GroupthinkThe Phenomenon in which the normfor consensus overrides the realisticappraisal of alternative courses ofaction.It describes the situation in whichgroup pressures for conformity deterthe group from critically appraisingunusual, minority, or unpopular views.
Social LoafingIs the phenomenon of people makingless effort to achieve a goal when theywork in a group than when they workalone.This is seen as one of the mainreasons groups are sometimes lessproductive than the combinedperformance of their members workingas individuals.
Group Decision –Making Techniques1) Interacting groups: Typical groupsin which members interact with eachother face to face.2) Brainstorming: An idea generationprocess that specifically encouragesany and all alternatives, whilewithholding any criticism of thosealternatives.
3) Nominal group technique: A groupdecision-making method in whichindividual members meet face to face topool their judgments in a systematic butindependent fashion.4) Electronic meeting: A meeting inwhich members interact on computers,allowing for anonymity of comments andaggregation of votes.
TEAMSWork team: A groupwhose individual effortsresult in a performancethat is greater than thesum of the individualinputs.
Group Vs. Team BASIS GROUP TEAM Share Collective Goal information performance Neutral Synergy (sometimes Positive negative) Individual andAccountability Individual mutual Random and Skills Complementary varied