surface and ground water destroys drinking water • No protection against erosion remains • Loss of soil storage capabilities • Fast dropping yields at rising input cost 4/8/2014 © 2014 Bionic Fuel Knowledge Partners Inc., Oswego, NY 21
  • 22. Bionic µsoil is closing the soil-resource cycles • The carbon cycle • More carbon in the soil = less carbon in the atmosphere • Nutrient uptake regulated again by the plants themselves • Organic nutrient supply = the plant decides how much and when • All plant pathways remain activated • Easy availability of nutrients from synthetic fertilizers leave important pathways inactive • Little training for stress conditions like drought or water logging • Micronutrient • Controlled availability • Soil microbes • Higher activity and availability than in most virgin soils • Water management • Storage capacity increase by 30-50% without any water logging effects • Gradual release when needed by plants 4/8/2014 © 2014 Bionic Fuel Knowledge Partners Inc., Oswego, NY 22
  • 23. Bionic converts “waste” with exploding treatment cost into a profitable resource Animal manure disposal • Recycling is a must to recover nutrients • Avoid health risks borne from manure and rotting biomass • Strict sanitation requirements in most developed countries (current and coming) add cost pressure to animal husbandry 4/8/2014 © 2014 Bionic Fuel Knowledge Partners Inc., Oswego, NY 23 Biomass waste disposal • Health risks from food and agriculture waste, biogas plants, sewer systems • GHG emissions from uncontrolled organic waste decomposition bionic µsoil answers waste management issues
  • 24. Make bionic µsoil your win-win choice • Because consumers want organic products • Because farmers stabilize cost while increasing land value and income • Because yields are not dropping with µsoil while revenues rise • Because we need to maintain a healthy environment 4/8/2014 © 2014 Bionic Fuel Knowledge Partners Inc., Oswego, NY 24 …for a sustainable future
  • 25. Partner with Bionic to participate in µsoil success • Bionic has started to build a network for the global roll-out of µsoil  highly flexible in finding the best fit cooperation terms  Joint Ventures  Sales Partnerships  Franchising Systems  Licensing Models  Technology Partnerships 4/8/2014 © 2014 Bionic Fuel Knowledge Partners Inc., Oswego, NY 25
  • 26. We look forward to hear from you Bionic Group of Companies Bionic Laboratories BLG GmbH Helwigstr. 41 64521 Groß-Gerau, Germany www.bionic-world.net +49 1525 33 40 500 info@bionic-lab.de 26 A product of Find more presentations at our website http://www.bionic-world.net or join us on Facebook at www.facebook.com/microfuel 4/8/2014 © 2014 Bionic Fuel Knowledge Partners Inc., Oswego, NY