Ellis Island and Angel Island Experience


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A short summary about ellis island and angel island

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Ellis Island and Angel Island Experience

  1. 1. Through Ellis Island and Angel Island: The Immigrant Experience
  2. 2. Why Europeans Immigrated • “Give me your tired, your poor, / Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free…” • Where did immigrants come from? -They usually came from Europe due to poverty, economics, etc. (Also known as push and pull factors.)
  3. 3. Push / Pull Factors • What is a push / pull factor? • PUSH: population growth, hunger and religious persecution • Pogroms – organized, anti-Jewish attacks • PULL: opportunity, jobs, land and the sometimes misleading America letters • “land of milk and honey…streets paved with gold…”
  4. 4. Push Factor: Conditions that encourages people to move away from their homeland Pull Factors: Conditions that attract people to settle into a new area
  5. 5. The Trip • Two- three months now took two weeks due to steamships • Seasickness, spoiled food, spread in disease and filthy toilets • Separation on the ship by class • What did third class passengers face? • They faced disease, some naked, hunger, people Stealing food and other things.
  6. 6. Ellis Island • “Six second exam” – Marked clothing with chalk (L,H,X and E) – Faced possible deportation • 29 Question Exam – “Do you have work waiting for you?” / Foran Act of 1885 • About 2% of immigrants were denied entry – Ride on ferry to NYC
  7. 7. Urban Populations Explode • Most immigrants settled in places like New York, Chicago, Boston, Cleveland, etc. – Lived in areas with those who spoke the same language – Riis’s imagined map of the city (p. 192) – Also lived in areas were there was works such as farms and factories. (usually factories because of unskilled workers)
  8. 8. American Response • New immigrants had to “find their own way” financially • Who could they rely on? – “pass the hat” – Settlement Houses – established as a community center to help guide immigrants • Political Bosses – • Assimilation / Americanization • Happened with children at school, needing to fit in
  9. 9. American Response • Cultural differences created backlash – Anarchy / Socialism • Nativism spreads like wildfire – Religious and cultural differences and economic downturn fueled the fire • By the 1920’s Congress had passed legislation to slow immigration – Became based on quota QUOTA: System that limited immigration by allowing only a certain number of people from each country to
  10. 10. Immigration from Asia • Immigrants, mainly from China, came to strike it rich on Gold Mountain (California) – Majority were men, most ended up staying in the US – Friction between white men and Chinese immigrants grew over labor – Chinese worked for less
  11. 11. Immigration from Asia • “…utter heathens, treacherous, sensual, cowardly, cruel…” - Henry George • Chinese “could never be Americanized” – Mob violence towards Chinese – Economic woes blamed on Chinese – Chinese Exclusion Act (1882) – no immigration of Chinese for 10 years
  12. 12. Angel Island • “Ellis Island of the West” • Detained for questioning – Asked extremely specific questions to prevent Chinese from forging their way into the country – Could be detained for weeks, months, even years • Angel Island = miserable place
  13. 13. Other Asian Immigrant Groups • Immigrants came as farm laborers and service industry workers from: – Korea, Philippines, and Japan • Anti-Asian feelings caused segregation – led to a Gentleman’s Agreement between TR and Japan • Japanese allowed emigrants, with certain family demands
  14. 14. Immigrants From North and South • As immigration slowed from Asia, farmers found new laborers from Mexico – Higher wages and plentiful opportunity – Mexican Revolution was also a push factor – Faced similar segregation and racist attitudes from white people • Canadians immigrated without many problems – hard to tell them apart
  15. 15. What Affects Immigration? • • • • • Unemployment Poverty Hunger Freedom New opportunities Reminder: Push and Pull Factors Immigrations has defined U.S history!