Review of tenses

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Review of tenses

  1. 1. Verbs! Verb forms Review of tenses 1
  2. 2. Timeline Draw a timeline of your life. List 8- 10 events on the timeline. Moved to Cali 2005 Was Born Traveled 1978 to Europe Husband School graduates @ Oxford 1999 Started Got married School 1983 2008 2
  3. 3. The Six English Verb Tenses Three Simple Tenses Simple continuous Present – You walk. You are walking I run. I am running. Past – You Walked You were walking. I ran. I was running. Future – You will walk. You will be walking. I will run. I will be running. Three Perfect Tenses Perfect continuous Present perfect – you have You have been walking. walked. I have been running. I have run. Past Perfect – You had walked. You had been walking. I had run. I had been running. Future Perfect– You will have You will have been walking. walked I will have been running. I will have run.
  4. 4. The Simple Present Tense Expresses a habit or often a repeatedaction. Adverbs of frequency such as, often,seldom, sometimes, never, etc. are used withthis tense. She goes to work everyday. They always eat lunch together.On your handout, write one sentence that theSIMPLE PRESENT tense: something you do often,sometimes, never, seldom
  5. 5. The Simple Present Tense This tense also expresses general truths orfacts that are timeless. Snow falls in December in Minnesota. Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius.
  6. 6. The Present Continuous This tense is used to describe an action thatis occurring right now (at this moment, today,this year, etc.). The action has begun and isstill in progress. It can be occuring now, but istemporary Formed by adding am/ is/are before the verb and –ing to the verb She is typing a paper for her class. He can’t talk. He is fixing the sink right now.On your handout, write one sentence that reflectsthe PRESENT CONTINUOUS tense: something thatis occurring right now.
  7. 7. The Simple Past We use the simple past to indicate exactlywhen an action or event took place in the past. I visited my sister yesterday. We went out to dinner last night.On your handout, write one sentence that reflectsthe SIMPLE PAST tense: something you did in thepast that is now completed (over, done).
  8. 8. The Simple Past The simple past is used to describe actions and/or events that are now completed and no longer true in the present. Formed by adding -ed to REGULAR Verbs – see IRREGULAR Verb formsI attended Med V University in 1998. (I no longer attend Med V University .)I saw a movie every weekend when I was a teenager. (I don’t see movies very much anymore.)
  9. 9. The Past Continuous The past continuous is often used with the simple past to show that one action was in progress when another action occurred. Formed by adding Was/were before the verb and –ing to the verbI was taking a bath when the doorbell rang.They were eating dinner when the neighbours stopped by for a visit.
  10. 10. The Past Continuous The past continuous is used to talk about an activity that was in progress at a specific point of time in the past. The emphasis is on the duration of the activity in the past.I was studying for an exam while my mother was cooking dinner.We were walking in the park around 7 p.m. last night. On your handout, write one sentence that reflects the PAST CONTINUOUS tense.
  11. 11. The Present Perfect The present perfect is used to talk about an event that began in the past and continues up to the present. Formed by adding has/have before the past participle of the verb He has lived in Rabat for two years.(He began living in Rabat two years ago and he still lives there.)
  12. 12. The Present Perfect The present perfect is also used to talkabout an event that was completed in the past,but the specific time of the event is notimportant. Formed by adding has/have before the past participle of the verb I have seen that movie before. He has already visited Vietnam. (Specific dates and times are not mentioned.)On your handout, write one sentence that reflectsthe PRESENT PERFECT tense.
  13. 13. Simple Past or PresentPractice Perfect?1. I __________ to Mexico in 2002. (go)2. I __________ deep sea diving a few times (go).3. The drummer in the band __________ percussions since he was five. (study)4. It __________ the jury two hours to reach their verdict yesterday.5. Washington, D.C., _____________ the capital of our country for many years. (be)
  14. 14. Present Perfect Continuous This tense is used to describe the durationof an action that began in the past andcontinues into the present. He has been studying grammar for an hour. She has been cooking all day. (He is still studying and she is still cooking.)
  15. 15. Present Perfect Continuous This tense is also used to describe eventsthat have been in progress recently and arerather temporary. Formed by adding has/have + be verb (been) before the verb and –ing to the verb She has been living in France for the last two months, but she plans to move soon.
  16. 16. The Past Perfect This tense describes completed events that took place in the past before another past event. it hit Formed by adding had received had before the past had eaten my friend stopped by participle of the verb.The Titanic had received many warnings before it hit the iceberg.I had already eaten when my friend stopped by to visit.
  17. 17. Past Perfect Continuous This tense is used to emphasize theduration of an action that was completedbefore another action or event in the past. Formed by addinghad been had + be verb(been) driving she found the right office before the verb and –ing to the verbShe had been driving around the city for three hours before she finally found the right office.
  18. 18. The Future Will and be going to are often used todescribe future actions. Thomas will graduate in June. Maria is going to go to Mexico next week.
  19. 19. The Future The simple present and present continuousare also used to express the future time.These are often used in connection withschedules.She is meeting a new client at eleven o’clock. The train leaves at 6:00 a.m. tomorrow.
  20. 20. The Future Continuous This tense is used to describe an event or action that will occur over a period of time at a specific point in the future. Formed by adding at 10 a.m. tomorrow [will be]+ing by the time you arrive I will be teaching ESL 40 at 10 a.m. tomorrow.They will be moving their furniture out of the house by the time you arrive tomorrow.
  21. 21. The Future Perfect This tense is used to describe an event or action that will be completed before another event or time in the future.Formed by adding[will have]+past participle will have finished the exam class ends We will have finished the exam by the time the class ends tomorrow.
  22. 22. Future Perfect Continuous This tense describes an action that has been in progress for a duration of time before another event or time in the future.Formed by adding[will have been]+ Verb + -ing finishes law school will have been living in the U.S. for eight years By the time he finishes law school, he will have been living in the U.S. for eight years.
  23. 23. Thank You!

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