Harnessing Services Trade for Development: A Background and Guide on Services Coalitions in Africa and the Caribbean


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  • Illustrative of regional context
  • Harnessing Services Trade for Development: A Background and Guide on Services Coalitions in Africa and the Caribbean

    1. 1. Harnessing Services Trade for Development: ABackground and Guide on Services Coalitions in Africa and the Caribbean Part 1 From: Harnessing Services Trade for Development: A Background and Guide on Services Coalitions in Africa and the Caribbean By: Michelle Hustler – helpdesk Business Services David Primack – International Lawyers and Economists Against Poverty
    2. 2. Challenges in Harnessing Services Trade Fragmented Weak Policy/Regulatory Environment Poorly-Understood Challenges in Establishing Credibility Primarily MSMEs Weak Associations Low-Levels of Political Influence Insufficient Access to Financing Limited Access to Market Intelligence Challenges
    3. 3. Background - Coalition Movement in the CaribbeanAn Idea 1997 A Concept Paper 1998 Towards a Caribbean 1999The idea of establishing service coalitions A steering committee is established and a Coalition of Servicein the Caribbean is raised at a concept paper is commissioned by theCARICOM/UNDP workshop on services as Caribbean Export Development Agency Industriesa possible response to the challenges and to provide guidance on the way forward. The paper, written by Mr. Henryopportunities of a increasingly globalized Gill, highlights the rationale for andtrade context. proposed roles of a Caribbean regional coalition. A Proposal
    4. 4. Background - Coalition Movement in the CaribbeanA Major Milestone 2001 Barbados CSI 2002 Trinidad and Tobago CSI 2006The CARICOM Council for Trade and The BCSI holds its first Annual General Though coalitions are launched inEconomic Development (COTED) agrees Meeting in 2002 and becomes Guyana and Saint Lucia, the Trinidad andto the formation of a national coalition in incorporated and fully functional in 2003. Tobago Coalition of Service Industrieseach Member State as well as a regional becomes the next fully functionalcoalition as part of the regional coalition; after a launch in 2006, thedevelopment plan for the services sector. organization becomes operational in 2007. Beginnings
    5. 5. Background - Coalition Movement in the CaribbeanSaint Lucia CSI 2009 A Major Milestone – 2010 Antigua & Barbuda, 2011After a launch in 2007, the SLCSI secures The Caribbean Network of Jamaica,the resources needed to be fullyfunctional. Service Coalitions Dominica CSIs The region’s coalitions and service Coalitions continue to be established champions reaffirm and deepen their across CARICOM. relationship with each other through the establishment of a formalized grouping, the Caribbean Network of Service Coalitions (CNSC), a network of independent coalitions. Progress
    6. 6. Background - Coalition Movement in the CaribbeanBelize, 2011 Continued Support 2012Grenada CSIs Funds and support have been allocated specifically to the activities of the serviceCoalitions are operationalized in Grenada coalitions under the 10th EDF.and Belize – the seventh and eighthactive coalitions respectively. Coalitionefforts are shaping in Suriname, Bahamasand the Dominican Republic. Future
    7. 7. Illustrative Example CARICOM movement + Private Sector FTAA response + Declining agriculture and manufacturing sectors + Urgency to improve economic security + Need for value added jobs + Large, educated workforce + Increase foreign exchange earnings = Barbados Coalition of Service Industries A Perfect Storm
    8. 8. Developed vs. Developing Country CSI Developing Country Raising Awareness Building Capacity Export Promotion Networking Facilitation CSIs Lobbying Representation Raising Profile Developed Country Market Access … at this level, CSIs assist in mitigating institutional deficiencies (elsewhere provided by public sector) A Comparison
    9. 9. Proactive lobbying to raise Acting as a focal point and Lobbying with government Accessible, non-technical the profile of the national platform via which or at an international level information on trade in services sector, encouraging information on private services issues that can investment to enhance sector positions and Assistance re. establishing impact on competitiveness competitiveness, foreign developmental needs on new associations and exchange and contribution trade negotiations are strengthen existing ones Provision of market to growth / development readily obtainable information and export Promoting high standards promotion activities Collection of information Facilitating transparent and best practice and views from the private consultation that leads to Networking opportunities sector (e.g. data) and private sector views Support to associations in and help in forming strategic dissemination to the private properly reflected in providing export-focused alliances sector national positions services Training and support to Acting as an interlocutor Assist in the simplification of Facilitating coordination enhance competitiveness who can serve as a credible technical trade information amongst different voice for the sector and help to ensure a better national sector associations Improved credibility through officials dialogue better with understanding at private association with a its members for mutual sector level Increased contact between coalition, or initiatives such benefit (e.g. economic coalition members, as well as awards programmes reforms, FTAs) as international contacts Government Negotiators Service Associations Service ProvidersResults Results Results Results•A more pro-services •More informed negotiating •Increased lobbying power •Improved awarenessculture positions •Better quality associations •Better representation on•Improved knowledge and •Improved trust •Enhanced exports policy issuesresponsiveness •Improved implementation •More coordinated services •Improved information on•Better and more strategies opportunities/marketslegitimized services policies •Networking •Enhanced capacity •Enhanced exports •Improved reputation