Farnsworth house

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Farnsworth House by Mies van der Rohe

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Farnsworth house

  1. 1. Farnsworth House -Ludwig Mies van der Rohe Presentation by Huzefa Patheria
  2. 2. Ludwig Mies van der Rohe(1886- 1969)• German Architect• No formal training in architecture• Worked under Peter Behrens• Succeeded Gropius as Bauhaus Director• Migrated to the US and taught architecture at the Illinois Institute of Technology• Designed SKYSCRAPERS OF STEEL AND GLASS which became models of skyscraper design throughout the world
  3. 3. “Less is more.” -van der RoheCHARACTER OF WORKS:• Simple rectangular forms• Open, flexible plans and multi-functional spaces• Widespread use of glass to bring the outside in• Mastered steel and glass construction• Exposed and very refined structural details
  4. 4. Mies van der Rohe,FARNSWORTH HOUSE,Illinois, 1946-51
  5. 5. Designed and built from 1946 to1951, Farnsworth House is considered aparadigm of international style architecture inAmerica. The houses structure consists ofprecast concrete floor and roof slabs supportedby a carefully crafted steel skeleton frame ofbeams, girders and columns. The facade is madeof single panes of glass spanning from floor toceiling, fastened to the structural system by steelmullions. The building is heated by radiant coilsset in the concrete floor; natural cross ventilationand the shade of nearby trees provide minimalcooling. Though it proved difficult to live in, theFarnsworth Houses elegant simplicity is stillregarded as an important accomplishment of theinternational style.
  6. 6. • Between 1931 and 1935 (and after WW2) a series of houses which adapt the Barcelona Pavilion plan-type to domestic use; plans increasingly introverted• Nature still dominant in his sketches – the house frames a view in which nature is idealised
  7. 7. Farnsworth House, 1946-50, Plano (IL)
  8. 8. • Often assumed that the minimalist distillation in Mies has to do with commitment to the craft of building, but he appears more engaged with idealising and mediating techniques of graphic representation• His criteria ideal and visual to a great degree – not constructional• He uses materiality but in a montage way• ‘Mies’s conception of architecture followed the dialectic tendency of German Idealism to think in terms of opposites. According to the Neoplatonic aesthetics that influenced his thinking, the transcendental world is reflected in the world of the senses.’ (Colquhoun)
  9. 9. Mies van der Rohe,LAKE SHORE DRIVE APTS. & THE SEAGRAM BUILDING
  10. 10. Mies van der Rohe,SEAGRAM BUILDING,New York, 1958
  11. 11. Mies van der Rohe,LAKE SHORE DRIVEAPARTMENTS, Illinois, 1951
  12. 12. Mies van der Rohe, Mies van der Rohe,GERMAN PAVILION Interior, FARNSWORTH HOUSE Interior,Barcelona Expo, 1929 Illinois, 1946-51
  13. 13. End

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