Singapore’S Environmental Threat!

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  • Good morning mrs tay, mrs lam, teachers and fellow manjusrians, we are…..and we’re here today to talk about the serious environment threat we are facing now.
  • We will be discussing about these few topics today: Environmental issues that are growing more severe each day How Singapore clears up its rubbish What we can do as individuals And the campaigns introduced to encourage these environmental issues
  • Can talk about recent news about haze in Singapore due to forest fires in neighbouring countries. Explain how haze pollution is a cause and effect of global warming.
  • Due to increase in population, our usage of resources has significantly increased. We use much more than we need. The problem is, where do we dump our rubbish? In another 30 yrs(?) there will be no more land for us to dump our rubbish. Do we then have to burn our rubbish? Think abt the effects if we burn.
  • The rubbish produced comes from us humans. Where does our rubbish come from? [List examples: our homes; we use a lot of food packaging that is thrown away. Almost everyday our waste bin is full etc.]
  • Each day, there are about 1,100 trucks collecting rubbish. Approx 1 football field of 1.7 meter high! Can you imagine how much rubbish that is??
  • In the past 30 yrs the amount of rubbish we generated has increased by 6 times. At this rate S’pore will need to build a new incineration plant ever 5-7yrs and a new landfill site every 25-30yrs. This is indeed worrying for Singapore.
  • Since 2001, NEA has been working with our 3P(People, Private & Public) partners to introduce and set-up structured recycling progs for households, schools, offices, etc, as well as actively educate Singaporeans on waste minimisation & recycling. Recycling bins were also placed at public places to encourage public to recycle. We are fortunate that these steps were taken. Can you imagine the growth of waste if it is not managed after 2001? In 2002, a decrease in the amount of waste generated was shown. The emphasis on waste minimsation and recycling efforts coupled with the economic down turn contributed to the decrease in the waste output trend. (Note: Generally with an economic downturn, there’s reduced spending and less waste disposed of). This downward trend continued in 2003 and 2004. However, we have to be mindful that with the recovery of the economy, more people will have greater spending power and will purchase and dispose of more. Hence, even with recovery of the economy, we have to ensure that the waste minimisation and recycling efforts increase so that the amount of waste generated is reduced.
  • Does anyone recognise this place? This is the tuas incineration plant…its one of the four incineration plants in Singapore. They consist of the incineration plants at ulu pandan, tuas, tuas south, and senoko. Incineration Plant – Place where the waste is burnt to produce ash. The process reduced volume to about 10%. Hence use less space at the landfill site. Trucks come daily to dispose of the waste: weigh bridges, metal grabber, incineration, chimneys and ash disposal at P. Semakau. Ash will be produced after the rubbish/waste is burnt at the incineration plant. Each day two huge barges filled with waste material at the Tuas Marine Transfer Station are pushed by tugboats on a 25 km 3-hour journey to Semakau. On arrival, two enormous excavators unload the refuse, which is then brought by dump trucks to the tipping site for final disposal. Bulldozers and compactors are later used to level and compact the refuse.
  • Singapore currently has one landfill- the Pulau Semakau landfill. It is where waste / ash is buried. For non-burning waste such as concrete and broken glass & ash produced after waste is burnt. The landfill site at Pulau Semakau was commissioned in Apr 99 and has a lifespan on 25-30yrs.
  • Map of Singapore and the locations of our incineration plants where we burn our rubbish and our offshore landfill site where we bury our rubbish. We have four incineration plants. And one landfill site at Semakau.
  • Explain to them that 1 ice cream cost $1 and it would take 2,5 million years to spend $890 million.
  • Let’s talk about the first ‘R” – Reduce
  • We use paper everyday, but did you know that one ton of paper, which is one little piece of paper, causes 17 trees to be cut down. If we use paper at the rate we are using now, soon there will be no more trees left for us to use anymore. What we can do now is reduce the use of Paper!!!! (:
  • Less is best! Reducing waste is easy – it can take place at home or in the office. Here are some ideas to get you started. Use both sides of paper to reduce the amount of paper that we throw. I think everyone would feel that is not new but, not everyone does this.
  • Buy refillable items and stationary so that we reduce amount of waste produced from changing the packaging.
  • There are also ways to reduce waste at HOME: Buy only what you need; avoid buying unnecessary items By buying economic size products, you use lesser packaging and also save money. Hitting 2 birds with one stone!! Buy items that have lesser packaging to reduce amount of rubbish produced Use a cloth rag to clean wet messes, and reduce usage of paper towels or tissues. The cloth can be reused again, so reducing amount of waste.
  • Let’s talk about the second ‘R” – Reuse
  • Once we do not want to use our textbooks, we can donate or give it to other younger students or charitable organisations. You can also set up a book exchange corner, where you can exchange or give the story books, magazines, etc that you do not want to other students.
  • Use plastic bags you get from supermarkets to line ur rubbish bins or to reuse during the next shopping trip so that you don’t have to waste more plastic bags.
  • Re-use plastic containers for art and craft eg pen/pencil holders, vase, etc.
  • Used gift wrappers can be reused to line your shelves or drawers as decoration or for keeping them clean.
  • Used paper which has another side blank can be used for other purposes; cut them up and put them together as notebooks or scrap paper for scribbling/drafting.
  • The last ‘R’ is Recycle
  • This is the recycling icon. You can see this icon on cans, mineral water bottles and recycling bins. The icon means that you can recycle the material or the bin is a recycling bin.
  • This is a list of recyclable items commonly found and used in recycling
  • Let them know that the colours used are not universal; we have different colours for different places too.
  • What is the criteria for recycling rubbish?
  • Packet drinks cannot be recycled as they are made of 3 layers: inner layer is made of aluminum, 2 nd layer – paper and the outer layer – plastic. Currently there is no company that is able to recycle tetra packs. Due to the manpower resources required to separate the 3 materials, it is not economically viable for waste collectors to recycle tetra-packs. Other paper that cannot be recycled are those that are dirty, like your used tissue etc
  • These are recyclable paper items
  • It is advisable to use less of such items
  • These bottles must be rinsed clean first before they can be used in recycling
  • All these item shave to be clean before they undergo the recycling process
  • -monthly Bring Your Own Bag Day (BYOBD) every first Wednesday of the month - On BYOBD, shoppers are encouraged to bring their own shopping bags. Otherwise, they can purchase reusable bags available at the participating supermarkets or voluntarily donate 10 cents for each plastic bag taken at the checkout counters. Shoppers are also encouraged to decline plastic bags when purchasing only a few small items. Proceeds from the donation will go to SEC, a registered charity, where they will use it to fund campaign and other environmental programs.
  • Since, we know of the severe consequences of our ever-increasing waste, isn't it time for us to do something right abt it? Less waste not only saves us money for building landfills and incineration plants, it also saves the earth.
  • Before it’s too late, let us all do something for ourselves and the earth! Reduce, reuse and recycle today!!!
  • Singapore’S Environmental Threat!

    1. 1. Singapore’s Environmental Threat!
    2. 2. Content Outline <ul><li>Environmental issues </li></ul><ul><li>Waste management in Singapore </li></ul><ul><li>3’R’s approach </li></ul><ul><li>Campaigns </li></ul>
    3. 3. 1.Environmental Issues FREQUENT HAZE AND POOR AIR CONDITONS
    4. 4. 1.Environmental Issues INCREASING WASTE IN SINGAPORE!!
    5. 5. Where does OUR waste come from? Homes Schools Shopping centres Offices Eating places Industries
    6. 6. Every Day …. about 1,100 truck loads of rubbish WOW!
    7. 7. Waste Explosion 2009 1970 <ul><li>1 new incineration plant every 5-7 years </li></ul><ul><li>1 new landfill every 25-30 years </li></ul>… this is indeed worrying Increase 6 times
    8. 8. Waste Growth
    9. 9. Why do we need to worry? <ul><li>Singapore is a small country and land space is limited </li></ul><ul><li>Expensive to build & keep up the incineration plants and landfill sites </li></ul><ul><li>Need to save our resources </li></ul>
    10. 10. 2. Waste management Incineration Plants Burn (90%) (at incineration plant)
    11. 11. 2. Waste management Landfill Bury (10%) (at landfill site)
    12. 12. Refuse Disposal Facilities 2. Waste management Semakau Landfill Senoko IP Tuas IP Ulu Pandan IP Tuas South IP
    13. 13. How much does it cost? Tuas South Incineration Plant 1 ice cream costs $1.00 In 1 year = $365.00 $890 million = Approx. 2, 439,000 years $890 million! 2. Waste management
    14. 14. Reduce Reuse Recycle The 3 ‘R’s
    15. 16. Reduce wastages by writing on both sides of the sheet of paper R educe
    16. 17. Reduce wastages by using Refillable writing materials R educe
    17. 18. More tips to reduce! Avoid impulse shopping when buying groceries - plan a shopping list Buy large or economy-sized household products that are used frequently Choose products with less packaging Reduce paper waste by using cloth rags instead of paper towels R educe
    18. 19. Reduce Reuse Recycle The 3 ‘R’s
    19. 20. Donate your unwanted textbooks to charitable organisations. l Pass them on to your junior schoolmates. Set-up a book exchange corner. Reuse
    20. 21. <ul><li>Reuse </li></ul><ul><li>plastic </li></ul><ul><li>bags/paper </li></ul><ul><li>bags for </li></ul><ul><li>your next </li></ul><ul><li>shopping trip </li></ul><ul><li>or to line </li></ul><ul><li>waste bins </li></ul>Reuse
    21. 22. Reuse plastic containers Reuse
    22. 23. Reuse gift wrappers for wrapping gifts or to line shelves and drawer Reuse
    23. 24. Too much scrap paper? Cut them up to make notepaper and shopping lists. Reuse
    24. 25. The 3 ‘R’s Reduce Reuse Recycle 22
    25. 26. What is this sign? Recycle
    26. 27. Common Recyclable Materials Collected for Recycling Paper Drink cans Plastic bottles Glass bottles/glass jars Carton boxes Old clothing Recycle
    27. 28. Where can you find the recycling bins? Recycle
    28. 29. Different colored recycling bins at Orchard Road… CANS PLASTIC PAPER GLASS Recycle
    29. 30. Where can you find recycling bins? <ul><li>Major shopping streets </li></ul><ul><li>Hawker centres, Food courts, Coffee shops </li></ul><ul><li>Schools </li></ul><ul><li>Bus interchanges </li></ul><ul><li>MRT stations </li></ul><ul><li>Airport </li></ul><ul><li>Flatted factories </li></ul>Basically everywhere! Recycle
    30. 31. What & How of Recycling… Recycle
    31. 32. Not-Acceptable Recycling of Paper NOT-ACCEPTABLE Paper contaminated by food waste Others: Used tissue paper, Sweet wrappers, Laminated Paper, Paper coated with wax Packet drinks Recycle
    32. 33. Newspaper, magazines, computer printouts, junk mail, writing paper, envelopes, shredded paper Acceptable Recycling of Paper Recycle
    33. 34. Acceptable Recycling of Paper Paper packaging (food & drink) & carton boxes Recycle
    34. 35. Styrofoam cups, plastic disposable cups & containers Not-Acceptable Recycling of Plastic Bottles NOT-ACCEPTABLE Recycle
    35. 36. Acceptable Recycling of Plastic Bottles Mineral bottles & Drink bottles Recycle
    36. 37. Acceptable Recycling of Cans Beverages cans, soft drink cans etc. Food cans (Rinsed) Recycle
    37. 38. 4. Campaigns
    38. 41. THANK YOU!

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