Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Sky farming
Sky farming
Sky farming
Sky farming
Sky farming
Sky farming
Sky farming
Sky farming
Sky farming
Sky farming
Sky farming
Sky farming
Sky farming
Sky farming
Sky farming
Sky farming
Sky farming
Sky farming
Sky farming
Sky farming
Sky farming
Sky farming
Sky farming
Sky farming
Sky farming
Sky farming
Sky farming
Sky farming
Sky farming
Sky farming
Sky farming
Sky farming
Sky farming
Sky farming
Sky farming
Sky farming
Sky farming
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Sky farming

5,509

Published on

This presentation is about the new concept about planting food for the generation of future in big sky scapers.

This presentation is about the new concept about planting food for the generation of future in big sky scapers.

Published in: Education
3 Comments
4 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total Views
5,509
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
455
Comments
3
Likes
4
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. SOHAIB ANJUM MAJID RAHEEM RAOHA EHSAN AYISHA AQEEL HINA SOHAIL SOBAN AHMED HUSHAAM ALI
  • 2. WHAT IS SKY FARMING???
    • SKY FARMING
    • is a proposed agricultural technique involving large scale agriculture in urban high-rises or "farm scrapers".
    • It can be used for:
    • Saving horizontal land
    • to accumulate given area for crops
    • Future high rise society
    • Sustainability
    • Energy Efficiency
    • Organic Growth
  • 3. WHY WE NEED SKY FARMING??? Population Pressures
    • As Malthus identified, the human population has
    • a linear relationship with land
    • Present estimates indicated at least 80% of
    • potentially arable land is already being used for
    • agricultural purposes.
    • About ½ of the mature tropical forest cover of the earth has been destroyed, somewhere between 750-800 million hectares.
  • 4. Population and Future Predictions By 2025, the world’s population will swell from 6.6 billion to 8 billion people. Is mathematician Thomas Malthus’s 200-year-old prediction, that human growth will one day outpace agriculture, finally coming to pass Predictions and Problems:
    • he world’s population will live in urban areas
    • the total population of the world will increase by 3 billion people
    • to feed 3 billion more people using traditional farming techniques an estimated 10^9 hectares of new farmland must be created
    • Scientists are concerned that this large amount of required farmland will not be available and that severe damage to the earth will be caused by the added farmland.
    WHY WE NEED SKY FARMING???
  • 5. Brazil
    • Since 1970, 600,000 square kilometers of Amazonian Rainforest
    • have been destroyed within Brazil for agriculture uses. That is
    • about the size of Manitoba, or, two and half times the size of the
    • United Kingdom. This is approximately 40% of its size of1950
    • The soil of the Amazon is not ideal for crop cultivation, and tends to
    • only stay fertile for a limited time. Farmers are constantly clearing
    • more land to meet production needs
    • Unless significant steps are taken to limit deforestation in this area,
    • it is projected that by 2030 only 10% of this vital natural resource
    • will remain
  • 6. Agriculture’s Land Consumption 26% Forrest & Savannah 38% Agriculture
    • Approximately 38% of the Earth’s land is being used for human agriculture. When considering all forests/wooded areas/savannahs only cover 26%, and urban space a tiny 3.5%, the scale of human agriculture comes into view.
    WHY WE NEED SKY FARMING???
  • 7. Food Security $145 barrel July 2008 $70 barrel July 2006 Environmental Variability Food – Oil Connection Haiti April 2008 Climate Change Pest Damage Drought Food Security
  • 8.
    • Dramatically Improve Land Efficiency to avoid…
      • Massive starvation
      • Irreversible ecological catastrophe
    • Realize a Fossil-Fuel free form of agriculture
    • Improve Food Security
    • Reduce negative ecological impact of agriculture
    • (methane, nitrous oxide emissions)
    INITIATIVES FOR THE 21 st CENTURY
  • 9. CONCEPTS OF SKY FARMING - There are different concepts behind the sky farming. Every architect perceives it by its own way.
    • All-in-one eco-towers would be actually produce more energy
    • Water (via condensation/purification)
    • Food than their occupants would consume
    • To develop a sustainable and high-tech wonder of ecological engineering.
    vertical farm project by Chris Jacobs Concept:
  • 10. CONCEPTS OF SKY FARMING Architect Pierre Sartoux of Atelier SOA
    • A light-shading skin to admit the sunlight
    • wind-driven and circulate oxygen and carbon dioxide between growing and living spaces.
    • garden and recreation spaces for residents
    • light and air filters for the adjacent buildings
    Concept: Proposal for a vertical farming skyscraper
  • 11. CONCEPTS OF SKY FARMING Pacific Northwest regional architecture firm Mithun Concept:
    • incorporate various green building strategies in a mixed-use residential and commercial complex designed
    • Design a structure as a kind of built organism
    • completely self-sufficient and adaptive to its surroundings
    • water and energy self-sufficiency from rainwater
    • and gray water collection and reuse
    • solar cells
    • vegetable and grain growing spaces
    • chicken farm
    Design:
  • 12. TECHNIQUES AND DEVICES Vertical farming is dependent on various physical methods to produce food. The vertical farm brings these technologies and devices together, most of which are still under research. Some of the most common and popular technologies used are:
    • Solar greenhouse (technical) / Greenhouse
    • Aeroponics / Hydroponics
    • Composting
    • Grow light
    • Phytoremediation
  • 13. SUSTAINABILITY Methods for sky farming to make it SUSTAINABLE Environmental scientist Dickson Despommier of Columbia University and other scientists propose a radical solution:
    • Transplant farms into city skyscrapers
    • towers would use soil-free hydroponic farming to slash demand for energy
    • they’ll be powered by a process that converts sewage into electricity
    • producing more food
    • Free up farmland free tree would help to remove carbon from atmosphere
    • vertical farms would grow food near which would emission of transport
    • oil burned to cultivate and ship crops
    • most solid waste collections are simply compacted and transfer to landfills, or in a few instances, burn to generate energy.
  • 14. ADVANTAGES
    • Bring employment to a city that has a 27% unemployment rate, and also offer education for those involved.
    • Create a new tax base for a city that needs to collect taxes for services, but was losing more of its tax base year after year.
    • Bring fresh fruit and vegetables to a city where residents often have to travel twice as far to a market than to a liquor store.
    • Bring fresh produce to restaurants who otherwise have to buy from much farther away.
    • Offer a model city for other cities that also are facing declining populations and perhaps inspire other cities to bring smaller farms closer, if not within the city limits.
    • Create a new local economy.
    • Bring beauty and a natural environment to city dwellers.
    • Bring alternative energy to the inner city. The plan includes the installation of solar panels to power itself. Hantz Farms will also harvest wind energy and utilize geothermal heat and biomass fuel from recycling compost.
    • Vertical farming would reduce the need for new farmland due to overpopulation , thus saving many natural resources, currently threatened by deforestation or pollution .
    • Deforestation, desertification , and other consequences of agricultural encroachment on natural biomes would be avoided.
    • Because vertical farming lets crops be grown closer to consumers, it would substantially reduce the amount of fossil fuels currently used to transport and refrigerate farm produce.
  • 15. ADVANTAGES
    • Producing food indoors reduces or eliminates conventional plowing, planting, and harvesting by farm machinery, also powered by fossil fuels .
    • Burning less fossil fuel would reduce air pollution and the carbon dioxide emissions that cause climate change , as well as create healthier environments for humans and animals alike.
    • There are some species found in the roof garden that aren’t even on the ground.
    • The soil on the roof has insulated the building so well that the energy needs of the 400,000 square foot building were reduced by about 10 percent.
    • the roof retained 98% of its rainfall, preventing it from entering the storm water system, which can get over stressed with big storms.
    • This also reduces costs for the municipal wastewater treatment.
  • 16. DIS-ADVANTAGES
    • It is unlikely that traditional farms will become obsolete, as there are many crops that are not suited for vertical farming.
    • ECONOMICS
  • 17. FEASIBILITY
  • 18.
    • 59 Floors
    • 238 m (714 ft)
    • 3,800,000 ft 2 floor area
    • 11,000,000 ft 2 growing area
    • Feeds over 40,000 people
    • year round
    • Fossil-fuel free agriculture
    • Redefining ‘local’
    • agriculture
    Sky Farm
  • 19. SkyFarm SkyFarm YEARLY PRODUCTION 54,388,000 lbs of Vegetable Produce 989,000 lbs of Animal Meat 455,000 lbs of Eggs 2,006,000 lbs of Lettuce 1,822,000 lbs of Cucumber 2,990,000 lbs of Eggplant 3,028,000 lbs of Strawberries 2,736,000 lbs of Peppers 4,672,000 lbs of Carrots 6,570,000 lbs of Spinach 6,570,000 lbs of Soybeans 5,292,000 lbs of Green Beans 5,474,000 lbs of Tomatoes
    • ,000
    lbs of Poultry meat 455,000 dzn Eggs 5,997,000 lbs of Wheat 7,231,000 lbs of Potatoes 242,000 lbs of Tilapia (fish) meat
  • 20. x2.8 SURFACE AREA Space Efficiency – Surface Area 63 metres (surface area) 182 metres (growing area) = EXAMPLE : Strawberry Production
  • 21. x10 HARVESTS Space Efficiency – Conditioned Space = Multiple Harvests Example: Strawberry Production 1 ACRE X 2.8 (VERTICAL ORIENT.) X 10 HARVESTS = 28 ACRES
    • Temperature and lighting control
    • enables the optimal growing
    • conditions for each plant type
    • to be maintained indefinitely
  • 22. Space Efficiency – Vertical Stacking James Wines – HIGHRISE OF HOMES
  • 23. SkyFarm SkyFarm PRODUCE EQUAL TO… 1369.62 acre or 547.85 hectares … of conventional farming 18.18 acres of Lettuce 12.45 acres of Cucumber 48.93 acres of Eggplant 332.11 acres of Strawberries 22,20 acres of Peppers 18.70 acres of Carrots 389.64 acres of Spinach 340.02 acres of Soybeans 49.10 acres of Green Beans 14.43 acres of Tomatoes n/a acres of Poultry meat n/a acres Eggs 55.10 acres of Wheat 67.95 acres of Potatoes n/a acres of Tilapia (fish) meat
  • 24. ANAEROBIC DIGESTER LIVING MACHINE TM SkyFarm WASTE H 2 0 CLEAN H 2 0 POWER SkyFarm BUILDING SYSTEM DIAGRAM SILAGE AGRI-WASTE
  • 25. SkyFarm POWER SkyFarm URBAN SYSTEM DIAGRAM PRE-FILTER SEWAGE BIO-WASTE / COMPOSTABLES ORGANIC WASTE WASTE WATER POWER TO GRID WATER TO CITY WATER
  • 26.
    • Skyscraper vegetation is an innovative, urban agriculture technique dedicated to building sustainable, commercial-scale hydroponic farms on urban rooftops. The main goal is to improve the health and nutrition of city populations and provide new jobs and educational opportunities through the development of urban sustainable agricultural communities. Each Sky Vegetables farm will provide nutritious, chemical free and locally grown produce, while reducing environmental damage.
    • BENEFITS TO COMMUNITIES
    • Sky Vegetables provides numerous benefits to partner cities including:
    • Increased access to fresh produce
    • Creation of green jobs
    • Improved nutrition for local citizens
    • Improved air quality
    • New educational opportunities
    • Decreased healthcare costs
    • Localization of the economy
    • Creation of sustainable communities
    URBAN CENTRES
  • 27.
    • ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS
    • Creates sustainable agricultural environments for urban centres
    • Reduces greenhouse gas emissions
    • Reduces fossil fuel use
    • Converts non-usable space into food production centres
    • All food is grown without herbicides, pesticides or fertilizers
    • No crop failures due to droughts, frost, floods, storms or pests
    • Carbon credits
    URBAN CENTRES
  • 28. GROW Housing Moss Park (Toronto)
  • 29. GROW Housing Moss Park
    • The tightly packed tenement houses that characterised the
    • neighbourhood were cleared during the urban renewal programs of
    • the 1950s and 60s
    • Over the years, the city’s social and temporary housing initiatives
    • slowly accumulated in the neighbourhood due to the affordable
    • land and central location
    • The building site, which is on the west side of the park, is currently
    • consumed by the Moss Park Armoury
  • 30. Program GROW Housing
  • 31.
    • LIVING MACHINE – FILTERS FARM & RESIDENTIAL WASTE WATER
    • HYDROPONIC FARM – PRODUCES ENOUGH FOOD TO SUSTAIN 1,000 PEOPLE / YR
    • ANAEROBIC DIGESTER – COLLECTS FARM WASTE, COMPOSTABLES FROM RESIDENTIAL UNITS
    • AND SOLID WASTE FROM WASTE WATER TO PRODUCE POWER
    • (ALSO CAN PROCESS BIO-WASTES FROM NEIGHBORHOOD)
    LIVING MACHINE HYDROPONIC FARM ANAEROBIC DIGESTER GROW Housing Building System
  • 32. Community Gardens
    • CREATES 5,300 m 2 OF COMMUNITY ACCESS GARDENS
    • NUTRIENT-RICH COMPOST AND NATURAL FERTILIZERS GENERATED ON SITE
    • (FROM ANAEROBIC DIGESTER)
    • INTRODUCES SOCIAL ACTIVITY, AS WELL AS A GREATER DEGREE OF SELF-
    • SUFFICIENCY FOR LOW-INCOME EARNERS
    GROW Housing
  • 33. GROW Housing Cyclical Resource Flows
  • 34. GROW Housing
  • 35. Dongtan – China ARUP
  • 36. Masdar – United Arab Emirates Sir NORMAN FOSTER
  • 37. RAK Gateway – United Arab Emirates OMA – REM KOOLHAAS

×