T he Bombings ofHir oshima andNagasakiByHunter McJenkin
Before Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki Japan bombed Pearl Harbor, Philippines, Malaysia, Wake Island, Guam, Thailand, Shanghai, and Midway on December 7th and 8th of 1941. Japan thought United States would react slowly and take years to organize their fleet. Japan was wrong and only destroyed 3 ships out of 17.
The Initial Act The Allies firebombed citys of Japan and planned for a costly invasion so the Japanese would surrender. The United states called for a surrender of Japan by letting the Japanese sign the Potsdam Declaration, The United states said that if you don’t sign the Declaration we would utterly destroy you. The Japanese never surrendered and would rather commit suicide then sign the treaty.
The Manhattan project The leader of the project was Major General Leslie Groves and began in 1939 The project was a research and development program meant to come up with first two Atomic bombs to destroy Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
The First Bombing The Atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima on August 6th, 1945 The atomic bomb was called “little boy”. In Hiroshima over 100,000 people died instantly because of the radiation and the force of the explosion. The Japanese didn’t believe it was an atomic bomb and didn’t surrender.
The Second Bombing The Atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki on December 9th, 1945 The bomb was called “fat boy”. In Nagasaki over 70,000 people died instantly because of the radiation and force of the bomb. When they dropped “little boy” it exploded on land but when they dropped “fat boy” it exploded at the altitude of 1,650 feet which cause more destruction.
The Aftermath Half of the deaths occurred on the first day. The health department estimated that 60% died of from flash or flame burns, 30% from debris “buildings falling over”, and 10% from diseases on the first day of the bombings. If you were a mile away from ground zero you would have gotten 3rd degree burns.
Japan surrenders Six days after the bombings Japan announces there surrender and signs the Instrument of Surrender on September 2nd ending World War ll. The United States for bided Japan on using any atomic material which was a law called three Non-Nuclear Principles which Japan still justifies to this day.