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BIM and The Door Hardware Industry
BIM and The Door Hardware Industry
BIM and The Door Hardware Industry
BIM and The Door Hardware Industry
BIM and The Door Hardware Industry
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BIM and The Door Hardware Industry

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This article provides a detailed narrative of the overall purpose and design use of Building Information Modeling (BIM). Furthermore it describe BIM’s speed of adaptation by members of the building …

This article provides a detailed narrative of the overall purpose and design use of Building Information Modeling (BIM). Furthermore it describe BIM’s speed of adaptation by members of the building team and the way it will change how the Door and Hardware Industry interacts with architects, contractors and distributors.

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  • 1. Building Information Modeling (bim) and the Door and Hardware Industry B y D o u g B e v I l l & P e t e r J . A r s e n A u lt, A I A , n C A r B , l e e D - A P T He ProCess of DesIgnIng, DoCuMentIng, ConstruCt- into account. Eliminating this ing, and maintaining a building is changing. Instead of treating waste has been a key motivator on these as separate steps, a truly more integrated way of thinking the part of owners and others who is emerging and, in many cases, being demanded by building seek a superior building outcome owners. Building Information Modeling or BIM is one big part by incorporating a more coordi- of that change and has been regarded as a central tool that has been bring- nated non-redundant methodology. ing together architects, engineers, contractors, building owners, specialty NIBS has also launched a consultants, product manufacturers, fabricators and others to look and specific initiative known as the think differently about the information that they use and the role that they buildingSMARTalliance™ which each play in the design, construction and operation of buildings. has compared the rise in the use of electronic modeling for buildings to BIM Definition and Characteristics demolition or deconstruction. similar changes that have preceded In order to better understand the Further, NIBS goes on to point out, it in the aircraft, microprocessor and nature of this important tool, let’s “Some have identified BIM as dealing automotive industries. Based on take a closer look at how BIM is with only 3D modeling and visualiza- those other industry successes, BIM defined. According to the National tion. While important and true, this is usually characterized as having Institute of Building Sciences (NIBS), description is limiting. A more useful several key features: “A Building Information Model concept is that a Model should access Digital or electronic format—the (Model) is a digital representation of all pertinent graphic and non-graphic Model is created entirely on physical and functional characteristics information about a facility as an inte- computers of a facility. As such, it serves as a grated resource. A primary goal is to ■■ Object-based—the infor- shared knowledge resource for informa- eliminate re-gathering or reformatting of mation in the Model is not a tion about a facility forming a reliable facility information; which is wasteful.” series of lines and shapes as in basis for decisions during its life cycle The integration of both graphic many Computer Aided Design from inception onward.” and non-graphic information in (CAD) applications, rather it is The key here is that the BIM one place gives the Model much a collection of 3 dimensional model becomes a long-term shared more value as a resource that “objects” that are inserted or resource for a building or facility can be accessed by many people virtually “built” into the Model. from the earliest design conception, instead of wasting time and money The objects are often selected or through construction, during the to duplicate. The current wasteful- created generically in BIM soft- years it is operated and main- ness and redundancy in building ware programs or custom cre- tained, through any alterations, design and construction work is ated by design professionals. additions or adaptive re-use, all estimated at nearly $400 billion ■■ embedded■InfOrmatIOn■ the way through to the end of its dollars annually plus notably more lInkage—beyond the phys- useful operating life and eventual when operating processes are taken ical representation of an object, Graphs Courtesy of McGraw – Hill Construction 18 DOORS & HARDWARE £ February 2010
  • 2. Growth in Expertise Figure 1—Growth in the use of BIM Figure 2—Expertise in BIM Advanced/Experts Users 43% 45% Growth in BIM Use 37% 26% All Respondents 21% 16% 2007 5% 8% 2007 48% Architect Engineer Contractor Owner 28% Source: McGraw-Hill Construction, 2007, 2009 2007 2009 Source: McGraw-Hill Construction, 2007, 2009 the functional data (e.g., specifica- practice. In order to understand the advanced or experts—42% in tions, warranty, manufacturing current and projected usage trends 2009 compared to only 14% in information, etc.) associated with and perceived value of BIM in 2007. [Figure 2] In light of these that object is embedded or linked practice, McGraw-Hill Construction findings, Steve Jones, one of the to the BIM object and readily has undertaken a series of objective co-authors of this report from accessible and readable. studies in partnership with NIBS, McGraw-Hill Construction ■■ InterOperable—with the American Institute of Architects has said, “With about half the information coming from mul- (AIA), and others and published the North American AEC industry tiple sources, the ability to findings as a “Smart Market Report— already up off their beach openly and easily share that The Business Value of BIM.” The chairs and at least wading information in generic formats 2009 printing of this report updates ankle-deep in the BIM surf, without the restrictions of pro- the findings of the prior 2007 edition we can stop hyperventilating prietary software becomes and reveals some insights into who about ‘BIM’ and just do BIM as critical. This point is common is using BIM and why. This study a regular course of business.” among a number of computer- is based on input from information ■■ all■bIm■users■plan■signifi- based activities and has strong gathering surveys from literally cant■increases■in■utilizing■ precedent elsewhere. In fact, thousands of participants that came bIm. Fully one third of all the Institute of Electrical and from all parts of the Architecture, current BIM users surveyed Electronics Engineers (I-triple E) Engineering and Construction (AEC) report employing BIM on 60% has spent a considerable amount spectrum across North America. or more of their projects today, of effort looking at this topic Some of the highlights of this study but twice as many users expect and offers this definition of are summarized below: to be at that level in the next interoperability: “The ability of two years. Of those not yet two or more systems or compo- ■■ almost■half■(49%)■of■the■total■ using BIM, half have yet to try nents to exchange information aec■industry■is■now■using■ it, although they are open to it, and to use the information that bIm.■This usage level is up and at least 42% of non-users has been exchanged.” considerably since 2007 when believe that BIM will be either the same study revealed that highly or very highly important A Model that incorporates all of only 28% of the total industry in the next five years. The trend these features lives up to the true was using BIM or BIM related of increased usage observed definition of BIM and its ability to tools at that time. [Figure 1] during the past two years deliver desired results. This represents some dramatic appears that it will continue recent growth—a 75% increase based on these survey results. in two years. Further, profi- ■ Different groups of users have The Growing Use of BIM ciency is up dramatically, too, differing usage levels, but the Of course, any tool is only of value with three times as many users majority of users overall are if it is actually used and put into characterizing themselves as seeing real business benefits February 2010 £ DOORS & HARDWARE 19
  • 3. BIM Adoption and Usage BIM Benefits Contributing the Most Value Architect Engineer Very High/High 29% 42% 27% 58% Reduced conflicts during construction 68% Improved collective understanding 2% 65% 1% of design intent 13% 28% Improved overall project quality 54% Contractor Owner Reduced changes during construction 54% 12% 33% 51% 63% Reduced number of RFIs 47% 17% (Requests for Information) Better cost control/predictability 37% Source: McGraw-Hill Construction, 2009 8% 12%  Figure 3—Breakdown of team members using BIM 4%  Figure 4—Benefits and value of BIM We are using BIM tools We are not using BIM two years. This growth to analyze models but players above. Some are devel- not creating our is likely fueled by the own models oping their own libraries of their We are creating (authoring) models We are creating and analyzing models finding that nearly 70% of products as complete BIM objects. Source: McGraw-Hill Construction, 2009 contractors that are using Commercial services are also BIM are finding high value working with a steadily growing directly attributable to BIM. with greater chances of avoiding number of manufacturers to The report breaks down some errors and omission problems make BIM objects of their prod- interesting observations about during construction, enhancing ucts available to those creating the different groups using BIM: productivity, avoiding conflicts, and using BIM models. [Figure 3] and improving performance on Overall, then, the report points •■architects:■BIM is credited to both budget and time schedule. out that, “The ability of teams to create have gotten its start within the •■Owners: As a group, approxi- richer models and share more data with architectural community and this mately 37% of building and BIM has helped foster more collaborative early adoption has architects still facility owners report using decision making on projects. BIM has reigning as the highest users of BIM, even though many have yet proven an effective tool for this delivery BIM. As many as 60% of architects to realize the long-term opera- method, breaking from the tradition of report creating some form of BIM tions and maintenance benefits. handing off completed work from one Model in their practice and two Nonetheless, 70% of those team member to the next with little or no thirds of those report that they utilizing BIM for design and input from others.” It also summarizes find high value in the core design construction projects see positive the resulting overall benefits related development and construction value through such benefits as to saving time and money through document phases of a project. lower overall project costs, clash 1) conflict avoidance/resolution, 2) This value is based on higher detection, avoiding rework, and a increased productivity/efficiency and 3) productivity and a reduction in generally overall better construc- the avoidance of rework/changes. [Figure the need to re-work designs. tion outcome. 4] Beyond saving time and money, •■contractors: This group is •■building■product■manufacturers: however, there are other overall benefits growing faster in usage than This group is just beginning to for all parties including 1) a better under- any other with 50% currently realize the potential benefits standing of the project throughout the reporting using BIM or related of incorporating BIM into the phases or stages, 2) better collaboration, tools compared to only 13% in way that they communicate and and 3) better visualization. Some future 2007—a four fold increase in only interact with all of the other trends also noted include the potential to 20 DOORS & HARDWARE £ February 2010
  • 4. reduce the need for submittals and shop Understandably, some project ing very rudimentary unfinished drawings while allowing more time for owners do not allow the pre-selection BIM product models, followed design and less time for documenting/ of a single manufacturer, favoring by forming a customer council to processing. instead the open bidding approach review the models and tell us how of providing the design criteria in to finish the design in a format that drawings and specifications for they would find useful in a BIM Manufactured Building Products multiple manufacturers to demon- model. Our customer councils are and BIM Modeling strate compliance with. In other cases, made up of architects and general As noted above, building product owners have prior experience or even contractors since they have adapted manufacturers are beginning to standing accounts for particular prod- to using BIM and provide very become increasingly involved in ucts and manufacturers and want to solid feedback. Manufactures are providing their product informa- ensure that those products get used not the only segment of the build- tion as fully developed BIM objects. again. In either case, a discussion ing product industry starting to This is coming about for a variety of with the owner at the outset of a proj- build BIM content; we are working reasons including: ect is important to ascertain what the with a few large distributors on •■recognizing■change:■ basis of design will be in the project creating complete systems from Manufacturers are beginning to regarding manufactured building the various manufacturers they see that BIM is quickly replacing products. With more product infor- represent. There are complete BIM CAD as the preferred design tool mation becoming readily available in multi-component systems being by the architectural, engineering, BIM format and more collaboration created for distributors for the use and construction community. of designers, constructors, suppliers, of general contractors using generic •■filling■a■need: The creation of and manufacturers earlier in the industry product numbers. This has libraries of specific objects is design and construction process, been effective because the contractor time consuming and often not the trend is clearly heading toward can drop this system into the BIM cost effective for design firms, making specific product selections rendition of the building envelope particularly for objects of multiple sooner rather than later. Hence, select- and have a complete ceiling package manufacturers. Having ready ing and using specific products in the for instance, with tiles, lighting, and made objects that are accurate, overall building model would appear other products, without having to up-to-date, and customizable to be consistent with that trend. deal with each individual manufac- to suit a particular project helps turer. The system will include the architects realize the full potential Commercial Doors, Frames, three-part specification, pricing and of BIM through greater efficiencies all of the warranty information for Hardware and BIM of time and integration of data. every product in the system. Best of •■staying■current: Products change Over the years it has been all, the system carries the distribu- and so does BIM software. customary for the architects to have tor’s brand name, empowering Manufacturers who are in for the independent specification writers them to use any manufacturer they long term recognize the reality or even the door and hardware wish once they are awarded the of needing to keep their informa- manufacturers prepare the door project. This type of BIM packaging tion and data updated with new frame and hardware specifications. is being considered by door, frame product offerings and changes What we have noticed is that most and hardware manufacturers and as well as maintaining full of the BIM content available from distributors. Some manufacturers compatibility with changing soft- the manufacturers is not interoper- are creating BIM models of complete ware programs. Adopting and able with the architect’s BIM model, door systems with their products. maintaining a BIM approach to therefore the content is not being This way the architect or contractor conveying their product informa- used. As BIM consultants, our firm can simply insert the appropriate tion provides manufacturers with begins by working with building door system into the BIM model the best way to integrate with the product manufacturers and taking and all of the related hardware is AEC community. CAD files of their top SKUs, design- included in the door system. This 22 DOORS & HARDWARE £ February 2010
  • 5. removes the need to specify each designs that put the correct product parts of the model. For example, product on every door configuration in the right place on time. inserting a door system into a and is compliant with BIM interop- bIm■Objects■provided■by■door■ wall means that the wall has to erability standards. This method, Hardware■manufacturers■and■ change to accommodate it. If the like in the ceiling systems space is distributors: When architects and door system is one of several, and being considered by commercial contractors are selecting BIM objects a schedule or chart is part of the door and hardware distributors. prepared by building product Model summarizing the details The main difference is distributors manufacturers to incorporate into of all of the door openings, then will use ANSI product numbers in an overall Model, they should look the schedule has to be updated. their BIM model to create a series for the following characteristics in And if a particular door system of door systems and brand them as those objects: has several options built into it, their own, then send the content to •■complete■and■up-to-date■ the selection of those options various contactors. Once they are embedded■information: This should automatically be reflected awarded the job the distributors is where the value of BIM for in all aspects of the Model. will supply various manufactur- products really shines. All of the In simple terms, parametric ers’ products at their discretion. relevant information associated modeling is the means to make The integrated door concept for with a selected product should this all happen. distributors is nothing new; it be readily accessed and readable •■complete■and■open■ was originally the brain child of from the BIM object. That means Interoperability: the distributor, Door Hardware that manufacturers’ make and Anyone who has ever tried Management. They branded it model numbers, full product to open a computer file that as Door Opening Systems or specifications, cost/pricing produced either an error message DOS, which included roughly 90 information, production and related to non-compatibility or percent of the door configurations delivery requirements should a display of unintelligible char- as complete units, again using all be readily available. For the acters will readily understand ANSI numbers which allowed the long term benefit of the owner, the need for seamless integration distributor to “do their own shop- it should also include a link to of information from multiple ping” once awarded the job. The the warranty, maintenance, and sources. That is what is meant brand was subsequently acquired replacement information related by interoperability—the ability by The Hager Companies and has to the product. to have a Model function and not been promoted. However it was •■parametric■modeling■capability: operate properly regardless of the first system to appropriately Most BIM software programs the source of the different parts integrate doors frames and the allow for automated interaction of the information. The data correct hardware into a series of between different objects. This from door and hardware manu- complete openings. The idea was interaction is governed by a facturers and distributors, then, ahead of its time and certainly more set of computer programming needs to be provided in a format effectively meets the BIM interoper- rules that an object must follow that is compatible with total ability requirements. Individual anytime a modification or inser- building Model in all respects. lock, hinge, exit device BIM objects tion of an object is made. This will not be used because they process is referred to as para- fail to meet the interoperability metric modeling and is one of requirements of the BIM model. the key advantages of using BIM. Overall, then, creating complete It means that an object not only About the Author: Doug Bevill is the Founder door systems as BIM objects from provides data about itself, it also and President of Bevill & Associates: 28 Years of consulting and enterprise business strategist door, frame and hardware manu- has the ability to interact with for the commercial building products industry facturers and distributors has the the rest of the model, such that and former Hager Companies COO & Chairman of Asian Operations. He can be reached at 314- potential to contribute to more a change in the object triggers a 422-3177, by email: dbevill@bevillassociates.com complete and accurate building corresponding change to other or on the Web at: www.bevillassociates.com. reprinted from the February 2010 issue of Doors & Hardware magazine. Copyright© 2010 by The Door and Hardware Institute. all rights reserved. No part of this article may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by an information storage or retrieval system, without permission in writing from the Publisher. The Door February 2010 £ DOORS & HARDWARE 23 and Hardware Institute, 14150 Newbrook Drive, Suite 200, Chantilly, Va 20151-2232; 703/222.2010; Fax: 703/222.2410; www.dhi.org.

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