Preparing for the OCR B Geography exam 2014 at Carter Community School
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Preparing for the OCR B Geography exam 2014 at Carter Community School

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    Preparing for the OCR B Geography exam 2014 at Carter Community School Preparing for the OCR B Geography exam 2014 at Carter Community School Presentation Transcript

    • Preparing for the GCSE OCR B Geography exams The following slides have been created to help prepare Carter Community School students for the OCR B GCSE Geography exams in 2014 http://flavors.me/daviddrake
    • The GCSE exams this summerThe GCSE exams this summer  You will sit two exams this summer inYou will sit two exams this summer in GeographyGeography  Tuesday 13 MayTuesday 13 May 20142014 – Sustainable– Sustainable Decision Making Exercise (SDME) 1 hourDecision Making Exercise (SDME) 1 hour 30 mins (25% of final mark).30 mins (25% of final mark).  Thursday 22 May 2014Thursday 22 May 2014 – Key– Key Geographical Themes for 1 hour 45 minsGeographical Themes for 1 hour 45 mins (50% of final mark).(50% of final mark).
    • The GCSE exams this summerThe GCSE exams this summer  Tuesday 13 MayTuesday 13 May 20142014 – Sustainable– Sustainable Decision Making Exercise (SDME) 1 hourDecision Making Exercise (SDME) 1 hour 30 mins30 mins  This will be based onThis will be based on Natural HazardsNatural Hazards
    • The GCSE exams this summerThe GCSE exams this summer  Thursday 22 May 2014Thursday 22 May 2014 – Key– Key Geographical Themes for 1 hour 45 minsGeographical Themes for 1 hour 45 mins  This will be based on:This will be based on: Rivers and CoastsRivers and Coasts Population and SettlementPopulation and Settlement Economic DevelopmentEconomic Development
    • So how do youSo how do you experience this…experience this… and not this… on results day?
    • Timing is very important, so….. Don’t repeat the question! Q: How far does the traveller have to go before reaching Nairobi? A: The traveller has to go 10 kms before reaching Nairobi. A: 10 kms.
    • Be concise Look at the number of marks available. Describe the location of the River Ebro (2 marks)  In the north of Spain (1 mark)✔  Flowing through Zaragoza (1 mark)✔ Therefore 1+1 = 2 marks
    • Describe changes in world population (3 marks) Here you will need to make three points (3 marks) – referring to the graph information (dates, numbers etc) 1000 – 1750 The population was rising slowly ✔ 1750 – 2000 The population went up rapidly ✔ The population has increased by approximately 5.5 billion people ✔
    • Command Words Describe Say what you can see (on a photo, a diagram, a graph etc.) Explain These questions are harder, you will have to show your understanding by giving reasons for something. Compare Use information provided to say how things are the same or different.
    • A way to remember.. This is my Geography cat He is called ‘Explain’ Explain the geography CATT Use these connective words to help explain points you make
    • A way to remember.. This Chief Compare. He says ‘HOW!’ Use these connective words to help compare when making points
    • Need some examples?Need some examples?  Take a look at these exam questions andTake a look at these exam questions and take notice of how they are structured andtake notice of how they are structured and what a good answer looks likewhat a good answer looks like
    • Describe this shanty town (2 marks) The houses are made from scrap materials ✔ 1 mark The houses are built on stilts over the water 1 mark✔ Look at the photo and say what you see
    • Explain how conditions like these cause poor health (2 marks) Reason 1: No sanitation. As a result, disease can spread easily✔ Reason 2: Poor quality building materials. Consequently, little shelter from the wind and rain ✔ EXPLAIN SO WHAT?
    • What if the question was worth 4 marks? Explain, giving two reasons (2 marks) Reason 1: No sanitation. Therefore, disease can spread easily ✔ Reason 2: Poor quality building materials. Consequently, little shelter from the wind and rain ✔ Explain, giving two reasons (4 marks) Reason 1: No sanitation. Therefore, disease can spread easily Also, human✔ waste may be left around, this means that it can cause Cholera ✔ Reason 2: Poor quality building materials. Consequently, little shelter from the wind and rain Also, there may be a hurricane or Monsoon rains.✔ As a result, the building could collapse✔
    • Another command word list. List two positive and two negative outcomes of tourism for The Gambia. “Tourists create jobs such as taxi drivers and they buy souvenirs made in local workshops. However, there has been an increase in crime in the country and occasionally there are shortages of water.” This is an accurate answer……. …….. but remember, you have a limited amount of time! SO…
    • List two positive and two negative outcomes of tourism for The Gambia PositivePositive NegativeNegative Jobs are created, suchJobs are created, such as taxi driversas taxi drivers Crime rates haveCrime rates have increasedincreased Tourists buyTourists buy souvenirs from localsouvenirs from local peoplepeople Occasionally there areOccasionally there are water shortageswater shortages This is better – concise and to the point
    • Compare….. 75% of people live in cities in the USA, the figure is 33% in China. You live until you are 76 in the USA and until you are 58 in China In the US the number of people living in cities is much higher than in China In the US you live until you are 76, whereas in China you only live until you are 58, a difference of 18 years Use comparison connectives: Don’t just list, as in the answer above. “whilst” “however” “worse” “higher” “whereas” “on the other hand” “better” “lower” Much better:
    • Study the graph showing population change in Pakistan. Describe the trend between 1901 and 2001. (4 marks)  Many students forget to use data in their answer  The second issue is that they are unclear about the term “identify trends” The answer below would get full marks: The trend was upwards  with a huge increase of 130 million people  In recent times, the rate of growth has gone up  particularly from the period 1961 / 71 onwards, when the increase of 90 million people 
    • Use map evidence to explain why this area was a good site for a reservoir (4 marks) “They have a lot of rain and the rocks don’t let water through.” This is much better: The area has several rivers feeding it, such as the Rio Jatar at GR 211912, this would keep the reservoir full. > The contour lines (as high as 1000m), are close to each other leading down to the reservoir at 833m, this means a steep slope, suggesting deep water.
    • Using Photographs Describe the natural processes at work on the photograph (4 marks) The sea is attacking the cliff and the cliffs are slumping into the sea. The storm waves are attacking the base of the cliff with processes such as hydraulic action and corrasion. The vegetation along the cliffs suggest that they are slumping down due to mass movement.
    • Using sketch maps However, they must be drawn quickly and you MUST follow some key rules You are often encouraged to draw a sketch map to enhance your answer.
    • On a previous exam paper, a question required candidates to show knowledge of the location of an economic activity Good sketch maps always have a north arrow ….and an idea of scale The content reveals a good knowledge of FACTS and LOCATION
    • Case Studies On the Key Geographical Themes paper, each question ends with a “case study”. This is where you are expected to provide information / facts about a specific place or location you have studied, to show your understanding of a topic. You need to revise your case studies carefully as the answers are worth a total of: 27 marks on the Foundation Paper!! CASE STUDIES MATTER!!
    • Case studies for 2014Case studies for 2014  YouYou will notwill not needneed to learn theto learn the case studiescase studies for thefor the Natural HazardsNatural Hazards unit as this will be the theme for theunit as this will be the theme for the SDME.SDME.  Case studies are only required for the Key GeographicalCase studies are only required for the Key Geographical Themes paper:Themes paper: Rivers and CoastsRivers and Coasts Population and SettlementPopulation and Settlement Economic DevelopmentEconomic Development  Use the Case study overview grid and create A5 sizeUse the Case study overview grid and create A5 size revision cards using the templates provided.revision cards using the templates provided. Use theseUse these to revise fromto revise from..
    • I should have started to revise my case studies much earlier! The quality of your case study answer could make all the difference A* 58 A 48 B 41 C 28 D N/A E N/A F N/A G I needed a C grade to do “A” Level or get into college, but I forgot some of my case studies! I got a mark of 40
    • SPAGSPAG  SPAG stands for ‘SPAG stands for ‘Spelling, punctuation andSpelling, punctuation and grammargrammar’ and there are 3 marks attached to’ and there are 3 marks attached to each case study question. So 9 in total!each case study question. So 9 in total!  Could make the difference between a grade!Could make the difference between a grade!  If you have time at the end of the paper, readIf you have time at the end of the paper, read your answers and check for mistakes. Wellyour answers and check for mistakes. Well worth it!worth it!
    • Exam papersExam papers  You can download exam papers to try answeringYou can download exam papers to try answering questions here:questions here: http://www.ocr.org.uk/qualifications/gcse-geography-b-j385-from-2012/http://www.ocr.org.uk/qualifications/gcse-geography-b-j385-from-2012/  Scroll down an select ‘past papers’ linkScroll down an select ‘past papers’ link  Please note that on your exam you will have toPlease note that on your exam you will have to answer EVERY question on the exam paperanswer EVERY question on the exam paper.. This is slightly different to the past papers youThis is slightly different to the past papers you will see here where students had to make awill see here where students had to make a choice.choice.
    • Remember, stick to the what the question is asking you and make sure you know your case studies… http://flavors.me/daviddrake Any questions, feel free to tweet http://twitter.com/_DavidDrake (@_DavidDrake) and I’ll do my best to answer your questions.