Major Islands of India

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Major Islands of India

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Major Islands of India

  1. 1. THE ISLAND GROUPSOF INDIA
  2. 2. THE ISLANDSAn island is any piece ofsub-continental land that issurrounded by water.
  3. 3. THE ISLANDSVery small islands such as emergent land featureson atolls are called islets. A key or cay is anothername for a small island or islet.
  4. 4. THE ISLANDSVery small islands such as emergent land featureson atolls are called islets. A key or cay is anothername for a small island or islet.An island in a river or lake may be called an eyot.
  5. 5. THE ISLANDSVery small islands such as emergent land featureson atolls are called islets. A key or cay is anothername for a small island or islet.An island in a river or lake may be called an eyot.A grouping of geographically or geologically relatedislands is called an archipelago.
  6. 6. THE ISLANDSThere are two main types of islands:1) Continental islands2) Oceanic islands.There are alsoartificial islands.There is no standard of size which distinguishes
  7. 7. THE ISLAND GROUPS OF INDIAIndia has a vast main land. Besides this, thecountry has also two groups of islands.1) The Lakshadweep Islands.2) The Andaman & Nicobar Islands.
  8. 8. THE ISLAND GROUPS OF INDIALocation ofthe IslandGroups ofIndia
  9. 9. Lakshadweep IslandsLakshadweep islands,the smallest unionterritory of India, is agroup of islands 200 to300 km off of the coastof Kerala in theArabian Sea. Itslocated in 8º and 12ºNorth latitude and 71ºand 74º East longitude.
  10. 10. Lakshadweep IslandsThere are 36 coral islands that constituteLakshadweep islands, only 10 are inhabitedand only six have been opened for tourism.Their total land area is 32 km².These islands, formed of coral deposits, arecalled atolls. Atolls are circular or horseshoe shaped coral reefs.
  11. 11. Lakshadweep IslandsKaravatti is the administrative headquarters ofLakshadweep Islands.This island group has great diversity of floraand fauna.
  12. 12. Andaman & Nicobar IslandsThe Andaman and Nicobar Islandsare located between 6oand 14oNorth latitude and 92oand 94oEastlongitude in the Bay of Bengal near theMyanmar coast. It is located 1255 kmfrom Kolkata and 193 km from CapeNegrais in Myanmar.
  13. 13. Andaman & Nicobar IslandsThey are bigger in size and aremore numerous and scattered.The entire group of islands isdivided into two broadcategories – The Andaman inthe north and the Nicobar inthe south. The Andamans andNicobars are separated by achannel (the Ten DegreeChannel) some 150 km wide.
  14. 14. Andaman & Nicobar IslandsThere are 572 islands in theterritory, of which onlyapproximately 38 arepermanently inhabited. Mostof the islands (about 550) arein the Andamans group, 26of which are inhabited. Thesmaller Nicobars comprisesome 22 main islands (10inhabited). These islandsspread over a length of350 km.
  15. 15. Andaman & Nicobar IslandsThey are submerged hillranges, some of them are ofvolcanic origin.
  16. 16. Andaman & Nicobar IslandsIndias only active volcano isfound on Barren island inAndaman & Nicobar group ofIslands.
  17. 17. Andaman & Nicobar IslandsThe total area of the Andaman& Nicobar islands territory isapproximately 8337 km² inwhich the total area of theAndaman Islands is about6,496 sq.km and the total areaof the Nicobar Islands isapproximately 1,841 sq.km.The highest point is located inNorth Andaman Island(Saddle Peak at 732 metres(2,402 ft)).
  18. 18. Andaman & Nicobar IslandsThere is diversity of flora andfauna in this group of islands.These islands lie close toequator and experienceequatorial climate and hasthick forest cover.
  19. 19. Andaman & Nicobar IslandsThese island groups are ofgreat economic and strategicimportance for the country.– Tourism potential.– Security.– Trade.– Migration.– Arms smuggling.– Smuggling of all naturalresources– Control on Indian Ocean.

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