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Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System
Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System
Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System
Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System
Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System
Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System
Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System
Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System
Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System
Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System
Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System
Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System
Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System
Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System
Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System
Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System
Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System
Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System
Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System
Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System
Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System
Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System
Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System
Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System
Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System
Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System
Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System
Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System
Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System
Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System
Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System
Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System
Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System
Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System
Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System
Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System
Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System
Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System
Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System
Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System
Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System
Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System
Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System
Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System
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Towards a Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication System

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The presentation explores the trend towards a scholarly communication system that is friendly to machines. It presents 3 exhibits illustrating the trend and 1 exhibit illustrating inertia in the …

The presentation explores the trend towards a scholarly communication system that is friendly to machines. It presents 3 exhibits illustrating the trend and 1 exhibit illustrating inertia in the system. It makes the point that machine-actionability can be much easier achieved if content and metadata are available in Open Access and under a permissive Creative Commons license. It also observes that even with content and metadata openly available, new costs related to advanced tools to explore the scholarly record will emerge. Finally, it points at significant challenges regarding the persistence of the scholarly record in light of increasingly interconnected and actionable content and advanced tools to interact with it.
The slides were used for a plenary presentation at the LIBER 2011 Conference in Barcelona, Spain, on June 30 2011.

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  • 1. Towards Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication herbert van de sompel@hvdsomp h"p://www.flickr.com/photos/feuilllu/3021807255/
  • 2. Patterson. Re-engineering the functions of journals OAI7 Workshop presentation http://indico.cern.ch/contributionDisplay.py?sessionId=8&contribId=20&confId=103325
  • 3. Patterson. Re-engineering the functions of journals OAI7 Workshop presentation http://indico.cern.ch/contributionDisplay.py?sessionId=8&contribId=20&confId=103325
  • 4. http://www.flickr.com/photos/irrezolut/2974930837/
  • 5. •  Augmentation of the scholarly record with a machine actionable substrate •  Integration of datasets into the scholarly record •  Exposure of scholarly process and its integration in the scholarly recordVan de Sompel & Lagoze All Aboard: Toward a Machine-Friendly Scholarly CommunicationSystem. In: The Fourth Paradigm. h"p://research.microso=.com/en-­‐us/collaboraAon/fourthparadigm/
  • 6. •  Unique identifiers (URI) for every Thing•  Typed Links, Vocabularies, Ontologies (URI, RDF, RDFS, OWL)•  Ability to publish information about a Thing•  Ability for human and machine to look Things up (HTTP)
  • 7. Exhibit  1:  My  Work  in  this  Realm  
  • 8. OAI  Object  Reuse  &  Exchange   http://www.openarchives.org/ore/
  • 9. Complex  Objects  
  • 10. Open  AnnotaAon   http://www.openannotation.org/
  • 11. Yuma  Map  AnnotaAon  Haslhofer et. al. (2011) The Open Annotation Collaboration (OAC) Data Model MMWeb 2011http://arxiv.org/abs/1106.5178
  • 12. Memento:  Time  Travel  for  the  Web   2010 Digital Preservation Coalition Digital Preservation Award http://mementoweb.org
  • 13. Version  NavigaAon:  Pic  of  the  Day   http://www.mementoweb.org/demo/picoftheday.mov  
  • 14. Version  NavigaAon:  Time  Series  Analysis  Van de Sompel et. al. An  HTTP-­‐Based  Versioning  Mechanism  for  Linked  Data  LDOW  2009  h"p://arxiv.org/abs/1003.3661
  • 15. Exhibit 2: Nanopublications h"p://www.flickr.com/photos/stannate/1369623187/
  • 16. The Paper Deluge •  Too  much  scholarly  publicaAons  to  consume   •  Too  hard  to  make  cross-­‐discipline  connecAons,  to   combine  exisAng  disparate  findings  to  arrive  at   new  insights  Palmer  et.  al.  (2007)  Weak  informa<on  work  in  scien<fic  discovery  Inf.  Process.  Manage.  43(3)  808–820    h"p://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ipm.2006.06.003Ru"enberg  et.  al.  Advancing  transla<onal  research  with  the  Seman<c  Web  BMC  Bioinf.  8(suppl.  3)    S2  h"p://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-­‐2105-­‐8-­‐S3-­‐S2
  • 17. Literature MiningVerspoor et. al. The  textual  characteris<cs  of  tradi<onal  and  Open  Access  scien<fic  journals  are  similar.  BMC  Bioinforma:cs  2009,  10:183  h"p://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-­‐2105-­‐10-­‐183
  • 18. Entity Identifiers & Ontologies http://www.obofoundry.org/
  • 19. Nanopublication http://www.nanopub.org/
  • 20. Nanopublication http://www.nanopub.org/
  • 21. Nanopublication http://www.nanopub.org/
  • 22. A Fix for the NerdsGroth et. al. The Anatomy of a Nano-publication Information Services and Use 30(1), p.51-56,2010 http://iospress.metapress.com/index/FTKH21Q50T521WM2.pdf
  • 23. Publish, Merge, Search, Reason, Predict, IntegrateClare et. al. Exploring  the  Genera<on  and  Integra<on  of  Publishable  Scien<fic  Facts  Using  the  Concept  of  Nano-­‐publica<ons  ESWC 2011 https://svn.kwarc.info/repos/clange/conferences/eswc2011/sepublica/proceedings/999990013/999990013.pdf
  • 24. Mons (2011) Nanopublications OAI7 Workshop presentation http://indico.cern.ch/contributionDisplay.py?sessionId=13&contribId=38&confId=103325
  • 25. Smit & van der Graaf (2011) Journal Article Mining h"p://www.publishingresearch.net/documents/PRCSmitJAMreport20June2011VersionofRecord.pdf  
  • 26. Exhibit 3: Executable Papers http://www.jeff-barr.com/?p=1446
  • 27. Utopia  Reader  Attwood et al. (2009) Utopia document and the Semantic Biochemical Journal. EMBnet.news ,15 (4). http://journal.embnet.org/index.php/embnetnews/article/viewArticle/45/151
  • 28. h"p://www.executablepapers.com/about-­‐challenge.html
  • 29. Executable  Paper:  Conceptual  View   This  space  intenAonally  blank.     Figure  1  of     http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2011.04.064     goes  here  but  is  copyrighted.  Nowakowski  et al. (2011) The  Collage  Authoring  Environment Procedia  Computer  Science v4 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2011.04.064
  • 30. Collage:  Authoring  and  Reading   This  space  intenAonally  blank.     Figure  2  of     http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2011.04.064     goes  here  but  is  copyrighted.  Nowakowski et al. (2011) The  Collage  Authoring  Environment Procedia  Computer  Science v4 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2011.04.064
  • 31. Collage:  Rendering  a  Paper   This  space  intenAonally  blank.     Figure  3  of     http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2011.04.064     goes  here  but  is  copyrighted.  Nowakowski et al. (2011) The  Collage  Authoring  Environment Procedia  Computer  Science v4 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2011.04.064
  • 32. Link  Rot,  CitaAon  Rot,  Service  Rot  Sanderson et al. (2011) Analyzing  the  Persistence  of  Referenced  Web  Resources  with  Memento  Open  Repositories  Conference  Paper http://arxiv.org/abs/1105.3459
  • 33. Exhibit 4: Citationh"p://www.flickr.com/photos/themacinator/4183736814/
  • 34. Citation•  Scholarly  record  expands:   •  Papers   •  Datasets   •  NanopublicaAons   •  Workflows   •  So=ware   •  …  •  More  ways  to  get  credit  
  • 35. Move from Journal centric …
  • 36. … to Contributor centric
  • 37. Automatic Citation Graph1.  Article splash page in open access, crawl-enabled.2.  Splash page with recognizable References section3.  References that URI-link to the cited article h"p://portal.acm.org
  • 38. Open Data for Metrics http://openurl.ac.uk/doc/data/thedata.html
  • 39. Keep Your Eye On The Ball h"p://www.flickr.com/photos/garryknight/3595141669/
  • 40. Ownershiphttp://www.flickr.com/photos/vectorportal/5047619590/
  • 41. Costhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/mammal/3455272493/
  • 42. PersistenceThe Long Now’s 10.000 Year Clock http://longnow.org/clock/prototype1/
  • 43. Towards Machine-Actionable Scholarly Communication herbert van de sompel@hvdsomp h"p://www.flickr.com/photos/feuilllu/3021807255/

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