Topics for English test (các chủ đề thi nói bằng b tiếng Anh)
These topics, edited by Huỳnh Bá Học 1 TOPICS FOR TESTSTOPIC I. (DID)ADVANTAGES OF THE ATM CARD1. Do you have the ATM card? - Yes, I do.2. How often do you use it? - I use it about once a month.3. Will the ATM machine[məʃɪːn] allow you to withdraw[wɪðdrɔː ,wɪθ-] the money if your bankaccount[əkaʊnt] is less [les]? - No, it wont.4. Tell me advantages/ disadvantages of the ATM card?About advantages[ədvɑːntɪdʒ]:1. You don’t need to carry cash[kæʃ] if you go some places which have ATM.2. If your ATM card is stolen, your money is safe because the criminal[krɪmɪnl] would need your PIN toaccess[ækses] your funds[fʌnd].3. If you need cash, you don’t need go to bank. You can access your money at an ATM every time of day or night.4. You don’t need to pay the common[kɒmən] transaction[trænzækʃn]’s fees.About disadvantages[‚dɪsədvɑːntɪdʒ]:1. You also need to carry cash because not that there are ATMs everywhere.2. In our country, most of ATM cards allow[əlaʊ] you to withdraw limited[lɪmɪtɪd] money during[dur·ing ||djʊərɪŋ] the day. If you need withdraw more, you must go to the bank.3. Secure[sɪkjʊr /-kjʊə] problem: the ATM card can be faked[feɪk], make a loss for banks and users.TOPIC II. THE (DIS)ADVANTAGES OF LIVING IN A BIG CITY1. Do you like living in a big city or in the countryside? - I like living in a big city.2. Why do you like in a big city/ the countryside? - Because I have many opportunities[‚ɑpərtjuːnətɪ/‚ɒpət-] to learn and develop[dɪveləp] myself and I can alsohave many chances to get a good job and earn money.3. Can you tell me some advantages/ disadvantages of living in a big city? I spent all my childhood[tʃaɪldhʊd] in the countryside. When I grow[grəʊ] up and live in the city, Irealize[rɪəlaɪz] that life in the city can bring you a lot of advantages and disadvantages. Here, Id like to talk about advantages. First, city is political[pəlɪtɪkl] and economic[‚iːkənɒmɪk] center of the country. So, it will provide[prəvaɪd] youwith better conditions[kəndɪʃn], good environment/invaiərənmənt/ to develop your career[kərɪə]; Second, living in city you can choose[tʃuːz] your suitable[suːtəbl] job and accumulate[əkjuːmjʊleɪt]tích luỹ goodexperience[ɪkspɪərɪəns]kinh nghiệm from your well – educated[edjuːkeɪt] colleagues[kɒliːg]bạn đồng nghiệp. Moreover, you can send your children to good educational institutions[‚ɪnstɪtuːʃn /-tju-] and you can enjoy a lotof entertainment[‚entə(r)teɪmənt] services[sɜrvɪs /sɜːvɪs]. However, you can easily[iːzɪlɪ] realize some disadvantages of living in the city. The first one is traffic[træfɪk] jam[dʒæm] which we have to suffer[sʌfə(r)]chịu from every day. Besides/bisaidz/, environment pollution[pəluːʃn] also endangers[ɪndeɪndʒə] your health[helθ]. Rush[rʌʃ] life[laɪf] in city is supposed[səpəʊzd]coi như là đúng to cause[kɔːz] some serious[sɪrɪəs /sɪər-]diseases[dɪzɪːz] such as stress[stres]. You are always busy from morning to night. You dont have time forleisure[lɪːʒər /leʒə] activities that is the original[ərɪdʒənl]đầu tiên reason[rɪːzn] of stress. In conclusion/kənklu:ʤn/, Id like to say that wherever you live, there are both advantages and disadvantages.You should know to avoid[əvɔɪd] disadvantages for your life.TOPIC III. THE PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM IN YOUR COUNTRY1. What kind of public transport is there in our country? - In our country, there is much public[pʌblɪk] transportation[‚trænspərteɪʃn /-spɔːt-]: Bus, taxi[tæksɪ], plane.2. What public transport do you like best? Why? - I like the public bus system[sɪstəm] the best.3. Tell me some dis/advantages of public transport system in our country?
These topics, edited by Huỳnh Bá Học 2 The advantages of using public bus system: Its convenient/kənvi:njənt/ to go everywhere in the city. Riding the bus can be easy, inexpensive[‚ɪnɪkspensɪv],convenient, and comfortable[kʌmfətəbl]. These are lot more safe[seɪf] and also save[seɪv] money. Buses are lessexpensive/ikspensiv/ when compared[kəmpeə] to hiring[haɪə(r)] taxis. A bus can carry a large[lɑrdʒ /lɑː-] group ofpeople at one time. The disadvantages of using public bus system: - The bus may be a noisy and uncomfortable/ʌnkʌmfətəbl/ ride where you have to share[ʃer /ʃeə] with otherstrangers[streɪdʒə(r)]; - Bus is also famed[feɪmd] for being late and not stopping where you want it to stop. - You can waste[weɪst] a lot of time waiting for the next one. Because the bus doesn’t always come on time. - The bus is often very full of many people on it, so it makes the passengers[pæsɪndʒə(r)] feel uncomfortable.4. Are you pleased with the public transport system in our country at present? Why (not)? - No, Im not. Because the city doesn’t spend enough[ɪnʌf] on public transportation. There should be morepublic buses in the city.TOPIC IV. THE ROLE OF MEN/WOMEN IN YOUR COUNTRY1. How is the role of men/women in Vietnam at present? The role of women is an important part of family life and society[səsaɪətɪ]. Nowadays, they can also do manythings that men can do. In a family, the mother always the one who teaches her children good or bad things so thatthey will become good citizens[sɪtɪzn] in the future.2. Tell some positive[pɑzətɪv /pɒz-]/ negative[negətɪv] factors of the role of men and that of women? a) The role of men: - The positive factors: Being a good provider/provider/, protector[prətektə(r)], leader and teacher is a privilege[prɪvɪlɪdʒ]đặc ân thatcomes with responsibilities[rɪ‚spɑnsəbɪlətɪ /-pɒn-] that many men are aware[əweə] of. - The negative factors: The man has dropped out of the home in our society[səsaɪətɪ]. b) The role of women: - The positive factors[fæktə(r)]: The role of the woman is to be a teammate with her husband[hʌzbənd] in creating a home, and raising greatchildren to function[fʌŋkʃn] well in society. Giving birth[bɜːθ] to children, putting up with the daily[deɪlɪ]pressures[preʃə(r)] of life, dealing[dɪːlɪŋ]chia with the demands[dɪmɑːnd] of children, maintaining[meɪnteɪn] a goodrelationship[rɪleɪʃnʃɪp] with her husband and they can also do many things that men can do. - The negative factors: - Research shows that most victims[vɪktɪm] of family violence are women. - Working women who have children experience even[iːvn] more demands on time, energy[enədʒɪ] andresources/riso:s/.TOPIC V. THE TRAFFIC PROBLEMS IN BIG CITIES LIKE HANOI CITY1. Does traffic jam happen every day in big cities? - Yes, it does.2. What are the main causes of traffic jam in big cities? - The lack[læk] of consciousness[kɑnʃəsnɪs /kɒn-] hiểu biết to follow[fɑləʊ /fɒl-] the traffic rules[ruːl] is one ofthe most significant[sɪgnɪfɪkənt] factors[fæktə(r)] that contributes[kəntrɪbjuːt]đóng góp to traffic jam. - The second and most significant[sɪgnɪfɪkənt] cause of traffic jam in big cities is the scheme[skɪːm]sắp xếp of thecity.3. What is the traffic jam in big cities like? Traffic jam happens[hæpən] everyday, everywhere and everywhen. The traffic in big cities can be anightmare[naɪtmer/-meə] for any first-time visitor because it is very chaotic[keɪɒtɪk] hỗn độn. It is especially[ɪspeʃəlɪ]terrible[terəbl] during the rush[rʌʃ] hour[aʊə(r)], when everyone is attempting[ətempt]cố gắng to get to or from workquickly[kwɪklɪ].4. Give some solutions to the traffic problem? In order to have a good traffic, people should learn traffic rules. The government[gʌvərnmənt /gʌvn-] shoulddevise[dɪvaɪz] nghĩ ra a sensible[sensəbl] hợp lý plan[plæn] to reduce[rɪduːs /-dju-] traffic jams, like designing/dizainiɳ/a better layout of the city.
These topics, edited by Huỳnh Bá Học 3TOPIC VI. THE POLLUTION PROBLEMS IN YOUR COUNTRY1. Tell some main causes of pollution in the country. Pollution is caused by industrial[ɪndʌstrɪəl] and commercial[kəmɜːʃl] waste[weɪst]. No matter where you go andwhat you do, there are remnants[remnənt]dấu vết of pollution.2. Why do a lot of traffic and factories make the air polluted? Transportation and factories have a greatest impact[ɪmpækt]tác động on air pollution due[djuː] to theirdominant[dɑmɪnənt/dɒm]có ảnh hưởng role in the fuel/fjuəl/ consumption[kənsʌmpʃn]tiêu thụ 3. What should be done to prevent pollution in the country? I believe it all depends on how much you really care to help stop pollution and help keep our cities clean. Thebest way to prevent[prɪvent] land pollution is to recycle. Here are a few other ways you can reduce land pollution: - Buy recycled products[prɑdəkt /prʌdɑkt] - The companies that have polluted need to be punished[pʌnɪʃ]. - Don’t use pesticides[pestɪsaɪd] - Plant more trees and tend[tend] to them4. What do you think about that people who litter[lɪtə(r)] on the streets should be punished? I think that’s a good idea[aɪdɪə] to reduce[rɪduːs /-dju-] pollution, because littering is a serious problem whichcauses pollution.TOPIC VII. THE FAMILY VIOLENCE IN YOUR COUNTRY1. Is family violence[vaɪələns] the most popular[pɑpjələ(r) / pɒpjʊl-] crime[kraɪm] tội ác in Vietnam? Why(not)? - Yes, it is. Because/bikɔz/ the main cause of family violence is directly[dɪrektlɪ] related[rɪleɪtɪd] to the unequaldistribution of power[paʊə(r)] and to the asymmetrical/,æsimetrikəl/không đối xứng relationships that exist[ɪgzɪst]between men[men] and women[ˈwimin] in our society[səsaɪətɪ].2. Give some causes of the family violence. 1. Unequal/ʌni:kwəl/ role[rəʊl] distributions[‚dɪstrɪbjuːʃn] 2. Frustration[frʌstreɪʃn] thất vọng due[djuː] to poverty[pɑvə(r)tɪ /pɒ-]cảnh bần cùng 3. Extramarital ngoại tình relationship[rɪleɪʃnʃɪp] 4. Infidelity[‚ɪnfɪdelətɪ]không chung thuỷ 5. Jealousy[dʒeləsɪ] 6. Money3. According to you, how to help woman and children coping with violence?4. May children who are raised in violent homes learn to became a buser? Give the reasons of your own.TOPIC VIII. LIFE AND LIVING CONDITIONS OF PEOPLE IN YOUR COUNTRY AT PRESENT1. What are current living conditions like in the city/ the country side? Living conditions in Vietnam are not very well in rural[rʊrəl /rʊərəl] areas. Vietnam has one of the highestpopulation[pɑpjəleɪʃn /‚pɒpjʊ-] in the world for its countrys size[saɪz]. There are too many poor people who areliving in country side need the government helps.2. Give some differences in living conditions between the city and the countryside. - Before I moved here, I lived in a village [vɪlɪdʒ] in the North /nɔ:θ/ part /pɑ:t/ of Bình Địnhprovince[prɑvɪns/prɒ-]. I knew all the people in my neighborhood[neɪbərhʊd]. Life is different in the city. Youcan’t get to know all your neighbors. - The village is quiet and there was only a little traffic. There are bikes, motorbikes and cars coming from everydirection[dɪrekʃn] in the city. They really scare[sker /skeə] me.
These topics, edited by Huỳnh Bá Học 43. Can you tell me what you are very pleased with in the living conditions at present? Things are changing in the countryside. People can now have things like TV and cell phone. They are bringingnot only information but also entertainment[‚entə(r)teɪmənt]. And medical[medɪkl] facilities[fəsɪlətɪ] are moreeasily[iːzɪlɪ] accessible[æksesəbl]dễ bị ảnh hưởng too. In many ways, I prefer the countryside. Life is simple[sɪmpl],people are friendly and the air is clean.TOPIC IX. DISADVANTAGES OF BEING A SINGLE – PARENT1. Have you ever known a single – parent? -Yes, I have.2. If possible, how to help a single – parent? The first thing to do is contact[kɒntækt] your local Department/dipɑ:tmənt/ of Social[səʊʃl] Services to getinformation on financial help for single parents. The government has financial help programs to help single parentslive a better life. You can send some information of single parents life to the Internet. That way many people will know them andthey will give them the best solutions[səluːʃn] for their life.3. Give some disadvantages of being a single – parent. Whether you’re a single mother or a single father doesn’t matter, you have to face some challenges[tʃælɪndʒ] onyour journey[dʒɜrnɪ /dʒɜː-] of raising your child or children alone. 4. What would you do if you were a single parent? If I were a single parent, I would try my best to take care of my children.TOPIC X. DO YOU THINK COMPANIES THAT HAVE POLLUTED THE AIR/WATER SHOULD BEPUNISHED? GIVE THE REASONS OF YOUR OWN.1. What do companies do to get the air/ water polluted? As a result of industrialization/in,dʌstriəlaizeiʃn/, many factories[fæktərɪ] and industrial centers are building andthis causes air and water pollution to the environment.2. Give some damages when the air/ water is polluted? Air pollution not only threatens[θretn]đe doạ the health[helθ] and life of humans[hjuːmən] but also causesdamage[dæmɪdʒ] to the environment/invaiərənmənt/. The results[rɪzʌlt] of water pollution are fish and othercreatures[kriːtʃə]sinh vật that live in the water are harmed[hɑrm /hɑːm].3. Give some solutions to prevent polluting the air/ water? If people use public transportation instead of driving, this will reduce[rɪduːs /-dju-] pollution by limiting[lɪmɪt]the number of pollution emitting[ɪmɪt] cars. The best way to prevent[prɪvent] water pollution is to not throw trash and other harmful chemicals[kemɪkl] intoour water supplies[səplaɪ].4. Give the reasons of your own for punishing the companies that have polluted the air/water. The companies that have polluted need to be punished. Because they are the main cause of serious pollution.