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Smoking

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prevalence of Cigarette smoking among Slemani Medical School students. …

prevalence of Cigarette smoking among Slemani Medical School students.
HuzaifaMD

Published in: Education, Health & Medicine

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  • 1.  Introduction Material and Methods Results Conclusion Recommendations
  • 2.  Smoking is implicated in a substantialnumber of diseases, includinghypertension, cerebrovasculardisease, cardiovascular disease, cancersof the oral cavity, larynx, lung andesophagus, chronic obstructivepulmonary disease, and digestive ulcer.
  • 3.  Health Professionals are in an excellentposition that allows them to have aprominent role on tobacco control.Tobacco contains nicotine, a highlyaddictive drug that makes it difficult forsmokers to kick the habit. Tobaccoproducts also contain many poisonousand harmful substances that causedisease and premature death.
  • 4.  Various studies have been conducted allover the world to assess the prevalenceof smoking among the health careproviders to plan for the interventionalstrategies locally as well asinternationally. There are an estimated1.1 thousand million smokersworldwide, approximately one third ofthe global population aged 15 yearsand over (47% of men and 12% ofwomen).
  • 5.  Most smokers live in developing countries(800 million) and the majorities are males(700 million). Although smoking rates have decreasedin developed countries in pastyears, there has been a correspondingincrease in smoking rates in developingcountries.
  • 6.  Passive smoking is another issue that hasbeen much discussed in recent years. Itseems that second-hand smoke doescause major illnesses. People have aright to work in a smoke-freeenvironment. Likewise, young childrenshould be in houses free of smoke.Children whose parents smoke in thehome are more likely to develop asthmaand other respiratory problems.
  • 7.  Objectives:To identify the prevalence and associatedfactors of smoking among Slemani MedicalSchool students.
  • 8.  Subjects:1st to 6th year medical students at theSlemani Medical School Methods:cross-sectional study
  • 9.  Statistical analysis: The software used for entering andanalyzing the data was SPSS v21. Chi-Squared and Fisher’s Exact analysesrun if 20.0% or more of data cells incontingency table had expected countbelow 5 Fisher’s exact was used p value of less than 0.05 taken assignificant
  • 10. Frequency PercentSexMale 90 57.0 %Female 67 42.4 %NR 1 .6 %Marital StatusSingle 147 93.0 %Married 5 3.2 %NR 6 3.8 %Stage1 25 15.8 %2 26 16.5 %3 34 21.5 %4 26 16.5 %5 24 15.2 %6 23 14.6 %Socio-demographic data
  • 11. Frequency PercentSESHigh (Rich) 20 12.7 %Moderate 129 81.6 %Low (Poor) 5 3.2 %NR 4 2.5 %ResidenceCity 131 82.9 %Countryside 26 16.5 %NR 1 .6 %Age<20 60 38.0%21-24 88 55.7%>24 6 3.8%NR 4 2.5%Socio-demographic data
  • 12. P value = < 0.001Are you a smoker?TotalYes NoStudentSexMaleCount 23 67 90% 25.6% 74.4% 100.0%FemaleCount 2 65 67% 3.0% 97.0% 100.0%TotalCount 25 132 157% of Total 15.9% 84.1% 100.0%
  • 13. P value = 0.049Are you a smoker?TotalYes NoStudent Age<20Count 4 56 60% 6.7% 93.3% 100.0%21-24Count 19 69 88% 21.6% 78.4% 100.0%>24Count 1 5 6% 16.7% 83.3% 100.0%
  • 14. P value = 0.028Fishers Exact TestAre you a smoker?TotalYes NoSocioeconomicStatusHigh (Rich)Count 4 16 20% 20.0% 80.0% 100.0%ModerateCount 18 111 129% 14.0% 86.0% 100.0%Low (Poor)Count 3 2 5% 60.0% 40.0% 100.0%TotalCount 25 129 154% of Total 16.2% 83.8% 100.0%
  • 15. P value = < 0.001Have you ever triedcigarette smoking, evenone or two puffs? TotalYes NoStudent SexMaleCount 51 39 90% 56.7% 43.3% 100.0%FemaleCount 17 50 67% 25.4% 74.6% 100.0%TotalCount 68 89 157% of Total 43.3% 56.7% 100.0%
  • 16. P value = < 0.001If one of your best friends offered youa cigarette, would you smoke it?TotalYes No DontKnowStudentSexMaleCount 30 54 6 90% 33.3% 60.0% 6.7% 100.0%FemaleCount 4 59 4 67% 6.0% 88.1% 6.0% 100.0%TotalCount 34 113 10 157% of Total 21.7% 72.0% 6.4% 100.0%
  • 17. P value = 0.043Are you in favor ofbanning smoking inenclosed public places(such as schools)? TotalYes NoStudent SexMaleCount 53 36 89% 59.6% 40.4% 100.0%FemaleCount 28 37 65% 43.1% 56.9% 100.0%TotalCount 81 73 154% of Total 52.6% 47.4% 100.0%
  • 18. P value = 0.022Fishers Exact TestWhere do you smoke most often?TotalUniversity Home OtherStudent SexMaleCount 10 2 10 22% 45.5% 9.1% 45.5% 100.0%FemaleCount 0 2 0 2% 0.0% 100.0% 0.0% 100.0%Total Count 10 4 10 24
  • 19. Frequency PercentWhich one is more harmful?NarghileCigarette 17 10.8%Narghile 111 70.3%Dont Know 27 17.1%Over 8000 chemicalcompounds are created byburning a cigarette? falseTrue 47 29.7%False 21 13.3%Dont Know 89 56.3%Cigarette smoking is thefastest way to deliver nicotineto the brain? trueTrue 100 63.3%False 15 9.5%Dont Know 42 26.6%Knowledge about smoking
  • 20.  Smoking is somewhat highly prevalentamong Slemani Medical School students(15.8%). 43.3% of all students have tried cigarettesmoking in their life (even one or twopuffs). Small portion of non-smokers wouldsmoke cigarette if one of their best friendoffered them a cigarette.
  • 21.  Most of the smokers smoke both Narghileand cigarette. Most of the smokers think that if theykeep smoking they may become ill in thefuture. Half of the smokers tried to quit smokingbut they could not succeed. Females smoke at home most often.
  • 22.  Most of the smoker’s family wants themto quit smoking. Examinations increase smokingfrequency. Most of the smokers think that they willquit smoking when they get married.
  • 23.  Knowledge about the hazards ofsmoking on the student’s health shouldbe taught. Smoking cigarette should be bannedinside the school to decrease theirsmoking frequency. Lectures about stress should be givenbefore starting the examinations sincestudent’s smoking frequency increasesduring examination.
  • 24.  Being more serious in taking the absence inthe class, because most of the studentswho do not attend the lecture smokeoutside the class. Quitting Buddies program: the likelihood offollowing through on health goals increaseswith a partner. Quitters should be helped toconnect with each other for support. Free cessation counseling based onmotivational interviewing practices shouldbe provided to students by professionalstaff at health services.
  • 25. Smoking KillsStop Smoking While You Still CAN!!!

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