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My new porsche
 

My new porsche

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Judging by the car you have chosen, I am a motorist of a special breed, and I am no novice when it comes to automobiles....

Judging by the car you have chosen, I am a motorist of a special breed, and I am no novice when it comes to automobiles....

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    My new porsche My new porsche Presentation Transcript

    • ® 911 Carrera Owner’s Manual
    • WKD 997 021 10 5/09 Orientation guides in the© Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche AG Owner’s ManualPorsche, the Porsche crest, 911, Carrera, Targa, The orientation guides in the Owner’s Manual arePCCB, PCM, PDK, PSM and Tequipment are regis- highlighted in yellow.tered trademarks and the distinctive shapes ofPorsche automobiles are trademarks of Overall Table of ContentsDr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche AG. At the start of the Owner’s Manual you will find anAll rights reserved. overview of the overall contents of the Owner’s Manual.Printed in Germany Section Contents There is a summary of topics with the corre- sponding page numbers at the beginning of each main chapter. Index There is a detailed, alphabetical index at the end of this Owner’s Manual. 1
    • Dear Owner, A separate Maintenance Booklet explains how Warning! you can keep your Porsche in top driving condition Any alteration or misuse of the vehicle canWe would like to thank you for your purchase of a by having it serviced regularly. lead to accidents and severe or fatalPorsche Sports car. A separate Warranty and Customer Informa- personal injuries. tion Booklet contains detailed information aboutJudging by the car you have chosen, you are a mo- Any alteration of the vehicle may negate or the warranties covering your Porsche.torist of a special breed, and you are probably no interfere with those safety features built intonovice when it comes to automobiles. the vehicle. Modifications may be carried out For U.S. only: on your vehicle only if approved by Porsche.Remember however, as with any vehicle, you If you believe that your vehicle has a fault which Your Porsche is intended to be used in a safeshould take time to familiarize yourself with your could cause a crash, injury or death, you should manner obeying the local laws and in thePorsche and its performance characteristics. Al- immediately inform the National Highway Traffic light of driving conditions faced by you, andways drive within your own unique capabilities as Safety Administration (NHTSA) in addition to noti- in accordance with the instructions provideda driver and your level of experience with your fying Porsche Cars North America, Inc. (Porsche in this Owner’s Manual.Porsche. Ensure that anyone else driving your Cars N.A.).Porsche does the same. To prevent or minimize in- f Do not misuse your Porsche by ignoring thosejury, always use your safety belts. Never consume If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open laws and driving conditions, or by ignoring thealcohol or drugs before or during the operation of an investigation, and if it finds that a safety prob- instructions in this manual.your vehicle. lem exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a re- call and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA can-This Owner’s Manual contains a host of useful in- not become involved in individual problems be- Caution!formation. Please take the time to read this manu- tween you and your dealer, or Porsche Cars N.A..al before you drive your new Porsche. Become fa- The fitting of racing tires (e.g. slicks) formiliar with the operation of your Porsche car for To contact NHTSA, you may call the Vehicle Safety sporting events is not approved by Porsche.maximum safety and operating pleasure. The bet- Hotline toll-free at 1-888-327-4236 (TTY: 1-800- Very high cornering speeds can be achievedter you know your Porsche, the more pleasure you 424-9153); go to http://www.safercar.gov; or with racing tires. However, the resultingwill experience driving your new car. write to: Administrator, NHTSA, 400 Seventh transverse acceleration values would jeopar-Always keep your Owner’s Manual in the car, and Street, SW., Washington, DC 20590. dize the adequate supply of oil to the engine.give it to the new owner if you ever sell your You can also obtain other information about motor Porsche therefore will not accept anyPorsche. vehicle safety from http://www.savercar.gov. warranty or accept any liability for damage occurring as a result of non-compliance with Your car has thousands of parts and components this provision. which have been designed and manufactured in accordance with Porsche’s high standards of f Do not fit racing tires (e.g. slicks) for sporting engineering quality and safety. events on your vehicle.2
    • Regularly check your vehicle for signs of Warning! Note to ownersdamage. For your own protection and longer service life ofDamaged or missing aerodynamic compo- In Canada, this manual is also available in French. your car, please follow all operating instructionsnents such as spoilers or underside panels To obtain a copy contact your dealer or write to: and special warnings. These special warnings useaffect the driving behavior and therefore the safety alert symbol, followed by the wordsmust be replaced immediately. Note aux proprietaires Danger, Warning and Caution. These specialYour car may have all or some of the components warnings contain important messages regardingdescribed in this manual. your safety and/or the potential for damage to Au Canada on peut se procurer un exemplaire deShould you have difficulty understanding any of your Porsche. Ignoring them could result in seri- ce Manuel en français auprès du concessionairethe explanations of features or equipment installed ous mechanical failure, serious personal injury or ou du:in your vehicle, contact your authorized Porsche death. Porsche Cars Canada, Ltd.dealer. He/She will be glad to assist you. Also Automobiles Porsche Canada, LTEEcheck with your dealer on other available options f Do not alter your Porsche. Any alteration couldor equipment. create dangerous conditions or defeat safety 5925 Airport Road engineering features built into your car. Suite 420Throughout this booklet, left is designated as thedriver’s side of the vehicle, and right as the pas- f Do not misuse your Porsche. Use it safely, and Mississauga, Ontariosenger’s side of the vehicle. consistently with the law, according to the driv- Canada L4V 1W1 ing conditions, and the instructions in this man- Telephone number for customer assistance:Text, illustrations and specifications in this manual ual. 1-800-PORSCHE / Option 3are based on the information available at the timeof printing. Alteration or misuse of your Porsche couldIt has always been Porsche’s policy to continuous- cause accidents and serious personal injuryly improve its products. Porsche, therefore, re- or death.serves the right to make changes in design andspecification, and to make additions or improve-ments in its product without incurring any obliga-tion to install them on products previously manu-factured.We wish you many miles of safe and pleasurabledriving in your Porsche. 3
    • Sport tires – The driver’s skill level must be commensurate Porsche Ceramic Composite Brake with the vehicle performance levels in the up-Sport tires (ultra high performance tires) are ap- per range limits, due to increased safety risks (PCCB)proved for use on public highways and comply in the upper range limits. f Please see the chapter “BRAKES” on Page 58.with all statutory requirements and safety criteria. f At oudside temperatures below 45 °F (7 °C) The high-performance brake system is designedThe design of the tire is also geared towards use change to snow tires. for optimal braking effect at all speeds andon racing circuits (driver safety training courses, f Notify anyone using your car of these charac- temperatures.sports driving schools, Club Sport events) and Certain speeds, braking forces and ambient teristics and possible effects.provides distinct advantages here in terms of dry conditions (such as temperature and humidity)grip and wear compared to conventional road therefore might cause brake noises.tires. Danger! Risk of accident through loss of road surface Wear on the different components and brakingThe major features are a reduced tread depth and system, such as brake pads and brake discs,a special tread pattern and carcass. contact, control over the vehicle and braking ability, leading to serious personal injury or depends to a great extent on the individual driving death. style and the conditions of use and thereforeThe design features of this sports tire result The reduced tire tread depth means that cannot be expressed in actual miles on the road.in the following effects compared with othersummer tires when used under normal there is an increased risk of aquaplaning on The values communicated by Porsche are baseddriving conditions: wet roads. on normal operation adapted to traffic. Wear– Sport tires have a smaller tread depth, and f When driving on wet or mud-covered roads re- increases considerably when the vehicle is driven duce speed significantly. on race tracks or through an aggressive driving thus can reach their wear limit sooner. style. As with all tires, the attainable mileage de- pends on the individual driving style and the f Please consult an authorized Porsche dealer Danger! conditions of use. about the current guidelines in effect before Risk of accident from worn tires. such use of your vehicle.– Exercise caution when driving on wet roads, Sport tires have a smaller tread depth, and paying special attention to hydroplaning situa- thus can reach their wear limit sooner. tions (stagnant water, puddles, lane grooves). It is important to check tire wear frequently Sport tires have a lower tread depth than nor- to avoid risk of serious personal injury or mal tires and you must therefore adapt speed death from worn tires. accordingly when driving on wet surfaces. f Check tire wear frequently.4
    • Setting and operating vehicle Ground Clearance California Proposition 65 Warningcomponents when driving Warning! Caution! Warning! Risk of damage. The vehicle may touch the Engine exhaust, some of its constituents, and cer- ground as a result of reduced ground clear- tain vehicle components contain or emit chemi-There is a danger of accident if you set or op- ance. cals known to the State of California to cause can-erate the on-board computer, radio, naviga- cer and birth defects or other reproductive harm.tion system, telephone or other equipment f Drive carefully and slowly on steep slopes (e.g. In addition, certain fluids contained in vehicles andwhen driving. parking lots, curbs, uneven roads, lifting plat- certain products of component wear contain orThis could distract you from the traffic and forms etc.). emit chemicals known to the State of California tocause you to lose control of the vehicle re-sulting in serious personal injury or death. f Avoid steep ramps. cause cancer and birth defects or other reproduc- tive harm.f Operate the components while driving only if the traffic situation allows you to do so safely. Engine Exhaust Hot Exhaust Pipesf Carry out any complicated operating or setting Danger! procedures only with the vehicle stationary. Warning! Engine exhaust is dangerous if inhaled. Engine exhaust fumes have many compo- Risk of burn injury when standing near orPortable Fuel Containers nents which you can smell. They also contain coming into contact with the exhaust pipe. carbon monoxide (CO), which is a colorless Danger! and odorless gas. The exhaust pipe is hot when the vehicle is running Carbon monoxide can cause unconscious- and remains hot for some time after the vehicle isPortable fuel containers may leak, whether turned off.they are full or partially empty. Fuel leaking ness and even death if inhaled. f To prevent injury, make a point of noting wherefrom a portable container carried in your ve- f Never start or let the engine run in an en-hicle could, in case of an accident, cause a your vehicle’s exhaust pipe is, avoid placing closed, unventilated area.fire or explosion, resulting in serious person- your legs near the exhaust pipe, and closely It is not recommended to sit in your car for pro-al injury or death. supervise children around the vehicle when the longed periods with the engine on and the car exhaust pipe could be hot.f Never carry additional fuel in portable contain- not moving. A hot exhaust pipe can cause serious burns. ers in your vehicle. 5
    • Table of Contents Sport tires..................................................... 4 LATCH System Storage in the Passenger Compartment ....... 91 Porsche Ceramic Composite Brake (PCCB)...... 4 Child seat bracket on the passenger’s seat .... 54 Luggage Compartment Lid and Setting and operating vehicle components Child Restraint Anchorages ........................... 55 Engine Compartment Lid ............................. 93 when driving .................................................. 5 Rollover Protection System ........................... 56 Luggage Compartment (Vehicles without Ground Clearance .......................................... 5 Sports Exhaust System ................................ 57 Porsche Traction Management PTM) ............. 95 Before driving off... ....................................... 8 Parking Brake .............................................. 57 Luggage Compartment (Vehicles with Break in hints for the first Brakes ........................................................ 58 Porsche Traction Management PTM) ............. 96 2,000 miles/3,000 kilometers...................... 10 ABS Brake System (Antilock Brake System).... 61 Trunk Entrapment........................................ 97 Clutch Pedal ................................................ 62 Porsche Communication Management (PCM). 98 Operation, Safety.............................. 13 Porsche Traction Management (PTM)............. 63 Car Telephone and Aftermarket Alarms ....... 100 Sport Mode ................................................. 64 iPod, USB and AUX.................................... 101 Keys ........................................................... 15 Porsche Stability Management (PSM)............. 66 Fire Extinguisher ....................................... 102 Security Wheel Bolts .................................... 15 Porsche Active Suspension Management HomeLink ................................................. 103 Doors ......................................................... 18 (PASM) ........................................................ 69 Central Locking ........................................... 19 Alarm System, Retractable Rear Spoiler............................... 69 Automatic Air Conditioning System, Interior Lights .............................................. 71 Heated Rear Window/ Passenger Compartment Monitoring ............. 23 Parking Aids ................................................ 72 Power Windows ........................................... 25 Ignition/Starter Switch with Door Mirror Heating........................ 105 Mirrors........................................................ 27 anti-theft Steering Lock................................. 74 Automatic Air Conditioning System ............. 106 Rear Window Defogger, Door Mirror Heating .. 29 Starting Procedures ..................................... 77 Central and Side Vents............................... 109 Seat Adjustment and Head Restraints ............ 30 Stopping Engine........................................... 78 Fresh-air Intake ......................................... 109 Seat Memory............................................... 33 Emergency Flasher Switch ............................ 79 Heated Rear Window/Door Mirror Heating ... 110 Heated Seats .............................................. 35 Light Switch................................................. 80 Seat Ventilation............................................ 36 Welcome Home Lighting ............................... 81 Rear Seat Backrests .................................... 37 Instruments, On-Board Computer, Automatic Headlight Beam Adjustment........... 81 Steering Wheel Adjustment ........................... 37 Warnings ....................................... 111 Turn Signal / Headlight Dimmer / Steering Wheel Heating ................................ 38 Parking light / Flasher Lever ......................... 82 Instrument Panel USA Models..................... 112 Multi-Functional Steering Wheel ..................... 39 Windshield Wiper / Washer Lever .................. 83 Instrument Panel Canada Models ................ 114 Sun Visors................................................... 40 Automatic Speed Control .............................. 86 Engine Oil Temperature.............................. 116 Safety Belts................................................. 41 Cupholder ................................................... 88 Automatic Speed Control Indicator light ...... 116 Airbag Systems ........................................... 44 Ashtray ....................................................... 89 Instrument Illumination ............................... 116 Child Restraint Systems................................ 50 Cigarette Lighter.......................................... 90 Trip Odometer........................................... 1176 Table of Contents
    • Speedometer ............................................ 118 Maintenance, Car Care ................... 205 Lifting the Vehicle with a Lifting Platform orChanging over between Miles / Kilometers .. 118 Garage Lift ............................................... 254Tachometer ............................................... 119 Exercise Extreme Caution when Working Spacers 911 Carrera, 911 Carrera S ......... 255Turn Signal Indicator Light .......................... 119 on your Vehicle .......................................... 206 Electrical System ...................................... 257High Beam Indicator Light........................... 119 Coolant Level............................................. 207 Battery ..................................................... 261Gear Shift Indicator “A” Engine Oil.................................................. 208 Replacing the remote-control battery .......... 266(in vehicles with manual transmission).......... 119 Engine Oil Level ......................................... 208 Emergency Starting with Jumper Cables ..... 267Cooling System ......................................... 120 Engine Oil Recommendation........................ 210 Bulb chart................................................. 269Porsche Doppelkupplung (PDK) ................... 121 Brake Fluid Level........................................ 212 Lights, Replacing Bulbs.............................. 269Fuel .......................................................... 122 Fuel Economy ............................................ 214 Headlights ................................................ 270Clock ........................................................ 123 Operating your Porsche in other Countries ... 214 Number Plate Light.................................... 277Outside Temperature .................................. 123 Fuel Recommendations .............................. 216 Changing Light-Emitting Diodes andEngine Oil Pressure.................................... 124 Portable Fuel Containers............................. 217 Long-Life Bulbs ......................................... 277Check Engine (Emission Control) ................. 125 Fuel Evaporation Control............................. 217 Adjusting Headlights .................................. 278On-Board Computer (BC) ............................ 126 Emission Control System ............................ 218 Towing ..................................................... 280Warnings on the instrument panel How Emission Control Works ...................... 219 Washer Fluid .............................................. 220and the on-board computer......................... 158 Power Steering .......................................... 221 Vehicle Identification, Air Filter .................................................... 222 Technical Data ............................... 283Shifting Gears................................. 167 Combination Filter ...................................... 222 Vehicle Identification .................................. 284Manual Transmission, Clutch....................... 168 Fluids/Oils for Manual Transmission Technical Data .......................................... 286Drive-Off Assistant ..................................... 169 and Porsche Doppelkupplung (PDK)............. 222 Diagrams ................................................. 299Porsche Doppelkupplung (PDK) ................... 170 Wiper Blades ............................................. 223 Car Care Instructions.................................. 224Mobile Roofs .................................. 177Lifting/Sliding Roof .................................... 178 Practical Tips, Emergency Service... 233Convertible Top ......................................... 181 Exercise Extreme Caution when WorkingEmergency operation of the convertible top . 183 on your Vehicle .......................................... 234Windstop................................................... 190 Tires/Wheels ............................................. 235Hardtop .................................................... 194 Loading Information ................................... 246Targa ........................................................ 200 Wheel Bolts ............................................... 248Roof Transport System............................... 204 Changing a wheel....................................... 249 Flat Tire..................................................... 251 Table of Contents 7
    • Dear Porsche Owner Before driving off... f If a child will be riding in the vehicle, check child seat/child seat restraint system to ensureA lot has gone into the manufacture of your that restraints are properly adjusted.Porsche, including advanced engineering, rigid Check the following items first f Child restraint systems will not fit into thequality control and demanding inspections. f Turn the engine off before you attempt any Sports bucket seat.These engineering and safety features will be checks or repairs on the vehicle. Do not install a child restraint system in theenhanced by you... Sports bucket seat. f Be sure the tires are inflated correctly. The Sports bucket seat cannot be equippedthe safe driver... Check tires for damage and tire wear. with the LATCH system and thus the airbag f See that wheel bolts are properly tightened system cannot be manually deactivated.– who knows his/her car and all controls, and not loose or missing. f Check all exterior and interior lights for opera-– who maintains the vehicle properly, f Check engine oil level, add if necessary. tion and that the lenses are clean. Make it a habit to have engine oil checked with– who uses driving skills wisely and always f Check the headlights for proper aim, and if drives within her/his own capabilities and the every fuel filling. necessary, have them adjusted. level of familiarity with the vehicle. f Check all fluid levels such as windshield f Check under the vehicle for leaks.You will find helpful hints in this manual on how to washer and brake fluid levels. f Be sure all luggage is stowed securely.perform most of the checks listed on the following f Be sure the vehicle battery is well charged andpages. cranks the engine properly.If in doubt, have these checks performed by your Emergency equipmentauthorized Porsche dealer. f Check all doors and lids for proper operation and latch them properly. It is good practice to carry emergency equipment f Check, and if necessary replace worn or in your vehicle. cracked wiper blades. Some of the items you should have are: window scraper, snow brush, container or bag of f See that all windows are clear and unob- sand or salt, emergency light, small shovel, first- structed. aid kit, etc. f Check air intake slots and area between lug- gage compartment lid and windshield. Ensure that these areas are free of snow and ice, so the heater and the windshield wipers work properly.8 Before driving off...
    • In the driver’s seat... On the road... f When parked, always set the parking brake. Move the PDK selector lever to ”P“ or the gear-f Check operation of the horn. f Never drive after you have consumed alcohol shift lever to reverse or first gear. or drugs. On hills also turn the front wheels toward thef Position seat for easy reach of foot pedals and curb. controls. f Always have your safety belt fastened. To reduce the possibility of injury from the f When emergency repairs become necessary, f Always drive defensively. airbag deployment, you should always sit back move the vehicle well off the road. Turn on the Expect the unexpected. as far from the steering wheel as is practical, emergency flasher and use other warning de- while still maintaining full vehicle control. f Use signals to indicate turns and lane changes. vices to alert other motorists. Do not park or operate the vehicle in areas where the hot ex-f Adjust the inside and outside rear view mirrors. f Turn on headlights at dusk or when the driving haust system may come in contact with dry conditions warrant it.f Buckle your safety belts. grass, brush, fuel spill or other flammable ma- f Always keep a safe distance from the vehicle in terial.f Check operation of the foot and parking brake. front of you, depending on traffic, road and f Make it a habit to have the engine oil checkedf Check all warning and indicator lights with weather conditions. with every refueling. ignition on and engine not running. f Reduce speed at night and during inclementf Start engine and check all warning displays for weather. warning symbols. Driving in wet weather requires caution and re- duced speeds, particularly on roads withf Never leave an idling car unattended. standing water, as the handling characteristicsf Lock doors from inside, especially with chil- of the vehicle may be impaired due to hydro- dren in the car to prevent inadvertent opening planing of the tires. of doors from inside or outside. f Always observe speed limits and obey road Drive with doors locked. signs and traffic laws. f When tired, get well off the road, stop and take a rest. Turn the engine off. Do not sit in the ve- hicle with engine idling. Please see the chapter “ENGINE EXHAUST” on Page 5. Before driving off... 9
    • Break in hints for the first f Do not participate in motor racing events, Engine oil and fuel consumption sports driving schools, etc. during the first2,000 miles/3,000 kilometers 2,000 miles/3,000 kilometers. During the break-in period oil and fuel consump-The following tips will be helpful in obtaining opti- tion may be higher than normal. There may be a slight stiffness in the steering,mum performance from your new Porsche. gear-shifting or other controls during the break-in As always, the rate of oil consumption depends onDespite the most modern, high-precision manufac- period which will gradually disappear. the quality and viscosity of oil, the speed at whichturing methods, the moving parts must still wear the engine is operated, the climate and road con-in with each other. This wearing-in occurs mainly in Break in brake pads and brake discs ditions, as well as the amount of dilution and oxi-the first 2,000 miles/3,000 kilometers. dation of the lubricant. New brake pads and discs have to be “broken in”, f Make a habit of checking engine oil with every and therefore only attain optimal friction when theTherefore: refueling, add if necessary. car has covered several hundred miles or km.f Preferably take longer trips. The slightly reduced braking ability must be com- pensated for by pressing the brake pedal harder.f Avoid frequent cold starts with short-distance This also applies whenever the brake pads and driving whenever possible. brake discs are replaced.f Avoid full throttle starts and abrupt stops.f Do not exceed maximum engine speed of New tires 4,200 rpm (revolutions per minute). New tires do not have maximum traction. Theyf Do not run a cold engine at high rpm either in tend to be slippery. f Break in new tires by driving at moderate Neutral or in gear.f Do not let the engine labor, especially when speeds during the first 60 to 120 miles/100 to driving uphill. Shift to the next lower gear in 200 km. Longer braking distances must be an- time (use the most favorable rpm range). ticipated.f Never lug the engine in high gear at low speeds. This rule applies at all times, not just during the break-in period.10 Before driving off...
    • 1 Inner door handle, Page 18 2 Power windows, Page 25 3 Door mirror control, Page 27 4 Hands-free microphone 5 Diagnostic socket (OBD) 6 Front and rear lid release, Page 93 7 Steering-wheel adjustment, Page 37 8 Seat height adjustment, Page 30 9 Backrest angle adjustment, Page 3010 Seat fore-and-aft adjustment, Page 30 Before driving off... 11
    • 1 Light switch, Page 80 2 Ignition/starter switch, Page 74 3 Turn signal/headlight dimmer, flasher lever, Page 82 4 Operating lever for on-board computer, Page 128 5 Horn 6 Operating lever for automatic speed control, Page 86 7 Wiper/washer lever, rear window wiper, Page 83 8 Stopwatch, Page 138 9 Interior temperature sensor 10 Emergency flasher switch, Page 79 11 Central locking button, readiness display for alarm system, Page 19 12 Cupholder, Page 88 13 Seat heating/Seat ventilation left/right, Page 35 14 Operating panel for air conditioning, Page 108 15 Sport/Sport Plus program, Page 64 Rear spoiler, Page 69 Porsche Active Suspension Management (PASM), Page 69 Porsche Stability Management (PSM), Page 66 Sports exhaust system, Page 5712 Before driving off...
    • Operation, SafetyKeys ........................................................... 15 Porsche Stability Management (PSM)............. 66 Fire Extinguisher ........................................ 102Security Wheel Bolts .................................... 15 Porsche Active Suspension Management HomeLink.................................................. 103Doors ......................................................... 18 (PASM) ........................................................ 69Central Locking ........................................... 19 Retractable Rear Spoiler............................... 69Alarm System, Interior Lights .............................................. 71Passenger Compartment Monitoring ............. 23 Parking Aids ................................................ 72Power Windows ........................................... 25 Ignition/Starter Switch withMirrors........................................................ 27 anti-theft Steering Lock ................................ 74Rear Window Defogger, Door Mirror Heating .. 29 Starting Procedures ..................................... 77Seat Adjustment and Head Restraints ............ 30 Stopping Engine .......................................... 78Seat Memory............................................... 33 Emergency Flasher Switch............................ 79Heated Seats .............................................. 35 Light Switch ................................................ 80Seat Ventilation............................................ 36 Welcome Home Lighting ............................... 81Rear Seat Backrests .................................... 37 Automatic Headlight Beam Adjustment .......... 81Steering Wheel Adjustment ........................... 37 Turn Signal / Headlight Dimmer /Steering Wheel Heating ................................ 38 Parking light / Flasher Lever ......................... 82Multi-Functional Steering Wheel ..................... 39 Windshield Wiper / Washer Lever .................. 83Sun Visors................................................... 40 Automatic Speed Control.............................. 86Safety Belts................................................. 41 Cupholder ................................................... 88Airbag Systems ........................................... 44 Ashtray ....................................................... 89Child Restraint Systems................................ 50 Cigarette Lighter.......................................... 90LATCH System Storage in the Passenger Compartment ........ 91Child seat bracket on the passenger’s seat.... 54 Luggage Compartment Lid andChild Restraint Anchorages........................... 55 Engine Compartment Lid .............................. 93Rollover Protection System........................... 56 Luggage Compartment (Vehicles withoutSports Exhaust System ................................ 57 Porsche Traction Management PTM).............. 95Parking Brake.............................................. 57 Luggage Compartment (Vehicles withBrakes ........................................................ 58 Porsche Traction Management PTM).............. 96ABS Brake System (Antilock Brake System) ... 61 Trunk Entrapment ........................................ 97Clutch Pedal ................................................ 62 Porsche Communication Management (PCM).. 98Porsche Traction Management (PTM)............. 63 Car Telephone and Aftermarket Alarms ........ 100Sport Mode ................................................. 64 iPod, USB and AUX .................................... 101 Operation, Safety 13
    • Never invite car theft! Warning! To protect your vehicle and your possessions from theft, you should always proceed as Risk of a serious accident.An unlocked car with the key in the ignition lock follows when leaving your vehicle: The steering column will lock when you re-invites car theft. move the key while you are driving or as the f Close windows.A steering wheel lock and a gong alarm are car is rolling to a stop. You will not be able to f Close lifting/sliding roofstandard equipment in your Porsche. steer the car.The gong alarm will sound if you open the driver’s Serious personal injury or death could result f Close convertible top (with the convertible topdoor while the key is still in the ignition lock. It is from loss of control of the vehicle. open, the passenger compartment monitoringyour reminder to pull the key out of the ignition system is always switched off) f Never remove the key from the steering locklock and to lock the doors. while you are driving. f Close the sliding glass roof (Targa) (with the sliding glass roof open, the passenger com- Warning! partment monitoring system is alwaysAny uncontrolled movement of the vehicle switched off)may result in property damage, serious per- f Remove ignition key.sonal injury or death.Never leave your vehicle unattended with the f Engage steering lock.key in the ignition lock, especially if children f Lock glove compartment.and/or pets are left unattended in the vehi-cle. They can operate power windows and f Remove valuables (e.g. car documents, tele-other controls. If the engine is left running, phone, house keys) from the car.they may accidentally engage the shift lever. f Lock doors.Serious personal injury or death could resultfrom loss of control of the vehicle.f Always remove the ignition key.f Always set the parking brake.f Lock the doors with the remote control.14 Operation, Safety
    • Keys Replacement keys Immobilizerf Please see the chapter “ALARM SYSTEM, PAS- Replacement car keys can be obtained only from There is a transponder (an electronic component) SENGER COMPARTMENT MONITORING” on your authorized Porsche dealer, and this can in the key grip, containing a stored code. Page 23. sometimes be very time-consuming. When the ignition is switched on, the ignition lock You should therefore always keep a spare key on checks the code.f Please see the chapter “CENTRAL LOCKING” your person. The immobilizer can be deactivated and the en- on Page 19. Keep it in a safe place (e.g. wallet), but under no gine started only using an authorized ignition key.Two car keys are supplied with your Porsche. circumstances in or on the vehicle.These keys operate all the locks on your vehicle. Switching off the immobilizer The key codes of new keys have to be “reported”f Be careful with your car keys: do not part with to the car control unit by your authorized Porsche f Insert the ignition key into the ignition lock. them except under exceptional circumstances. dealer. If the ignition is left on for more than 2 minutesf To avoid battery run-down, always remove the A total of 6 car keys can be reported to the control without the engine being started, the immobilizer ignition key from the ignition lock. unit. is switched on again. f If this happens, turn the ignition key back to Disabling key codes position 3 (ignition off) before starting the If a key is lost, the key codes can be disabled by engine. The immobilizer is switched off again, an authorized Porsche dealer. and the engine can be started. All the remaining car keys are required for this pur- f Please see the chapter “IGNITION/STARTER pose. SWITCH WITH ANTI-THEFT STEERING LOCK” Disabling the code ensures that the car can be on Page 74. started only using authorized keys. Switching on the immobilizer Note f Remove ignition key. f Please note that the other locks can still be opened with the disabled key. Security Wheel Bolts f If wheels have to be removed during a work- shop visit, do not forget to hand over the sock- et for the security wheel bolts along with the car key. Operation, Safety 15
    • Key with Radio Remote Control Unlocking luggage compartment lid or glass rear hatch (Targa) Unlocking the vehicle f Luggage compartment lid: Press button 2 for approx. two seconds. f Press button 1. f Glass rear hatch (Targa): Press button 3 for Locking the vehicle approx. two seconds. If the vehicle was locked, it is unlocked simultane- f Press button 1. ously with the luggage compartment/glass rear hatch (Targa). Switching off the alarm system if it is In vehicles with seat memory the stored seat and triggered accidentally door mirror positions are automatically set. f Press button 1. The vehicle will be locked again approx. 80 seconds after the luggage compartment/ glass rear hatch (Targa) is closed if none of the doors was opened.1- Central locking button Note2- Luggage compartment lid button Your authorized Porsche dealer can program fur-3- Button for glass rear hatch (Targa)4- Light-emitting diode ther types of unlocking for the luggage compart- ment/glass rear hatch (Targa). Type 1 The relocking time of the doors can be adjusted to suit your individual requirements: 10 - 100 seconds. Type 2 The doors stay locked when the luggage compart- ment/glass rear hatch (Targa) is unlocked.16 Operation, Safety
    • The remote-control standby function Operational readiness of the remoteswitches off after 7 days control interruptedIf the vehicle is not started or unlocked with the re- Encoded data is transmitted to the vehicle eachmote control within 7 days, the remote control time the wireless remote control is operated. If thestandby function is switched off (to prevent dis- remote control is operated too often outside thecharging of the vehicle battery). range of the vehicle, this can result in the central locking system no longer responding.1. In this case, unlock the driver’s door with the In this case, the remote control and vehicle must key at the door lock. be synchronized. Leave the door closed in order to prevent the alarm system from being triggered. Carrying out the synchronization2. Press button 1 on the remote control. 1. Unlock the drivers door with the key at the The remote control is now activated again and door lock. the alarm system is switched off. 2. Open driver’s door and insert the ignition key into the ignition lock within 10 seconds to prevent the alarm system from being triggered. 3. With the key inserted, press and hold button 1 on the remote control for approx. 5 seconds. The synchronization is now complete. Operation, Safety 17
    • Door storage tray Opening storage tray f Open the cover C. Keep the door storage tray C closed while driving for safety reasons.Doors Opening unlocked doors from insideIf the door windows are closed, they will be auto- f Slowly pull door handle B.matically opened by a few millimeters when thedoors are opened and, when the doors are closed, Opening locked doors from insidethey will be closed again. This makes it easier toopen and close the doors and protects the seals. f Slowly pull door handle B twice.f Therefore, you should pull the door handle f Please see the chapter “LOCKING CONDITI- slowly so that the door window can be lowered ONS” on Page 20. before the door is opened.Opening doors from outsidef Unlock vehicle with the remote control.f Slowly pull door handle A.18 Operation, Safety
    • Central Locking Both car doors and the filler flap can be centrally Automatic relocking unlocked or locked with the remote control.This device complies with: If the car is unlocked by remote control and none The vehicle cannot be locked if the driver’s door isPart 15 of the FCC Rules of the car doors is opened within approx. not completely closed.RSS-210 of Industry Canada. 100 seconds, automatic relocking takes place. A short signal from the alarm horn will draw This relocking time can be adapted to your individ-Operation is subject to the following two condi- your attention to the fact that the following ual requirements (10 - 100 seconds) by an author-tions: components are not completely closed when you ized Porsche dealer.1. This device may not cause harmful interfer- try to lock the vehicle: ence, and – Driver’s door (the vehicle cannot be locked if2. this device must accept any interference re- the driver’s door is not completely closed). ceived, including interference that may cause – Passenger’s door undesired operation. – Luggage compartment lidNote – Engine compartment lidThe manufacturer is not responsible for any radioor TV interference caused by unauthorized modifi- – Glass rear hatch (Targa)cations to this equipment. – Glove compartmentSuch modification could void the user’s authorityto operate the equipment. Unlocking the vehicle by using the key in the door lock and opening the door may activate the alarm system within 10 seconds. Warning!Any changes or modifications not expressly ap- Noteproved by Porsche could void the user’s authority f On vehicles with the Sport Chrono Packageto operate this equipment. Plus, the PCM can be used to activate auto- matic door locking.f Please see the chapter “LOAD SWITCH-OFF AF- Please observe the chapter “Individual Memo- TER 2 HOURS OR 7 DAYS” on Page 258. ry” in the separate PCM operating instructions.f Please see the chapter “SEAT MEMORY” on Page 33. Operation, Safety 19
    • Locking conditions Malfunction of the remote control Emergency operation – closingf Lock car once. The remote control may not function correctly due f Lock the driver’s door with the key at the door The doors cannot be opened from the outside. to local radio wave interference. The vehicle will lock. Alarm system and passenger compartment then not lock properly. If there is a defect in the central locking sys- monitoring are switched on. This can be identified by the missing locking tem, all functioning elements of the central sound and the missing check-back signal of the locking system will be locked.If a person or animal remains in the vehicle: emergency flasher. The alarm system is switched on.f Quickly lock car twice. If this should occur: The passenger compartment monitoring sys- The doors cannot be opened from the outside. tem is switched off. The passenger compartment monitoring is f Lock the vehicle with the key in the door. The fault should be remedied immediately at an switched off. authorized Porsche dealer. Emergency operation – openingUnlocking the door with the inner doorhandle f Unlock the driver’s door with the key at the door lock.Any person remaining in the locked car can open Open door within 20 seconds and insert thethe door with the inner door handle: ignition key into the ignition lock within1. Pull inner door handle once to unlock door 10 seconds to prevent the alarm system from lock. being triggered.2. Pull inner door handle again to open door. Note on operationNote If the door is not opened within approx. 20 seconds, automatic relocking takes place.f Inform any person remaining in the car that the The alarm system will be triggered by the next alarm system will be triggered if the door is unlocking of the door: opened. f Insert the ignition key into the ignition lock to switch off the alarm system.20 Operation, Safety
    • Indication by emergency flasher and Lockingalarm horn f Press the central locking button. Indicator light in the button lights up if ignitionIf the remote control is used for unlocking or is on.locking, a response is provided by the emergencyflasher: Unlocking– Unlocking – single flash. f Press the central locking button.– Locking – double flash. Indicator light goes out.– Locking twice – continuous illumination for ap- If the doors were locked with the central locking prox. 2 seconds. button, they can be opened by pulling the inner The passenger compartment monitoring is door handle: switched off. 1. Pull inner door handle once to unlock door lock.Fault indication 2. Pull inner door handle again to open door.A double horn signal during locking indicates adefect in the central locking or alarm system. Central locking buttonHave the defect remedied at an authorizedPorsche dealer. The central locking button on the dashboard lets you lock and unlock both doors electrically.Overload protection NoteIf the central locking system is operated more If the doors are locked with the key or remote con-than ten times within a minute, further operation is trol, they can not be opened by pressing the cen-blocked for 30 seconds. tral locking button. Operation, Safety 21
    • Automatic door locking Type 3 Warning! Doors lock automatically when the ignition is In an emergency situation where you need toYour authorized Porsche dealer can program di- switched on. If doors are opened with the engine exit the car through an automatically lockedverse types of automatic door locking in the con- running, they lock again automatically when a door, remember the following procedure totrol unit of the central locking system: speed of 3 - 6 mph (5 - 10 km/h) is exceeded. open the door.Type 1 Type 4 f Unlock the doors by pressing the central lock-Doors lock automatically when the ignition is ing button or The doors do not lock automatically.switched on. f pull the inside door handle twice to open the Note door.Type 2 Automatically locked doors can be unlocked withDoors lock automatically when a speed of the central locking button or opened by pulling on3 - 6 mph (5 - 10 km/h) is exceeded. the inside door handle twice. f On vehicles with the Sport Chrono Package Plus, the PCM can be used to activate automat- ic door locking. Please observe the chapter “Individual Memo- ry” in the separate PCM operating instructions.22 Operation, Safety
    • 2. this device must accept any interference re- Cabriolet, Targa ceived, including interference that may cause The passenger compartment monitoring system undesired operation. is always switched off when the convertible top or sliding glass roof (Targa) is open. Note The manufacturer is not responsible for any radio Function indication or TV interference caused by unauthorized modifi- cations to this equipment. If the alarm system is activated, light-emitting Such modification could void the user’s authority diode A in the central locking switch flashes. to operate the equipment. If, after locking, the light-emitting diode does not Warning! flash or, after ten seconds, it emits double flash- es, then not all alarm contacts are closed. Any changes or modifications not expressly ap- Additionally, a brief horn signal sounds. proved by Porsche could void the user’s authority to operate this equipment. When the doors are unlocked, the alarm system and passenger compartment monitoring system The alarm system and passenger compartment are switched off and the light-emitting diode goes monitoring system are switched on when the off.A - Light-emitting diode for alarm system doors are locked with the key or remote control.Alarm System, f Please see the chapter “CENTRAL LOCKING”Passenger Compartment on Page 19.Monitoring Unlocking the vehicle by using the key in theThis device complies with: door lock and opening the door may activatePart 15 of the FCC Rules the alarm system within 10 seconds.RSS-210 of Industry Canada.Operation is subject to the following two condi- Switching off the alarm system if it istions: triggered accidentally1. This device may not cause harmful interfer- f Unlock the vehicle with the remote control. ence, and The alarm system and passenger compartment monitoring system are switched off automatically when the doors are unlocked. Operation, Safety 23
    • When the alarm is armed, the following Deactivating the passenger compartment Fault indicationareas are monitored monitoring system for one locking process A double horn signal during locking indicates a– Doors defect in the central locking or alarm system. If a person or animal remains in the car while it is– Luggage compartment lid f Have the defect remedied at an authorized locked, the passenger compartment monitoring Porsche dealer.– Engine compartment lid system must be switched off.– Convertible-top lock (Cabriolet) f Quickly lock car twice. The doors are locked but can be opened from– Glass rear hatch (Targa) the inside:– Glove compartment 1. Pull inner door handle once to unlock door– Passenger compartment lock.If one of these alarm contacts is interrupted, the 2. Pull inner door handle again to open door.alarm horn sounds for approximately 3 minutes.Additionally, the emergency flasher flashes and Notethe passenger compartment light lightes for ap- f Inform any person remaining in the car that theproximately five minutes. alarm system will be triggered if the door isWhen the alarm is triggered, the light-emitting opened.diode changes over to double flashes.In order not to limit the action range of the passen-ger compartment monitoring system:f Do not fold the front seat backrests forward.24 Operation, Safety
    • Power Windows Readiness for operation of power windows – When the ignition is switched on Warning! (engine switched on or off) or Risk of injury when the door windows close. – with doors closed and ignition key withdrawn, This applies especially if the windows are but only until door is first opened. closed with the one-touch operation, be- One-touch operation for closing the door cause with this function the window goes up windows is available only when the ignition is automatically. switched on. f Make sure that fingers, hands, arms or other parts are not in the way when the windows are Cabriolet closed. When the convertible top is open, the rear side f Remove the ignition key to shut off power to windows can only be closed if the door windows the window switches when the vehicle is not are closed. attended by a responsible person. Uninformed persons could injure themselves by operating the power windows.A - Power window in driver’s door f In case of danger, release the button on theB - Power window in passenger’s doorC - Cabriolet: Switching button for front/rear power car key immediately. windows f Do not leave children in the car unattended. Risk of an accident. f Do not put anything on or near the windows that may interfere with the driver’s vision. Operation, Safety 25
    • Opening/closing windows Anti-crushing protection Automatic window loweringf For the Cabriolet, select front or rear power If a side window is blocked during closing, it will f Please see the chapter “DOORS” on Page 18. windows with rocker switch C. stop and open again by about an inch. f Please see the chapter “CONVERTIBLE TOP” The selection is displayed by the respective on Page 181. light-emitting diode. Warning!The two rocker switches A and B in the driver’s Risk of serious personal injuries. Storing end position of the windowsdoor and the switch in the passenger’s door have If the rocker switch is pressed again withina two-stage function: 10 seconds of the window being blocked, the If the battery is disconnected and reconnected, window will close with its full closing force. the windows will not be raised automatically whenOpening Anti-crushing protection is disabled. the door is closed.f Press the rocker switch down to the first stage f Once the anti-crushing protection acts to stop 1. Close the windows with the rocker switch until the window has reached the desired the window and opens it slightly, do not press once. position. the rocker switch again within 10 seconds 2. Press the rocker switch upwards again to store without checking to make sure that nothing isClosing the end position of the windows in the control blocking the path of the window. unit.f Press the rocker switch upwards to the first The window will close with full closing force. stage until the window has reached the desired position. One-touch operation is disabled for 10 seconds after blockage of a side window.One-touch operationf Press the rocker switch upwards or downwards to the second stage. Window moves to its final position. Press again to stop the window in the desired position.Coupé, TargaOne-touch operation for closing the passenger’swindow is available once the window is approxi-mately half-way closed.26 Operation, Safety
    • Warning! Risk of an accident, resulting in serious per- sonal injury or death. f Do not put anything on or near the windows or the mirrors that may interfere with the driver’s vision. Risk of damage to the door mirrors when washing the vehicle in a car wash. f Fold in door mirrors before using the car wash. Adjusting door mirrors 1. Switch on ignition. 2. By turning the control switch A, select the driv- er’s side or the passenger’s side.Mirrors Door mirrors 3. Move the door mirror glasses in the appropri- Before driving the vehicle, adjust the outside and ate direction by tilting the control switch.Inside mirror inside mirrors. It is important for safe driving that you have clear, If the electrical adjustment facility failsWhen the mirror is being adjusted, the anti-glarelever A must point forward. unobstructed vision to the rear. f Adjust mirror by pressing on the mirror face.Basic position: lever forward Automatically swivelling down mirror onAnti-glare position: lever back the passenger’s side f Please see the chapter “PARKING AIDS” on Page 72. f Please see the chapter “SEAT MEMORY” on Page 33. Operation, Safety 27
    • Folding in door mirrors 1. Push mirror towards the door window and A - Sensor continue to hold it (high spring force). B - Switch for automatic anti-glare operation Warning! C - Light-emitting diode 2. Swivel the locking lever up to the stop andDanger of injury to fingers if the mirror slowly let go of the mirror. Automatic Anti-Glare Interioraccidentally flips back when being folded in. Mirror and Door Mirrorf Exercise extreme caution when folding in mir- Unfolding door mirrors ror by hand. Do not let go of the mirror before Sensors on the front and rear sides of the interior 1. Push mirror towards the door window and mirror measure the incident light. the locking lever is locked or the mirror is fully continue to hold it (high spring force). The The mirrors automatically change to anti-glare po- unfolded. locking lever disengages automatically. sition or revert to their normal state, depending on 2. Move mirror back to unfolded position by hand. the light intensity. Do not let go of the mirror beforehand. When reverse gear is selected, automatic anti- glare operation is switched off.28 Operation, Safety
    • Note Switching onThe incident light in the area of the sensors must f Press button.not be restricted, e.g. by stickers on the wind- The light-emitting diode in the button lights up.shield. After approx. 15 minutes, the heater switches offSwitching off the automatic anti-glare automatically.operation The heater can be switched back on by pressingf Press switch B. the button again. Light-emitting diode C goes out. Switching offSwitching on the automatic anti-glareoperation f Press button.f Press switch B. The light-emitting diode in the button goes out. Light-emitting diode C lights up. Warning!Risk of injury. Electrolyte fluid can emerge Rear Window Defogger,from a broken mirror glass. Door Mirror HeatingThis fluid irritates the skin and eyes.f If the electrolyte fluid should come into contact The mirror heater is ready for operation when the ignition is on. with the eyes or skin, immediately rinse it off with clean water. See a doctor if necessary.Risk of damage to the paintwork, leather andplastic parts. Electrolyte fluid can beremoved only while it is still wet.f Clean the affected parts with water. Operation, Safety 29
    • Seat Adjustment and Head Caution! Seat positionRestraints Risk of damage to windshield, sun visor, An ergonomically correct sitting position is windstop, etc. when the seat is adjusted or important for safe and fatigue-free driving. Warning! folded back or forward. We recommend the following procedure for adjust-The seat may move unexpectedly if you f Adjust the seat so that the seat backrest is not ing the driver’s seat to suit individualattempt to adjust while driving. This could in contact with any other object. requirements:cause sudden loss of control, resulting in se- 1. Vehicles with manual transmission:rious personal injury or death. The driver and front passenger seats provide Adjust the seat until, with the clutch pedal fully integrated head restraints in the backrests. Thef Do not adjust seats while the vehicle is in mo- head restraints are not adjustable. The rear seats depressed, your leg remains at a slight angle. tion. do not provide head restraints. The backrest locks must be engaged at all Vehicles with Porsche Doppelkupplung times while the vehicle is in motion. (PDK): Warning! Adjust the seat until, with your left foot on theSafety belts only offer protection when the footrest, your left leg remains at a slight angle. All occupants, including the driver, should notbackrest is upright and the belts are properly operate a vehicle or sit in a vehicles seat until the 2. Rest your outstretched arm on the steeringpositioned on the body. head restraints and backrests, respectively, are wheel.Improperly positioned safety belts or safety placed in their proper positions so that the risk of Set the backrest angle (not applicable forbelts worn by passengers in an excessively neck injuries is minimized in the event of a crash. Sports bucket seat) and the steering-wheelreclined position can cause serious personalinjury or death in an accident. For proper positioning of the head restraint, the position so that your wrist rests on the outer seatbacks inclination should be adjusted such rim of the steering wheel. At the same time,f Do not operate the car with the driver or the shoulders must still be in noticeable that the head restraint is in an upright position. passenger backrests excessively reclined contact with the backrest. Driver and passengers should be seated upright (see “Seat position”). and in the center of their seats. 3. Adjust the seat height (not applicable forRisk of injury if persons or animals are in the Sports bucket seat) to give yourself enoughmovement range of the seat during seat headroom and a good overview of the vehicle.adjustment. 4. Electrically adjustable seat:f Adjust the seat so that no-one is put at risk. Adjust the seat angle until your thighs rest lightly on the seat cushion.30 Operation, Safety
    • C Backrest angle f Operate switch C until the desired backrest angle is reached. Seat backrest Folding forward f Pull up lever H in the side part of the backrest and fold the backrest forward. Folding back f Tilt back and engage the backrest so that it cannot tip forward when the car is braked. Comfort seat with driver seat memory/Standard seat/sports seat Adaptive sports seat with driver seatA Seat height memoryf Use lever A in a pumping movement: f Press the switch in the direction indicated by Upwards – seat moves upwards the arrow until the desired setting is reached. Downwards – seat moves downwards A Seat height adjustmentB Fore and aft B Fore-and-aft position adjustmentf Raise locking lever B. C Seat angle adjustment Move seat to desired position and release lever. D Backrest angle adjustment Ensure that the seat engages correctly. Operation, Safety 31
    • E Lumbar support B Backrest (pelvis and spinal column support) Folding forwardTo permit a relaxed sitting posture, the backrestcurvature is continuously adjustable in vertical and f Pull loop B in the side part of the backrest andhorizontal directions for individual pelvis and fold the backrest forward.spinal column support. Folding backf Press the switch in the direction indicated by f Tilt back and engage the backrest so that it the arrow until the desired backrest curvature cannot tip forward when the car is braked. is reached.F Adjusting the backrest side bolsters (adaptive sports seat only)f Push forward or pull backward switch F until the side bolsters are adjusted to the shape of the body.G Adjusting the seat cushion side bolsters (adaptive sports seat only) Sports bucket seatf Push forward or pull backward switch G until the side bolsters are adjusted to the shape of f Do not install a child restraint system in the body. the Sports bucket seat. The Sports bucket seat cannot be equipped with the LATCH system.Seat backrest A Fore and aft adjustmentFolding forward f Raise locking lever A.f Pull up lever H in the side part of the backrest Move seat to desired position and release and fold the backrest forward. lever. Ensure that the seat engages correctly.Folding backf Tilt back and engage the backrest so that it cannot tip forward when the car is braked.32 Operation, Safety
    • Warning! Recalling seat position Risk of crushing due to uncontrolled recall of The seat position can only be called up when the a seat setting. vehicle is stationary. f Cancel automatic adjustment by pressing any 1. Switch on the ignition or of the seat adjustment buttons. open the driver’s door. f Do not leave children in the vehicle unattended. 2. Press person button until the seat has reached its final position. The setting of door mirrors and lumbar Operation with person buttons 2, 3 support will be completed even if the person button is not kept depressed. Storing seat position 1. Switch on ignition. Note Reverse gear must not be engaged. Automatic seat adjustment can be interrupted 2. Set the desired seat and door-mirror positions. immediately by releasing the button. 3. Keep memory button M depressed and also press person button 2 or 3 until an audibleM - Memory button1 - Key button signal confirms that the position has been2, 3 - Person buttons stored. The individual setting is now stored under theSeat Memory desired person button.Individual seat and door mirror settings can bestored and recalled for the driver’s position.You cannot store the position of the side bolstersof the adaptive sports seat.Further individual setting options are available invehicles with the Sport Chrono Package Plus.f Please observe the chapter “Individual Memory” in the separate PCM operating instructions. Operation, Safety 33
    • Operating with the remote control of the Storing individual lowered position of the Recalling seat positionvehicle key passenger’s door mirror as a parking aid f Unlock the locked vehicle or the luggage Once the drivers seat setting has been stored, an compartment with the remote control.Each remote control (up to six) can be assigned an individual lowered position of the passengers The stored seat position is automatically set.individual seat and door mirror position. door mirror may be stored for driving in reverse:The stored seat and door mirror position is set au- The seat position assigned to a remote controltomatically when the vehicle is unlocked using the 1. Apply the handbrake. can also be recalled with the key button 1 if thecorresponding remote control. corresponding key was used to switch on the 2. Switch the ignition on with the desired car key. ignition.Storing seat position 3. Engage reverse gear. If no seat position has been assigned to a remote1. Switch the ignition on with the desired car key. 4. Select passenger side with mirror switch. control, the key button will not work. Reverse gear must not be engaged. The passenger’s mirror swivels downwards. Note on operation2. Set the desired seat and door-mirror positions. 5. Set passenger’s door mirror to desired final position. Automatic seat adjustment can be interrupted3. Keep memory button M depressed and also immediately: press key button 1 until an audible signal 6. Keep memory button M depressed and also confirms that the position has been stored. press key button 1 until an audible signal f by switching on the ignition, The individual setting is now assigned to this confirms that the position has been stored. f by pressing the central locking button, remote control and to the key button. The individual setting is now assigned to this It is necessary to wait for at least 15 seconds remote control and to the key button. f by pressing any memory or seat adjustment between locking and unlocking the door. button. Clearing the stored seat position 1. Switch the ignition on with the desired car key. 2. Press memory button twice and key button 1 once consecutively.34 Operation, Safety
    • Switching on High heating power f Press button once. Both light-emitting diodes in the button light up. Low heating power f Press button twice. One light-emitting diode in the button lights up. Switching off f Press button as often as necessary until the light-emitting diodes go out.A - Seat heating, leftB - Seat heating, rightHeated SeatsTwo-stage seat heating is ready for operationwhen the engine is running.The yellow light-emitting diodes in the button showwhich stage is currently activated. Operation, Safety 35
    • Seat Ventilation Switching off seat ventilationThe three-stage seat ventilation is ready for opera- f Press button as often as necessary until alltion when the engine is running and from an light-emitting diodes go out.ambient cabin temperature of 58 °F (15 °C).The three stages are controlled with the buttonson the control panel for the air conditioning.The blue light-emitting diodes in the buttons showwhich stage is currently activated.NoteThe full effect of the seat ventilation can beachieved only if you are wearing breathableclothing.Seat ventilation and seat heating can be used atthe same time and provide excellent seatingcomfort when used in the right combination. A - Seat ventilation, leftf Do not use protective seat covers. B - Seat ventilation, right Switching on seat ventilation High ventilation f Press button once. Three light-emitting diodes light up. Medium ventilation f Press button twice. Two light-emitting diodes light up. Low ventilation f Press button three times. One light-emitting diode lights up.36 Operation, Safety
    • Cabriolet f Do not fold up the rear seat backrests with the windstop installed. Steering Wheel Adjustment Warning! Risk of accident. The steering wheel may move further than desired if you attempt to adjust it when driving. You can lose control of the vehicle, causing serious personal injury or death. f Do not adjust the steering wheel when driving.Rear Seat Backrests Adjusting steering wheel height and longitudinal directionExtra storage space is gained by folding the rearseat backrests forward. 1. Insert ignition key fully into ignition lock.Folding forward 2. Push the locking lever downwards.f Pull lever forward and fold the backrest 3. Adjust steering wheel to fit the chosen forward. backrest angle and your seat position by moving the steering wheel up or down andFolding back longitudinally.f Tilt the backrest back until you feel it click into 4. Swivel locking lever back until you feel it en- place. When doing so, make sure that the seat gage. belt is properly routed (see figure). If necessary, move steering wheel slightly lon- gitudinally. Operation, Safety 37
    • Switching on steering wheel heating f Press button. The message “Steering wheel heating ON” is displayed on the on-board computer for 2 seconds. Switching off steering wheel heating f Press button. The message “Steering wheel heating OFF” is displayed on the on-board computer for 2 seconds.Steering Wheel HeatingThe steering wheel heating can be switched onand off with the button on the rear of the steeringwheel when the ignition is switched on.38 Operation, Safety
    • Multi-Functional Steering Wheel Operating the function keys f Please read the separate PCM operating Warning! instructions before operating the functionThere is a danger of accident if you set or keys.operate the on-board computer, radio, The rotary knobs at the top left and right of thenavigation system, telephone or other steering wheel can also be pressed.equipment when driving.Operating these devices while driving could Turn volume controldistract you from traffic and cause you to Upwards – increase volume.lose control of the vehicle. Downwards – decrease volume.f Operate these components while driving only if Press volume control the traffic situation allows you to do so safely. To switch volume/mute on and off.f Carry out any complicated operating or setting Turn rotary knob procedures only while the vehicle is stationary. To select/mark function in the PCM within a menu. To do this, turn the rotary knobDepending on the equipment in your vehicle, you upward or downward.can use the function keys of the multi-functional Readiness for operation of multi- Press rotary knobsteering wheel to operate the following Porsche functional steering wheel To activate selected function.communication systems: The multi-functional steering wheel is ready for Press screen button– PCM To call the stored PCM function. operation when the ignition and PCM are switched– Telephone on. The button can be assigned the desired function in the PCM.– CD-Audio, DVD-Audio Press Back button To move back in the PCM menu. Press Handset Pickup button To accept a telphone call. Press Handset Hangup button To end or refuse a telephone call. Operation, Safety 39
    • Sun Visorsf Swing the sun visors down to prevent glare from the front.f To prevent glare from the side, unclip the sun visor from the inner bracket and swivel round so that it is in front of the door window.Vanity mirrorThe vanity mirror on the rear of the sun visor iscovered by a lid. Warning!Risk of injury in an accident or risk of dam-age to mirror lid and convertible top.f Keep the lid closed while driving and when Coupé, Cabriolet Targa closing the convertible top.Risk of damage. The vanity mirror illumination is switched on auto- The vanity mirror illumination is switched on auto- matically when the cover is opened (arrow). matically when the sliding cover is openedf Do not force the lid beyond its end position. (arrow). The light is switched off when the sun vi- sor is in its upper or lower end position.40 Operation, Safety
    • Safety Belts f Belts should not be worn twisted. f The belts must be kept clean or the retractors may not work properly. f Do not wear belts over rigid or breakable ob- Warning! Please see the chapter “CAR CARE INSTRUC- jects in or on your clothing, such as eye glass- TIONS” on Page 224.Always make sure your and your passengers’ es, pens, keys, etc. as these may cause injury. f Never bleach or dye safety belts.safety belts are properly fastened while the f Several layers of heavy clothing may interferevehicle is in motion. with proper positioning of belts. f Do not allow safety belts to retract until theyFailure to follow safety belt warnings may re- are completely dry after cleaning or this may f Belts must not rub against sharp objects orsult in serious personal injury or death. cause damage to the belt. damage may occur to the belt.f For your and your passengers’ protection, use f Two occupants should never share the same safety belts at all times while the vehicle is in belt at the same time. Belt tensioner motion. Care and maintenancef Use appropriate child restraint systems for all Depending on the force of an impact, fastened small children. f Keep belt buckles free of any obstruction that front seat safety belts are tightened in an acci- may prevent a secure locking. dent.Proper wearing of safety belts f Belts that have been subjected to excessivef Safety belts must be positioned on the body as The belt tensioners are triggered in: stretch forces in an accident must be inspect- to restrain the upper body and lap from sliding – Front, side and rear impacts of sufficient ed or replaced to ensure their continued effec- forward. Improperly positioned safety belts severity. tiveness in restraining you. can cause serious personal injury or death in The same applies to belt tensioner systems – For the Cabriolet, in cases of vehicle rollover. case of an accident. which have been triggered.f The shoulder belt should always rest on your In addition, the anchor points of the belts Note upper body. The shoulder belt should never be should be checked. The belt-tensioner system can be triggered only worn behind your back or under your arm. f If safety belts do not work properly, see your once; the system must be replaced afterward.f For maximum effectiveness, the lap belt authorized Porsche dealer immediately. If there is a fault in the belt-tensioner system, the should be worn low across the hips. f If the belts show damage to webbing, bindings, airbag warning light lights up.f Pregnant women should position the belt as buckles or retractors, they should be replaced Work may be performed on the belt-tensioner sys- low as possible across the pelvis. Make sure it to ensure safe operation. tem only by an authorized Porsche dealer. is not pressing against the abdomen. f Do not modify or disassemble the safety belts Smoke is released when the belt tensioners are in your vehicle. triggered. This does not indicate a fire in the vehicle. Operation, Safety 41
    • Safety Belt Warning System Fastening the safety belt f Assume a comfortable sitting position.An audio-visual warning system is interconnect-ed with the driver’s safety belt. f Please see the chapter “SEAT POSITION” on Page 30.Every time the ignition is turned on, the gong willsound for about 6 seconds to remind driver and f The shoulder belt should always rest on yourpassenger to buckle up. upper body. The shoulder belt should never beIn addition, the gong will sound for approx. 90 sec- worn behind your back or under your arm.onds if vehicle speed exceeds 15 mph/24 km/h. f Grasp belt and pull the belt in a continuousThe safety belt warning lights in the instrument slow motion across your chest and lap.panel and on-board computer will go off as soonas the driver has buckled up. f Insert belt tongue into buckle on inboard side of seat. Push down until it securely locks with an audible click. Pull the belt to check. f Pull shoulder section to make sure belt fits snugly across the pelvis. Inertia reel retractor f Belts should fit snugly across the pelvis and chest. Make sure there is no slack in the belt. The combination lap/shoulder belt with inertia reel locking mechanism adjusts automatically to your Releasing the safety belt size and movements as long as the pull on the belt is slow. f Push in release button (arrow) on buckle. Belt Rapid deceleration during hard braking or a colli- tongue will spring out of buckle. sion locks the belt. The belt will also lock when you f To release a latched belt, lean back to take the drive up or down a steep hill or in a sharp curve, body pressure off the belt. otherwise, the shoulder belt will not inhibit your upper body movement. f To store lap/shoulder belt, allow the belt to re- tract as you guide the latch to its stowed posi- tion. f Please see the chapter “AUTOMATIC LOCKING RETRACTOR” on Page 53.42 Operation, Safety
    • Cleaning the safety belts If it becomes necessary to clean the belts, you can use any mild washing agent. Allow the belts to dry prior to retracting, but avoid direct sunlight. f Only use suitable cleaners. If unsuitable cleaners are used or any attempt is made to dye or bleach the belts, the webbing may be weakened and thus constitute a safety risk.Safety belt height adjustment(Coupé and Targa)The height of the belt deflectors for the driver’sseat and passenger’s seat can be adjusted.Adjust the height of the safety belt so that it runsacross the middle of the shoulder, not against theneck.Adjusting belt heightf Upward – push belt deflector up.f Downward – press button (arrow) and move belt deflector. Operation, Safety 43
    • Airbag Systems Danger! f Always keep the lid of the door storage com- partment closed. Objects must not protrude To provide optimal occupant protection, air-The airbags in combination with the safety belts out of the door storage compartment. bags must inflate at very high speed. If youmake up a safety system which offers the driver are not wearing your safety belt or are too f No changes may be made to the wiring orand the passenger the greatest known protection close to the airbag when it is deployed, inflat- components of the airbag system.from injuries in case of accident. ing airbags can result in serious personal in-Your vehicle is equipped with a weight sensing sys- f Do not add any additional coverings or stickers jury or death.tem for the front passengers seat in accordance to the steering wheel or in the area of the pas-with U.S. Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard f Make sure there are no people, animals or ob- senger’s airbag, side airbags and head air-208. jects between the driver or passenger and the bags. Doing so may adversely affect the func- area into which the airbag inflates. tioning of the airbag system or cause harm toEven if your vehicle is equipped with airbags, the the occupants if the airbag system should de-safety belts must be worn at all times, f Sit back as far from the dashboard or steering ploy.because the front airbag system is only deployed wheel as is practical, while still maintaining full Do not use protective seat covers.by frontal collisions with an impact of sufficient se- vehicle control.verity. f Do not modify the seat coverings. Do not at- f Always hold the steering wheel by the outer tach additional cushions, protective coverings,Below the deployment threshold of the airbag sys- rim. Never rest your hands on the airbag panel. or pillows to the passengers seat. Do not affixtem, and during types of collisions which do not f Always fasten seat belts because triggering things to the passengers seat or cover it withcause the actuation of the system, the safety belts of the airbag system depends on the force and other materials. Do not cover the back of theprovide the primary protection to the occupants angle of impact. backrest. Do not make changes to the passen-when correctly worn. gers seat and to the seat base frame.Therefore, all persons within the vehicle f Do not transport heavy objects on or in front ofmust wear safety belts at all times (in many the passenger’s seat. These could impair the f Do not undertake any wiring for electrical ac-states, state law requires the use of safety belts). function of the airbag, the seat belts, and cessory equipment in the vicinity of the airbag weight sensing. wiring harnesses. Doing so may disable the air-f Please see the chapter “SAFETY BELTS” on bag system or cause inadvertent inflation. Page 41. f Do not hang objects (e.g. jackets, coats, coat hangers) over the backrest. f If the warning light comes on, the airbag sys-The front airbags are located under the padded tem should be repaired immediately by yoursteering wheel panel on the driver’s side and, on authorized Porsche dealer.the passengers side, in the dashboard.The side airbags for the front seats are installed f Always keep feet in the footwell while driving.on the side in the seat backrests. Do not put feet on the dashboard or the seatThe head airbags are installed in the door linings. area. Do not lean against the inside of the door or outside the window while the vehicle is mov- ing.44 Operation, Safety
    • f Using accessories not approved by Porsche Airbags help to protect the head and upper body, Advanced Airbag can cause the weight sensing system to be im- while simultaneously damping the motion of the paired. driver and passenger in the impact direction in the Your vehicle is equipped with a weight sensing sys- event of a frontal impact or side impact. tem for the passengers seat in accordance withf Do not squeeze objects, such as the fire extin- U.S. Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 208. guisher, or first aid kit under the seat. In order to help provide protection in severe colli- Depending on the weight acting on the front pas- sions which can cause death and serious injury,f Only have seats removed and installed by an sengers seat, the front passengers airbag will au- airbags must inflate extremely rapidly. Such high authorized Porsche dealer so that weight sens- tomatically be switched on and off. speed inflation has a negative but unavoidable ing components will not be damaged. side effect, which is that it can and does cause in- Depending on the angle and force of impact, thef Give your passenger all of the information in juries, including facial and arm abrasions, bruising front passengers airbag which is activated will be this chapter. and broken bones. You can help minimize such in- triggered during a collision. juries by always wearing your safety belts. Precondition for switching the front passengersNote There are many types of accidents in which airbag on and off, depending on weight:Airbag components (e.g. steering wheel, door lin- airbags are not expected to deploy. These include – Vehicles equipped with key-operated airbaging, seats) may be disassembled only by an autho- accidents where the airbags whould provide no deactivation device:rized Porsche dealer. benefit, such as a rear impact against your vehi- Switch position AUTO. cle. Other accidents where the airbags are de-When disposing of a used airbag unit, our safety signed not to deploy are those where the risk of – Ignition key is inserted.instructions must be followed. These instructions injury from the airbag deployment could exeed anycan be obtained at any authorized Porsche dealer. Improper handling of the weight sensing protective benefits, such as in low speed acci- system can unintentionally impair switching dents or higher speed accidents where the vehicle the passengers airbag off and on.Function of the airbag system decelerates over a longer time. Since airbag de- ployment does not occur in all accidents, this fur-Airbags are a supplemental safety system. Your ther emphasizes the need for you and your pas-primary protection comes from your safety belts. sengers to always wear safety belts.The front airbags are triggered during a frontal col- Your vehicle is equipped with a crash sensing andlision of sufficient force and direction. diagnostic module. This module will record theIn the event of a side impact of corresponding use of the seat belt restraint system by the driverforce, the side airbag on the impact side is and front passenger when the airbags and/or belttriggered. tensioner work.The inflation process generates the amount of gasrequired to fill the airbags at the necessary pres-sure in fractions of a second. Operation, Safety 45
    • Seat adjustment for the front passengers If the weight on the passengers seat is reduced Automatic deactivation of the frontseat significantly, e.g., by supporting weight on the passenger’s airbag. armrest, the passengers airbag can be switched Danger! off. Danger!Safety belts only offer protection when the f Select an upright seat position, and do not sup- The use of a child restraint system in thebackrest is upright and the belts are properly port weight on the armrests or lean out of the front passenger’s seat can result in seriouspositioned on the body. Improperly posi- window. personal injury or death to the child from antioned safety belts can cause serious person- Always keep feet in the footwell while driving. airbag deployment.al injury or death in an accident. Do not put feet on the dashboard or the seat area. Do not lean against the inside of the door f Please see the chapter “PASSENGER AIRBAGf Do not operate the car with the driver or or outside the window while the vehicle is mov- OFF INDICATOR LAMP DOES NOT LIGHT UP” passenger backrests excessively reclined. ing. on Page 47.f Porsche recommends the use of L.A.T.C.H. If the passengers seat is warped significantly, a f Before transporting a child on the passenger’s (Lower Anchorage and Tether for Children) message is displayed on the on-board computer: seat: equipped Porsche child seat. Please see the chapter “CHILD RESTRAINT Do not install a child restraint system in f Correct the seat adjustment. SYSTEMS” on Page 50. the Sports bucket seat. f Please see the chapter “WARNINGS ON THE f Do not install a child restraint system in The Sports bucket seat cannot be INSTRUMENT PANEL AND THE ON-BOARD the Sports bucket seat. equipped with the LATCH system. COMPUTER” on Page 158. – When an up to one-year old child is seatedIf the seat is in an extreme position (e.g., the back- Vehicle modifications to accommodate in the child restraint system, the front airbag isrest is in contact with the rear seat), the backrest persons with disabilities automatically deactivated on the passenger’scan warp. Warping of the backrest can lead to mal- Because modifications to your vehicle could com- side.functions. promise your advanced airbag system, please call – When an adult is seated in the front seat, thef Correct the seat adjustment. 1-800-PORSCHE prior to having your vehicle mod- front airbag remains active on the passenger‘s Ensure that the seat is not jammed and is self- ified. side. supporting. Ensure that the backrest is in the upright posi- tion.f Do not transport a load and objects in the rear footwell and under the passengers seat. If the load or objects are under the seat, it can cause malfunctions.46 Operation, Safety
    • f Please see the chapter “KEY-OPERATED AIR- Danger! BAG DEACTIVATION DEVICE” on Page 49. Risk of serious personal injury or death due f Please see the chapter “CHILD RESTRAINT to the passenger airbag triggering uninten- SYSTEMS” on Page 50. tionally. f Please see the chapter “LATCH SYSTEM When the ignition key is inserted and the up CHILD SEAT BRACKET ON THE PASSENGER’S to one-year old child is seated in the child re- SEAT” on Page 54. straint system on the passenger’s seat, the indicator lamp “PASSENGER AIRBAG OFF” Note must be on. f After inserting the ignition key, the PASSEN- If the “PASSENGER AIRBAG OFF” indicator GER AIRBAG OFF warning light lights up for a lamp does not light up, it could indicate a few seconds as a bulb check. fault in the system. In this case: PASSENGER AIRBAG OFF indicator lamp lights up f Child restraint systems facing forwards: Install on the rear seats. – The passengers airbag is switched off. f Child restraint systems facing rearwards:PASSENGER AIRBAG OFF indicator lamp PASSENGER AIRBAG OFF indicator lamp On vehicles with key-operated airbag deactiva- does not light up tion device: Switch to position OFF.Note on operationAlthough not desired, it can occur in the case of – The passengers airbag is active and ready for f Child restraint systems facing rearwards: operation. On vehicles without key-operated airbag deac-heavier children that the passenger’s airbag re-mains active or, in the case of very light adults or – If the passengers seat is not occupied, the tivation device: Do not use a child restraint sys-young persons, that the passenger’s airbag is PASSENGER AIRBAG OFF indicator lamp will tem in the front passenger’s seat.deactivated. also not light up, even though the passengers f Have the fault remedied at your nearest author- airbag is switched off. ized Porsche dealer.The condition of the passenger’s front airbag isshown by the indicator lamp.If in doubt:f Please see the chapter “PASSENGER AIRBAG OFF INDICATOR LAMP DOES NOT LIGHT UP” on Page 47. Operation, Safety 47
    • Note Airbag maintenanceThe key switch for switching off the passenger’s In order to ensure long-term functioning, the air-airbag in combination with the LATCH attachment bag system must be inspected by an authorizedbracket are not installed at the factory. They can Porsche dealer at the intervals recommended inbe retrofitted. your Maintenance Booklet.f Please see your authorized Porsche dealer. Important information Warning light and warning If you sell your Porsche, notify the purchaser that message the vehicle is equipped with airbags, and referFaults are indicated by a warning light in the instru- them to the chapter, “Airbag Systems“, in thement panel and a message on the on-board com- Owners Manual (safety and disposal rules).puter. Further information on the airbag system can bef Please see the chapter “WARNINGS ON THE found on stickers attached to the sun visors. INSTRUMENT PANEL AND THE ON-BOARD For special recommendations on the use of child COMPUTER” on Page 158. restraints:f In the following cases you should immedi- f Please see the chapter “CHILD RESTRAINT ately consult an authorized Porsche SYSTEMS” on Page 50. dealer in order to assure the airbag sys- tem is functioning properly:– If the warning light does not light up when the ignition key is inserted or– If the warning light does not go out once the engine is running or– If the warning light appears while driving.48 Operation, Safety
    • Warning light “PASSENGER AIRBAG OFF” If the airbag on the passenger’s side is switched off: – Warning light “PASSENGER AIRBAG OFF” is continuously lit when the ignition key is inserted. Danger! Risk of serious personal injury or death from the passenger’s airbag. If the “PASSENGER AIRBAG OFF” warning light is not lit when the ignition key is inserted and the Airbag OFF switch is switched to the OFF-Position, this could indicate a fault in the system. f Do not install a child restraint system on the PASSENGER AIRBAG OFF indicator lampKey-operated airbag deactivation device passenger’s seat.In case your vehicle is equipped with LATCH, you Danger! f Have the fault remedied immediately.can switch off (OFF) the passenger’s front airbag Please see your authorized Porsche dealer. Risk of serious personal injury or death formanually. In the automatic mode (AUTO), the passenger if passenger’s airbag remainsairbag will be switched on or off automatically switched off after the child restraint system Notedepending on the weight on the passenger seat. is removed. f Do not install a child restraint system inf Switch off the passenger’s airbag on the key f Make sure that the key switch is switched to the Sports bucket seat. switch using the vehicle key. AUTO once the child seat has been removed, The key switch for switching off the passenger’sSwitch position AUTO – passenger’s front airbag is in order to provide protection to the adult airbag in combination with the LATCH attachmentactive occupants. bracket are not installed at the factory. They can be retrofitted (not on vehicles with Sports bucketSwitch position OFF – passenger’s front airbag is seats).switched off f Please see your authorized Porsche dealer. Operation, Safety 49
    • Child Restraint Systems tion manual provided with the restraint. Danger! Risk of serious personal injury or death to thef Do not install a child restraint system in Danger! child. the Sports bucket seat. The Sports bucket seat cannot be The use of a child restraint system in the f Follow all child restraint instructions and equipped with the LATCH system. front passenger’s seat can result in serious warnings in this manual. personal injury or death to the child from anPorsche recommends that all infants and children airbag deployment. – When using an infant or child restraint system,be restrained in child restraint systems at all times To reduce risk of injury from an inflating air- be sure to follow all manufacturers instruc-while the vehicle is in motion in accordance with bag in an accident, Porsche strongly recom- tions on installation and use.applicable laws. mends: – Infants and small children should never be heldUse only child restraint systems with the LATCH- f Please see the chapter “PASSENGER AIRBAG on the lap, nor should they share a safety beltsystem recommended by Porsche. These sys- OFF INDICATOR LAMP DOES NOT LIGHT UP” with another occupant while the vehicle is intems have been tested and adjusted to the interior on Page 47. motion.of your Porsche and the appropriate child weightgroups. Other systems have not been tested and f Please see the chapter “CHILD RESTRAINT – Children too big for child restraint systemscould entail an increased risk of injury or death. SYSTEMS” on Page 50. should use regular safety belts. A shoulder beltYou can obtain child seats that are LATCH compa- f Do not install a child restraint system in can be used providing it does not cross the the Sports bucket seat. face or the neck of the child.tible at your authorized Porsche dealer. The Sports bucket seat cannot be – Choose a child restraint system according tof Always observe the separate installation in- equipped with the LATCH system. the weight of the child. structions for your child seat. – Child restraint systems that are damaged orThe use of infant or child restraints is required by Note have been heavily stressed in an accident mustlaw in all 50 states of the U.S. and all Canadian The key switch for switching off the passenger’s be replaced immediately.provinces. The child restraint system should be airbag and the LATCH attachment bracket are notone that complies with U.S. Federal Motor Vehicle – Children could be endangered in a crash if their installed at the factory. They can be retrofitted (notSafety Standards and should be secured by a lap child restrains are not properly secured in the on vehicles with Sports bucket seats).belt or lap belt portion of a lap-shoulder belt or for vehicle.child seats equipped with the LATCH sytem (Low- f Please see your authorized Porsche dealer. – Do not affix things to child restraint systems orer Anchorage and Tether for Children, also known cover it with other materials.as ISOFIX) to the LATCH anchorages.A statement by the seat manufacturer of compli-ance with this standard can be found on the in-struction label on the restraint and in the instruc-50 Operation, Safety
    • – Your authorized Porsche dealer will be glad to Direction of installation for child restraint Group III: Children in between 49 lbs (22 kg) advise you about the installation possibility for systems and 80 lbs (36 kg) a Porsche child restraint system which allows Children of this weight are held in child restraint a key-operated airbag deactivation of the pas- According to accident statistics, children are safer systems facing forward. senger’s airbag. when properly restrained in the rear seating Whenever possible, these child restraint systems positions than in the front seating positions.– The key-operated airbag deactivation device should be installed on the rear seats. installation requires special programming Under all normal circumstances, the forward If a child restraint system must be fastened to the available only from your authorized Porsche facing child seat must be placed in the rear. passenger’s seat, the passenger’s seat must be dealer. Group 0 and 0+: Children up to 29 lbs (13 kg) adjusted to the lower rear position.f Please see the chapter “KEY-OPERATED AIRBAG DEACTIVATION DEVICE” on Page 49. Children of this weight must be transported in a Note restraint system which is installed on the If a child seat with top tether is adapted for use on passenger’s seat facing rearward. the front seat, the rear right (passenger’s side) an- Group I: Children in between 20 lbs (9 kg) chor point must be used for anchoring the top and 40 lbs (18 kg) tether. It is then not permitted for a passenger to use the Children of this weight are held in child restraint rear right (passenger’s side) seat. systems facing forward. It is then not permitted to install a child restraint Whenever possible, these child restraint systems system on the rear right (passenger’s side) seat. should be installed on the rear seats. f Please see the chapter “CHILD RESTRAINT Group II: Children in between 33 lbs (15 kg) ANCHORAGES” on Page 55. and 55 lbs (25 kg) Children of this weight are held in child restraint systems facing forward. Whenever possible, these child restraint systems should be installed on the rear seats. Operation, Safety 51
    • Using child restraint systems in the front Child restraint system for up to one-year old Child restraint system for children older thanpassenger seat children one year – Make sure that the PASSENGER AIRBAG OFF Your vehicle is equipped with a weight sensing sys-f Do not install a child restraint system in indicator lamp lights up. tem for the passengers seat in accordance with the Sports bucket seat. U.S. Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 208. – Adjust the passengers seat as far away from Depending on the weight acting on the passen- Danger! the airbag as possible. gers seat, the passengers airbag will automati-The use of a child restraint system in the cally be switched on or off. Danger!front passenger seat can result in seriouspersonal injury or death to the child from an Risk of serious personal injury or death due Small adult passengersairbag deployment. to the passenger’s airbag triggering uninten- Make sure that the PASSENGER AIRBAG OFF indi-To reduce risk of injury from an inflating air- tionally. cator lamp does not light up.bag in an accident, Porsche strongly recom- When the ignition is on and the up to one-mends: Danger! year old child is seated in the child restraintf Please see the chapter “PASSENGER AIRBAG system on the passenger’s seat the indicator Risk of serious personal injury or death due OFF INDICATOR LAMP DOES NOT LIGHT UP” lamp „PASSENGER AIRBAG OFF“ must be on. to the passenger’s airbag not triggering. on Page 47. If the “PASSENGER AIRBAG OFF” indicator When the ignition key is inserted and thef Please see the chapter “CHILD RESTRAINT lamp does not light up, it could indicate a small adult passenger is seated on the pas- SYSTEMS” on Page 50. fault in the system. senger’s seat, the indicator lamp “PASSEN- In this case:f Do not install a child restraint system in GER AIRBAG OFF” must be off. the Sports bucket seat. f On vehicles with key-operated airbag deactiva- If the “PASSENGER AIRBAG OFF” indicator The Sports bucket seat cannot be tion device: Switch to position OFF. lamp lights up, it could indicate a fault in the equipped with the LATCH system. f On vehicles without key-operated airbag deac- system. tivation device: Do not use a child restraint sys- In this case: tem in the front passenger’s seat. f The passenger should sit in the rear seat until f Have the fault remedied at your nearest autho- the fault is repaired. rized Porsche dealer. f Have the fault remedied at the nearest autho- rized Porsche dealer.52 Operation, Safety
    • Automatic locking retractor Danger! Activating the automatic locking retractor Risk of serious personal injury or death to the 1. If a child restraint system must be fastened tof Do not install a child restraint system in child, when excessive force is acting on the the passengers seat, adjust the passengers the Sports bucket seat. passengers seat due to the seat belt. seat as far away from the airbag as possible. The Sports bucket seat cannot be In such cases, the passengers airbag can be equipped with the LATCH system. 2. Fasten child seat. switched on unintentionally.The safety belts for the front passenger and rear 3. Pull the safety belt retractor completely out. At f After fastening the child restraint system, doseats are equipped with an automatic locking re- this point the locking mechanism is activated. not adjust the seat.tractor for securing the child restraint system. 4. Insert the safety belt tongue into the buckleWhen activated, this retractor allows you to se- f Check the condition of the passenger’s airbag and make certain that it is properly latched.curely fasten the child restraint system in place so shown by the indicator lamp in the central con- Make no more adjustments to the seat.that inadvertent movements will not occur. sole. 5. Allow the safety belt to retract until it is tight on Danger! the child restraint system. You may further tighten the belt by pulling on it to allow more ofThe use of a child restraint system on the it to retract.front passenger seat can result in serious Make sure that excessive seat belt forces dopersonal injury or death to the child from an not occur by moving the seat with the childairbag deployment. seat installed.To reduce risk of injury from an inflating air-bag in an accident, Porsche strongly recom- Releasing the safety beltmends: 1. Unbuckle the safety belt latch.f Under all normal circumstances, forward fa- cing child seats must be placed in the rear. 2. Then make certain that the belt has fully retracted. At this point the automatic lockingBefore transporting a child on the passenger’s feature will be disengaged.seat: Seek appropriate advice from your authorized Porsche dealer about the possible installationf Please see the chapter “CHILD RESTRAINT of a Porsche child restraint system. SYSTEMS” on Page 50. Operation, Safety 53
    • LATCH SystemChild seat bracket on the passenger’sseatf Do not install a child restraint system in the Sports bucket seat. The Sports bucket seat cannot be equipped with the LATCH system.The key switch for switching off the passenger’sairbag and the LATCH attachment bracket are notinstalled at the factory. They can be retrofitted(not on vehicles with Sports bucket seats).f Please see your authorized Porsche dealer.Porsche recommends the use of a Porsche ChildSeat with Lower Anchorage and Tether for Chil-dren system (LATCH).These systems have been tested and adjusted tothe interior of your Porsche and the appropriate Installing a LATCH child seat systemchild weight groups. Other systems have not been 1. Secure the child seat to retaining lugs A astested and could entail an increased risk of injury. outlined in the instruction manual for the childYou can obtain child seats that are LATCH compat- seat.ible at your authorized Porsche dealer. 2. Pull the child seat to check that both fasteningf Always observe the separate installation in- points are engaged correctly. structions for your child seat. Notef Please see the chapter “CHILD RESTRAINT SYSTEMS” on Page 50. f Make sure that the key switch is switched to AUTO once the child seat has been removed, in order to provide protection to the adult occupants.54 Operation, Safety
    • Child Restraint Anchorages(Coupé and Targa)f Please see the chapter “AUTOMATIC LOCKING RETRACTOR” on Page 53.f Do not install a child restraint system in the Sports bucket seat. The Sports bucket seat cannot be equipped with the LATCH system.If your child restraint seat or seats require the useof a tether strap, you will want to use the anchorpoints provided behind the rear seat backrests un-der the carpet.To ensure proper installation, see your authorizedPorsche dealer.NoteIf a child seat with top tether is adapted for use on Warning!the front seat, the rear right (passenger’s side) an- Child restraint anchorages are designed tochor point must be used for anchoring the top withstand only those loads imposed by cor-tether. It is then not permitted for a passenger to rectly fitted child restraints. Under no cir-use the rear right (passenger’s side) seat. cumstances are they to be used for adults safety belts or harnesses. Such use could re- sult in serious personal injury or death. f Do not misuse the child restraint anchorages. They are not designed to withstand loads imposed by adults. f Only attach one child seat tether per ancho- rage. Operation, Safety 55
    • Rollover Protection System Danger! Warning light Risk of death or serious injury.The Rollover Protection System on the Cabriolet Faults in the Rollover Protection System are indi-consists of two supplemental safety bars that to- f Do not block area of supplemental safety bars cated by the airbag warning light in the instrumentgether with the front windshield frame help to cre- with objects. panel.ate occupant survival space in case of rollover. Be- In the event of a deployment event, such Extension of the supplemental safety bars is nocause of the extreme and unpredictable forces objects could potentially prevent such deploy- longer ensured.which can be encountered in a rollover, it is not ment from occuring, or such objects couldpossible to guarantee that occupants will be pro- impact the car occupants at high speed. f See your authorized Porsche dealer immedi-tected from all contact with exterior objects or the ately and have the fault remedied. f Do not tamper with or work on wiring and orground. However, the Rollover Protection System components of Rollover Protection System.is designed to maintain the occupant survival Lowering the supplemental safety barsspace. f All work regarding this system must be carried after deployment out by your authorized Porsche dealer.The Rollover Protection System is activated auto-matically in the event of an accident or extreme f Check functions and periodic service intervals f Have this work performed by an authorizeddriving situation. according to maintenance schedule (see your Porsche dealer.The protective devices are located behind each authorized Porsche dealer).rear seat and rapidly deploy within a fraction of a To avoid damage to the convertible top:second. If necessary, the seat-belt tensioners willbe activated. f If the supplemental safety bars are extended for any reason, do not open or close converti-f Please see the chapter “BELT TENSIONER” on ble top. Page 41.They can deploy under:– Extreme tilting of the vehicle.– Loss of ground contact (e.g. Going over the crest of a hill at high speed).56 Operation, Safety
    • Setting the parking brake f Pull the lever all the way up (arrow). With the ignition on, the parking brake warning lights in the instrument panel and on-board computer will come on if the lever is even slightly raised. A firm pull upward is required to properly engage the parking brake. If the brake is not fully set, the vehicle may roll without control. f Move the selector lever to “P” (PDK) or move the gearshift lever to reverse or first gear (Manual transmission). f Before exiting the vehicle, make sure that the parking brake is fully set and the vehicle is not moving at all.Sports Exhaust System Parking Brake Danger! Parking brake force is mechanically transferred to Risk of serious personal injury or death. ASwitching on and off the rear wheels by means of cables. partially engaged parking brake may allow the vehicle to roll, causing serious personalThe sports exhaust system can be switched on f Use the parking brake only after the vehicle injury or death to any person in its path.and off when the ignition is switched on using has come to a full stop.button A. f Engage the parking brake fully.When the sports exhaust system is switched on,the light-emitting diode in the button lights up. Releasing the parking brake f Pull the lever slightly up as you depress the re- lease button, and then push the lever all the way down. Operation, Safety 57
    • Parking brake warning light USA Brakes Brake system function f Make it a habit to check the operation of your Your Porsche is equipped with a power assisted Parking brake warning light brakes before driving. hydraulic dual circuit brake system with disc Canada Keep in mind that the braking distance increases brakes at the front and rear. Both circuits function independently. One brakeThe warning lights in the instrument panel and on- very rapidly as the speed increases. At 60 mph or circuit operates the front and the other operatesboard computer will go out after the parking brake 100 km/h, for example, it is not twice but four the rear.is fully released. times longer than 30 mph or 50 km/h. Tire trac-The warning lights are not an indicator that the tion is also less effective when the roads are wet If one brake circuit has failed, the other will still op-parking brake is fully set; it is only intended to be or slippery. erate. However, you will notice an increased pedal travel when you apply the brakes.a warning to release the parking brake before f Therefore, always maintain a safe distancedriving the car. Failure of one brake circuit will cause the stopping from the car in front of you. distance to increase. Caution! Vehicles without Porsche Ceramic Compos- ite Brake (PCCB) Warning!A partially engaged brake will overheat therear brakes, reduce their effectiveness and Even though the brake discs consist of alloyed Risk of an accident, resulting in serious per-cause excessive wear. grey cast iron, they will unavoidably start to cor- sonal injury or death. rode if your car is parked for an extended period. In the unlikely event of hydraulic failure off Release the parking brake fully. one brake circuit: The brakes will tend to “rub” as a result.f When parking your car, always set the parking The nature, extent and effects of corrosion de- f Push the brake pedal down firmly and hold it in pend on the amount of time the vehicle was that position. brake by pulling all the way up on the lever. parked, whether granular or liquid road salt was A mechanical linkage activates the second cir-f Move the selector lever to “P” (PDK) or move spread and whether grease-dissolving agents cuit, and you will be able to bring the vehicle to the gearshift lever to reverse or first gear were used in car washes. a stop. (Manual transmission). To prevent corrosion of the brake discs, “brake them dry” before parking the car. f After bringing your vehicle to a complete stop,f On hills also turn the front wheels towards the avoid driving the vehicle and instead have it If the braking comfort is noticeably impaired, we curb. towed to the nearest authorized Porsche deal- recommend having the brake system checked by experts at an authorized Porsche dealer. er for repair.58 Operation, Safety
    • Brake system warning light Brake pedal Warning!You can check the functionality of the brake To avoid overheating and premature wear ofsystem warning light by switching the ignition to Warning! the brakes:the "On" position and verifying that the warning Risk of an accident, resulting in serious per- f Before descending a steep grade, reducelight illuminates. sonal injury or death. speed and shift the transmission into a lower Any obstruction of the brake pedal could gear or driving position to control speed. Brake warning light USA increase the stopping distance. f Do not “ride the brakes” by resting your foot on f Always check the movement of the brake pedal the pedal when not intending to apply brake Brake warning light Canada before driving and make sure that it is not ob- pressure. structed by a floor mat or any other object. f Do not hold the pedal down too long or too f Secure the floor mat to prevent it from slidingIf the warning lights in the instrument panel and on-board computer go on while driving, the brake flu- often. into positions that could interfere with the safe This could cause the brakes to get hot and notid level may be too low, or (if the brake pedal travel operation of your vehicle. function properly.has increased) one of the two brake circuits may Your Porsche dealer will be glad to offer youhave failed. nonskid floor mats of the correct size.A greater braking pressure will be required, stop-ping distances will be longer and the braking be- Notehavior will change, particularly in curves. In case one of the two brake circuits fails, in-With correctly adjusted brakes, and a correctly creased pedal travel is required to bring yourworking brake system, the pedal travel to the vehicle to a full stop.point of brake actuation should be 1-3/16 in. to1-9/16 in. or 30 to 40 mm.Whenever the brake pedal travel exceeds this dis-tance, have the brake system checked. Operation, Safety 59
    • Brake booster Brake wear Brake padsThe brake booster assists braking only when Your car has excellent brakes, but they are still Wear on the brake pads and brake discs dependsthe engine is running. subject to wear. The rate at which they wear de- to a great extent on the driving style and the con- pends on how the brakes are used. ditions of use and therefore cannot be expressedWhen the car is moving while the engine is not run- in actual miles on the road.ning, or if the brake booster is defective, more f Have the brake system inspected at thepressure on the brake pedal is required to bring intervals recommended in your Maintenance The high-performance brake system is designedthe car to a stop. Booklet. for optimal braking effect at all speeds and tem-If this happens, ABS and PSM will also not oper- peratures.ate. Brake system warning light Certain speeds, braking forces and ambient You can check the functionality of the brake conditions (such as temperature and humidity)Moisture or road salt on brakes affects braking. system warning light by switching the ignition to therefore might cause “brake noises”.When the vehicle is driven on salted or sandedroads for extended periods, the brakes should be the "On" position and verifying that the warning New brake pads or liningswashed down thoroughly about every 2 weeks. An light illuminates.automatic carwash facility cannot do this job prop- New brake pads and brake discs have to be “bro-erly. Warning light USA ken in”, and therefore only attain optimal frictionBrakes will dry after a few cautious brake applica- when the car has covered several hundred milestions. or km. Warning light Canada The slightly reduced braking ability must be com- Warning! pensated for by pressing the brake pedal harder. If the warning lights in the instrument panel and on- This also applies whenever the brake pads andRisk of an accident, resulting in serious per- board computer stay on when the engine is run- brake discs are replaced.sonal injury or death. ning or come on while driving, the brake pads areDriving through water may reduce the trac- worn excessively.tion. f Do not continue to operate the vehicle.Moisture on brakes from road water, car Have your authorized Porsche dealer inspectwash, or coating of road salt may affect or replace the brake pads.braking efficiency.f Cautiously apply brakes to test brakes after ex- posure to road water, etc.60 Operation, Safety
    • ABS Brake System Warning! Operation of the ABS system(Antilock Brake System) The increased control that is provided should A wheel speed sensor is mounted to each of the not induce you to take greater risks with yourThe ABS system represents a major contribution four wheels. If wheel lock-up of either of the front safety. The limits dictated by the laws ofto the enhancement of active safety in your vehi- wheels or the rear wheels is sensed during brak- physics cannot be overcome, even with ABS.cle. This system prevents the wheels from locking ing, the brake pressure is adjusted automatically The risk of accidents due to inappropriatein a panic stop on almost all road surfaces. until the wheel no longer slips. speed cannot be reduced, even by the ABS. The driver bears the responsibility for all If braking forces approach the wheel lock-up pointWith the ABS system in your vehicle, the driving maneuvers. for all wheels (panic braking) the ABS system willfollowing areas are enhanced: intervene to provide a rapid rythmic braking. The f Adapt your driving style to the prevailing roadSteering, vehicle remains steerable under all proper operation of ABS is perceived by the driver and weather conditions.braking forces when ABS is engaged. as a pulsating brake pedal in conjunction with au- f Obey all traffic laws. dible noise and perhaps some vibration.Good directional control, no swerving causedby locking of wheels under braking conditions. Other vehicles not equipped with the ABS f If you experience these sensations while driv- system may not be able to maintain control, ing or a road surface with questionable trac-Shorter stopping distance, stopping distances especially on wet or poor road surfaces and tion, reduce vehicle speed appropriate for theare usually reduced because controlled braking is thus may be more likely to impact you from prevailing road conditions.maximized. behind. f If full braking should be necessary, press thePrevention of wheel lock up, no brake- induced f To minimize that risk, use your ABS system to brake pedal all the way down throughout thesliding and thus no localized tire wear from emer- increase your ability to maneuver to avoid dan- entire braking procedure, regardless of the pul-gency braking. gerous situations and not merely to try to stop sating pedal. Do not ease up on pressure ap-The crucial advantage of the ABS system over a in the shortest distance possible. plied to the pedal.conventional brake system is in the area of main- The functional readiness of all the main electricaltaining directional control and maneuverability of components of the ABS is checked by anthe car in emergency situations. electronic monitoring system both before and while you drive. Operation, Safety 61
    • Warning light USA Warning! Clutch Pedal Risk of an accident, resulting in serious per- sonal injury or death. The clutch pedal must be depressed fully Warning light Canada The control unit of the ABS brake system is before the starter will engage. set for standard tire size. If non-standardWhen the ignition is switched on the ABS warning tires are installed, the control unit may mis- Warning!light will light up while the system is electronically interpret the speed of the vehicle, because of Risk of an accident, resulting in serious per-interrogated and goes out when the engine is the variant data it receives from the sensors sonal injury or death.started if the check is not yet complete. on the axles.If the ABS warning lamp fails to go out, this indi- f Always check the movement of the clutch ped-cates that ABS has been deactivated due to a f Use only tire makes and types tested by al before driving and make sure that it is notfault. If the warning lights in the instrument panel Porsche. obstructed by a floor mat or any other object.and on-board computer light up while you are driv- f Secure the floor mat to prevent it from slidinging, this indicates that a fault has occurred. In both into positions that could interfere with the safecases, normal braking, as in vehicles without ABS, operation of your vehicle.is still retained. Your Porsche dealer will be glad to offer youThe ABS system should, however, be examined at nonskid floor mats of the correct size.an authorized Porsche dealer immediately to pre- To avoid damage to the clutch and transmis-vent the occurrence of further faults. sion:f If the ABS system becomes inoperative, take f Always depress the clutch pedal fully when your vehicle to your authorized Porsche dealer changing gears. immediately. f Do not hold the car on a steep grade with the clutch pedal partially depressed. Should the free travel of the clutch pedal suddenly become larger, it could mean a malfunction of the clutch. f See your Porsche dealer for correction.62 Operation, Safety
    • Porsche Traction Management Dynamometer testing procedure Brake tests(PTM) Some U.S. states and Canadian provinces con- Brake tests must be performed only on plate-typeWith PTM, the engine power is variably distributed duct emissions inspection/maintenance testing in- test stands or roller test stands.to the front and rear wheels. volving the use of two-wheel dynamometer. A two-wheeled dynamometer is a treadmill type The ignition must be off.Power distribution between the front and rear ax-les is performed by a map-conrolled multiple-disc device upon which a single axle of the car, the dri- The following limit values must not be exceededclutch. ving axle of the vehicle, rotates to simulate vehicle on roller test stands: operation on the road while the vehicle remainsDistribution of the engine power also depends on stationary. – Testing speed 5 mph (8 km/h)the difference in wheel speed between the two ax- Your vehicle has a full-time four-wheel drive system – Test duration 20 secondsles.The multiple-disc clutch always delivers sufficient which cannot be disabled. Severe damage to thedrive power to the front wheels to ensure optimum powertrain can result if tested on a two-wheel dy- Handbrake testspropulsion even on an unfavorable road surface. namometer. Handbrake tests on the roller test stand must onlyIn combination with the Porsche Stability Manage- Warning! be carried out with the ignition switched off.ment (PSM), the PTM ensures optimum handlingand high driving stability. Risk of severe powertrain damage and a pos- sible unexpected movement of the vehicle. Balancing wheels on the vehicle Warning! f Do not test your vehicle on a two-wheel dyna- During finish balancing of the wheels, the vehicleThe increased control that is provided should mometer. must be hoisted and all the wheels able to rotate freely.not induce you to take greater risks with your f Advise the emission station of this warning be-safety. The limits dictated by the laws of phy- fore testing the vehicle.sics cannot be overcome, even with PTM. TowingThe risk of accidents due to inappropriatespeed cannot be reduced, even by PTM. f Please see the chapter “TOWING” onThe driver bears the responsibility for all dri- Page 280.ving maneuvers.f Adapt your driving style to the prevailing road Wheels/Tires and weather conditions. The PTM control unit is adapted to the approvedf Obey all traffic laws. tire sizes. The use of non-approved tire sizes may lead to deviations in wheel speeds and it may influ- ence handling or result in the PTM switching off. Operation, Safety 63
    • Sport Mode – The rpm limiter characteristic is “harder”, i.e. Switching Sport mode on and off the engine is immediately throttled when theA sportier car set-up is obtained when Sport mode performance limits are reached (only in manual Switching Sport mode on and off simultaneouslyis switched on. Interventions by the Porsche selection mode for vehicles with PDK transmis- activates and deactivates the Sport mode incontrol systems are intentionally shifted towards sion). PASM.greater agility and driving performance: If PASM Sport mode was activated with the PASM f Please observe the chapters on PSM, PASM button, PASM remains active.– PASM (Porsche Active Suspension Manage- and PDK. ment) is automatically changed to Sport mode, After the ignition is switched off, Sport mode is resulting in a stiffer suspension setup. automatically reset to Normal mode.– When Sport mode is active, the PDK transmis- SPORT button sion switches to a sporty gear-changing map and shortens the gear shifting times. Gear f Press SPORT button A in the center console. changes take place faster, but fuel consump- When Sport mode is switched on, the light- tion is also increased. emitting diode in the SPORT button is lit. PSM (Porsche Stability Management) control A sporty gear-changing map is enabled and the gives a sportier road-feel to the vehicle. PSM gear shifting times are shortened for the PDK interventions take place later than in Normal transmission. mode. The driver can maneuver the vehicle A sporty driving style is recognized more quickly with greater agility at its performance limits, and the gear-changing speeds are adapted to without having to dispense with the assistance driving performance. of PSM in emergency situations. This helps to achieve optimal lap times, particularly on race Deceleration downshifts are commenced earlier. circuits with a dry road surface. Downshifts are made during slight decelerations, even at higher engine speeds.– The electronic accelerator pedal reacts sooner, and the engine is more responsive to f Please see the chapter “SPORT MODE throttle inputs. When Sport mode is switched (“SPORT” AND “SPORT PLUS” MODES)” on on, this function is activated only after the Page 172. driver has floored the accelerator pedal or released it briefly.64 Operation, Safety
    • SPORT PLUS button When mode “Sport” is switched on, the logo When mode “Sport Plus” is switched on, the logo(only on vehicles with PDK transmission) SPORT appears next to the digital speedometer. SPORT PLUS appears next to the digital speedometer.In “Sport Plus” mode, the PDK transmissionchanges to a shift program designed for drivingon race circuits. 7th gear is not selected.The gear-changing performance is enhancedsignificantly again compared with “Sport” mode.f Please see the chapter “SPORT MODE (“SPORT” AND “SPORT PLUS” MODES)” on Page 172.f Press SPORT PLUS button B in the center console. When Sport mode is switched on, the light- emitting diode in the SPORT PLUS button is lit. Operation, Safety 65
    • Porsche Stability Management PSM uses these values to determine the direction Examples of PSM control operations of travel indicated by the driver.(PSM) PSM intervenes and helps to correct the course if – If the front wheels of the vehicle drift on aPSM is an active control system for stabilization of the actual direction of motion deviates from the bend, the rear wheel on the inside of the bendthe vehicle approaching the performance limits of chosen course (steering-wheel position): is braked and the engine power is reduced ifdriving maneuvers. It brakes individual wheels as needed. In addition, necessary. the engine power may be manipulated in order to – If the rear of the vehicle swings out on a bend, Warning! stabilize the vehicle. the front wheel on the outside of the bend is The events below inform the driver of PSM control braked.Risk of an accident, resulting in serious per-sonal injury or death. operations and warn him/her to adapt his/herThe increased control that is provided should driving style to the road conditions: Additional braking functionsnot induce you to take greater risks with your – The multifunctional information light on thesafety. The limits dictated by the laws of instrument panel flashes. – Pre-filling the brake system:physics cannot be overcome, even with PSM. The brake system is prepared for possibleThe risk of accidents due to inappropriate – Hydraulic noises can be heard. subsequent emergency braking if the acceler-speed cannot be reduced, even by PSM. – The vehicle decelerates and steering-wheel ator pedal is released suddenly and quickly.The driver bears the responsibility for all forces are altered as the PSM controls the The brake system is prefilled and the brakedriving maneuvers. brakes. pads are already applied gently to the brake discs.f Adapt your driving style to the prevailing road – Reduced engine power. and weather conditions. – Brake booster: – The brake pedal pulsates and its position is In the event of an emergency braking operationf Obey all traffic laws. changed during braking. where the pedal force is insufficient, a brake In order to achieve full vehicle deceleration, booster provides the braking pressure neces-Sensors at the wheels, brakes, steering system foot pressure must be increased after the sary for maximum deceleration at all 4 wheels.and engine continuously measure: brake pedal has begun vibrating.– Speed Advantages of PSM– Direction of travel (steering angle) – Best possible traction and lane-holding ability– Lateral acceleration in all driving situations – even on road surfaces with varying friction.– Rate of turn about the vertical axis– Longitudinal acceleration66 Operation, Safety
    • – The system compensates for undesired lateral The following functions stabilize the vehicle in vehicle reactions when the driver releases the emergency situations, even with PSM switched accelerator pedal or brakes when cornering. off: This compensation functions up to the – When PSM is off, the vehicle is stabilized as maximum lateral acceleration. soon as one of the two front wheels enters the– PSM actively stabilizes the vehicle as required ABS control range. during dynamic driving maneuvers (e.g. rapid – When PSM is off and Sport mode is on, the steering movements, during lane changes or vehicle is stabilized as soon as both front on alternating bends). wheels enter the ABS control range.– Improved braking stability on bends and on One-sided spinning of the wheels is prevented, different or varying road surfaces. even with PSM switched off.– It improves braking function and shortens stopping distance in the event of emergency Switching PSM back on braking. f Press PSM OFF button.Readiness for operation PSM is switched on after a short delay. The light-emitting diode in the button and the Switching off PSMPSM is switched on automatically every time you PSM multifunctional light on the instrumentstart the engine. f Press PSM OFF button. panel go out. PSM is switched off after a short delay. The on-board computer shows a message.PSM should always be switched on during“normal” driving. The light-emitting diode in the button is lit up. When the PSM is switched off, the PSM multi-However, it may be advantageous to switch off functional light on the instrument panel is litPSM temporarily in exceptional situations, for and a message is shown on the on-boardexample: computer.– On a loose surface or in deep snow, An acoustic signal also sounds.– When “rocking” the vehicle free and Note– When using snow chains. When PSM is switched off, the additional braking functions are deactivated. Automatic reactivation in emergency situations is linked to the PSM control. Operation, Safety 67
    • Sport mode f Please have the fault remedied at an author- Towing ized Porsche dealer.A sportier car set-up is obtained when Sport or f Please see the chapter “TOWING” on f Please see the chapter “PUTTING VEHICLESport Plus mode is switched on. Page 280. INTO OPERATION” on Page 263.PSM interventions are later than in Normal mode;the vehicle can be maneuverd with greater agility Checks on test standsat its performance limits, without dispensing withthe assistance of PSM in emergency situations. Brake testsThis helps to achieve optimal lap times, particu- Brake tests must be performed only on plate-typelarly on race circuits and a dry road surface. test stands or roller test stands. PSM multifunctional light The ignition must be switched off. The following limit values must not be exceeded– The multifunctional light on the instrument on roller test stands: panel lights up for a lamp check when the ignition is switched on. – Testing speed 5 mph (8 km/h)– The light indicates a control operation by – Test duration 20 seconds flashing, including when PSM is switched off (brake control in the event of one-sided wheel Handbrake tests spin). Handbrake tests on the roller test stand must be– In conjunction with a message on the on-board performed only with the ignition switched off. computer, the light indicates that PSM is switched off. An acoustic signal also sounds.– The light indicates a fault in conjunction with a message on the on-board computer. PSM is out of order.68 Operation, Safety
    • Porsche Active Suspension Retractable Rear Spoiler Management (PASM) The rear spoiler improves driving stability,PASM makes two running-gear setups available to especially at higher speeds.the driver: “Normal” and “Sport”.The selection is made via a button on the center Warning!console. Risk of accident. If the rear spoiler cannot beIn Normal mode the running gear is in a comfort- extended, driving stability will be adverselyable setup. affected by increased rear axle lift, whichSport mode offers very sporty shock absorber could lead to loss of control.tuning. f Adapt your driving style and speed to theThe variable suspension system selects the appro- changed driving behavior.priate damping level for each wheel according to f Have the fault remedied at an authorizedthe situation and driving conditions. Porsche dealer.Example: Risk of injury during manual retraction orIf the vehicle is driven in a very sporty manner in extension of the rear spoiler with the vehicleNormal mode, PASM automatically adapts the Switching on PASM Sport mode stationary.shock-absorber behavior to the driving situationaccordingly. f Press PASM button in the center console. f Make sure that no persons or objects are When PASM Sport mode is switched on, the within the range of movement of the rear light-emitting diode in the button is lit up and a spoiler. message is shown on the on-board computer. Risk of damage from pushing the vehicle by the spoiler. Switching off PASM Sport mode f Do not push the vehicle at the spoiler. f Press PASM button in the center console. The light-emitting diode in the button goes out and the on-board computer displays a message. After the ignition is switched off, PASM is automatically reset to Normal mode. Operation, Safety 69
    • Automatic mode Retracting a manually extended rear spoiler f at speeds between 0 and 20 mphThe limits for automatic extension and retraction (0 and 30 km/h)of the spoiler depend on various circumstances Press and hold button until the rear spoiler has(e.g. driving speed, engine compartment temper- reached its final position.ature). The light-emitting diode in the button goes out.If automatic control fails, a warning message is The rear spoiler changes to automatic mode.displayed by the on-board computer. f at speeds between 20 and 60 mphEngine compartment temperature (30 and 100 km/h)under 122 °F/55 °C Press button briefly. The rear spoiler retracts, the light-emittingSpoiler extends at 75 mph/120 km/h and diode in the button goes out.retracts at 37 mph/60 km/h. The rear spoiler changes to automatic mode.Engine compartment temperature f at speeds over 60 mph (100 km/h)over 140 °F/60 °C Press button briefly.Spoiler extends at 50 mph/80 km/h and retracts The rear spoiler remains extended, the light- emitting diode in the button goes out.at 19 mph/30 km/h. Manual control The rear spoiler changes to automatic mode. When the ignition is on, the rear spoiler can be extended and retracted manually using the button in the center console. Extending f Press button briefly. The spoiler extends to its final position. The light-emitting diode in the button lights up.70 Operation, Safety
    • For vehicles with automatic anti-dazzle Orientation light mirrors A light-emitting diode at the bottom of the interior f Switch off the automatic anti-dazzle operation mirror improves orientation in the passenger com- of the mirrors before you switch on the interior partment when it is dark. light. Otherwise the mirrors may accidentally swivel Note on operation into the anti-dazzle position. On vehicles with the Sport Chrono Package Plus, the brightness of the orientation light can be Interior lights, reading lights changed in PCM. Switching off f Please observe the chapter “Individual f Press left half of switch. Memory” in the separate PCM operating instructions. Switching to continuous illumination f Press right half of switch. Switching on and off automaticallyA, C - Switch for reading light on driver/passenger sideB - Switch for interior light and footwell lights f Move switch to center position.D - Orientation light The interior and footwell lights are switchedInterior Lights on when a door is unlocked or opened or when the ignition key is withdrawn from the ignitionf Please see the chapter “LOAD SWITCH-OFF lock. AFTER 2 HOURS OR 7 DAYS” on Page 258. The lights are switched off with a delay of approx. 2 minutes after the doors are closed. The light goes out immediately as soon as the ignition is switched on or the vehicle is locked. Operation, Safety 71
    • Parking Aids Note The sensors must always be kept free of dirt, iceParking assistant and snow in order to ensure that they are fully functional.When the driver backs up, the parking assistantsystem indicates the distance between the car Caution!and a large obstacle behind it, by means of signal To avoid damaging the sensors:tones. f Maintain sufficient distance when cleaning with Warning! steam-jet units.Risk of serious personal injury or death.Parking assistant cannot detect small ob- Signal tones/functionjects such as children and pets. When reverse gear is selected, the parkingDespite use of the parking assistant system, assistant confirms that it is switched on by issuingthe driver is still responsible for taking due a short signal tone.care and assessing obstacles when backing A detected obstacle is signalled by an intermit-up. tent tone. The intervals decrease as the obstacle Ultrasound sensorsf Make sure that no persons, especially small is approached. children, animals or obstacles are within the A continuous tone sounds when the distance Sensors maneuvering area. becomes less than one foot. This continuous tone Four ultrasound sensors in the rear bumper meas- can stop if the obstacle is approached closer thanThe parking assistant system is activated auto- ure the distance to the closest obstacle. one foot.matically when reverse gear is selected and the ig- The radio volume should not be so loud as to – Range middle sensors around 60 in./150 cmnition is on. drown out the signal tones. – Range outer sensors around 24 in./60 cmNote Obstacles cannot be detected in the “blind” sen-Be aware that the parking assistant system is sor area (e.g. near the ground).not switched on if the car rolls backward withoutreverse gear being engaged.72 Operation, Safety
    • Limits of ultrasonic measurement PreconditionsThe parking assistant system cannot detect: – Vehicle must be equipped with seat memory.– sound-absorbing obstacles (e.g. powder – Set the control switch A to “passenger’s side”. snow), – Reverse gear must be engaged.– sound-reflecting obstacles (e.g. glass surfac- es, flat painted surfaces) Returning mirror glass to its original position– and very thin obstacles. f Drive forwards with a speed of over 4 mph (6 km/h) or– Other ultrasound sources (e.g. pneumatic brakes of other vehicles, jackhammers) can f Set the control switch A to “driver’s side”. interfere with detection of obstacles.Fault indicationThe parking assistant system indicates a fault intwo ways:– After reverse gear has been selected, the short signal tone is followed by a continuous A - Control switch for door mirror adjustment tone of the same pitch: This indicates that sensors are soiled or cov- Swivelling down mirror glass as a parking ered with ice. aid– After reverse gear has been selected, the f Please see the chapter “SEAT MEMORY” on short signal tone is followed by a continuous Page 33. tone with a much lower pitch: This indicates a general system fault. – When reverse gear is engaged, the mirror Please have the fault remedied at an author- glass on the passenger’s side swivels down ized Porsche dealer. slightly to show the curb area. Operation, Safety 73
    • f Please see the chapter “KEY WITH RADIO RE- Switch position 1 MOTE CONTROL” on Page 16. Ignition on Before starting the engine f Turn ignition key to position 1. Ignition is switched on. f Apply the footbrake. f Manual transmission: Note on operation Move the gearshift lever into neutral. All electrical equipment can be switched on. The clutch pedal must be depressed fully f Please see the chapter “WARNINGS ON THE before the starter will engage. INSTRUMENT PANEL AND THE ON-BOARD f In vehicles with PDK transmission: COMPUTER” on Page 158. Move PDK selector lever to position P or N. Switch position 0 Initial positionO - Initial position The ignition key cannot be withdrawn when the1 - Ignition on ignition is switched on or when the engine has2 - Start engine been started.3 - Ignition off To withdraw the ignition key: f Stop the vehicle.Ignition/Starter Switch withanti-theft Steering Lock f In vehicles with PDK transmission: Move PDK selector lever to position P.The ignition lock has a total of four ignition lock po- f Switch ignition off.sitions.The ignition key rebounds to the initial position f Remove ignition key.from every ignition lock position.f For your safety, fasten safety belts.f Please see the chapter “IMMOBILIZER” on Page 15.74 Operation, Safety
    • Switch position 2 Locking the steering column Automatic unlocking The steering column is unlocked when the vehicleStart engine Automatic locking is unlocked with the radio remote control.f Turn ignition key to ignition lock position 2. The steering column is automatically locked when the ignition key is withdrawn from the ignition lock. Notef Please see the chapter “STARTING PROCEDU- RES” on Page 77. f To avoid discharging the battery, always re- Warning! move the ignition key from the ignition lock. Risk of an accident, resulting in serious per- Please see the chapter “BATTERY” onSwitch position 3 sonal injury or death. Page 261.Ignition off The steering wheel will lock and will causef Turn ignition key to ignition lock position 3. loss of steering. Gong f Never remove key from the ignition lock or turn If you leave the key in the ignition/steering lock, aNote on operation the key off while the vehicle is moving. gong will sound when the driver’s door is opened.The vehicle battery discharges if the ignition key is f Always withdraw the ignition key when This is a reminder to remove the key.left inserted. leaving the vehicle.If the vehicle battery is dead, the key can only bepulled out of the ignition lock if the emergencyoperation is performed:f Please see the chapter “EMERGENCY OPERA- TION – PULLING OUT THE IGNITION KEY” on Page 76. Operation, Safety 75
    • Emergency operation – pulling out the 3. Use metal hook A to remove the plastic lid B 4. Turn ignition key counter-clockwise as far as itignition key from the ignition lock. Make sure that plastic lid will go. B is not lost. 5. Press metal hook A into opening C.If the vehicle battery is dead, the key can be pulled An unlocking sound will be heard.out only if the emergency operation is performed. 6. Turn the ignition key to initial position (0) and1. Grasp the fuse box cover at the finger hole and remove. pull it off. 7. Re-fit the plastic lid B.2. Unclip metal hook A on the inside of the cover.76 Operation, Safety
    • Starting Procedures Starting the engine longed periods with the engine on and the car not moving.f Please see the chapter “IMMOBILIZER” on f Turn ignition key to ignition lock position 2. An unattended vehicle with a running engine Page 15. f As soon as the engine starts, release the igni- is potentially hazardous.f Please see the chapter “EMISSION CONTROL tion key. If warning lights should come on to indicate SYSTEM” on Page 218. improper operation, they would go unno- The first operation of the starter is ended automat- ticed. ically when the engine starts. Warning! If the engine does not start, subsequent starter f Never leave the engine idling unattended.Serious injury or death may result if you are operations will not be ended automatically. Danger of fire.involved in a collision without having fas- If the engine fails to start after 10 or 15 secondstened the safety belts. f Do not park or operate the vehicle in areas of cranking: where the hot exhaust system may come inf Fasten safety belts before driving away. f Wait about 10 seconds before engaging the contact with dry grass, brush, fuel spill or oth- starter again. er flammable material.Before starting the engine f When starting the engine, be ready to drive f If your car catches on fire for any reason, call immediately. the fire department.f Apply the footbrake. Drive vehicle at moderate speeds and avoid Do not endanger your life by attempting to putf Manual transmission: engine speeds above 4,200 rpm during the out the fire. Move the gearshift lever into neutral. first 5 minutes. Risk of burn injury when standing near or The clutch pedal must be depressed fully f Do not let the engine idle to warm up. coming into contact with the exhaust pipe. before the starter will engage. The exhaust pipe is hot when the vehicle is runningf In vehicles with PDK transmission: and remains hot for some time after the vehicle is Move PDK selector lever to position P or N. Danger! turned off.Temperature sensors on the engine automatically Engine exhaust fumes have many compo- f To prevent injury, make a point of noting whereprovide the correct fuel/air mixture required for nents which you can smell. They also contain your vehicle’s exhaust pipe is, avoid placingstarting. carbon monoxide (CO), which is a colorless your legs near the exhaust pipe, and closelyTherefore, it is not necessary to depress the and odorless gas. supervise children around the vehicle when theaccelerator pedal while starting a cold or a Carbon monoxide can cause unconscious- exhaust pipe could be hot.warm engine. ness and even death if inhaled. A hot exhaust pipe can cause serious burns. f Never start or let the engine run in an en- closed, unventilated area. It is not recommended to sit in your car for pro- Operation, Safety 77
    • Stopping Engine Engine-compartment blower, Automatic garage door radiator fanf Turn key back to position 3. The ignition system in your Porsche may interfere The radiator and radiator fans are in the front of with your electronically operated garage door.f Do not stop engine immediately after hard or the car. extended driving. f To check this, drive your Porsche close to the The engine-compartment blower is mounted on Keep engine running at increased idle for garage door. Make sure not to interfere with the engine compartment lid. about two minutes to prevent excessive heat the operating range of the door. build-up before turning off engine. Warning! f Run the engine at different speeds.f To avoid discharging the battery, always re- Risk of injury. f If the garage door opens or closes without you move the ignition key from the ignition lock. After the engine is switched off, the engine- operating the garage door unit in your car,f When leaving the car, always remove the igni- compartment temperature is monitored for contact the dealer who installed the automatic tion key and apply the handbrake. Engage 1st approx. 30 minutes. garage door to have the frequency and/or gear or reverse gear on vehicles with manual During this period, and depending on tem- coding of the garage door signal changed or transmission or move the selector lever to po- perature, the engine-compartment blower modified. sition P on vehicles with PDK transmission. may continue to run or start to run.f Engage the steering lock by moving the steer- f Carry out work in these areas only with the en- ing wheel to the left or right. gine off, the ignition off, and exercise extreme Turn the steering wheel to the locking position caution. before you switch off the engine so that you don’t have to exert yourself when locking or Risk of injury. The radiator fans in the front unlocking the steering. end of the car may be operating or unexpectedly start operating when the engine is switched on. Warning! f Carry out work in these areas only with the en-Danger of injury. Hot engine compartment gine switched off.components can burn skin on contact.f Before working on any part in the engine com- partment, turn the engine off and let it cool down sufficiently.78 Operation, Safety
    • Warning! Risk of an accident, resulting in serious per- sonal injury or death. f Whenever stalled or stopped for emergency re- pairs, move the car well off the road. Switch on the emergency flasher and mark the car with road flares or other warning devices. f Do not remain in the car. Someone approach- ing from the rear may not realize your vehicle is stopped and cause a collision. Danger of fire. f Do not park or operate the vehicle in areas where the hot exhaust system may come in contact with dry grass, brush, fuel spill or other flammable material. Emergency Flasher Switch Hot engine compartment components can burn skin on contact.Operational readiness of the emergency flasher f Before working on any part in the enginedoes not depend on the ignition lock and turn sig- compartment, turn the engine off and let it coolnal lever position. down sufficiently.f If your car is disabled or parked under emer- gency conditions switch on the emergency flasher in the dashboard. All turn signals and the indicator light in the switch flash with the same frequency. Operation, Safety 79
    • Daytime driving lights Low beam, high beam Only with ignition on, The daytime driving lights are integrated in the daytime driving lights switched off front auxiliary headlights. These lights are switched on only when the engine is running and Rear fog light with the light switch in the positions OFF or HOME. Low beam headlights must be switched on when Pull switch to second click. driving through tunnels or at dusk, for example. Indicator light on. Operation of the daytime driving lights may vary depending on country-specific regulations. Warning chime Canada only: If the ignition key is withdrawn and the door is In addition to the auxiliary headlights the parking opened while the lights (not the parking light or lights are switched on. Welcome Home lighting) are on, a chime warns of possible battery discharge. USA only: The daytime driving lights can be deactivated in In some countries, differences are possible the on-board computer. due to provisions of law. f Please see the chapter “ON-BOARD COMPUTER (BC)” on Page 126. Light Switch Vehicles with the Sport Chrono Package Plus Lights switched off Further individual light functions (e.g. daytime driv- Daytime driving lights are switched on ing lights) are available in vehicles with the Sport when the engine is running. Chrono Package Plus. Welcome Home Function f Please observe the chapter “Individual Memo- Daytime driving lights are switched on ry” in the separate PCM operating instructions. when the engine is running. Cornering light Parking lights, side marker lights, license plate light, instrument illumina- The dynamic cornering light is activated above tion, daytime driving lights switched off speeds of 6 mph (10 km/h).80 Operation, Safety
    • Welcome Home Lighting Automatic Headlight Beam AdjustmentSwitching on Vehicles with Bi-Xenon headlights featuref Move light switch to the HOME position. dynamic headlight beam adjustment.For improved visibility and security when you get When the ignition is switched on, the level of thein and out of the car, the daytime driving lights and headlight beam automatically changes in accord-the tail lights remain on for a certain period of ance with the vehicle load.time: The level of the headlight beam is automatically kept constant during acceleration and braking.– When you get out of the car, the lights are turned on for approx. 30 seconds after the door is opened. The off-delay time resumes Checking operation when the vehicle is locked. 1. Switch the low beam on. On vehicles with the Sport Chrono Package Plus, the PCM can be used to set the off-delay 2. Insert ignition key and switch ignition on. time. This setting also changes the lighting The light beam first dips all the way down and period for unlocking the vehicle. is then adapted to the vehicle load. Please observe the chapter “Individual If this test item is not met, the headlight beam Memory” in the separate PCM operating adjustment system must be checked by an author- instructions. ized Porsche dealer.– The lights are turned on for approx. 30 seconds when the vehicle is unlocked. The lights go out if the ignition is switched on or when leaving the Welcome Home lighting. Operation, Safety 81
    • The turn signal lever turns off automatically when Individual Light Functions the steering wheel is straightened out after com- pleting a turn. Further individual light functions are available in vehicles with the Sport Chrono Plus package. Lane changer f Please refer to the chapter “Individual Memory” in the separate PCM operating instructions. f To indicate your intention when changing lanes on the freeway, slightly lift or depress the lever to the resistance point. The lever will return to the OFF position when released. f If the frequency of the display becomes notice- ably faster, check the operation of the turn sig- nal bulbs. Headlight flasherTurn Signal / Headlight Dimmer / (With ignition on or off)Parking light / Flasher Lever f To flash the headlights to oncomming motor- ists, slightly pull the lever toward the steeringTurn signals, low beam and high beam are ready wheel and then release it.for operation when the ignition is on. The blue indicator light in the tachometer will1 – Turn signal left go on/off as you pull/release the lever.2 – Turn signal rightPush the lever to the upper or lower pressure Parking lightpoint – turn signals flash three times The parking light can only be switched on when3 – High beam the ignition is switched off.4 – Headlight flasherLever in center position – Low beam f Move the lever up or down to switch on the right or left parking light.When high beam and headlight flasher are select-ed, the blue indicator light in the tachometer is lit.82 Operation, Safety
    • f Always switch off windshield wipers in car 5 – Windshield wipers and washer system: wash to prevent them wiping unintentionally f Pull wiper lever towards the steering wheel. (intermittent or sensor operation). The washer system sprays and wipes while the lever is pulled towards the steering wheel. f Always switch off windshield wipers before When the wiper lever is released, a few drying cleaning the windshield to avoid unintentional wipes are executed. operation (intermittent or sensor operation). f Do not operate the headlight washer in car A - Headlight washer: washes. The washer sprays only while low beam or high f Do not operate headlight washer when it is beam is switched on. frozen. f Briefly push button A to operate headlight washer system. Front wiper and headlight washer system f If heavily soiled, repeat wash. 0 – Windshield wipers off The headlight washer system automatically sprays 1 – Rain sensor operation for front once for every ten times the front windshield windshield wipers washer system is operated.Windshield Wiper / Washer Lever f Move wiper lever upwards to the first click. Note Please see the chapter “RAIN SENSOR” on Warning! Page 85. The windshield washer nozzles are heated when the ignition is on, as a precaution againstDanger of injury when the windshield wipers 2 – Windshield wipers slow freezing.operate unintentionally, e.g. in intermittent f Move wiper lever upwards to the second click.or rain sensor operation. 3 – Windshield wipers fastRisk of damage to the windshield and wiper f Move wiper lever upwards to the third click.system. 4 – Front windshield wiper – one-touch oper-f Avoid running the wiper blades over a dry wind- ation: shield to prevent scratching the glass. Spray f Move wiper lever downwards. The front wind- washer fluid on the windshield first. shield wipers wipe once. A scratched windshield will reduce visibility.f Always loosen wiper blades from frozen glass before operating wipers to prevent damage to the wiper motor or blades. Operation, Safety 83
    • The rear wiper is automatically switched off when a speed of 130 mph (210 km/h) is exceeded. It is switched on again when the speed falls below 124 mph (200 km/h). On vehicles with the Sport Chrono Package Plus, further rear wiper functions can be selected via the PCM. f Please observe the chapter “Individual Memory” in the separate PCM operating instructions.Rear Wiper6 – Rear window wiper – intermittent operationf Move wiper lever forwards to the first click. The rear window wiper wipes at preset inter- vals.84 Operation, Safety
    • To switch the rain sensor on again: Maintenance note f Move wiper lever to position 0 and then to f Periodically clean the wiper blades with a win- position 1 or dow cleaner, especially after the vehicle has been washed in a car wash. We recommend f Operate windshield washer system 5 or Porsche window cleaner. If they are very dirty f Change the sensitivity of the rain sensor with (e.g. with insect remains), they can be cleaned four-stage switch A. with a sponge or cloth. Switch-on is confirmed by one wipe of the wind- If the wiper blades rub or squeak, this may be as shield. a result of the following: On vehicles with the Sport Chrono Package Plus, If the vehicle is washed in an automatic car wash, further rain sensor functions can be selected via wax residues may be adhering to the windshield. the PCM. These wax residues can only be removed by using a window cleaner concentrate. f Please see the chapter “Individual Memory” in the separate PCM operating instructions. f Please see the chapter “WASHER FLUID” on Page 220. Changing the sensitivity of the rain sensor f Please contact your authorized Porsche dealerRain sensor Sensitivity can be set with switch A in 4 stages: for further information.The rain sensor on the windshield measures the f Adjust switch A upwards – The wiper blades may be damaged or worn. high sensitivity.amount of rainfall (snowfall too). Wiper speed is The setting is confirmed by one wipe of the f Replace wiper blades as soon as possible.automatically adjusted accordingly. windshield.Switching on f Adjust switch A downwards –f Move wiper lever upwards to the first click. low sensitivity.Switching offf Move wiper lever to position 0.The rain sensor remains switched off if the wiperlever is already in position 1 when the ignition isswitched on. Operation, Safety 85
    • Vehicles with PDK Hold and store speed Downshifts are carried out to help maintain the f Bring the car to the desired speed with the pre-selected speed (especially when driving down- accelerator. hill). f Then briefly push the operating lever forward Warning! (position 1). Risk of an accident resulting in serious per- sonal injury or death. A constant speed may Accelerating (e.g. to overtake) not be safe in heavy traffic, or on winding or Option 1 slippery roads. With the speed control system engaged, the f Increase the speed as usual with the engine speed will not return to idle when re- accelerator. moving the foot from the accelerator pedal. When you ease off the accelerator, the previously saved value is set again. f Do not use the speed control when it may be unsafe to keep the car at a constant speed. Option 2 f Observe all local and national speed limits. f Push operating lever forward (position 1) untilA- Automatic speed control readiness off/on the desired speed is reached.1- +SPEED/SET (accelerate/store) The speed reached is maintained and stored2- –SPEED (decelerate) Switch automatic speed control when the lever is released.3- OFF (interrupt) readiness on4- RESUME Option 3 f Press button A on the automatic speed controlAutomatic Speed Control lever. f Push lever slightly forwards (position 1) (a maximum of 10 times).The automatic speed control maintains any This green indicator light in the The speed is increased by 1 mph (1.6 km/h),selected speed between 15 mph and 145 mph speedometer now indicates readiness each time the lever is pushed forwards.(30 km/h and 240 km/h) without you having touse the accelerator pedal. Note on operationThe automatic speed control is operated with thelever on the steering wheel. Speed control operation is automatically interrupt- ed if the speed is increased by more than approx. 16 mph (25 km/h ) for longer than 20 seconds.86 Operation, Safety
    • Decelerating Interrupting automatic speed control Resuming the stored speed operationOption 1 f Briefly push operating lever upwards f Pull operating lever downwards briefly (position 4).f Pull operating lever towards the steering wheel (position 3) or The speed control accelerates/decelerates (position 2) until the desired speed is reached. the vehicle to the stored speed. The speed reached is maintained and stored f Operate brake or clutch pedal or when the lever is released. The stored speed should only be recalled when f Switch PDK to selector lever position N. traffic conditions and the road surface so permit.Option 2 f Please see the chapter “PORSCHE DOPPEL-f Briefly move lever towards the steering wheel KUPPLUNG (PDK)” on Page 170. Switching automatic speed control (position 2) (a maximum of 10 times). The speed driven before the interruption remains readiness off The speed is reduced by 1 mph (1.6 km/h), stored in the memory. each time the lever is moved towards the f Press button A on the automatic speed control steering wheel. Automatic speed control operation is lever. interrupted automatically: The green readiness light in the speedometerVehicles with PDK goes off. – If the set vehicle speed is exceeded by moreDownshifts are carried out to improve decelera- than approx. 16 mph (25 km/h) for longer than Notetion (especially when driving downhill). 20 seconds. The stored speed value is cleared when the – If the actual vehicle speed falls to approx. vehicle is parked and the ignition is switched off. 37 mph (60 km/h) below the set vehicle speed for longer than 60 seconds (upward slopes). Important note – For PSM control operations. On upward or downward slopes, the set speed cannot always be maintained by the automatic speed control. f To obtain sufficient engine braking or a better engine-speed range, a lower gear needs to be selected. Operation, Safety 87
    • Cupholder(holder for drink cans and cups)f Keep the cupholder closed while driving. Warning!Risk of scalding or damage due to spillingdrinks.f Only use beverage containers which fit.f Never put overfull containers in the cupholder.f Never place hot drinks in the cupholder. Extending cupholder f Press the symbol for the respective cupholder. The cupholder extends out. f Press the panel. f Close panel in the middle. The panel opens. The cupholder diameter can be increased by pull- ing it out to hold larger containers.88 Operation, Safety
    • Closing cupholder f Push cupholder drawer in. f Open panel in the middle. f Close and engage the cupholder. f Close panel in the middle.Pulling cupholder out Ashtrayf Pull out holder (arrow). Openingf Insert container. f Open ashtray lid.f Carefully slide holder inwards to adjust it to the container size. Operation, Safety 89
    • Emptying Heating lighterf Open ashtray and carefully pull out ash insert. f Open ashtray lid.f Leave ashtray lid open. f Push in knob of the cigarette lighter. Push in ash insert. When ready for use, the lighter will snap back. Warning! Note on operationDanger of fire. The lighter receptacle is not to be used for electrical accessories (except for the tire fillingf Never use ashtray for waste paper disposal, compressor). as it could pose a fire hazard. Maximum power consumption: 150 W f Please see the chapter “SOCKETS” on Page 257. Cigarette Lighter Warning! Danger of fire and burning. The cigarette lighter is ready for use, regard- less of the ignition lock position. f Never leave unsupervised children in the car. f Never touch the heating element or sides of the lighter. f Hold the lighter by the knob only.90 Operation, Safety
    • Storage in the Passenger Additional storage possibilitiesCompartment – in the doors, Warning! – in the door sill next to the passenger’s seat,Unsecured luggage and heavy objects may – in the center console,come loose during braking, rapid directional – behind the rear seat backrestschanges or in an accident and cause serious (only with the convertible top closed on thepersonal injury or death. Cabriolet, when opening the convertible topf Do not transport any heavy objects in the there should not be any objects in the area storage trays. behind the rear seats – risk of damage),f Do not carry unsecured luggage or objects in – storage tray with coin holder between seats, the passenger compartment. – glove compartment with CD and pen holder, – clothes hook on the roof frame, – clothes hook on back of front backrests (depending on vehicle equipment), Storage tray between the seats – enlarged storage space by folding the rear seat backrests forward. Opening f Press release button and lift the lid. There is a coin holder and socket in the forward part of the storage tray. f Please see the chapter “SOCKETS” on Page 257. Operation, Safety 91
    • Glove compartment Warning!Risk of injury by the glove compartment lid incase of an accident.f Keep the glove compartment closed while driving. Opening CD holder f Pull the catch and open the lid. Occupied drawers are indicated by a red window. Locking Opening drawers f Lock the catch to secure the contents against unauthorized access. f Push the button of the drawer you wish to open. Closing drawers f Fold up CD drawer and close until it engages. Pen holder A pen can be clipped in on the right side of the CD holder.92 Operation, Safety
    • The luggage compartment lid can also be un- locked with the radio remote control. f Please see the chapter “KEYS” on Page 15. Important Note If the vehicle battery is discharged, the luggage compartment lid can be opened only by connect- ing an external electrical power source. f Please see the chapter “ELECTRICAL SYS- TEM” on Page 257. or the description inside the fuse box lid. Warning message A warning message in the on-board computer comes on if the lids are not completely closed.A - Opening luggage compartment lidB - Opening engine compartment lid f Fully close the lid.Luggage Compartment Lid andEngine Compartment LidUnlockingf Operate the appropriate pull-button next to the driver’s seat. The luggage compartment or engine compart- ment is illuminated when the respective lid is open.f Please see the chapter “LOAD SWITCH-OFF AF- TER 2 HOURS OR 7 DAYS” on Page 258. Operation, Safety 93
    • Closing luggage compartment lid and engine compartment lid f Lower the lid and close it. f Push the lid closed with the palm of your hand in the area of the lock. Check that the lid has correctly engaged in the lock. Warning! Risk of loss of control or an accident, result- ing in serious personal injury or death. f Should you notice at any time while driving that one of the lids is not secured properly, please stop immediately in a suitable place and close it. The front lid may fly up impairing vision.Opening luggage compartment lid Caution!Risk of damage to luggage compartment lidor windshield wipers.f Make sure that the windshield wipers are not folded out forwards when opening the luggage compartment lid.f Raise lid slightly and unlatch the safety catch with the red lever (arrow).94 Operation, Safety
    • Closing f Insert tool box into the guide pegs in the luggage compartment floor. f Close tool box and lock the turn-locks C.Luggage Compartment E- Adapter for security wheel bolts F- Tire filling compressor(Vehicles without Porsche Traction G- Towing hookManagement PTM) H- Tool kit I - Tire sealantAccess covers A and B Tool box Caution! OpeningRisk of injury or damage. f Unlock turn-locks C.f Do not store any objects behind the access f Open tool box and place it on the floor of the covers A and B. luggage compartment. Operation, Safety 95
    • Tools The tools are located under the floor plate of the luggage compartment. f Lift the floor plate on the opening and take out.Luggage Compartment B- Access cover for tire sealant C- Tire filling compressor(Vehicles with Porsche Traction D- Tool kitManagement PTM) E- Towing lug F- Adapter for security wheel boltsAccess cover A Tire sealant Caution! The tire sealant is located behind the accessRisk of injury or damage. cover B.f Do not store any objects behind the access f Open access cover B using the opening. cover A.96 Operation, Safety
    • Danger! Warning light Risk of accident. A warning message in the on-board computer If the warning message in the on-board com- lights up when the unlocking handle is operated. puter lights up when the vehicle is in motion, the lid may impact in front of the windshield f Stop the vehicle immediately when the warning and can tear off. lights light up. You can lose control of the vehicle and seri- f Check the luggage compartment. ous personal injury or death may result. f Close the lid. f Stop the vehicle immediately when the warning message lights up. Function with vehicle stationary f Check the luggage compartment. If the luggage compartment lid is unlocked with unlocking the handle, the lid can be opened from f Close the lid. the inside immediately. Note Function with vehicle in motion The lid cannot be opened from the inside if the bat- If the luggage compartment lid is unlocked withTrunk Entrapment the unlocking handle when a speed of 2 mph tery is disconnected or empty. Safety reasons require that you unscrew theYour vehicle is equipped with an internal trunk (3 km/h) is exceeded, the warning message in the latch striker of the lid lock if you plan to putrelease mechanism. on-board computer lights up. the vehicle out of operation for an extended At the same time, the lid is unlocked and the latch period.A person trapped in the luggage compartment striker pops into the catch-hook position.can release the lid from the inside using the un- f Please consult your authorized Porschelocking handle. dealer.The handle is fluorescent and glows in the dark. They will advise you about the necessary measures.Notef When loading the luggage compartment, make sure that items of luggage or other objects cannot become caught on the handle. This could cause the luggage compartment to open unintentionally. Operation, Safety 97
    • Porsche Communication Accessories which have not been tested and Car Audio Operation/Tips approved by Porsche may impair radio functionManagement (PCM) and reception. For radio operation see your radio manualf Refer to the separate operating instructions which is included with your on-board litera- before putting the PCM into operation. Navigation ture.f Please see the chapter “LOAD SWITCH-OFF f Please see the chapter “LOAD SWITCH-OFF AF- When put into operation for the first time, a TER 2 HOURS OR 7 DAYS” on Page 258. AFTER 2 HOURS OR 7 DAYS” on Page 258. distance of approx. 30 miles (50 km) must be driven in order for the navigation system to FM reception Warning! complete the process of fine calibration. A vehicle is not an ideal place to listen to a radio.There is a danger of accident if you set or The same applies when the tires are changed (e.g. Because the vehicle moves, reception conditionsoperate the on-board computer, radio, navi- summer/snow tires) or new tires fitted. are constantly changing.gation system, telephone or other equipment Full location accuracy is not yet achieved during Buildings, terrain, signal distance and noise fromwhen driving. the fine-calibration process. other vehicles are all working against good recep-This could distract you from the traffic and If the vehicle has been transported (e.g. ferry, car tion.cause you to lose control of the vehicle re- train), the system may take a few minutes to deter- Some conditions affecting FM may appear to besulting in serious personal injury or death. mine the current location after it has been problems when they are not.f Operate the components while driving only if switched on. The following characteristics are completely nor- the traffic situation allows you to do so safely. Serious tire slip (e.g. spinning wheels on snow) mal for a given reception area, and they do not in-f Carry out any complicated operating or setting may result in temporarily inaccurate navigation. dicate any problem with the radio itself. procedures only with the vehicle stationary. When the battery has been disconnected, it may Note take up to 15 minutes before the navigationThe reception conditions for the radio module system is operational again. Electronic accessories should only be installed byintegrated in the PCM change continuously as you your authorized Porsche dealer.drive. Interference from buildings, terrain and the Equipment which has not been tested and ap-weather is unavoidable. proved by Porsche may impair radio reception.FM stereo reception is particularly susceptible tovarying reception conditions.Electronic accessories should only be retrofittedby your authorized Porsche dealer.98 Operation, Safety
    • Fading and drifting Station swapping f When not in use, take the disc out of the player, put the disc back into its case and store itFM range is limited to about 25 miles (40 km), When two FM stations are close to each other, and away from dust, heat, damp and directexcept for some high power stations. an electronic dead spot, such as static or multi- sunlight. path area, interrupts the original signal, some-If a vehicle is moving away from the desired sta- Leaving the disc on the dashboard in the sun times the stronger second signal will be selectedtion’s transmitter, the signal will tend to fade and/ can damage the disc. automatically until the original one returns.or drift. This condition is more prevalent with FM This swapping can also occur as you drive away f If the disc gets dirty, clean the disc by wipingthan AM, and is often accompanied by distortion. from the selected station and approach another the surfaces from the center to the outside inFading and drifting can be minimized to a certain station of a stronger signal. a radial direction with a soft cloth.degree by careful attention to fine tuning or selec- Do not use a conventional record cleaner ortion of a stronger signal. Compact disc player anti-static record preservative.Static and fluttering Disc cleaners are available in audio stores.When the line-of-sight link between a transmitterand vehicle is blocked by large buildings or moun-tains, the radio sound may be accompanied with Caution!static or fluttering because of the characteristic ofFM. To avoid damage to compact disc player andIn a similar effect, a fluttering noise is sometimes discs.heard when driving along a tree-lined road. f Use only compact discs labeled as shown, hav-This static and fluttering can be reduced by adjust- ing no dirt, damage or warpage.ing the tone control for greater bass response un- f Never attempt to disassemble or oil any parttil the disturbance has passed. of the player unit.Multipath Do not insert any object other than a disc into the slot.Because of the reflecting characteristics of FM, Remember there are no user-serviceable partsdirect and reflected signals may reach the antenna inside the compact disc player.at the same time (multipath) and cancel each otherout. f Do not allow the disc to sustain any finger-As a vehicle moves through these electronic dead prints, scrapes or stickers on the surfaces.spots, the listener may hear a momentary flutter This may cause poor sound quality.or loss of reception. Hold the disc only on the edge or center hole. Operation, Safety 99
    • Car Telephone and It is essential to observe the telephone manufacturers instructions before operating Aftermarket Alarms the telephone. Important legal and safety information Any portable telephone or radio transmitter which regarding the use of cellular telephones is used in a Porsche must be properly installed in accordance with the technical requirements of Some states may prohibit the use of cellular tele- Porsche. phones while driving a vehicle. Check the laws and regulations on the use of cellular telephones in the The transmission power must not exceed areas where you drive. 10 W. The devices must possess a type approval for Danger! your vehicle and have an “e” symbol. Risk of an accident. If you should require equipment with transmission Severe personal injury or death can result in power values greater than 10 W, please consult the event of an accident. your authorized Porsche dealer for this purpose. Looking away from the road or turning your The dealer is familiar with the technical require- attention away from your driving can cause ments for installing devices of this kind. an accident and serious or fatal injury.Antenna The antennas for all radios and telephones with a When using your cellular telephone, you should al- transmitting antenna must be externally mounted.f Always unscrew the external antenna before ways: The improper installation of radios or telephones using an automatic car-wash. f Give full attention to your driving - pull off the or use of a radio or telephone with a transmittingOn the Cabriolet and Targa the external antenna is road and park before making or answering a antenna inside the car may cause the warningmounted on the right front fender. call if traffic conditions so require; and lights to come on. f Keep both hands on the steering wheel - use Improper installation of such equipment can cre- hands-free operation (if available) - pull off the ate a discharged battery or excessive current road and park before using a hand-held tele- draw from added equipment. phone.100 Operation, Safety
    • If aftermarket systems are installed by non-dealer-ship technicians or outside the selling dealer,problems may result. Installation of aftermarketequipment is not covered under the New Car War-ranty.f Consult your authorized Porsche dealer about the installation of non Porsche approved equip- ment.Reception qualityThe reception quality of your car telephone willchange constantly when you are driving. Interfer-ence caused by buildings, landscape and weatheris unavoidable. It may become particularly difficultto hear when using the hands-free function due toexternal noise such as engine and wind noise.Automatic car-wash iPod, USB and AUXf Unscrew external antennas before using an au- tomatic car-wash. The interfaces for iPod, USB and AUX are located in the storage tray between the seats. f Please refer to the chapter “External Audio Source” in the separate PCM/CDR operating instructions. Note Do not leave an iPod, USB storage device or an external audio source in the vehicle for a prolonged period as extreme ambient conditions (temperature fluctuations, air humidity) can occur in the vehicle. Operation, Safety 101
    • Note f Pay attention to the final control date on the fire extinguisher. If the fire extinguisher is used after its expira- tion date has elapsed, it may not operate properly. f Follow the operating instructions on the fire extinguisher. f The functional ability of the fire extinguisher should be checked by a specialist workshop every 1-2 years. f After use, have the fire extinguisher refilled.Fire Extinguisher Inserting fire extinguisherIn cars equipped with a fire extinguisher, the extin- 1. Place fire extinguisher in the mounting.guisher is fitted to the front of the driver’s seat. 2. Engage fastening strap lug A in the tension jack and close tension jack (arrow).Taking out fire extinguisher1. Hold fire extinguisher with one hand and press the PRESS button on the fastening strap with the other hand (arrow).2. Remove fire extinguisher from mounting.102 Operation, Safety
    • Warning! Note on operation Risk of accident when using the HomeLink if f Always use the HomeLink opener in the persons, animals or objects are within the direction of travel. range of movement of the equipment that is Otherwise, range restrictions cannot be ruled being operated. out. f When using the HomeLink, ensure that no f Before selling the vehicle, delete the persons, animals or objects are within the programmed signals of the HomeLink. range of movement of the equipment that is f Please read the instructions for the original being operated. hand-held transmitter to find out whether the f Observe the safety notes for the original original transmitter is equipped with fixed or hand-held transmitter. changeable code. f Always fit new batteries in your hand-held trans- Preconditions for operating and mitter before programming the transmitter. programming the HomeLink: – The battery in the original hand-held trans- Allocating signals to the buttons mitter must be new.1, 2, 3 - Programmable buttons f Please follow the operating instructions for theA - Light-emitting diode for status identification – Ignition is switched on. original hand-held transmitter. – Daytime driving lights are switched off.HomeLink Clearing factory settings prior to program- To operate the respective device: ming the HomeLink for the first timeThe programmable HomeLink replaces up to threeoriginal hand-held transmitters used to operate f Press the appropriate button (1, 2 or 3). The following process deletes the standard codesvarious devices (e.g. garage door, gate to the Light-emitting diode A lights up during signal set at the factory. Do not repeat the process if youproperty, alarm system). transfer. program further buttons.You can program buttons 1 to 3 with a frequency f Keep the two outer buttons 1 and 3of an original handheld transmitter. depressed for approx. 20 seconds until light- emitting diode A begins to flash quickly. All programmed signals of buttons 1 to 3 are deleted. Operation, Safety 103
    • Note Note Several attempts with different distances between Programming HomeLink with changeable the vehicle and the original hand-held transmitter code hand-held transmitters might be necessary. 1. Press the desired button until the light-emitting diode begins to flash slowly. The daytime driving lights will flash once the 5 You then have approx. 5 minutes to perform minutes have been exceeded. Programming must steps 2 and 3. be repeated from the beginning. 2. Hold the original hand-held transmitter approx. f Please consult your authorized Porsche dealer 0 to 12 in. (0 to 30 cm) in front of the marked if you have not been able to successfully position (figure) on the vehicle. allocate signals for the garage door opener to the buttons even though you have carefully 3. Press the transmit button on the original hand- followed the instructions in this chapter and held transmitter until the daytime driving lights the operating instructions for the original hand- flash three times (up to approx. 45 seconds). held transmitter. 4. To synchronize the system: Deleting programmed signals of the Press the programming button on the receiver HomeLinkProgramming HomeLink with fixed code for the garage door actuator.hand-held transmitters Afterwards, you usually have approx. (e.g., when selling the vehicle) 30 seconds to initiate step 5.1. Press the desired button until the light-emitting Keep the two outer buttons 1 and 3 depressed diode begins to flash slowly. 5. Press the allocated HomeLink button twice. for approx. 20 seconds until light-emitting diode A You then have approx. 5 minutes to perform (With some devices, the button to be allocated begins to flash quickly. steps 2 and 3. must be pressed a third time in order to All programmed signals of buttons 1 to 3 are complete the setting process.) deleted.2. Hold the original hand-held transmitter approx. 0 to 12 in. (0 to 30 cm) in front of the marked 6. Repeat the programming steps to allocate position (figure) on the vehicle. other buttons.3. Press the transmit button on the original hand- held transmitter until the daytime driving lights flash three times (up to approx. 45 seconds).4. Repeat steps 1 to 3 to allocate other buttons.104 Operation, Safety
    • Automatic Air Conditioning System, Heated Rear Window/Door Mirror Heating Automatic Air Conditioning System ............. 106 Central and Side Vents............................... 109 Fresh-air Intake ......................................... 109 Heated Rear Window/Door Mirror Heating ... 110 Automatic Air Conditioning System, Heated Rear Window/Door Mirror Heating 105
    • A- Defrosting the windshield B- Heated rear window C- Temperature sensor D- AC OFF button (air-conditioning compressor off/on) E- Recirculating-air button F- Temperature button G- AUTO button (automatic mode) H- Air distribution to footwell I - Air distribution to central and side vents J- Air distribution to windshield K- Blower speed buttonAutomatic Air Conditioning System Automatic modeThe automatic air-conditioning system controls f Press AUTO button G.the preselected interior temperature completely AUTO will appear on the display panel.automatically. Air quantity and distribution are automaticallyIf necessary, the automatic system can be controlled and variations are compensated.manually adjusted. All automatic setting functions can be individually changed. This setting is retained until the appropriate function button is pressed again or the AUTO button is pressed.106 Automatic air conditioning system, Heated rear window/Door mirror heating
    • Setting temperature Defrosting the windshield Adjusting blower speedf Press button F upwards or downwards f Press button A (switch on or off). f Press button K upwards or downwards respec- respectively. The windshield is defogged or defrosted as tively.To suit personal comfort, the interior temperature quickly as possible. The preset blower speed is increased orcan be adjusted between 61 °F and 85 °F/16 °C Air flows to the windshield only. decreased.and 29.5 °C. The light-emitting diode in the button lights up. The speed stages are indicated by a bar display.Recommendation: 72 °F/22 °C. AC OFF – switching compressor for air- If the button is pressed downwards at the lowestIf “LO” or “HI” appears on the display, the system conditioning system on and off blower stage, the blower and automatic controlis operating at maximum cooling or heating pow- are switched off. “OFF” will appear on the displayer. The air-conditioning compressor switches off field.Automatic control is no longer active. automatically at temperatures below approx. Pressing the button upwards or pressing theNote 37 °F/3 °C and cannot be switched on, even AUTO button switches the blower and automatic manually. control back on again.If the preselected temperature is changed, theblower speed can increase automatically in auto- Whenever outside temperatures exceed approx.matic mode. 37 °F/3 °C, the air-conditioning compressor is Recirculating-air settingThe desired temperature is reached more quickly always switched on in automatic mode.this way. The compressor can be switched off to save fuel, but control comfort is then limited: Warning!Sensors f Press AC OFF button D. Risk of accident due to impaired vision,To avoid affecting the performance of the air-con- The compressor is switched off. resulting in serious personal injury or death.ditioning system: The light-emitting diode in the button lights up. In recirculating-air setting, the windows may fog up.f Do not cover the sun sensor on the instrument f If the interior temperature is too high, switch panel or the temperature sensor C. compressor back on or press AUTO button. f Only select recirculating-air setting for short periods. To dry incoming air in damp weather, do not switch off the air-conditioning compressor. f If the windows fog up, switch recirculating-air This prevents fogging of windows. setting off immediately by pressing the circulating-air button again and select the “Defrost windshield” function. Automatic air conditioning system, Heated rear window/Door mirror heating 107
    • Switching recirculating-air setting on or off Air distribution to footwell General instructions for air-conditioningf Press button E. compressor The outside-air supply is interrupted and only f Press button H. – Can switch off briefly if engine is under an ex- the inside air is circulated. The air flows to the footwell. treme load to ensure sufficient engine cooling. The light-emitting diode in the button lights up. The selection appears on the display panel. – Switches off automatically at temperatures be-Over approx. 37 °F/3 °C Air distribution to central and side low approx. 37 °F/3 °C and cannot be ventsIf the air-conditioning compressor was off, it switched on, even manually.switches on automatically. The duration of recircu- f Press button I. – Operates most effectively with windowslating-air setting is not limited. The air flows from the central and side vents. closed. Vents must be open. If the car has been in the sun for a long time, itBelow approx. 37 °F/3 °C The selection appears on the display panel. is a good idea to ventilate the interior brieflyThe air-conditioning compressor is switched off. Air distribution to windshield with the windows open.Recirculating-air setting is automatically ended – Depending on the outside temperature and hu-after approx. 3 minutes. f Press button J. midity, condensation can drip from the evapo-Air distribution The air flows to the windshield. rator and form a pool under the vehicle. The selection appears on the display panel. This is normal and not a sign of leakage.The individual air distributions can be combined as Note on operation – If uncooled air flows out when the lowestdesired. temperature has been set, switch off the air-Recommended setting in Summer: f On vehicles with the Sport Chrono Package conditioning compressor and have the faultAir distribution to central and side vents. Plus, individual air conditioning settings can be repaired at an authorized Porsche dealer. stored on your vehicle key.Recommended setting in Winter: Please observe the chapter “IndividualAir distribution to footwell and windshield. Memory” in the separate PCM operating instructions.108 Automatic air conditioning system, Heated rear window/Door mirror heating
    • Fresh-air Intake To ensure proper air intake: f Keep the fresh-air inlet between the luggage compartment lid and the windshield free from snow, ice and leaves.A - Continuous opening and closingB - Setting vent direction Changing air flow direction f Move the vanes to make the air flow in theCentral and Side Vents desired direction. Outside air or conditioned air can be delivered Opening vents from all vents, depending on the air-distribution setting on the operating panel.f Rotate knurled wheel upward. Closing ventsf Rotate knurled wheel downward. Automatic air conditioning system, Heated rear window/Door mirror heating 109
    • Switching on f Press button. The light-emitting diode in the button lights up. After approx. 15 minutes, the heating switches off automatically. The heater can be switched back on by pressing the button again. Switching off f Press button. The light-emitting diode in the button goes out. Heated Rear Window/Door Mirror HeatingThe heated rear window/door mirror heating isready for operation when the ignition is on.110 Automatic air conditioning system, Heated rear window/Door mirror heating
    • Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings Instrument Panel USA Models..................... 112 Instrument Panel Canada Models ................ 114 Engine Oil Temperature.............................. 116 Automatic Speed Control Indicator light ...... 116 Instrument Illumination ............................... 116 Trip Odometer........................................... 117 Speedometer............................................ 118 Changing over between Miles / Kilometers.. 118 Tachometer .............................................. 119 Turn Signal Indicator Light.......................... 119 High Beam Indicator Light .......................... 119 Gear Shift Indicator “A” (in vehicles with manual transmission) ......... 119 Cooling System......................................... 120 Porsche Doppelkupplung (PDK) .................. 121 Fuel.......................................................... 122 Clock ....................................................... 123 Outside Temperature ................................. 123 Engine Oil Pressure ................................... 124 Check Engine (Emission Control) ................ 125 On-Board Computer (BC) ............................ 126 Warnings on the instrument panel and the on-board computer ........................ 158 Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings 111
    • Instrument Panel USA Models 15.Light sensor for instrument illumination When the ignition is switched on, the warning lights light up for a lamp check. 16.Airbag warning lightAlso refer to the corresponding chapters inthe Owner’s Manual. 17.Check Engine warning light Note (Emission control warning light) Warnings that have been given are stored in the 1.Engine oil temperature gage 18.Central warning light appropriate control unit memory and can be read 2.Speedometer with analogue display out at an authorized Porsche dealer. 19.On-board computer display 3.Tire pressure warning light This information can help to warn you about situa- 20.Porsche Stability Management tions which may be hazardous to you or your car. 4.Turn signal indicator light, left PSM Multifunctional light 5.Tachometer 21.Brake warning light 6.High beam indicator light 22.Safety belt warning light 7.Turn signal indicator light, right 23.PDK transmission, gear display 8.ABS warning light 24.PDK transmission, selector lever position 9.Cooling system 25.Clock and outside temperature display Temperature gage, warning light 26.Adjustment button for clock10.Fuel Level gage, warning light11.Engine oil pressure gage12.Adjustment button for instrument illumination and trip counter13.Odometer and daily trip mileage display14.Automatic speed control indicator light112 Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings
    • Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings 113
    • Instrument Panel Canada Models 15.Light sensor for instrument illumination When the ignition is switched on, the warning lights light up for a lamp check. 16.Airbag warning lightAlso refer to the corresponding chapters inthe Owner’s Manual. 17.Check Engine warning light Note (Emission control warning light) Warnings that have been given are stored in the 1.Engine oil temperature gage 18.Central warning light appropriate control unit memory and can be read 2.Speedometer with analogue display out at an authorized Porsche dealer. 19.On-board computer display 3.Tire pressure warning light This information can help to warn you about situa- 20.Porsche Stability Management tions which may be hazardous to you or your car. 4.Turn signal indicator light, left PSM Multifunctional light 5.Tachometer 21.Brake warning light 6.High beam indicator light 22.Safety belt warning light 7.Turn signal indicator light, right 23.PDK transmission, gear display 8.ABS warning light 24.PDK transmission, selector lever position 9.Cooling system 25.Clock and outside temperature display Temperature gage, warning light 26.Adjustment button for clock10.Fuel Level gage, warning light11.Engine oil pressure gage12.Adjustment button for instrument illumination and trip counter13.Odometer and daily trip mileage display14.Automatic speed control indicator light114 Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings
    • Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings 115
    • Instrument Illumination The illumination is automatically adjusted to the ambient brightness by the light sensor in the tachometer. In addition, when the car lights are switched on, the instrument and switch symbol brightness can be manually adjusted. Warning! Risk of loss of control or accident, resulting in serious personal injury or death. f Do not reach through the steering-wheel spokes while driving. Note A - Adjustment button for instrument illumination and Engine Oil Temperature trip counter When the car lights are switched on, the instru- ment lighting for light dials switches on and off automatically depending on the ambient bright-The engine oil temperature is indicated in the left Automatic Speed Control ness.instrument. Indicator light Indicates automatic speed control readiness.116 Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings
    • Resetting to zero f Press adjustment button A for approximately one second or f Reset the distance in the “SET” menu of the on- board computer. Please see the chapter “SET BASIC SETTING ON ON-BOARD COMPUTER” on Page 155. After exceeding 6,213 miles or 9,999 kilometers, the counter returns to “0”.Dimming instrument illumination Trip Odometerf Turn adjustment button A in the appropriate di- rection and hold it until the desired brightness Warning! has been reached. Risk of loss of control or accident, resultingThe chosen level of brightness is indicated by a in serious personal injury or death.bar display in the display field of the on-board f Do not reach through the steering-wheelcomputer. spokes while driving. Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings 117
    • Speedometer Changing over betweenThe digital speedometer is integrated in the on- Miles / Kilometersboard computer. The units of the distance and speed displays canThe indication changes from mph to km/h when be changed in the “SET” menu of the on-boardthe units are changed from miles to kilometers. computer. f Please see the chapter “SET BASIC SETTING ON ON-BOARD COMPUTER” on Page 155.118 Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings
    • Caution! To avoid severe engine damage. f Always observe the engine rpm before down- shifting to a lower gear, so you do not exceed the maximum engine rpm. Turn Signal Indicator Light Flashes in synchronism with the turn signals. Left arrow – left turn signals Right arrow – right turn signals f If the frequency of the display becomes notice- ably faster, check the operation of the turn sig- nals.Tachometer High Beam Indicator Light Gear Shift Indicator “A”The tachometer shows the engine speed in revolu- (in vehicles with manual transmission)tions per minute (rpm). Lights when high beam or headlight flasher is switched on. The consumption-orientated gear shift indicator AThe beginning of the red marks at the right end of on the display panel of the on-board computerthe scale indicates the maximum permissible en- The indicator light goes out when the high beams are switched off. assists a fuel-saving driving style. The gear shiftgine rpm. indicator lights up as a recommendation to shiftA speed limiter prevents the engine from being The indicator light flashes in the event of cornering up to the next-higher gear depending on theoverrevved during acceleration. Before reaching light failure. selected gear, engine rpm and accelerator pedalthis area, the next higher gear should be select- position.ed.Shift to the next lower gear when the engine rpm f When the gear shift indicator A lights up,drops below 1,500 rpm. change to the next higher gear to decrease fuel consumption. Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings 119
    • Pointer in the middle – normal operating tem- If the coolant level is too low, the warning light perature flashes. Additionally, a warning is displayed in the on-board The pointer may move up to the red area when en- computer. gine is heavily loaded and outside temperature is high, but should return to “normal” when engine f Switch engine off and allow to cool. load is reduced. f Add coolant after the engine has cooled to the touch. Warning light “A” f Have the cause of the fault remedied at an au- If the coolant temperature is too high, the warn- thorized Porsche dealer. ing light comes on. Please see the chapter “COOLANT LEVEL” on Additionally, a warning is displayed in the on-board Page 207. computer. Caution! f Pull off the road, turn off the engine and allow to cool. Risk of engine damage. f Check radiator and air passages in front end of f If the warning lights come on even though cool- car for obstructions. ant level is correct, do not continue driving. Cooling System f Check coolant level. f Have the fault remedied at the nearest If necessary, add coolant and have fault reme- authorized Porsche dealer.Temperature gage (ignition on) died at an authorized Porsche dealer. Please see the chapter “COOLANT LEVEL” onUSA: Display in °F Page 207. Engine compartment blower fanCanada: Display in °C Note In addition, this warning light flashes to indicate aPointer to the left – engine cold fault in the engine compartment blower fan. To prevent excessive temperatures, the cooling-f Avoid high engine speeds and heavy engine air passages must not be restricted by coverings f Have the cause of the fault remedied at an loading. (e.g. films, “stone guards”). authorized Porsche dealer.120 Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings
    • Warning messages Warning “Transmission emergency run” red – Effect: If the selector lever is between two positions Vehicle can be driven only until it comes to a – Effects: stop. The corresponding selector lever position Remedy: flashes on the instrument cluster and the It is not possible to continue driving. Immedi- warning “Selector lever not engaged” appears ately stop the vehicle in a suitable place. Have on the on-board computer. the vehicle towed to an authorized Porsche Remedy: dealer. Operate the footbrake and engage the Warning “Transmission temperature too high” selector lever properly. – Effects: If there is a fault in the transmission “Warning jerks” can be felt when driving off and – Depending on priority, the warning “Transmis- the engine power may be restricted. sion emergency run” in white or red lettering or Remedies: the warning “Transmission temperature too Do not hold the vehicle with the accelerator on high” is displayed on the on-board computer. a hill, for example. Hold the vehicle with the brake. Reduce engine load. If possible, stopPorsche Doppelkupplung (PDK) Warning “Transmission emergency run” white the vehicle in a suitable place. Allow the engine f Effects: to run in selector lever position P or N until theIndicator for PDK selector lever position Restricted gearshift comfort, warning disappears.and engaged gear Failure of reverse gear. f Please see the chapter “REDUCED DRIVING Remedy: PROGRAM” on Page 176.When the engine is running, the selector lever Have the fault repaired immediately at anposition and the engaged forward gear are authorized Porsche dealer. f Please see the chapter “PORSCHE DOPPEL-indicated in gates D or M. KUPPLUNG (PDK)” on Page 170. Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings 121
    • Note If the level gage warning light flashes, there has been a system fault. If a small quantity of fuel is added to a nearly emp- Additionally, a warning is displayed in the on-board ty fuel tank, the fuel gage cannot measure the add- computer. ed fuel accurately. The „remaining range“ readout There will then be no reserve warning. will also be incorrect. f To remedy the fault, go to an authorized Warning light “A” Porsche dealer. When the engine is running, the warning light of the level gage lights up if less than approx. 2.6 U.S. gallons (10 liters) of fuel remains in the tank. Additionally, a warning is displayed in the on-board computer. f Fill up at the next opportunity. Caution! Fuel To prevent damage to the emission control system and engine.Level gage f Never drive the tank completely out of fuel. f Avoid high cornering speeds after the warningWhen the ignition is on the fuel level is displayed. lights have come on.f Please see the chapter “CAPACITIES” on Page 290. f Please see the chapter “EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM” on Page 218.If the vehicle’s inclination changes (e.g. going upor downhill), minor deviations in the indication mayoccur.122 Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings
    • Setting the time Leaving adjustment mode Automatically after one minute or: Warning! f Press adjustment button again. Risk of loss of control or accident, resulting in serious personal injury or death. When adjustment mode is deliberately left by pressing the button, the time begins precisely to f Do not reach through the steering-wheel the second. spokes while driving. Note f Switch ignition on. The time mode can be changed between 12h and Setting hours 24h in the on-board computer. f Press adjustment button A for about one sec- ond. Outside Temperature Hour display flashes. The outside temperature display C does not indi- f Turn button in the appropriate direction: cate, if ice is on the road. to right – increase hours figure Even if a temperature above 32 °F (0 °C) is dis-A - Adjustment button for clock to left – decrease hours figure. played, ice may still form on the road, for instanceB - Clock on bridges or when the road passes through aC - Outside temperature display Adjustment in hours – turn button briefly heavily shaded area. Fast adjustment (display cycles) –Clock turn and hold button.The clock is blanked out approximately four min- Setting minutesutes after the ignition is switched off or when thecar is locked. f Press adjustment button again. Minutes display flashes. f Set by rotating as in hours mode. Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings 123
    • If oil pressure drops abruptly and a message is displayed on the on-board computer when Battery the engine is running on or when driving: If the battery voltage drops abruptly, a warning f Stop immediately in a suitable place. message will be displayed by the on-board compu- ter. f Switch off the engine. f Check whether there is an obvious oil leak on If the warning is displayed by the on-board or under the car. computer while the engine is running or while driving: f If no oil leak can be detected: With the engine idling, measure the oil level with the on-board f Stop the car in a safe place and stop the computer. engine. f Please see the chapter “OIL DISPLAY AND Possible causes MEASUREMENT OF THE ENGINE OIL LEVEL” – Defect in the battery charging system. on Page 153. – Broken drive belt. f Please see the chapter “ENGINE OIL LEVEL” on Page 208. Warning! Engine Oil Pressure f Add engine oil if necessary. Risk of engine damage with resultant loss ofThe oil pressure is controlled as required and control and accident, leading to serious per- Caution!should be at least 3.5 bar at an engine speed of sonal injury or death.5000 rpm. Risk of engine damage. A broken drive belt means there is no power assistance to the steering (more effort is re-The engine oil pressure varies depending on the f Do not continue driving if there is an obvious oil quired to steer) and coolant pump functionengine speed, engine load and engine tempera- leak. will stop.ture. f Do not continue driving if the warning lights f Do not continue driving. come on even though oil level is correct. f Have the fault remedied at the nearest author- f Have the fault remedied at the nearest ized Porsche dealer. authorized Porsche dealer.124 Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings
    • Check Engine If the warning light in the instrument panel lights up Central Warning Light permanently without flashing before and remains(Emission Control) on while driving, it suggests: The central warning light on the instrument panel Warning Light – a potential engine control problem and the lights up if there are warning messages in the need for system service or INFO menu.The emission control system detects malfunctions – an improperly fastened tank cap or The messages can be called in the on-boardearly that could, for example, cause increased computer INFO menu:pollutant emissions or consequential damage. – the vehicle was refueled while the engine wasFaults are indicated by a continuously lit or running. f Please see the chapter “INFO WARNING MES- SAGES” on Page 132.flashing instrument panel warning light. f Stop immediately at a suitable and secureThe faults are recorded in the control units fault place and check tank cap for proper fastening.memory. If tank cap was fastened correctly, see your au- Brake Warning Light USAThe warning light in the instrument panel lights up thorized Porsche dealer for service as soon as Brake Warning Light Canadawhen the ignition is switched on as a bulb check possible. The warning light on the instrument panel lightsand goes out approx. 4 seconds after the engine Caution! up:starts. If the warning light does not light up, havethe bulb replaced promptly. If the check engine warning light in the in- – if the handbrake is on,The warning light in the instrument panel flashes to strument panel is flashing, serious catalytic – if the brake fluid level is low,indicate operating states (e.g. engine misfiring) converter damage and power loss will soon occur. – if the brake pads have reached the wear limit,which might cause damage to certain parts of theemission control system. Prolonged driving with the check engine war- – if the brake circuit division is defective. ning light on could cause damage to thef In this case, immediately reduce the engine Additionally, a warning is displayed by the on- emission control system. It also could affect load by easing off the accelerator. board computer. fuel economy and driveability.f In order to avoid consequential damage to the f Please see the chapter “WARNINGS ON THE f Have the fault remedied at the nearest engine or emission control system (e.g. cata- INSTRUMENT PANEL AND THE ON-BOARD authorized Porsche dealer immediately. lytic converter), have the fault diagnosed and COMPUTER” on Page 158. rectified immediately at the nearest authorized Porsche dealer. Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings 125
    • Operating lever The on-board computer is operated with the lower left lever on the steering column. Selecting functions of the on-board computer f Push lever up 3 or down 4. Confirming selection (Enter) f Push the lever forward 1. Moving back one or several selection levels f Pull the lever back 2 once or several times or f Select the arrow on the on-board compu- ter display with the operating lever and push the operating lever forward 1.On-Board Computer (BC) Operation, controls Note It is not possible to describe all details of the on-Display field board computer functions in this Owner’s Manual. You can always return to the basic menu by pulling However, the examples will quickly familiarize you the operating lever several times.The display field is beneath the tachometer. with the operational principle and help you to navigate through the menu structure. 5 - Button for voice controlReadiness for operation f Please refer to the separate operating You can restore the factory default settings at any instructions for Porsche Communication– With ignition switched on, time by using the “SET” menu. Management (PCM).– with engine running.126 Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings
    • Basic setting – Central display: .... Radio station The central line B of the on-board computer can be selected in the SET menu. Calling on-board computer functions in display “C” f Push operating lever up or down (selection field D must be switched off). The following displays can be called step by step: – Average speed (ø mph), – Average consumption (ø mpg), – Range on remaining fuel (mls ), – Tire pressureA - Digital speedometer – Navigation informationB - Central displayC - Bottom display (if activated in the SET menu). NoteFunctions and display possibilities The values “Average speed”, “Average consump-Note tion” and “Daily trip mileage” can be reset to zeroThe available items and displays in the on-board in the SET menu.computer depend on the equipment of your vehi-cle. For this reason it is possible that some of theitems and displays shown here are not available inyour on-board computer. Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings 127
    • D - Switching selection field “D” on or off E - Arrow symbol for continuation The following menus are available, depending on vehicle equipment:f Push operating lever forward or back. Arrow symbol: 1. LIMIT f Push operating lever down in order to page through the menu. 2. INFO Arrow symbol: 3. TEL f Push operating lever up in order to page 4. CHRONO through the menu. 5. AUDIO 6. NAVI 7. OIL 8. TPM 9. SET128 Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings
    • LIMITAcoustic warning signal for speed limitThe acoustic warning signal can be activated forspeeds above 6 mph (10 km/h).The signal sounds when the preset speed is ex-ceeded.For the signal to sound again, the driving speedmust fall below the preset speed by at least3 mph (5 km/h).Switching on selection field “D”f Push operating lever forward. Setting the speed f Push operating lever forward. f Select LIMIT with the operating lever. Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings 129
    • Option 1: Option 2: f Select “xx mph” with the operating lever.Accepting current speed Presetting speed f Push operating lever forward.f Push operating lever forward. f Select “LIMIT active” with the operating lever:The acoustic warning signal is activated for the not activecurrent speed. activeDisplay:If the vehicle is stationary, the message “Cannot f If “not active”, push the operating lever for-be accepted with car stopped” is displayed. ward.130 Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings
    • Switching the acoustic warning signal off f Select “LIMIT active” with the operating lever. f Push operating lever forward. Display:f Push operating lever slightly up or down until the desired speed is reached. upwards: speed is increased downwards: speed is decreasedNoteHolding the lever up or down for a longer periodwill adjust the speed in steps of 6 mph (10 km/h).f Push operating lever forward. Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings 131
    • INFO f Push operating lever forward. f Push operating lever forward.Warning messages f Select “Messages” with the operating lever. f Push operating lever forwards or pull back- wards.Switching on selection field “D” f Push operating lever forward. The display returns to the Info menu.f Push operating lever forward. Any existing warning messages can be called us- ing the operating lever.Calling warning messages You also can call warning messages which were cancelled during the journey (but only until the nextf Select INFO with the operating lever. time the ignition is switched on).132 Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings
    • Service TEL f Push operating lever forward. Telephone informationSwitching on selection field “D” Switching on selection field “D”f Push operating lever forward. f Push operating lever forward.Recalling service information Recalling telephone informationf Select INFO with the operating lever. f Select TEL with the operating lever.f Push operating lever forward.f Select “Service” with the operating lever.f Push operating lever forward.f The time until the next service is displayed in miles and days. Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings 133
    • Note Example: f Push operating lever forward. Selecting from the telephone book andYou can recall phone calls, e.g. calls that arrived f Select a person to call and push the operating callingduring your absence, via the menu item “Missed lever forward.calls”. f Select “Phone book” with the operating lever. The connection is established.134 Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings
    • f Push the operating lever forward to end the Incoming call call. f Select “Accept” or “Refuse” and push the operating lever forward. Note Rejected phone calls can be recalled with the menu item “Missed calls”. Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings 135
    • Stopwatch on the instrument panel Note on operation The stopwatch has an analogue and a digital dis- When you leave the CHRONO menu while the stop- play. watch is running, measurement will continue. The large pointer of the analogue display meas- The stopwatch stops after the ignition is switched ures the seconds. The two small pointers measure off. If the ignition is switched on again within ap- hours and minutes. The display re-starts at zero af- prox. 4 minutes, the stopwatch will continue to ter 12 hours. run. Seconds and increments of 1/100th of a second can be read on the digital display. The only way to reset the stopwatch to zero is by The digital display and the display in the on-board selecting “Reset” in the CHRONO menu. computer can indicate up to 99 hours and 59 minutes. The stopwatch can be swivelled both to the left and to the right. Stopwatch displays: – on the stopwatch on the instrument panel,CHRONOStopwatch – in the on-board computer menu CHRONO, – on the performance display in the PCM.You can use the stopwatch to measure time inter-vals, e.g. on the race circuit or on work-related Starting/stopping stopwatchjourneys. Measured lap times can be stored andevaluated if the vehicle is equipped with Porsche All stopwatch displays are started and stopped viaCommunication Management (PCM). the on-board computer menu CHRONO.f Please observe the chapter “Sport display” in the separate PCM operating instructions.136 Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings
    • Starting the timing f Push operating lever forward. f Push operating lever forward. The time runs on all stopwatch displays.f Push operating lever forward. The on-board computer display changes to the The selection field is switched on. “Stop timing/Intermediate time” selection.f Select CHRONO with the operating lever. Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings 137
    • Stopping the timing f Push lever forward. Continue timing The time is stopped in all stopwatch displays,After time measurement is started, the on-board After timing has been stopped, the on-board com- and the on-board computer display changes tocomputer display changes to the “Stop timing/In- puter display changes to the “Continue/Reset” se- the “Continue/Reset” selection.termediate time”. lection.f Select “Stop timing” with the operating lever. The timing can be continued or reset to zero.138 Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings
    • f Push operating lever forward. Resetting the time f Push operating lever forward. The stopwatch displays continue the timing. The display returns to the “Start timing” After timing has been stopped, the on-board com- selection.The on-board computer display returns to the puter display changes to the “Continue/Reset” se- The stopwatch displays in the instrument panel“Stop timing/Intermediate time” selection. You lection. and the on-board computer are reset to zero.can stop the stopwatch or measure an inter- f Select “Reset” with the operating lever.mediate time. Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings 139
    • A - Lap After timing has been started, the on-board com- f Select “Intermediate time” with the operatingB - Intermediate time puter display changes to the “Stop timing/Inter- lever and push the operating lever forwards. mediate time” selection.Displaying intermediate times The intermediate time will be displayed for approx. 5 seconds.Several intermediate times can be displayed for aroute or for a lap on the race circuit. The interme-diate times B are for your information.Measured lap times A can be stored and evaluat-ed if the vehicle is equipped with Porsche Commu-nication Management (PCM).140 Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings
    • The on-board computer display then returns to the In order to start timing a new lap: The new lap is displayed on the on-board compu-“Stop timing/Intermediate time” selection. ter and the PCM. Timing on the on-board computer The “New lap?” selection appears for 5 secondsf You can stop the stopwatch or measure anoth- and on the PCM begins from zero. The stopwatch after selection of “Intermediate time”. in the instrument panel continues to show the total er intermediate time. f Select “New lap?” with the operating lever and time. push the operating lever forwards. Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings 141
    • f The on-board computer display returns to the AUDIO NAVI “Stop timing/Intermediate time” selection after a short period. Switching on selection field “D” Switching on selection field “D”f You can stop the stopwatch or measure anoth- f Push operating lever forward. f Push operating lever forward. er intermediate time or a new lap. Selecting a radio station Select destination f Select “AUDIO” with the operating lever. f Select “NAVI” with the operating lever. f Push operating lever forward. f Push operating lever forward. f Select the desired station. f Select the desired function with the operating lever: f Push the operating lever up or down. – Last destinations – Destination memory – Route guidance142 Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings
    • f The driver is responsible for filling the tires f Do not drive with tires whose tire pressure correctly and making the correct settings on drops again in a short period of time. In cases the on-board computer. of doubt, have tires checked by an authorized Porsche dealer. The Tire Pressure Monitoring offers the following functions: f Damaged tires must be immediately replaced by an authorized Porsche dealer. – Display of the actual tire pressure while the Tire repairs are not permissible under any vehicle is in motion. circumstances. – Display of the deviation from the required f If a fault occurs in the Tire Pressure Monitoring pressure (refilling pressure). (e.g. defective wheel transmitter), contact an – Display of currently set tire size and type. authorized Porsche dealer immediately and have the damage repaired. – Tire pressure warnings in two stages. The tire pressure will not be monitored at all or will be monitored only partially by defective Warning! Tire Pressure Monitoring. f Despite the advantages offered by the Tire f Tires lose air over time without a tire defect Pressure Monitoring, it is still the driver’s re- being present. A tire pressure warning will thenTPM sponsibility to update the corresponding set- appear in the on-board computer display.Tire Pressure Monitoring tings in the on-board computer and maintain Correct the tire pressure at the next oppor- the pressure in the tires.f Please see the chapter “TIRE PRESSURES FOR Low tire pressure reduces the road safety of tunity. COLD TIRES (68 °F / 20 °C)” on Page 289. the vehicle and destroys the tire and wheel. f The Tire Pressure Monitoring gives a warning about tire damage due to natural pressure lossThe Tire Pressure Monitoring continuously f When a flat tire has been displayed, immedi- as well as about a gradual loss of pressure duemonitors tire pressure and tire temperature on all ately stop in a suitable place and check thefour wheels and warns the driver when the tire to foreign objects. tires for damage. If necessary, remedy the The Tire Pressure Mnitoring cannot warn youpressure is too low. damage with a tire sealant. about tire damage that occurs suddenly (e.g.The display as well as the settings for the Tire f Do not by any means continue to drive with flat tire due to abrupt external effects).Pressure Monitoring take place on the on-board damaged tires.computer.However, you must still adjust the tire pressure on f Sealing the tire with tire sealant is only anthe wheel. emergency repair, so you can drive to the next authorized Porsche dealer. The maximum per- mitted speed is 50 mph (80 km/h). Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings 143
    • Warning! This display is for informational purposes only. Under no circumstances should the tire pressures be changed based on this display. Changing the tire pressure to incorrect pressures could adversely affect the perfor- mance, driving characteristics, and safety of your vehicle. f Maintain tire pressures according to the units indicated on the tire pressure plate, located on the drivers side door of the vehicle. Displaying the tire pressure function of the on-board computer f Push operating lever up or down until the tire pressure function of the on-board computerTire pressure function of the on-board appears. Pressure info in tire pressure menucomputer (The selection field must be switched off.) In accordance with physical principles, the airThe tire pressure function of the on-board pressure changes as the temperature changes.computer displays the tire pressures (actual The tire pressure increases or decreases bypressure) dependent on temperature in the four around 1.5 psi (0.1 bar) for every 18 °F (10 °C)wheels. change in temperature.You can watch the tire pressure rise as the The Tire Pressure Monitoring takes this relation-temperature increases while driving. ship between tire pressure and temperature intoThis display is only for information. account.f Under no circumstances should the tire f Please see the chapter “PRESSURE INCREASE pressures be changed based on this display. AS THE RESULT OF TEMPERATURE INCREASE” on Page 152. You can read the tire pressures to be corrected in this display.144 Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings
    • The tire pressure to be corrected (refill pressure)is indicated on the displayed wheel.Example: If “ –1.5 psi (–0.1 bar)” is displayed,1.5 psi (0.1 bar) must be added to this tire.NoteThe tire pressure menu can only be called up whenthe vehicle is stationary.Calling up the “Info pressure” displayf Push operating lever forward in order to switch on the selection field.f Select “TPM” with the operating lever.f Push operating lever forward. The display changes to the tire pressure menu.f Select “Info pressure” with the operating lever. Tire type info in Tire pressure menu f Select “Info tires” with the operating lever.f Push operating lever forward. Information about the currently set tires: f Push operating lever forward.Note – Tire type: Summer tires, winter tires Tire selection in the “Set” menuAfter the ignition is switched on, it can take up toapprox. 1 minute before all tire pressures are – Tire size: 18, 19 inch f Push operating lever forward in order to switchdisplayed. Dashes (“-.-”) appear instead of the tire “Info tires” shows the current tire settings. on the selection field.pressures. f Select “TPM” with the operating lever. Calling up the “Info tires” display f Push operating lever forward in order to switch on the selection field. f Select “TPM” with the operating lever. f Push operating lever forward. The display changes to the tire pressure menu. Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings 145
    • f Push operating lever forward. f Select “Set” with the operating lever. f Push the operating lever forward. The display changes to the tire pressure menu. f Select desired tire type: summer or winter. f Push operating lever forward. A display for confirming the selected type of tire appears.146 Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings
    • f Select “Continue” and push the operating lever f Select the appropriate tire size (18 or 19 inch) f Select “Continue” and push the operating lever forward. and push operating lever forwards. A display forward. for confirming the selected tire size appears. Note This menu is displayed only if the tire pressures are different for the approved tire sizes. Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings 147
    • Note The message “Process aborted” appears if the setting process is interrupted. All entries made up to this point are lost, and the original settings remain in effect. Only if the message “Process complete” appears after the settings have been made will the Tire Pressure Monitoring re-learn the wheels. f Please see the chapter “SYSTEM LEARNING” on Page 150. Before fitting tires with sizes which are not stored in the on-board computer, the missing information should be supplemented in the on-board computer. f Please consult your authorized Porsche dealer.The tire selection has only been successfullycompleted when the message “Process f Use only tires approved by Porsche. Loadcomplete” is displayed by the on-board computer. f Push operating lever forward in order to switch The available items in the tire pressure menu on the selection field.f Select arrow (Back) and push the operating depend on the tires on your vehicle. For this lever forward. The display returns to the tire reason it is possible that some of the items shown f Select “TPM” with the operating lever. here are not available on your on-board pressure menu. f Push operating lever forward. The on-board computer additionally displays computer’s display. The display changes to the tire pressure menu. the message “System learning”. f Make sure that tire pressures correspond to f Select “Load” with the operating lever. the on-board computer settings. Correct the tire pressure if necessary. f Please see the chapter “TIRE PRESSURES FOR COLD TIRES (68 °F / 20 °C)” on Page 289.148 Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings
    • Tire pressure warnings The tire pressure warning light on the instrument panel and a corresponding message on the on- board computer warn about loss of pressure in two stages, depending on the amount of pressure loss. Driving with insufficient tire pressure reduces the road safety of the vehicle and destroys the tire and wheel. Stage 1 – Add air The pressure in the tire is too low by 4 to 7 psi (0.3 to 0.5 bar). f The tire pressure warning contains the affected tire with the tire pressure to be added. Correct the tire pressure at the nextf Select partial load or full load and push the opportunity. This tire pressure warning appears operating lever forward. – for approx. 10 seconds with vehicle stoppedf Please see the chapter “TIRE PRESSURES FOR when switching off the ignition or COLD TIRES (68 °F / 20 °C)” on Page 289. – again when switching on the ignition.f Make sure that the tire pressures correspond With ignition on, the warning can be deactivated. to the on-board computer settings. Correct the tire pressures if necessary. The tire pressure warning light in the instrument panel goes out only when the tire pressure has been corrected. Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings 149
    • This tire pressure warning also appears when System learning driving and can be acknowledged. The tire pressure warning light on the instrument The Tire Pressure Monitoring begins to “learn” the panel goes out only when the tire pressure has wheels after a wheel change, wheel transmitter been corrected. replacement or update of the tire settings. During this process, the Tire Pressure Monitoring recog- nizes the tires and their locations. The on-board computer displayes the message “TPM is learning, monitoring not act.”. The Tire Pressure Monitoring requires a certain amount of time to learn the wheels. During this time, the current tire pressures are not available on the on-board-computer: – The tire pressure warning light remains lit until all wheels have been learned. – The display of the tire pressure function of the on-board computer shows lines.Stage 2 – Flat tire – The required pressures for cold tires at 68 °FAt speeds below 100 mph (160 km/h): (20 °C) are indicated in the Info pressureThe pressure in the tire has dropped by more display in the tire pressure menu.than 7 psi (0.5 bar). This significant pressure Position and pressure information is displayed asloss is a danger to road safety. soon as the Tire Pressure Monitoring has as-At speeds above 100 mph (160 km/h): signed the wheels identified as belonging to the vehicle to the correct wheel positions.The pressure in the tire has dropped by morethan 5 psi (0.4 bar). This significant pressure The wheel learning process takes placeloss is a danger to road safety. exclusively when the vehicle is being driven (vehicle speed above 25 km/h (16 mph)).f When the tire pressure warning appears, stop immediately at a suitable location. Check the f Check the tire pressure for all wheels on the indicated tire for signs of damage. If neces- “Info pressure” display. sary, fill in tire sealant and set the correct tire f Correct the tire pressure to the required pressure. pressure if necessary.150 Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings
    • Changing a wheel and replacing tires Warning light The warning light in the speedometer lights up: – When a loss in pressure has been detected.f New wheels must be fitted with radio transmit- ters for the Tire Pressure Monitoring. – When learning newly mounted wheels/wheel Warning! Before tires are changed, the battery charge sensors, as long as the vehicle’s own wheels state of the wheel transmitters should be Your vehicle has also been equipped with a Tire have not yet been recognized. checked at an authorized Porsche dealer. Pressure Monitoring (TPM) malfunction indicator In the event of a defect in Tire Pressure Monitoring when the system is not operating properly.f Switch the ignition off when changing a wheel. or a temporary fault, the warning light in the The TPM malfunction indicator is combined with a speedometer flashes for approx. one minute andThe tire settings on the on-board computer must low tire pressure telltale. then remains continuously illuminated.be updated after changing a wheel. When the system detects a malfunction, the tellta-If the tire settings are not updated, the message le will flash for approx. one minute and then remain The tire pressure warning light in the instrument“Wheel change? Input new TPM settings!” is continuously illuminated. This sequence will conti- panel goes out only when the cause of the faultdisplayed on the on-board computer. nue upon subsequent vehicle start-ups as long as has been rectified.f Update the on-board computer settings when the malfunction exists. When the malfunction indicator is illuminated, the Partial monitoring the vehicle is stationary the next time. system may not be able to detect or signal low tire pressure as intended. Monitoring of the other wheels is continued if there TPM malfuntions may occur for a variety of is a fault in one or two wheel transmitters. reasons, including the installation of replacement – The tire pressure warning light lights up. or alternate tires or wheels on the vehicle that prevent the TPM from functioning properly. – The message “TPM partial monitoring” is Always check the TPM malfunction telltale after displayed on the on-board computer. replacing one or more tires or wheels on your – No tire pressures are displayed on the on- vehicle to ensure that the replacement or alter- board computer for wheels with faulty wheel nate tires and wheels allow the TPM to continue to transmitters. function properly. Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings 151
    • No monitoring Pressure increase as the result of temperature increaseIn the event of faults the Tire Pressure Monitoringcannot monitor the tire pressure. In accordance with physical principles, the airThe warning light in the speedometer flashes for pressure changes as the temperature changes.approx. one minute and then remains continuously The tire pressure increases or decreases byilluminated and a corresponding message around 1.5 psi (0.1 bar) for every 18 °F (10 °C)appears on the on-board computer. change in temperature.Monitoring is not active when: The Tire Pressure Monitoring takes this relation- ship between tire pressure and temperature into– the Tire Pressure Monitoring is faulty, account.– wheel transmitters for the Tire Pressure Monitoring are missing, Tire pressure specifications– during the learning phase after the tire settings have been updated, Information on tire pressure for public roads can be found in this Owners Manual in the Technical– after a wheel change without updating the tire Data chapter or on the tire-pressure plate in the settings, left door aperture.– more than four wheel transmitters are These values apply to cold tires at 68 °F (20 °C) detected, ambient temperature.– there is external interference by other radio sources, e.g. wireless headphones,– tire temperatures are too high.f Please see the chapter “WARNINGS ON THE INSTRUMENT PANEL AND THE ON-BOARD COMPUTER” on Page 158.152 Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings
    • OILDisplay and measurement of the engineoil level Caution!Risk of engine damage.f Regularly check the oil level each time before refueling.f Do not allow the oil level to fall below the minimum mark.Conditions for measuring the oil level1. Vehicle stationary.2. It is important to ensure that the vehicle is horizontal for correct oil level measurement to occur. Initiating oil level measurement 4. Allow waiting time to elapse.3. Engine must be at operating temperature 1. Push operating lever forward in order to switch 5. Once the measurement has been completed, (at least 140 °F/60 °C). on the selection field. you can read off the engine oil level on the segment display.4. Engine must be idling. 2. Select “OIL” with the operating lever. 3. Push operating lever forward. Measurement is started. Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings 153
    • f Please see the chapter “ENGINE OIL LEVEL” on Page 208. f Never add more engine oil than required to reach the maximum mark. Failure A failure of the oil level display is indicated by a warning message on the on-board computer. “Check engine oil level” display The on-board computer display “Check engine oil level” is an additional measurement that takes place in the background while driving. The display depends on the distance travelled. This display appears if the oil level has reached the minimum mark or if the oil level is well above the6. If the segments are filled in up to the top line, 7. If the bottom segment is filled in, the oil level maximum mark. the oil level has reached the maximum mark. has reached the minimum mark. This message must be acknowledged by Under no circumstances add engine oil. measuring the engine oil level manually using the Add engine oil immediately. on-board computer. 8. If the bottom segment flashes, the oil level has f Please see the chapter “INITIATING OIL LEVEL dropped to below the minimum mark. MEASUREMENT” on Page 153. Add engine oil immediately. If oil level measurement was initiated manually on the on-board computer and no oil was added, the The difference between the minimum and message “Check engine oil level” is displayed maximum marks on the segment display is again when the vehicle is driven. approx. 1.3 quarts (1.25 litres). One segment of the display corresponds to a top-up quantity of approx. 0.42 quarts (0.4 litre). f Add engine oil if necessary. Switch off ignition before adding engine oil.154 Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings
    • SETBasic setting on on-board computerSwitching on selection field “D”f Push operating lever forward.Changing the basic setting of the on-boardcomputerf Select “SET” with the operating lever. f Push operating lever forward. Reset f Select the desired function with the operating – Reset all, lever: Reset average consumption, Reset average speed, Reset trip counter Units – Speedometer: km - km/h, miles - mph – Consumption: l/100 km, mls/gal (USA), mpg (UK), km/l – Temperature: °Celsius, °Fahrenheit – Tire pressure: bar, psi Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings 155
    • Display(Select central line of the on-boardcomputer)– Change display Audio information (set radio station) Range on remaining fuel Empty– Telephone Info When Telephone information is active, incom- ing telephone calls are displayed on the on- board computer. Navigation 12/24h mode – Integrated in the BC Select time mode: (Navigation instructions can be recalled on the – 12h (small squares on the right side of the time on-board computer display) display for AM/PM), – When turning off – 24h (Navigation instructions are only shown before changing direction) Light Basic setting USA only: Switch daytime driving lights on and off. – Restore the basic setting of the on-board com- puter Daytime driving lights (daytime driving lights switched off) Language – Select language version Daytime driving lights (daytime driving lights switched on)156 Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings
    • General information regarding the Average consumption and average speedon-board computer functions The values displayed are based on the distance travelled since the last reset to “zero”.Range on remaining fuel You can set the starting time for a measurementThe range on remaining fuel is continuously recal- before or during the trip.culated during the journey based on the fuel level, Switching the ignition off does not reset the meas-current consumption and average consumption. urements. It is therefore possible to collect valuesThe more the fuel level falls, the more spontan- over long periods.eously the display reacts. For this reason, the Disconnecting the car battery will cause theserange on remaining fuel is not displayed if less memories to be erased.than 9 miles (15 kilometers).If the vehicles inclination changes while driving or Tire pressurerefueling, incorrect range information may tempo- The Tire pressure function of the on-boardrarily be given. computer displays the tire pressures dependent on temperature in the four wheels. You can watchNote the tire pressure rise and fall while driving.If the tank is nearly empty and you top up with only The display is only for information.a small quantity of fuel, an accurate range on re- f To correct the tire pressures, always use themaining fuel is impossible. displayed values from the “Info pressure” display in the tire pressure menu. Instruments, On-Board Computer, Warnings 157
    • Warnings on the instrument panel and the on-board computerIf a warning message appears, always refer to the corresponding chapters in the Owner’s Manual.Warning messages are issued only if all measurement preconditions are met. Therefore, check all fluid levels regularly –in particular, always check the engine oil level before refuelling.Instrument On-board Text display on on-board Meaning/measurepanel computer computer Seat belt Driver and passengers must fasten their seat belts. Handbrake Handbrake is still on. Ignition key not removed Replace battery Replace the remote-control battery. in ignition key Ignition lock faulty, Have the fault remedied at an authorized please go to workshop Porsche dealer. Ignition lock faulty, Have the fault remedied at an authorized visit workshop now Porsche dealer. Relieve steering Relieve the steering lock by moving the steering wheel to the left or right. Steering locked The steering wheel lock remains engaged. Have the fault remedied at an authorized Porsche dealer. Lights on Low beam/side marker lamps on Parking light on Left/right parking light on158 Warnings
    • Instrument On-board Text display on on-board Meaning/measurepanel computer computer Check left/right dipped beam (low The reported light is faulty. Check bulb. beam) Have the fault remedied at an authorized Porsche dealer. also applies to: direction indicator, high beam, side in- dicator light, reversing light, side marker Daytime Daytime driving lights switch off when the en- driving lights off gine is shut off. Switch on lights if necessary. Headlight beam Have the fault remedied at an authorized adjustment faulty Porsche dealer. Front lid not closed Close luggage compartment lid properly. Rear lid not closed Close engine compartment lid properly. Targa flap not closed Close glass rear hatch Rain sensor faulty Have the fault remedied at an authorized Porsche dealer. Steering wheel heating Steering wheel heating was switched on. ON Steering wheel heating Steering wheel heating was switched off. OFF Launch control active Drive Off Assistant Have the fault remedied at an authorized failure Porsche dealer. Refill washer fluid Warnings 159
    • Instrument On-board Text display on on-board Meaning/measurepanel computer computer LIMIT The current speed can only be accepted for the Cannot be accepted acoustic warning signal when the vehicle is in with vehicle stopped motion. LIMIT Selected speed limit (e.g. 30 mph) for the 30 acoustic warning signal has been exceeded. Adjust your speed if necessary.Fuel gage warning Consider remaining range Refuel at next opportunity.light Check engine oil level Start engine oil level measurement in the on-board computer. Engine oil pressure too low Stop immediately at a suitable place, measure oil level with the on-board computer and, if nec- essary, add engine oil.Warning light Engine temperature too high Switch engine off and let it cool.Temperature gage Check coolant level and, if necessary, add coolant.Temperature gage Check coolant level Switch engine off and let it cool.warning light flash- Check coolant level and, if necessary, add cool-es ant. Engine diagnostics – workshop Stop immediately at a suitale place and check tank cap for proper fastening. If the tank cap was fastened correctly, consult your authorized Porsche dealer. Reduced engine power Consult your authorized Porsche dealer.Temperature gage Failure of Consult your authorized Porsche dealer.warning light flash- engine compartment bloweres160 Warnings
    • Instrument On-board Text display on on-board Meaning/measurepanel computer computer Warning Battery/generator Stop at a safe place and switch the engine off. Do not continue driving. Have the fault remedied at an authorized Porsche dealer. Oil pressure gage faulty Have the fault remedied at an authorized Porsche dealer. Oil level display faulty Have the fault remedied at an authorized Porsche dealer. Oil temperature gage faulty Have the fault remedied at an authorized Porsche dealer. Oil temperature Switch engine off and let it cool. Check oil level too high and, if necessary, add oil. Please observe the chapter “OIL DISPLAY AND MEASUREMENT OF THE ENGINE OIL LEVEL“. Indicator faulty Coolant indicator failed. Have the fault remedied at an authorized Porsche dealer. Brake pad wear Have the brake pads changed immediately at an authorized Porsche dealer. Warning – Brake fluid level Stop immediately in a suitable place. Do not continue driving. Have the fault remedied at an authorized Porsche dealer. Warning – Brake circuit division Stop immediately in a suitable place. Do not continue driving. Have the fault remedied at an authorized Porsche dealer. Warnings 161
    • Instrument On-board Text display on on-board Meaning/measurepanel computer computer ABS failure Have the fault remedied at an authorized Porsche dealer. PSM off Porsche Stability Management has been switched off. PSM on Porsche Stability Management has been switched on. PSM failure Have the fault remedied at an authorized Porsche dealer. PSM Please observe the chapter “PUTTING VEHICLE initialisation INTO OPERATION“. PASM Normal/Sport Indicator for selected PASM mode PASM failure Have the fault remedied at an authorized Porsche dealer. PASM indicator faulty Have the fault remedied at an authorized Porsche dealer. Sport mode failure Have the fault remedied at an authorized Porsche dealer. Airbag system fault Airbag is faulty. Have the fault remedied at an authorized Porsche dealer. Check passenger’s seat setting Weight sensing is impaired on the front passengers seat (Advanced Airbag). Correct the seating position, set the backrest upright, do not support weight on the armrests, or lift on the handles.162 Warnings
    • Instrument On-board Text display on on-board Meaning/measurepanel computer computer Failure spoiler control Driving stability is impaired. Adjust your driving style. Reduce speed. Have the fault remedied at an authorized Porsche dealer.Display of Selector lever is not engaged Porsche Doppelkupplung:selector lever posi- Selector lever can be between two positions.tion flashes Engage the selector lever correctly. Move selector lever to P Porsche Doppelkupplung: Move selector lever to position P before with- drawing key from ignition lock. Apply brake Porsche Doppelkupplung: Apply the brake when starting. Depress clutch pedal Manual transmission: Depress clutch pedal when starting. Move selector lever Porsche Doppelkupplung: to position P or N The vehicle can be started only in the selector lever position P or N. Text display in white: Restricted gearshift comfort, failure of reverse gear. Transmission Have the fault remedied at an authorized emergency run Porsche dealer. Text display in red: No selector lever position is displayed on the instrument cluster. Transmission Vehicle can be driven only until it comes to a emergency run stop. It is not possible to continue driving. Immedi- ately stop the vehicle in a suitable place. Have the vehicle towed to an authorized Porsche dealer. Warnings 163
    • Instrument On-board Text display on on-board Meaning/measurepanel computer computer Transmission Jerking can be felt when driving off, and the temperature engine power may be restricted. too high Do not hold the vehicle with the accelerator on a hill, for example. Hold the vehicle with the brake. Reduce engine load. If possible, stop the vehicle in a suitable place. Allow the engine to run in selector lever position P or N until the warning disappears. System fault Several systems may have failed. Adjust your Go to workshop driving style. Reduce speed. Have the fault remedied at an authorized Porsche dealer. Failure of fuel level indicator Have the fault remedied at an authorized Workshop Porsche dealer. Service in mls/days Service indicator Bring the vehicle in for service no later than af- ter the distance/time shown has elapsed. Please observe the additional information in the “Maintenance” booklet. Service now Service indicator Have your vehicle serviced at an authorized Porsche dealer. Failure Activate convertible top in opposite direction. Convertible-top control If there is a failure: Consult an authorized Porsche dealer. Convertible top not in limit position Fully open or close convertible top Opening convertible top Message goes out in final position Closing convertible top Message goes out in final position164 Warnings
    • Instrument On-board Text display on on-board Meaning/measurepanel computer computer Rear lid The convertible top cannot be operated with the not closed rear lid open. Flat tyre! Tire Pressure Monitoring has detected a serious pressure loss. Stop at a suitable place and check tires for dam- age. Fill in tire sealant if necessary. Add air The Tire Pressure Monitoring has detected a gradual pressure loss. Correct tire pressure at the next opportunity. TPM is learning The Tire Pressure Monitoring is learning the monitoring wheels on the vehicle. The Tire Pressure Moni- not act. toring is searching for the tires and their posi- tion. During this period the current pressure specifications are not available on the on-board computer. TPM inactive The Tire Pressure Monitoring is faulty. Consult an authorized Porsche dealer. TPM partial monitoring 1 or 2 wheel transmitters are faulty. The tyre pressures of these wheels are not monitored. The other wheels are still monitored. Consult an authorized Porsche dealer. TPM inactive The Tire Pressure Monitoring is temporarily de- Brief disturbance activated by excessive tire temperatures (ap- prox. 248 °F (120 °C)) or external interference TPM inactive (e.g. from other wheel transmitters inside the Too many wheel transmitters car). Once the source of the interference is re- moved, the system is automatically reactivated. Wheel change? Update the settings in the TPM menu of the Input new on-board computer at the next opportunity. TPM settings! Wrong entries will affect the correct pressure in- formation in the menu. The safety of your vehi- cle is at risk. Warnings 165
    • Instrument On-board Text display on on-board Meaning/measurepanel computer computer TPM The display of the Tire Pressure Monitoring is Indicator faulty faulty. Consult an authorized Porsche dealer.Acknowledging warning messagesWarning messages can be deleted from the on-board computer display.f Push the on-board computer operating lever forward.You can recall erased warning messages in the “INFO” menu.166 Warnings
    • Shifting GearsManual Transmission, Clutch ...................... 168Drive-Off Assistant..................................... 169Porsche Doppelkupplung (PDK) .................. 170 Shifting Gears 167
    • To avoid damage to the clutch and transmis- Permitted engine speed sion: f You should change into a higher gear before f Always depress the clutch pedal fully when the needle reaches the red mark on the changing gears. Make sure that the gearshift tachometer, or ease off the accelerator. lever is completely engaged. If the red zone is reached during acceleration, fuel f Only shift into reverse when the car has come feed is interrupted. to a complete stop. Caution! f When shifting gears, always ensure that the clutch pedal is fully depressed and the gear Risk of engine damage (overrevving) when has fully engaged. shifting down to a lower gear. f Select reverse only when vehicle is stationary. f Take care not to exceed the maximum Reverse can be engaged after pushing the permitted engine speed when shifting down. gearshift lever as far as possible to the left. f Select an appropriately low gear on upward and downward slopes.Manual Transmission, Clutch This will ensure optimum use of engine power and engine braking.The positions of the gears are shown on the shiftdiagram on the gearshift lever. When reverse gear is selected and the ignition is on, the backup lights are illuminated. Warning!Risk of accident, resulting in serious person-al injury or death.f Do not obstruct the pedal travel with floor mats or other objects. Nonskid floor mats of the correct size are available at your authorized Porsche dealer.168 Shifting Gears
    • Drive-Off Assistant Driving off with the Drive-Off Assistant Driving off with the Drive-Off Assistant (vehicles with manual transmission) (vehicles with PDK transmission)The Drive-Off Assistant assists the driver when 1. Hold the vehicle securely on the slope with the 1. Hold the vehicle securely on the slope with themoving off on hills. brake pedal. brake pedal.The vehicle must have sufficient road contact. The engine must be running. The engine must be running.The Drive-Off Assistant is available on gradients as 2. Fully depress the clutch pedal. 2. Select a gear corresponding to the directionfrom around 5%. of travel up the slope (selector lever position 3. Engage a gear corresponding to the direction D or R). Danger! of travel up the slope (1st gear or reverse gear). 3. Fully release the parking brake.Risk of accident.Assistance by the Drive-Off Assistant is not 4. Fully release the parking brake. 4. Release the brake pedal.guaranteed when moving off on a slippery The vehicle is held on the slope for a short time 5. While keeping the clutch pedal depressed,surface (e.g. on icy or loose surfaces). In this in order to allow driving off directly after the release the brake pedal.case, the vehicle could slip. brake is released. The vehicle is held on the slope for a short timeThe limits dictated by the laws of physics in order to allow driving off directly after the 5. Move off as usual.cannot be overcome, even with the Drive-Off brake is released.Assistant. The responsibility for moving off Note on operationon upward slopes is still the driver’s, despite 6. Move off as usual.the Drive-Off Assistant. The Drive-Off Assistant is not active: Note on operationf Always adjust your driving style to the driving – In the event of shift to neutral. conditions and vehicle load, use the brake The Drive-Off Assistant is not active: – If the vehicle is not stationary. pedal if necessary. – If the clutch is not depressed. – If the engine is not running.Risk of accident. – If the vehicle is not stationary.If the Drive-Off Assistant is not functioning, – On gradients of less than 5%.the driver cannot be assisted when moving – If the engine is not running. – If the pressure on the brake pedal is too low.off on hills. – On gradients of less than 5%.f Hold the vehicle with the brake pedal. – If the pressure on the brake pedal is too low. Shifting Gears 169
    • Porsche Doppelkupplung (PDK) StartingThe Porsche Doppelkupplung (PDK) is a seven- The engine can be started only if the brakespeed transmission with an “automatic” and a pedal is depressed and the selector lever is in“manual” selection mode. position P or N.In automatic selection mode (selector leverposition D), gear changing is automatic. Driving offYou can change temporarily from automatic tomanual mode using the shift buttons on the f Only select the desired position for driving offsteering wheel. (D, M or R) when the engine is idling and the brake pedal is depressed.In manual selection mode (selector leverposition M), you change gear using the shift f Since the vehicle creeps when in gear, do notbuttons on the steering wheel or with the PDK release the brake until you want to move off.selector lever. f After selecting a gear, do not accelerate untilYou can change between selector lever position D you can feel that the gear is engaged.and M as you wish while driving. Driving off on hillsNote Changing the selector lever position The Drive-Off Assistant assists the driver whenf Take care not to operate the shift buttons on The selector lever is locked when the ignition is moving off on hills. The vehicle is held on the slope the steering wheel inadvertently in either for a short time during the change from the brake switched off. automatic or manual mode, thereby triggering pedal to the accelerator in order to allow driving undesired gear changes. When the ignition is switched on, the selector lever off directly after the brake is released. can be moved from position P and N only when f Please see the chapter “DRIVE-OFF ASSIS- the release button is pressed, and when the brake TANT” on Page 169. pedal is pressed. Release button The release button (arrow) in the selector lever prevents the gear from being changed unintention- ally. The release button must be pressed when shifting to position R or P.170 Shifting Gears
    • If the selector lever is inadvertently (due to a If there is a fault in the transmission: defect or incorrect operation) moved out of P or – The warning “Transmission emergency run” in N into gear without pressing the brake, this gear white or red lettering or the warning “Transmis- will start to “flash” and no power transmission is sion temperature too high” is displayed on the built up. on-board computer. f To drive off, press the brake and move the Please see the chapter “REDUCED DRIVING selector lever from P or N into the required PROGRAM” on Page 176. gear again. f Have the fault repaired immediately at an authorized Porsche dealer. Selector lever position R or D is flashing in the instrument cluster – Effects: There is no power transmission. The selector lever was engaged without pressing the footbrake or only the restricted driving programme is available when the “Transmission emergency run” message isIndicator for selector lever position and displayed.engaged gear f Action required: Press the footbrake and engage the requiredWhen the engine is running, the selector lever selector lever position again by moving theposition and engaged gear are indicated. selector lever from P or N. If reverse gear fails:If the selector lever is between two positions– Effects: f Please see the chapter “REDUCED DRIVING The corresponding selector lever position PROGRAM” on Page 176. flashes on the instrument cluster and the warning “Apply brake“ or “Selector lever not engaged” appears on the on-board computer.f Remedy: Operate the footbrake and engage the selector lever properly. Shifting Gears 171
    • Selector lever positions D - Automatic selection mode With a sporty driving style, downshifts are already initiated when the brake pedal is touched lightly. Select position D for “normal” driving. The gears This further enhances a dynamic driving style.P – Parking lock are shifted automatically according to the acceler- The PDK transmission temporarily changes to the ator position and speed. sportiest gear-changing map, i.e. to the highestf Engage parking lock only when vehicle is possible gear-changing points, if the accelerator stationary. Depending on the way the vehicle is driven pedal is pressed quickly. The transmission accord- If selector lever position P is flashing in the (economical, comfortable or sporty driving style) ingly shifts down immediately by one or two gears instrument cluster, the parking lock is not and on the resistance (e.g. uphill), the gear- (temporary change-down). engaged. The vehicle can roll away. changing points are shifted towards higher or Engage selector lever position P again by lower engine-speed ranges. The transmission no longer selects 7th gear at moving the selector lever out of R. The accelerator position, driving speed, engine high driving speeds. speed, longitudinal and lateral acceleration andf Engage parking lock after applying the the road profile all have an influence on the gear- Sport mode handbrake and release it before releasing the changing characteristic. (“Sport” and “Sport Plus” modes) handbrake. Unwanted upward shifts, e.g. before bends, are “Sport” mode activated:The ignition key can be withdrawn only in The PDK transmission switches to a sporty gear- prevented by swiftly releasing the acceleratorselector lever position P. changing map and shortens the gear shifting pedal. times.R – Reverse gear Depending on lateral acceleration, upward A sporty driving style is recognised more quickly changes on bends are not made until the engine- and the gear-changing speeds are adapted tof Select only if car is stationary and the brake is speed limit is reached. driving performance. applied. Under braking, and depending on the amount of Deceleration downshifts are commenced earlier. deceleration, the PDK transmission changes down Downshifts are already carried out in the case ofN – Neutral earlier. slight decelerations, even at higher engine For subsequent cornering, the right gear is speeds.Selector lever position N must be selected for engaged when pressure is applied to the brakestowing or in car washes, for example. before the bend. The bend is taken in the rightf Only select the desired position for driving off gear, and when you accelerate out of the bend you (D, M or R) when the engine is idling and the do not have to change down. brake pedal is depressed.172 Shifting Gears
    • “Sport Plus” mode activated: f Do not use Launch Control if there is a possibi- 3. Release the brake within a few seconds.In “Sport Plus” mode, the PDK transmission lity it could endanger other persons. Such achanges to a shift program designed for driving possibility exists if you cannot see that you Remaining stationary for a long time withon race circuits. 7th gear is not selected. have a clear road with no possibility of cross “Launch Control active” can lead to overload-The gear-changing performance is enhanced traffic in your intended direction of driving. ing of the transmission.significantly again compared with “Sport” mode. In order to protect the transmission, the engine power is then reduced and the “Launch Controlf Please see the chapter “SPORT MODE” on Caution! active” process is cancelled. Page 64. Stress on components increases dramatically when starting with maximum acceleration in Shifting gears on the steering wheelDriving with Launch Control comparison with normal driving off. Use of With the shift buttons on the steering wheel, youDriving with Launch Control allows you to achieve Launch Control will inevitably reduce the life can change temporarily from automatic selectionmaximum acceleration from a standing start. It is of the engaged engine and transmission mode D to manual mode M.intended to provide you with a unique enjoyment of components.your vehicle under controlled circumstances and For example:is not intended to be used in any location where it Preconditions: – Shifting down before bends and on enteringcould be a nuisance to other persons. – Launch Control should only be used when the built-up areas. Warning! engine has reached operating temperature. – Shifting down on downward slopes – “Sport Plus” mode must be switched on (light- (engine braking).There is a risk of endangering other roadusers if you use this Control in an improper emitting diode in button is on and “SPORT – Shifting down for brief spurts of acceleration.location or in a situation where other persons PLUS” is displayed on the on-board computer). Manual selection mode remains engaged:might need to take evasive action due to the 1. Press the brake with your left foot.rapid acceleration that this technology – for cornering (depending on the lateral acceler-permits. 2. Quickly press down the accelerator fully ation) and overrunning, (kickdown activated) and hold.f Launch Control is designed to be used in a The engine speed will flatten out at around – when the vehicle is stationary (e.g. at a controlled environment on closed circuit 6500 rpm. junction). driving courses where no vehicle cross traffic “Launch Control active” is displayed on the The system leaves manual selection mode: or pedestrian traffic is present. on-board computer. – automatically after approx. 8 seconds (unlessf Use Launch Control only if conditions permit it cornering or overrunning), to be applied in a safe manner. – after driving off. Shifting Gears 173
    • KickdownThe kickdown function is active in selector leverpositions D and M.f For optimum acceleration, e.g. when overtaking, depress the accelerator pedal beyond the full-throttle point (kickdown).The transmission shifts down depending on thespeed of travel and engine speed.Upward shifts occur at the highest possible enginespeeds. M – Manual selection mode Shifting up + The currently selected gear is retained when you f Press the PDK selector lever or shift button on change from D to M. the steering wheel forward. If you change from M to D, the gear-changing map Shifting down – suitable for your current driving style is selected f Pull the PDK selector lever or shift button on and the appropriate gear is selected. the steering wheel back. The selector lever and the two shift buttons in the You can shift up or down by the corresponding top steering wheel spokes allow you to comfort- number of gears by quickly pressing or pulling the ably and reliably select the seven forward gears. shift buttons or selector lever several times in succession. The transmission can be shifted up or down by several gears in succession by continuously operating the selector lever or shift buttons.174 Shifting Gears
    • Depending on driving speed and engine speed, Failure of the selector lever display on the Stoppingyou can shift up or down at any time. instrument cluster f For a brief stop (e.g. at a traffic light), leave theGear changes which would exceed the upper or The warning “Transmission emergency run” is selector lever in drive position and hold thelower engine speed limit are not executed by the displayed in red on the on-board computer. vehicle with the brake pedal.controller. – Effect: f Do not hold the car on a slope using theThere is no automatic upshift at the upper engine No selector lever position is displayed on the accelerator. Use the brake pedal or thespeed limit in selector lever position M. Upshift instrument cluster. handbrake instead.suppression can be cancelled by kickdown opera- Vehicle can be driven only until it comes to ation. If, for example, the engine speed limit is stop. f Before leaving the vehicle, always apply thereached during overtaking and the automatic Remedy: handbrake and move the selector lever toupshift does not occur, the transmission in this It is not possible to continue driving. Immedi- position P.case shifts up as a result of kickdown operation. ately stop the vehicle in a suitable place. Have the vehicle towed to an authorized Porschef Select an appropriately low gear on upward Parking dealer. and downward slopes. This will ensure optimum use of engine power f Go easy on the accelerator! and engine braking. f When parking or manoeuvring in a small space, control the speed by careful use of theIn order to shift up automatically at the upper footbrake.engine speed limit:f Depress the accelerator pedal beyond the full- Driving in winter throttle point (kickdown). In wintry road conditions it is advisable to take steep inclines in manual mode. This prevents gear changes occurring that could cause wheelspin. Tow-starting, towing f Please see the chapter “TOWING” on Page 280. Shifting Gears 175
    • Reduced driving program Warning “Transmission emergency run” red – Effect:If there is a fault in the transmission Vehicle can be driven only until it comes to a– Depending on priority, the warning “Transmis- stop. sion emergency run” in white or red lettering or Remedy: the warning “Transmission temperature too It is not possible to continue driving. Immedi- high” is displayed on the on-board computer. ately stop the vehicle in a suitable place. HaveWarning “Transmission emergency run” white the vehicle towed to an authorized Porsche dealer.– Effects: Restricted gearshift comfort, Warning “Transmission temperature too high” Reverse gear may not function. – Effects: “Warning jerks” can be felt when driving off and Remedy: the engine power may be restricted. Have the fault repaired immediately at an Remedy: authorized Porsche dealer. Do not hold the vehicle with the accelerator on a hill, for example. Hold the vehicle with the brake. Reduce engine load. If possible, stop the vehicle in a suitable place. Allow the engine to run in selector lever position P or N until the warning disappears.176 Shifting Gears
    • Mobile RoofsLifting/Sliding Roof.................................... 178Convertible Top......................................... 181Emergency operation of the convertible top 183Windstop .................................................. 190Hardtop.................................................... 194Targa ....................................................... 200Roof Transport System .............................. 204 Mobile Roofs 177
    • Lifting/Sliding Roof A - Opening the lifting/sliding roof f Press rear of rocker switch A until lifting/slid- Warning! ing roof reaches the desired position.Risk of injury when operating or automatical-ly closing the lifting/sliding roof. One-touch operationf Take care to ensure that nobody can be injured f Touch rear of rocker switch A. when the lifting/sliding roof is operated. Lifting/sliding roof opens to its end position. Stop it in any position by touching any button.f Always withdraw the ignition key when leaving the vehicle. Uninformed persons (e.g. children) Note could injure themselves by operating the lift- ing/sliding roof. The lifting/sliding roof opens until it reaches the best position relative to noise. It can be openedf In case of danger, release the button immedi- fully, however, if you press the rocker switch ately and operate the lifting/sliding roof in the again. opposite direction. Readiness for operation – When the ignition is switched on (engine switched on or off) or – With doors closed and ignition key withdrawn, but only until a door is first opened.178 Mobile Roofs
    • B - Closing the lifting/sliding roof Emergency operationf Press front of rocker switch B until lifting/slid- Warning! ing roof reaches the desired position. Risk of serious personal injury and damage to the lifting/sliding roof during emergencyC - Lifting the lifting/sliding roof operation.f Press center of rocker switch C until lifting/ f Do not operate the lifting/sliding roof with the sliding roof reaches the desired position. rocker switch during and after emergency operation.One-touch operationf Touch the rocker switch C in the center. Before using emergency operation, please check Lifting/sliding roof opens to its end position. whether defective fuses are the cause of the mal- Touch button again to stop in any position. function. f Please see the chapter “ELECTRICAL SYS-B - Lowering the lifting/sliding roof TEM” on Page 257.f Press front of rocker switch B until lifting/slid- Closing the sliding roof ing roof reaches the desired position. 1. Carefully unclip both covers A with a screwdriv- er. If the car is equipped with HomeLink, the HomeLink buttons must be carefully unclipped instead of the covers. 2. Unscrew the two screws B. Mobile Roofs 179
    • Caution! Risk of damage to the lifting/sliding roof. f After emergency operation, do not operate the lifting/sliding roof using the rocker switch. f Drive slowly to an authorized Porsche dealer in order to have the fault remedied.3. Fold down the cover of the lifting/sliding roof 5. Press the Allen key into the drive axle, keep it drive at the rear. pressed in and turn it clockwise until the lift- Remove the Allen key (arrow) from its holder. ing/sliding roof is closed.4. Insert the Allen key into the drive axle. 6. Remove the Allen key. Close the cover and screw in the screws. 7. Have the fault remedied at an authorized Porsche dealer.180 Mobile Roofs
    • Convertible Top f Avoid frequent operation of the convertible top Door windows and side windows with the engine off; the vehicle battery wouldBrief operating instructions can be found on the be unintentionally discharged rapidly. The side windows are lowered automatically whenback side of the driver’s sun visor. the convertible top is opened. The door windows f Drive only with the convertible top fully open or close automatically if convertible top operation isf Please see the chapter “CAR CARE INSTRUC- closed (end positions). not interrupted when the convertible top reaches TIONS” on Page 224. f When opening or closing the convertible top, its final position. ensure there is sufficient clearance above the When the door windows are closed, the rear side Warning! windows can also be closed. convertible top (e.g. in the garage).When opening or closing the convertible top, When opening the door windows, the rear win- f To prevent damp stains and abrasions, onlyserious personal injury may occur if a per- dows open automatically. open the convertible top in a dry, clean state.son’s body parts are near or in the way of the The side windows are lowered automatically whenconvertible top mechanism’s moving parts. f Park your car in the shade whenever possible, the convertible top is closed. All windows close as the fabric, rubber material and color can bef Make absolutely sure that nobody can be in- automatically if convertible top operation is not in- harmed by long exposure to sunlight. jured by the convertible-top mechanism or the terrupted when the convertible top reaches its fi- convertible-top compartment lid. f The convertible top may only be actuated dur- nal position. ing driving on even surfaces.Do not operate convertible top: f The convertible top must not be used with– At temperatures below 32 °F (0 °C). strong counter wind (over approx. 50 mph/ 80 km/h).– When one side of the car is on a curb, a hoist or a jack.– When items of luggage or other objects hinder the convertible top movement.– With the rollbars extended. Mobile Roofs 181
    • Preconditions for operation of theconvertible top– The ignition must be switched on (engine running or off),– the engine compartment lid must be closed,– the speed must be below approx. 30 mph (50 km/h). If this maximum speed is exceeded, the open- ing/closing procedure of the convertible top will be interrupted.f Reduce speed. Press button again. The opening/closing process is ended. Warning!Risk of injury and damage when operating Opening convertible top Closing convertible topthe convertible top. f Pull the switch and hold without interruption un- f Pull the switch and hold without interruptionf Make absolutely sure that nobody can be in- til the convertible top is in the final position or until the convertible top is in the final position jured by the convertible-top mechanism or the until the door windows are in the desired posi- or until the door windows are in the desired convertible-top compartment lid. tion. position.f Before opening the convertible top, make sure The message on the on-board computer goes The message on the on-board computer goes that there are no objects behind the rear seats. out. out. In case of danger, release the switch. In case of danger, release the switch.f Keep the lids of the make-up mirrors in the sun Convertible top operation stops. Convertible top operation stops. visors closed when closing the convertible top.f In order to abort convertible top operation in the event of danger, immediately release the switch.182 Mobile Roofs
    • Messages in on-board computer Emergency operation of the convertible top Rear lid f Before performing emergency operation, If the engine compartment lid is open when acti- please check: vating the convertible top, a message appears in Was the ignition switched on and was the en- the on-board computer. The convertible top can- gine compartment lid closed during operation not be opened. of the convertible top with the switch? Are electrical fuses defective? f Close engine compartment lid. Please see the chapter “ELECTRICAL SYS- Convertible top status TEM” on Page 257. f Please see the chapter “WARNINGS ON THE Warning! INSTRUMENT PANEL AND THE ON-BOARD There is danger of injury and damage during COMPUTER” on Page 158. emergency operation. There is danger of crushing or trapping body parts at all movable convertible top partsIf the convertible top does not lock in the which could cause serious personal injury.windshield frame f Take great care when performing emergencyf Open convertible top again, start the engine operation. and close the convertible top again using the f Do not operate the convertible top during and switch. after emergency operation. Assist with the closing process by grasping the convertible top at the handhold and pulling it toward the windshield frame (arrow). Before emergency operationf Please see the chapter “WARNINGS ON THE f Remove the ignition key so that the convertible INSTRUMENT PANEL AND THE ON-BOARD top is not operated unintentionally. COMPUTER” on Page 158. f Take screwdriver out of the tool kit. f Fold the rear seat backrests forward. Mobile Roofs 183
    • Removing rear wall lining Opening convertible top compartment Warning! lid “D”1. Unscrew screws A from the rear wall lining. The Allen key can rotate or fly out and there- Pull out and reposition the screwdriver insert if 1. Take red Allen key B out of its holder. by cause serious personal injury if the con- necessary. vertible top is actuated. 2. Put handle of screwdriver onto Allen key B.2. Grasp the rear wall lining at the cut-outs for the Insert Allen key into the drive axle C and turn it f Always remove the Allen key B from the drive safety belts and press downward. counterclockwise (in direction of the arrow) un- axle C before operating the convertible top. Pull rear wall lining forward and lift up and out. til the convertible top compartment lid D is fully open. When you have opened the convertible top com- Remove the Allen key. partment lid, try to close the convertible top using the switch. If the convertible top cannot be closed, continue with emergency operation.184 Mobile Roofs
    • Warning! The Allen key can rotate or fly out and there- by cause serious personal injury if the con- vertible top is actuated. f Always remove the Allen key B from the drive axle of the side flap before operating the con- vertible top. f When you have opened the side flaps, try to close the convertible top using the switch. If the convertible top cannot be closed, contin- ue with emergency operation.Opening side flaps “F” 3. Insert Allen key B into the drive axle for the left side flap F.1. Remove ignition key. Turn Allen key counterclockwise (in direction of2. Use the screwdriver to remove plastic lid E arrow) until the side flap F is fully open (percep- from the lining from behind. tible stop). 4. Repeat procedure with the right side flap. Remove the Allen key. Mobile Roofs 185
    • Closing convertible top 2. Get behind the front seats and grasp the con- 3. Close the convertible top until it reaches its vertible top in the middle. highest position.1. Insert Allen key B through hole G and into the hydraulic valve. Turn Allen key B counterclockwise by approx. 1 revolution. Always remove Allen key B.186 Mobile Roofs
    • The convertible top lock with the locking hook is Extending the locking hook “H” 2. Take the Allen key K out of the oddments trayfitted on the convertible top. between the front seats. 1. Pull the plastic lid J down on the front corners.Perform the work on the convertible top lock when Push the lid carefully to the rear and take it off. 3. Insert the Allen key K into the opening L andstanding on the right-hand side of the vehicle. turn in the direction of arrow “open” until marked resistance can be felt. The locking hook H is now extended. 4. Pull out the Allen key K. Mobile Roofs 187
    • 5. Pull the convertible top all the way forward to 1. Insert the Allen key again. Mounting the plastic lid the windshield. Turn in the direction of arrow “close” until you f Push the plastic lid over the convertible top can feel marked resistance and the convertibleLocking the locking hook “H” in the locking mechanism from behind. top is completely locked.windshield frame The lid must engage centred in the guide N. 2. Remove the Allen key. Push the lid upwards at its front edge andf When locking the convertible top, make sure engage. that the locking hook engages in the windshield frame. Pull the convertible top to Warning! the windshield frame if necessary. The centering journals M must be retracted Risk of injury in an accident. into the mounting in the windshield frame. f Do not drive without the plastic lid mounted.188 Mobile Roofs
    • Caution! Risk of damage to the convertible top. f After emergency operation, do not operate the convertible top using the switch. f Drive slowly to an authorized Porsche dealer in order to have the fault remedied.Closing the convertible-top compartment lid Warning!Risk of pinching when closing theconvertible-top compartment lid.f Place your hands on the convertible-top compartment lid when pushing.1. Stand behind the vehicle.2. Grasp the convertible-top compartment lid above the brake light and push forward against resistance which can be felt until it is completely closed. Mobile Roofs 189
    • Caution! Installing the windstop Risk of damage to the windstop 1. Open zipper of the protective bag. f Make sure that the windstop is not damaged Take the windstop out of the luggage compart- by items of luggage or objects in the luggage ment. compartment. f Do not place any objects on the windstop. f Do not store any sharp-edged objects under the installed windstop. f Do not damage the windstop during seat ad- justment and when folding back the front-seat backrests. Adjust seat so that the seat backrest does not touch the windstop. f Do not fold up the rear seat backrests with the windstop installed.Example: Mount for 911 Carrera, 911 Carrera S f Remove windstop before fitting a hardtop.WindstopThe windstop is stowed in a protective bag in theluggage compartment.The protective bag is fastened with a Velcro stripin the luggage compartment.190 Mobile Roofs
    • 2. Fold the rear seat backrests forward. 4. Check whether the lock of the windstop lower A - Lock open Please see the chapter “REAR SEAT BACK- section is engaged. B - Lock closed RESTS” on Page 37. Press lock together if necessary (arrows). 5. Check whether the two red locking handles are3. Unfold the windstop until it can be felt to en- in position A (open). gage in the hinges at the top and bottom. Open the lock if necessary. To do this, push the locking handles inward as far as they will go and swivel to the side (arrow). Mobile Roofs 191
    • 6. Insert fastening tabs C of the windstop into the 7. Push red locking handles inward and swivel 8. Lift upper section of windstop if required. guides of the safety belts. downward. Make sure that the plastic peg E engages in Spring force pushes the square pins of the the center guide of the windstop. locks into the receivers D in the side trim pan- els. Check whether the square pins are correctly engaged.192 Mobile Roofs
    • A - Lock open 4. Fold the windstop together so that the splitB - Lock closed windstop lower section is on the outside. 5. Place windstop in the protective bag in the lug-Removing the windstop gage compartment and seal the zipper of the protective bag.1. Fold back upper section of windstop. Please see the chapter “INSTALLING THE2. Move both red locking handles to position A WINDSTOP” on Page 190. (open).3. Pull windstop out of the guides of the safety belts. Mobile Roofs 193
    • HardtopYour authorized Porsche dealer will be glad to giveadvice about correct hardtop storage.Since the convertible top stays open for a longtime, it must be absolutely dry and clean beforebeing opened to install the hardtop.This prevents damp stains and abrasion damage.f Make sure that the hardtop is placed on a clean, soft surface. Removing the hardtop 3. Press red locking button A of the front locking lever. 1. Open all four side windows. Fully open locking lever B. 2. Pull off plastic cover of the front hardtop lock (arrow).194 Mobile Roofs
    • 4. Take unlocking handle D from the storage tray 6. Insert unlocking handle D into one of the rear 9. Together with a second person on the other between the front seats. hardtop locks. side, grasp the hardtop at points E and F. Unscrew the fastening screw approx. 2 turns,5. Position unlocking handle D on the dot mark- pull off the handle, and completely unscrew the Warning! ing. screw by hand (approx. 8 turns). Carefully remove the plastic covers C on both Danger of pinching fingers or hands at the sides of the hardtop. 7. Pull out the fastening screw up to the stop and points “F”. turn it anticlockwise 2 turns (to prevent dam- age). f Evenly lift the hardtop at both sides. 8. Repeat procedure on the other side of the 10.First pull the hardtop rearward and up out of hardtop. the locking elements. Carefully lift the hardtop up and over the vehi- cle to the rear. Mobile Roofs 195
    • 11.Carefully remove both protection covers J to Putting on the hardtop 1. Open all four side windows and convertible the rear. top. Caution!12.Fit both plastic covers C into the trim panel. 2. Take unlocking handle D from the storage tray The marking point must point to the rear. Risk of damage to the windstop and hardtop. between the front seats. These covers are also used with the hardtop. Position unlocking D on the point marking. f Always remove the windstop before fitting the13.Close front locking lever. hardtop. Carefully remove both plastic covers C on both Push on plastic cover of the front hardtop lock. Please see the chapter “WINDSTOP” on sides of the hardtop. Page 190. 3. Carefully fit both protective covers J into the trim panel from behind.196 Mobile Roofs
    • 4. Pull off plastic cover of the front hardtop lock. 5. Press red lock button of the front locking lever. Fully open locking lever. Mobile Roofs 197
    • Caution! Danger of damage due to inadvertent opera- tion of the convertible top with the hardtop fitted. f Make sure that the front locking lever G is al- ways correctly locked. This disables the convertible top drive.6. Check whether the rear screw connections on Warning! the hardtop are loosened (turn it 2 turns clock- Danger of pinching fingers or hands at the wise). points “F”.7. Together with a second person on the other f Evenly lower the hardtop at both sides. side, grasp the hardtop at points E and F.8. Carefully lift the hardtop up and over the vehi- 9. First push the hardtop completely into the cle from behind. guides on the windshield frame. Then carefully lower the hardtop into the lock- ing elements at the rear.198 Mobile Roofs
    • 10.Swivel front locking lever G to the rear. 12.Tighten the fastening screw by hand. 14.Fit both plastic covers C into the trim panels of The latching hook H must engage in the wind- Then tighten the fastening screw with the un- the rear hardtop locking elements so that the shield frame (arrow). locking handle D (tightening torque 34 ftlb. marking points are opposite each other. The white marking line J on the red locking but- (46 Nm)). 15.Store unlocking handle in storage tray ton must become visible when the hardtop is 13.Repeat procedure on the other side of the between the front seats. locked properly. hardtop.11.Push on plastic cover of the front hardtop lock. Mobile Roofs 199
    • Targa Warning! Risk of injury and damage.This roof type is equipped with the following spe-cial features: f Before operating the roller blind, ensure that there are no persons or objects in the range of– Roller blind movement.– Sliding glass roof– Glass rear hatch Opening the roller blind to the desired position Warning! f Pull the rocker switch and hold it until the rollerRisk of injury when operating all components blind has reached the desired position.of the Targa roof, especially when closing the Opening the roller blind fully (one-touchsliding glass roof. operation)f Take care to ensure that nobody can be injured f Pull the rocker switch briefly. when the roof components are actuated. The roller blind moves to its final position.f Always withdraw the ignition key when leaving Touch the rocker switch again to stop in any the vehicle. Uninformed persons (e.g. children) Roller blind position. could injure themselves by operating the slid- ing glass roof, the roller blind or the glass rear Readiness for operation Closing the roller blind to the desired position hatch. – With the ignition switched on (engine on or off) f Push the rocker switch and hold it until the roll-f In case of danger, release the button immedi- or er blind has reached the desired position. ately and operate the sliding glass roof or roll- – When door is closed and ignition key with- er blind in the opposite direction. Closing the roller blind fully (one-touch drawn, but only until door is first opened. operation) The roller blind can be operated independently of f Push the rocker switch briefly. the sliding glass roof position. The roller blind moves to its final position. Touch the rocker switch again to stop in any position.200 Mobile Roofs
    • Opening sliding glass roof Warning! Risk of injury and damage. f Before opening the sliding glass roof, ensure that there are no persons or objects in the range of movement. f Push the rocker switch and hold it until the sliding glass roof has reached the desired po- sition. Closing the sliding glass roof Warning! Risk of injury and damage.Sliding glass roof f Before closing the sliding glass roof, ensure Glass rear hatch that there are no persons or objects in theReadiness for operation range of movement. Opening the glass rear hatch– With ignition switched on (engine on or off) or The sliding glass roof must be closed. f Pull the rocker switch and hold it until the– When door is closed and ignition key with- sliding glass roof is closed and completely f To unlock it, operate the pull-button A beside drawn, but only until door is first opened. raised. the driver’s seat, or– The glass rear hatch must be closed. f push the button for the glass rear hatch on the remote control. f Please see the chapter “KEY WITH RADIO RE- MOTE CONTROL” on Page 16. f Lift glass rear hatch. The interior light is switched on when the glass rear hatch is unlocked. Mobile Roofs 201
    • Closing glass rear hatch Emergency operation of sliding glass roof Warning! Closing the sliding glass roofRisk of pinching. The glass rear hatch is f Before using emergency operation, pleaseautomatically pulled into the lock and check whether the fuses may be defective.locked. f Please see the chapter “ELECTRICAL SYS-f Ensure that your fingers are not caught under TEM” on Page 257. the glass rear hatch. Warning!f Place your hand on the glass rear hatch. Risk of injury and damage.f Lower the glass rear hatch until it is automati- f Do not operate the sliding glass roof with the cally closed and locked. rocker switch during and after emergency op- eration.Message in on-board computerGlass rear hatch 1. Remove ignition key.A message appears on the on-board computer ifthe glass rear hatch is not completely closed. 2. Move the front passenger seat forward and fold the backrest forward.f Fully close the glass rear hatch. Fold the rear seat backrests forward. 3. Grasp under the rear-wall lining A with your hands. Forcefully pull the rear-wall lining A for- ward.202 Mobile Roofs
    • You will find the Allen keys for emergency opera- 5. Insert the Allen keys into the drive axles C oftion on the back on the lining A. the electric motors.4. Take both Allen keys B out of their holder. 6. Press both Allen keys into the drive axles until they engage audibly. This requires a somewhat greater effort. 7. Keep both Allen keys pressed in and turn them to the right. Keep turning until the sliding roof is closed. 8. Remove the Allen keys. Close the rear-wall lin- ing. 9. Please have the fault remedied at an author- ized Porsche dealer. Mobile Roofs 203
    • Roof Transport System Safety notes! When the Roof Transport System is loaded, the maximum speed depends on the nature, size and f Completely remove the Roof Transport System(Coupé only) weight of the load being carried. before using an automatic car wash – risk off Please follow the separate instructions for fit- damage to the vehicle! Driving, braking and steering behavior change due ting the Roof Transport System. to the higher center of gravity and the greater f Do not exceed the maximum permitted pay- wind-resistant area. You should adapt your drivingf Only use Roof Transport Systems from the load, the maximum permitted gross weight style appropriately. Porsche Tequipment product range or Roof and the maximum permitted axle loads. Transport Systems which have been tested Please see the chapter “WEIGHTS COUPÉ” on Since fuel consumption and noise are increased and approved for your car by Porsche. Page 291. with the Roof Transport System fitted, it should Fitting normal commercially available luggage not remain on the vehicle if not in use. f Distribute load evenly, with heavy items as low racks is not possible. as possible.The Porsche Roof Transport System allows you Items of luggage must not project beyond theto carry various sports and hobby equipment. side of the load area.Your authorized Porsche dealer will be pleased to f Fix and secure every item to the basic carriertell you about the various different uses of the with a rope or lashing strap (do not use elasticRoof Transport System. rubber tensioners). f Before every journey, and at regular intervals during long trips, check that Roof Transport System and load are secure. Re-tighten if nec- essary and secure additionally by locking.204 Mobile Roofs
    • Maintenance, Car CareExercise Extreme Caution when Workingon your Vehicle ......................................... 206Coolant Level............................................ 207Engine Oil ................................................. 208Engine Oil Level ........................................ 208Engine Oil Recommendation....................... 210Brake Fluid Level....................................... 212Fuel Economy ........................................... 214Operating your Porsche in other Countries .. 214Fuel Recommendations.............................. 216Portable Fuel Containers............................ 217Fuel Evaporation Control ............................ 217Emission Control System ........................... 218How Emission Control Works...................... 219Washer Fluid ............................................. 220Power Steering ......................................... 221Air Filter ................................................... 222Combination Filter ..................................... 222Fluids/Oils for Manual Transmissionand Porsche Doppelkupplung (PDK) ............ 222Wiper Blades ............................................ 223Car Care Instructions................................. 224 Maintenance, Car Care 205
    • Exercise Extreme Caution when f In particular, be very careful to ensure that f Do not smoke or allow an open flame around items of clothing (ties, shirt, sleeves etc.), the battery or fuel.Working on your Vehicle jewelry, long hair, hand or fingers cannot get Keep a fire extinguisher in close reach. caught in the engine-compartment blower, fan, Danger! f Incomplete or improper servicing may cause belts or other moving parts. problems in the operation of the car. If in doubtIgnoring the following instructions may The radiator and radiator fans are in the front about any servicing, have it done by yourcause serious personal injury or death. of the car. authorized Porsche dealer. The engine-compartment blower is mountedf The engine compartment of any motor vehicle on the engine-compartment lid. Improper maintenance during the warranty is a potentially hazardous area. If you are not period may affect your Porsche warranty cov- The engine-compartment blower can start or fully familiar with proper repair procedures, do erage. continue running as a function of temperature, not attempt the adjustments described on the even with the engine switched off. f Supplies of fluids, e.g. engine oil, brake fluid or following pages. Carry out work in these areas only with the en- coolant, are hazardous to your health. This caution also applies to the entire vehicle. gine off, the ignition switched off, and exercise Keep these fluids out of children’s reach andf Only work on your vehicle outdoors or in a well extreme caution. dispose of them in accordance with the appro- priate regulations. ventilated area. f Your Porsche is equipped with an electronic ig-f Ensure that there are no open flames in the nition system. When the ignition is on, high f Some countries require additional tools and area of your vehicle at any time when fuel voltage is present in all wires connected with special spare parts to be carried in your vehi- fumes might be present. Be especially cau- the ignition system; therefore, exercise ex- cle. tious of such devices such as hot water heat- treme caution when working on any part of the Please make enquiries before driving abroad. ers which ignite a flame intermittently. engine while the ignition is on or the engine is running.f Before working on any part in the engine com- partment, turn the engine off and let it cool f Always support your car with safety stands if it down sufficiently. Hot engine compartment is necessary to work under the car. components can burn skin on contact. f When working under the car without safetyf Be alert and cautious around engine at all stands but with the wheels on the ground, times while the engine is running. make sure the car is on level ground, the If work has to be performed with the engine wheels are blocked, and that the engine running, always set the parking brake, and cannot be started. make sure the shift lever is in neutral position Remove the ignition key. or the PDK selector lever in position P or N.206 Maintenance, Car Care
    • Checking coolant level 1. Switch engine off and let it cool. Please see the chapter “COOLING SYSTEM” on The expansion tank with its filler orifice is in the en- Page 120. gine compartment. 2. Cover the expansion tank cap with a thick rag. f Check the coolant level regularly through the Open cap slowly and carefully and allow over- transparent expansion tank. pressure to escape. Then unscrew cap completely. When the engine is cold and the car is level the fluid level must lie between the “MIN” and “MAX” 3. Only add a mixture of antifreeze and water in markings. equal parts, and do not exceed the “MAX” mark. Topping off coolant Antifreeze in coolant: Warning! 50% gives protection down to –31 °F/–35 °C 60% gives protection down to –58 °F/–50 °C Danger of serious personal injury or death from scalding. Coolant is hazardous to your 4. Screw cap firmly on. health, and may be fatal if swallowed. If in an emergency pure water has been added, theCoolant Level f Do not open the cap of the expansion tank mix ratio must be corrected at an authorized while the engine is hot. Porsche dealer.f Please see the chapter “EXERCISE EXTREME CAUTION WHEN WORKING ON YOUR VEHICLE” f Allow the engine to cool down before opening Marked loss of coolant indicates leakage in the on Page 206. the cap and protect your hands, arms and face cooling system. from any possible escape of hot coolant. The cause should immediately be remedied at anThe cooling system is filled at the factory with a authorized Porsche dealer.permanent coolant. f Keep coolant out of children’s reach.It provides year-round protection from corrosion f Also, keep coolant away from your pets.and freezing down to –31 °F/–35 °C. They can be attracted to it should there be af Only use antifreeze authorized by Porsche. spill, or to used coolant left in an open contain- er. Coolant can be deadly to pets if consumed. Maintenance, Car Care 207
    • Engine-compartment blower, Engine Oil If the vehicle is driven at a high rate of speed,radiator fan climatic conditions are warm, and the load is high, It is important to perform oil changes regularly in the oil should be checked more frequently, asThe radiator and radiator fans are in the front of accordance with the intervals specified in the driving conditions will determine the rate of oilthe car. “Maintenance” booklet. consumption.The engine-compartment blower is mounted on Engine oil consumption – The engine in your vehicle depends on oil tothe engine compartment lid. lubricate and cool all of its moving parts. It is normal for your engine to consume oil. Therefore, the engine oil should be checked Warning! The rate of oil consumption depends on the quality regularly and kept at the required level.Risk of injury. and viscosity of oil, the speed at which the engine is operated, the climate, road conditions as well – Make it a habit to have the engine oil levelAfter the engine is switched off, the engine- as the amount of dilution and oxidation of the checked at every fuel filling.compartment temperature is monitored forapprox. 30 minutes. lubricant. – The oil pressure warning light is not an oil levelDuring this period, and depending on tem- If the vehicle is used for repeated short trips, and indicator.perature, the engine-compartment blower consumes a normal amount of oil, the engine oil The oil pressure warning light indicates seriousmay continue to run or start to run. measurement may not show any drop in the oil engine damage may be occuring when lit, if en- gine rpm is above idle speed.f Carry out work in these areas only with the en- level at all, even after 600 miles (1,000 km) or more. This is because the oil is gradually becom- gine off, the ignition off, and exercise extreme ing diluted with fuel or moisture, making it appear Engine Oil Level caution. that the oil level has not changed. f Please see the chapter “EXERCISE EXTREMERisk of injury. The radiator fans in the front The diluting ingredients evaporate out when the CAUTION WHEN WORKING ON YOUR VEHICLE”end of the car may be operating or vehicle is driven at high speeds, as on an express- on Page 206.unexpectedly start operating when the way, making it then appear that oil is excessivelyengine is switched on. consumed after driving at high speeds. f Regularly check the oil level using the on-board computer after the vehicle is refuelled.f Carry out work in these areas only with the en- If the conditions you drive your vehicle in are Please see the chapter “OIL DISPLAY AND gine switched off. dusty, humid, or hot, the frequency of the oil MEASUREMENT OF THE ENGINE OIL LEVEL” change intervals should be greater. on Page 153. The difference between the minimum and maxi- mum marks on the segment display is approx. 1.3 quarts (1.25 liters). Each segment of the display corresponds to ap- prox. 0.42 quart (0.4 liter).208 Maintenance, Car Care
    • Topping off engine oil Warning!Risk of burning from hot parts in engine com-partment. Risk of injury by rotating parts.The engine compartment blower on the en-gine compartment lid can start up even withengine off.f Exercise extrem caution when working in the engine compartment.f Top off engine oil only with the engine off.Engine oil is hazardous to your health andmay be fatal if swallowed.f Keep engine oil out of children’s reach.Used engine oil contains chemicals that havecaused cancer in laboratory animals. 1. Measure the oil level and read off the required 4. Fold down the oil filler cap. top-up quantity on the on-board computer.f Always protect your skin by washing thorough- 5. Add at most 0.5 quarts (0.5 liter) of engine oil ly with soap and water. 2. Switch off the engine. at a time. Never add more engine oil than required 3. Turn the oil filler cap counter-clockwise by to reach the max. mark.Note approx. 90 ° and fully pull out the oil filler tube by means of the cap. 6. Fold up oil filler cap.The Check Engine warning light may light up if thecap of the oil filler opening is opened while the 7. Push in oil filler tube fully and turn cap clock-engine is running. wise until you feel it reach its end position. 8. Measure oil level again with the on-board computer. Switch off the engine. 9. If necessary, repeat the process and add more engine oil as required. Maintenance, Car Care 209
    • Engine Oil Recommendation Always observe the following points: Oil change – Use engine oils approved by Porsche only. ThisPorsche recommends . The engine oil has to be changed regularly at the is a precondition for optimum and problem-free intervals listed in your Maintenance Schedule.The right oil for your vehicle. operation of your vehicle. f Please see the chapter “CAPACITIES” on Complies with Viscosity class2) – Regular oil changes are part of servicing. Page 290. approval1) It is important that the service intervals, particularly the oil change intervals, are We recommend that you have the engine oil Porsche A40 SAE 0W - 403) observed in accordance with the specifications changed at your Porsche dealer, who has the re- SAE 5W - 404) in the “Maintenance” booklet. quired oils and the necessary filling equipment. SAE 5W - 504) – Oils approved by Porsche can be mixed with If you suspect an oil leak in the engine have your1) Generally,you can find details of the each other. dealer check it out immediately.manufacturer approvals on the oil containers or asa notice displayed by the retailer. – Porsche engines are designed so that no oil All current engine oils are compatible with eachThe current approval status is also available from additives may be used. other, i.e. when making an oil change it is not nec-your Porsche partner. essary to flush the engine if you wish to use a dif- – A label is located in the engine compartment, ferent brand or grade of oil.2) SAE viscosity class - Example: SAE 0W - 40 which provides you with information on suitable Since, however, each brand of oil has a specialSpecification 0W = Viscosity specification for oil for your engine. composition, you should, if possible, use thelow temperatures (winter). Your Porsche partner will be pleased to advise same oil brand if it becomes necessary to top upSpecification 40 = Viscosity specification for you. between oil changes.high temperatures. Porsche engines have long intervals between oil3) For all temperature ranges. changes. You can make best use of these long oil4) For the temperature range over --13 °F (--25 °C). change intervals by using multigrade oils since these are largely independent of seasonal fluctua- tions in temperature.210 Maintenance, Car Care
    • If your vehicle is used frequently in stop-and-go Viscositytraffic in cold weather, the engine will not alwaysbe properly warmed up. Like all liquids, engine oil is viscous when cold,Condensation from products of combustion may and thin-bodied when warm. The viscosity of an oilaccumulate in the oil. In this case, it is advisable is expressed by its SAE class. For cold viscosityto change the oil more frequently so that your en- (measured at temperatures below 32 °F/0 °C) thegine once again has 100% efficient engine oil. SAE class is given as a number and the letter “W” (as in winter), for hot viscosity (measured atEngine oil performance class 212 °F/100 °C) the SAE class is given only as a number.Engine oil is not only a lubricant, but also serves The viscosity of an oil is, therefore, always theto keep the engine clean, to neutralize the dirt same if it has the same number of an SAE class.which penetrates into the engine through combus-tion and to protect the engine against corrosion. Oils with two viscosities are called multigrade oils;To perform these functions, the oil is provided with oils with only one viscosity are termed single-additives which have been specially developed for grade oils.these functions. Single-grade oils can not be used in your engine.The efficiency of an oil is expressed, for example,by the API, ILSAC or ACEA classifications. The viscosity of the engine oil for your Porsche has to be chosen according to the ambient tem- perature given in the engine oil recommendation table. Maintenance, Car Care 211
    • Brake Fluid Levelf Please see the chapter “EXERCISE EXTREME CAUTION WHEN WORKING ON YOUR VEHICLE” on Page 206.f Use only new (unused) Original Porsche brake fluid. Warning!Brake fluid is hazardous to your health, andmay be fatal if swallowed.Brake fluid also attacks paintwork.f Keep brake fluid out of children’s reach.f Take care while topping off brake fluid not to soil the luggage compartment or items of lug- gage. Example: 911 Carrera, 911 Carrera S A slight decrease in the fluid level due to wear and automatic readjustment of the disc brakes is normal. Checking the brake fluid level If, however, the fluid level falls markedly or below The reservoir for the hydraulic braking and clutch the minimum mark, the braking system may have systems is located in the luggage compartment. developed a leak. 1. Open and remove cover flap A. f Have the brake system checked without delay at an authorized Porsche dealer. 2. Regularly check the brake-fluid level on the transparent expansion tank through the window B. The fluid level should always lie between the minimum and maximum marks.212 Maintenance, Car Care
    • Changing the brake fluid Warning light USABrake fluid absorbs moisture from the air overtime. This accumulation of water lowers the boil- Warning light Canadaing point and, under certain operating conditions,can affect the braking performance. – The warning lights on the instrument panel andTherefore have the brake fluid changed in accord- on the on-board computer indicate an insuffi-ance with the change intervals stated in the cient brake fluid level.brochure “Maintenance”. – If the warning light lights up on the instrument panel and the warning message appears on the on-board computer in combination with a larger pedal travel, a brake circuit may have failed. If the warning lights should light up when driving: f Stop immediately in a suitable place. f Do not continue driving. Consult an authorized Porsche dealer. Maintenance, Car Care 213
    • Fuel Economy f Any additional weight carried in the vehicle re- Operating your Porsche in other duces fuel economy. Always keep cargo to aFuel economy will vary depending on where, minimum and remove all unnecessary items. Countrieswhen and how you drive, optional equipment f Organize your trips to take in several errands Government regulations in the United States andinstalled, and the general condition of your in one trip. Canada require that automobiles meet specificcar. emission regulations and safety standards. There-A car tuned to specifications and correctly f All electrical accessories contribute to in- fore, cars built for the U.S. and Canada differ frommaintained, will help you to achieve optimal creased fuel consumption. vehicles sold in other countries.fuel economy. f Only switch on the air conditioning when neces- If you plan to take your Porsche outside the conti-f Have your vehicle tuned to specifications. sary. nental limits of the United States or Canada, there Air cleaner should be dirt free to allow proper f Do not drive with the Roof Transport System is the possibility that engine “breathing”. mounted unless you need it. Battery should be fully charged. – unleaded fuel may not be available; Wheels should be properly aligned. The EPA estimated mpg. is to be used for – unleaded fuel may have a considerably lower Tires should be inflated at correct pressure. comparison purposes, actual mileage may octane rating. Excessive engine knock and se-f Always monitor your fuel consumption. be different from the estimated mpg., rious damage to both engine and catalytic con- depending on your driving speed, weather verters could result;f Drive smoothly, avoid abrupt changes in speed conditions and trip length. Your actual as much as possible. – service may be inadequate due to lack of prop- highway mileage will probably be less than er service facilities, tools or diagnostic equip-f Avoid jack rabbit starts and sudden stops. the estimated mpg. ment;f Do not drive longer than necessary in the lower f Please observe all local and national speed – replacement parts may not be available or very gears. Shifting into a higher gear early without limits. difficult to get. lugging the engine will help save fuel. Porsche cannot be responsible for thef Prolonged “warm up” idling wastes gas. Start mechanical damage that could result the vehicle just before you are ready to drive. because of inadequate fuel, service or parts Accelerate slowly and smoothly. availability.f Switch off the engine if stationary for longer If you purchased your Porsche abroad and want to periods. bring it back home, be sure to find out about ship- ping and forwarding requirements, as well as cur- rent import and customs regulations.214 Maintenance, Car Care
    • Fuel Warning!Fuel is highly flammable and harmful tohealth.f Fire, open flame and smoking are prohibited when handling fuel.f Avoid contact with skin or clothing.f Do not inhale fuel vapors.To prevent damage to the emission controlsystem and engine:f Never drive the tank completely out of fuel.f Avoid high cornering speeds after the warning lights have come on. – refueling with engine running. If there is a defect in the automatic unlockingf Please see the chapter “FUEL ECONOMY” on system: Page 214. Opening the filler flap f Open the passenger door. Please see the chapter “EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM” on Page 218. f Pull the ring in the right-hand door aperture The filler opening is under the filler flap in the front Please see the chapter “LEVEL GAGE” on (arrow). right fender. Page 122. f With the vehicle unlocked, press on the frontCheck engine warning light part of the filler flap (arrow) to open the flap.If the warning lights in the instrument panel and on- The filler flap is centrally locked along with the oth-board computer come on and remain on while er locks.driving, it suggests:– a potential engine control problem and the need for system service or– an improperly fastened tank cap or Maintenance, Car Care 215
    • 1. Important: Stop the engine and switch off the Fuel Recommendations ignition. Your Porsche is equipped with catalytic convert- 2. Slowly unscrew the tank cap. ers and must use UNLEADED FUEL ONLY. Hang the tank caps plastic strap on the hook on the inside wall of the filler flap. Your engine is designed to provide optimum per- formance and fuel economy using unleaded premi- 3. Insert fuel-hose nozzle fully into the filler neck um fuel with an octane rating of 98 RON with the handle of the fuel-hose nozzle facing (93 CLC or AKI). Porsche therefore recom- down. mends the use of these fuels in your vehicle. 4. Do not add further fuel once the correctly op- Porsche also recognizes that these fuels may not erated automatic fuel-hose nozzle has always be available. Be assured that your vehicle switched off. will operate properly on unleaded premium fuels Fuel could spray or could run over in warm with octane numbers of at least 95 RON temperatures. (90 CLC or AKI), since the engine’s “Electronic 5. Replace the tank cap immediately after Oktane™ knock control” will adapt the ignition tim- refueling and turn it until you hear it and feel it ing, if necessary. engage. It is important to observe the regular service inter-Refueling vals, and particularly the oil change intervals, If you lose the tank cap, you must replace it only with an original part to reduce the specified in the “Maintenance” booklet.Fuel tank capacity is listed under “Capacities”.Porsche does not recommend the use of fuel ad- possibility of a fire in the event of a collision. The use of UNLEADED FUEL ONLY is criticallyditives. important to the life of the catalytic Caution! converters. Deposits from leaded fuels willFuel is highly flammable and harmful to Risk of damage. Decorative film may fade if ruin the converters and make it ineffectivehealth. it comes into contact with fuel. as an emission control device.f Please see the chapter “CAPACITIES” on Page 290. f Wipe off any emerging fuel immediately. Cars with catalytic converters have a smaller fuel tank opening, and gas station pumps have smaller nozzles. This will prevent accidental pumping of leaded fuel into cars with catalytic converters.216 Maintenance, Car Care
    • Unleaded fuels may not be available outside the Fuels containing ethanol Fuel Evaporation Controlcontinental U.S. and Canada. Therefore, we rec-ommend you do not take your car to areas or Do not use any fuels containing more than 10 per-countries where unleaded fuel may not be availa- cent ethanol by volume. Fuel tank ventingble. We recommend, however, to change to a different The evaporation chamber and the carbon canister fuel or station if any of the following problems oc- prevent fuel from escaping to the atmosphere atOctane ratings cur with your vehicle: extreme high outside temperatures, when driving abruptly around curves and when the car is parkedOctane rating indicates a fuel’s ability to resist det- – Deterioration of driveability and performance. at an incline or in any other nonlevel position.onation. Therefore, buying the correct octane gas – Substantially reduced fuel economy.is important to prevent engine “damage”. – Vapor lock and non-start problems, especially Vapor control system and storageThe RON octane rating is based on the research at high altitude or at high temperature.method. The CLC (U.S. Cost of Living Council oc- When the fuel tank is filled, vapors are collected intane rating) or AKI (antiknock index) octane rating – Engine malfunction or stalling. the evaporation chamber by a vent line leading theusually displayed on U.S. fuel pumps is calculated vapors to the carbon canister where they areas research octane number plus motor octane stored as long as the engine does not run.number, divided by 2, that is written as: Portable Fuel Containers Danger! Purge systemRON+MON or R+M 2 2 Portable fuel containers, full or partially When the engine is running, the fuel vapors from empty, may leak causing an explosion, or re- the canister will be mixed with fresh air from theThe CLC or AKI octane rating is usually lower than sult in fire in case of an accident. ambient air of the canister. This mixture will be directed to the intake air housing by the tank ventthe RON rating: f Never carry additional fuel in portable contain- line, mixed with the intake air and burned duringFor example: 95 RON equals 90 CLC or AKI ers in your vehicle. normal combustion. Maintenance, Car Care 217
    • Emission Control System To assure efficient operation of the Emission Parking Control System:In the interest of clean air f Have your vehicle maintained properly and in Warning! accordance with the recommendations de- Danger of fire resulting in serious personalPollution of our environment has become a prob- scribed in your Maintenance Booklet. injury or death.lem that is of increasing concern to all of us. We Lack of proper maintenance, as well as im-urge you to join us in our efforts for cleaner air in proper use of the vehicle, will impair the func- f Do not park or operate the vehicle in areascontrolling the pollutants emitted from the auto- tion of the emission control system and could where the hot exhaust system may come inmobile. lead to damage. contact with dry grass, brush, fuel spill or oth- er flammable material.Porsche has developed an emission control sys- f Do not alter or remove any component of thetem that controls or reduces those parts of the emission control system. f If your car catches on fire for any reason, callemission that can be harmful to our environment. the fire department. f Do not alter or remove any device, such as Do not endanger your life by attempting to putYour Porsche is equipped with such a system. heat shields, switches, ignition wires, valves, out the fire.Porsche warrants the Emission Control System in etc., which are designed to protect your vehi-your new car under the terms and conditions set cle’s emission control system.forth in the Warranty Booklet. In addition to serious engine damage, this can Undercoating result in a fire if excess raw fuel reaches theYou, as the owner of the vehicle, have the exhaust system. Danger!responsibility to provide regular maintenance serv-ice for the vehicle and to keep a record of all main- f Do not continue to operate your vehicle if you Danger of fire resulting in serious personaltenance work performed. To facilitate record detect engine misfire or other unusual operat- injury or death.keeping, have the service performed by author- ing conditions. f Do not apply additional undercoating or rust-ized Porsche dealers. They have Porsche trained proofing on or near the exhaust manifold,technicians and special tools to provide fast and exhaust pipes, catalytic converters or heatefficient service. shields. During driving the substance used for undercoating could overheat and ignite.218 Maintenance, Car Care
    • How Emission Control Works Oxygen sensor The catalytic converters will be damaged by: – push or tow starting the vehicleWhen an automobile engine is running, it uses en- The oxygen sensor, installed in the exhaust pipeergy generated through the combustion of a mix- continuously senses the oxygen content of the – misfiring of the engineture of air and fuel. Depending on whether a car is exhaust and signals the information to an electron- – turning off the ignition while the vehicle is mov-driven fast or slowly or whether the engine is cold ic control unit. The control unit corrects the air/ ing oror hot, some of the fuel (hydrocarbons) may not fuel ratio, so the engine always receives an accu-be burned completely, but may be discharged into rately metered air/fuel mixture. – driving until the fuel tank is completely emptythe engine crankcase or exhaust system. Additon- – by other unusual operating conditions.al hydrocarbons may enter the atmosphere Crankcase ventilationthrough evaporation of fuel from the fuel tank. f Do not continue to operate your vehicle underThese hydrocarbons (HC), when released into the Through crankcase ventilation, undesirable emis- these conditions, since raw fuel might reachair, contribute to undesirable pollution. sions from the engine crankcase are not permit- the catalytic converters. This could result in ted to reach the outside atmosphere. These emis- overheating of the converters. Federal law pro-In addition, carbon monoxide (CO) and oxides of sions are recirculated from the crankcase to the hibits use of leaded fuel in this car.nitrogen (NOx) contribute to engine emissions.They, too, are formed during the combustion proc- air intake system. From here the emissions mixess and discharged into the exhaust system. with the intake air and are later burned in the en- gine.To reduce these pollutants, your Porsche isequipped with a precisely calibrated fuel injection Catalytic converterssystem to assure a finely balanced air/fuel mixtureunder all operating conditions. The catalytic converters are efficient “clean-up” devices built into the exhaust system of the vehi- cle. The catalytic converters burn the undesirable pollutants in the exhaust gas before it is released into the atmosphere. The exclusive use of unleaded fuel is critical- ly important for the life of the catalytic con- verters. Therefore, only unleaded fuel must be used. Maintenance, Car Care 219
    • Clean water is generally not enough to clean the Topping off washer fluid windshield and headlights. Depending on the 1. Please note all the information on the refill con- season, mix the water with the appropriate tainer of the cleaning agent. additives. Follow the instructions for the mixture ratio. 2. Open cap of the washer-fluid reservoir (arrow). Only use window cleaner concentrate which meets 3. Top up washer fluid and close cap properly. the following requirements. f Do not use engine coolant anti-freeze or any – Dilutability 1:100 other solution that can damage the car’s paint, in the washer reservoir. – Phosphate-free – Suitable for plastic headlight lenses. Warning light We recommend window cleaner concentrates If less than 0.53 quarts (0.5 liter) remains, a approved by Porsche. Your authorized Porsche warning message appears on the on-board dealer will be pleased to advise you. computer. Summer filling f Add washer fluid.Washer Fluid Water + window cleaner concentrate at the mixing ratio indicated on the container.Capacity: Approximately 6.3 quarts (6.0 liters). Winter fillingWasher fluid Water + antifreeze protection + window cleaner concentrate at the mixing ratio indicated on theThe reservoir, with a blue screw cap, is in the front container.luggage compartment, to the rear left. f Please note all the information on the contain- ers of the window cleaner concentrate or the antifreeze protection.220 Maintenance, Car Care
    • Warning! Checking hydraulic fluid Risk of accident resulting in serious personal f Please see the chapter “EXERCISE EXTREME injury or death. CAUTION WHEN WORKING ON YOUR VEHICLE” When the engine is stopped (e.g. when being on Page 206. towed) or the hydraulic system fails, there is no assistance for steering. f Only use hydraulic fluid authorized by Porsche. Therefore, substantially more force will have Specification: to be exerted in order to steer. Please see the chapter “CAPACITIES” on Page 290. f Exercise great care when being towed. Check the fluid level with the engine stopped and f Have the fault remedied at your nearest author- cold (approximately 68 °F/20 °C). ized Porsche dealer. 1. Open the engine compartment lid. 2. Open the reservoir cap. 3. Wipe measuring rod. Close cap and reopen. The fluid level should lie between the “MIN” and “MAX” marks.Power Steering Add hydraulic fluid if necessary.Power steering is assisted by hydraulic auxiliary 4. Close cap carefully.forces. Close engine compartment lid.The hydraulic fluid reservoir is located in the en-gine compartment. Noticeable loss of fluid indicates leakage in the system.Note The cause should be remedied immediately at an authorized Porsche dealer.The flow noise heard at full steering lock is design-related and does not indicate a defect in the steer-ing system. Maintenance, Car Care 221
    • Air Filter Fluids/Oils for ManualA dirty air filter not only reduces engine perform- Transmission and Porscheance, but can lead to premature engine wear. Doppelkupplung (PDK)Regular filter replacement is part of the routine The transmission fluids/oils have to be checkedmaintenance service. and changed at the intervals listed in your Mainte-f In dusty conditions, check the filter element nance Schedule. more frequently and replace if necessary. f Please see the chapter “CAPACITIES” on Page 290.Combination Filter Do not tow the car or run the engine without fluid/The fresh air passing through the combination fil- oil in the transmission. The transmission may beter into the passenger compartment is virtually damaged by even a tiny speck of dirt, only a cleanfree of dust, pollen, and unpleasant odors. funnel or spout must be used when adding fluid/f If the outside air is polluted by exhaust fumes, oil. press the circulating-air button. We recommend that you have the fluids/oilsA dirty filter can be the cause of reduced air flow: changed at your Porsche dealer, who has the re- quired lubricants and the necessary filling equip-f Have filter replaced by your authorized ment. Porsche dealer. f If you suspect an oil leak in the transmission,Regular filter replacement is part of the routine have your authorized Porsche dealer check itmaintenance service. out immediately.222 Maintenance, Car Care
    • Wiper Blades If the wiper blades rub or squeak, this can be as a Changing windshield wiper blades result of the following:Wiper blades that are in perfect condition are vital f Please read the separate instructions for fitting – If the vehicle is washed in an automatic carfor a clear view. wiper blades as supplied by the manufacturer. wash, wax residues may adhere to the wind-f Replace the wiper blades twice per year (be- shield. These wax residues can be removed f We recommend that you get your authorized fore and after the cold season) or whenever only by using window cleaner concentrate. Porsche dealer to replace the wiper blades. wiper performance deteriorates. – The wiper blades may be damaged or worn. Caution! Caution! f Replace damaged or worn wiper blades as Risk of damage. soon as possible.Risk of damage if the wiper arm accidentally If the wiper blades are not changed properly,falls back on to the window. f Please see the chapter “WASHER FLUID” on they can come loose when the car is moving. Page 220.f Always hold the wiper arm securely when re- f Check that the wiper blades are seated placing the wiper blade. f Please contact your authorized Porsche dealer securely. The wiper blades must engage for further information. properly in the wiper arm.Risk of damage if wiper blades that are fro-zen in place are loosened improperly.f Thaw the wiper blades before loosening them.Maintenance notef Periodically clean the wiper blades with win- dow cleaner, especially after the vehicle has been washed in a car wash. We recommend the Porsche window cleaner. If they are very dirty (e.g. with insect remains), they can be cleaned with a sponge or cloth. Maintenance, Car Care 223
    • Car Care Instructions f Keep cleaning agents out of reach from chil- High-pressure cleaning units, steam dren. cleanersf Please see the chapter “EXERCISE EXTREME f Observe all caution labels. CAUTION WHEN WORKING ON YOUR VEHICLE” Warning! on Page 206. f Always read directions on the container before using any product. These directions may con- High-pressure cleaning units or steam clean-Regular and correct care helps to maintain tain information necessary to avoid personal ers can damage the following components:the value of your car and is also a injury. – tires,precondition for the New Vehicle Warrantyand the Anti Corrosion Warranty. f Do not use fuel, kerosene, naphtha, nail polish – logos, emblems, remover or other volatile cleaning fluids. They may be toxic, flammable or hazardous in other – painted surfaces,Your authorized Porsche dealer has speciallydeveloped car-care products from the ways. Only use spot removing fluids in a well – alternator,Porsche program available either singly or vented area. – ParkAssist sensors.as complete car-care sets. They will be f Do not clean the underside of chassis, fend-pleased to help you select suitable products. ers, wheel covers, etc., without protecting f Please observe the operating instructions from your hands and arms as you may cut yourself the unit manufacturer.Whether you use Porsche products or other on sharp-edged metal parts. f When cleaning with a flat-jet nozzle or the like,commercially available cleaning agents first maintain a minimum distance of 20 inches (50make sure of their correct application. Moisture and road salt on brakes may affect brak- cm).A Porsche that is well-cared for can look like new ing efficiency. f Never use high-pressure cleaning units orfor years. It all depends on the amount of care the f Test the brakes after each vehicle washing. steam cleaners with a round-jet nozzle. A high-owner is willing to give the car. pressure cleaning unit or steam cleaner with Decorative film round nozzle will damage your vehicle. Warning! f The tires are particularly susceptible to dam-Risk of serious personal injury or damage to Caution! age.the vehicle or property.Cleaning agents may be hazardous to your Risk of damage due to separation of the f Do not point the cleaning jet directly at any ofhealth. decorative film when cleaning your vehicle the aforementioned components.Most chemical cleaners are concentrates with high-pressure cleaning equipment orwhich require dilution. High concentrations steam cleaners.might cause problems ranging from irritation f Do not use high-pressure cleaning equipmentto serious injury as well as damage to your or steam cleaners for cleaning decorative film.vehicle.224 Maintenance, Car Care
    • Washing f After washing, rinse the car with plenty of wa- The following parts are particularly ter and then dry with a chamois leather. susceptible to damage:The best method of protecting your car from the Do not use the same chamois leather for dry- – Convertible top (hot wax treatment cannot bedamaging effects of the environment is frequent ing as you use for cleaning the windshield and used, as the wax attacks the convertible topwashing and the application of a preservative. The windows. material)underside of your vehicle should also be thorough-ly washed for cinders, salt or sanding at winter’s Warning! – Windshield wipers (always switch them off toend. prevent them wiping unintentionally in intermit- Moisture which gets on to the brakes during tent or sensor operation)The longer salt, road dust and industrial dust, a car wash can reduce braking efficiency ordead insects, bird droppings or substances from make the brakes pull unevenly which could – External antennas (always unscrew)trees (resin, pollen) are allowed to remain on the increase the danger of an accident, causing – Roof Transport System (always remove com-bodywork, the more serious is their harmful ef- serious personal injuries or death. pletely)fect. f After washing the car, test the brakes and – Rear spoilerNew cars should be washed carefully with plenty steering and briefly brake the discs dry.of clear water to protect the new paint work. Dark When doing this, take care not to hamper other – Wheels (the wider the rim and the lower the tirepaint finishes show up the smallest of surface road users behind you (traffic conditions per- height, the greater the risk of damage)damage (e.g., scratches) more readily than lighter mitting). – High-gloss wheels (to prevent these from get-colors. ting scratched, do not clean with the wheel-Dark colors are also more susceptible to scratch- Automatic car washes cleaning brushes of the car wash).ing because of the composition of their pigments f Please see the chapter “WIPER BLADES” on f Please consult the operator before using auto-and require particularly careful paint care. Page 223. matic car washes.f Do not wash your car in bright sunlight or while Optional add-on parts or parts which project be- f Wash and dry by hand all points not reached by the bodywork is still hot. yond the contours of the vehicle may be damaged a car wash, such as door and lid seams orf When washing by hand, use abundant water, a by design features (e.g. brushes) of automatic car door sills. soft sponge or wash brush, and Porsche car washes. shampoo. Notef Begin by spraying the body thoroughly with wa- Automatic car washes spray water at odd angles ter to rinse away loose dirt. and high pressures, which are not seen in normal driving. Therefore, water can sometimes find its way into the passengers compartment during or shortly after the car wash. Maintenance, Car Care 225
    • Convertible top Cleaning f If there is leakage in the convertible-top cover or at its seams or folds, the special Porschef Never remove snow and ice using a sharp Caution! convertible-top care product can be used. edged object. Risk of damage due to the cleaning jet of the f Please note the information on the container.Incorrect care and treatment can damage the con-vertible top and cause leaks. Any repair work can high-pressure cleaning equipment or hot wax f Remove bird droppings immediately since thebe done by your authorized Porsche dealer. treatment. acid in them will make the rubber swell and the f Do not clean the convertible top with high- convertible top will become leaky.Important note pressure cleaning equipment. f Open convertible top only when it is completelyNo folding top is 100% leak proof. f Do not use the hot wax treatment. dry, otherwise damp stains and scrub marksDue to the constant changing of loads and strains may occur which cannot be removed.to which a car is subject to when driving on roads,minor wind noise and seepage at joints between Do not wash the convertible top each time the car f Try to remove spots from the convertible-top is washed. cover by rubbing carefully with a soft rubberthe top, body and doors on convertible tops can- It is usually sufficient to spray or wash it with cleannot be completely sealed in certain areas. There- sponge. water.fore small leaks are considered normal for thesemodels. In addition, your convertible top should f Brush dust off the convertible top in the direc- Door locknot be washed in a car wash. The top may experi- tion of the weave using a soft brush. f To prevent the door lock from freezing duringence damage by the brushes or may experience f Only if there is heavy dirt, wet the convertibleleaks due to the high pressure water streams di- the cold season, the lock cylinder should be top with lukewarm water and the Porscherected in areas which would not encounter water covered during a wash. Wash-Shampoo & convertible-top cleaner, us- f Should the lock freeze, use an ordinary de-icer.in normal driving conditions. ing a sponge or soft brush, and rub gently. Rinse Wash-Shampoo & convertible-top clean- In many cases, a well warmed key can help. er thoroughly off the convertible top with clean Never use excessive force. water. f After washing it, treat the convertible-top cover at least once a year with the special Porsche convertible-top care product. Do not allow the convertible-top care product to come into contact with paint or windows. If it does, remove immediately.226 Maintenance, Car Care
    • Paint This keeps the paint shiny and elastic. Dirt is Engine compartment prevented from adhering to the paint surface andTo protect the paint on your vehicle in the best industrial dust is prevented from penetrating the The engine compartment and the surface of thepossible way against mechanical and chemical paint. engine are treated with a corrosion-inhibitor at thedamage, you should factory. Polishing– preserve it regularly, If degreasing solvents are used to clean the en- Do not resort to using Porsche polish until it be- gine compartment or the engine is washed down,– polish it if necessary, comes evident that the normal preservatives no the process almost invariably removes the corro-– remove spots and stains, and longer produce the desired finish. sion-inhibiting coating. It is then absolutely neces- sary to have a durable preservative applied to all– repair damaged paintwork. Spots and stains surfaces, body seams, joints and assemblies inf Do not apply care products containing silicone f Remove tar stains, grease, oil spots and dead the engine compartment. This also applies when to the convertible top and windows. insects as soon as possible with Insect Remov- corrosion-inhibitor parts are replaced. er. They can cause discoloration if allowed toGeneral information remain on the paintwork. Caution!f Never rub a dusty vehicle with a dry cloth, f Wash the affected area immediately after treat- Risk of damage to the alternator. because the grains of dirt will damage the ing it. paintwork. f Do not point the cleaning jet directly at the al- ternator, or cover the alternator.f Do not treat matt-painted components with Minor paint damage preservatives or polishes, otherwise the matt f Have minor paint damage, such as scratches, Effective rust-proofing is particularly important effect will be lost. scores or chips caused by flying stones, re- during the cold weather season. If the vehicle is paired immediately by your authorized driven frequently in areas where salt has beenPreservation Porsche dealer before corrosion sets in. spread on the roads, the engine compartmentThe paint surface becomes dull over time due to However, if there are already traces of corrosion, should be cleaned thoroughly and subsequentlyweathering. they must first be removed carefully and thorough- sealed after the cold weather season to prevent salt from causing any lasting damage.f Preserve paint regularly. ly. Coat the area with a rust-proofing primer and finish off with a top coat. The paint code and colorf Apply paint preservative after washing the number are found on the data bank in the Mainte- vehicle and polish it smooth to preserve the nance booklet. paintwork. f Please see the chapter “VEHICLE DATA BANK” on Page 284. Maintenance, Car Care 227
    • Windows Wiper blades UndercoatingThe road dust which settles on the windshield and Wiper blades that are in perfect condition are vital As it is not possible to exclude the risk of damagewindows contains particles of tire rubber and oil for a clear view. to this protective coating in day to day driving, itresidue. The interior trim and upholstery release is advisable to have the underside of the car in- f Please see the chapter “WIPER BLADES” onparticles, particularly in strong sunlight, which col- spected at certain intervals – preferably before Page 223.lect on the insides of the windows. These deposits the start of winter and again in spring – and the un-are augmented by impurities in the air which en- f Replace the wiper blades twice per year (be- dercoating restored as necessary.ters the car through the fresh air vents. fore and after the cold season) or whenever Your authorized Porsche dealer is familiar with the wiper performance deteriorates or the bladesf Clean all windows regularly, inside and outside, bodyseal treatment procedures and has the nec- are damaged. with Porsche window cleaner. essary equipment for applying factory approved f Periodically clean the wiper blades with materials. We recommend that you entrust themf If you use a chamois leather for the windows, Porsche window cleaner, especially after the with such work and inspections. do not use it for paintwork as it will otherwise vehicle has been washed in a car wash. pick up a certain amount of preservative or Unlike conventional spray oils, undercoating and If they are very dirty (e.g. with insect remains), polish and could smear the windows and thus rust-proofing compounds based on bitumen or they can be cleaned with a sponge or cloth. impair vision. wax do not attack the sound-proofing materials ap- If the wiper blades rub or squeak, this can be as a plied at the factory.f Remove dead insects with Porsche insect re- result of the following: mover. – If the vehicle is washed in an automatic car Warning!Note wash, residues may adhere to the windshield. Danger of fire resulting in serious personalDoor windows feature a water-repellent (hydro- These wax residues can be removed only by injury or death. using window cleaner concentrate.phobic) coating which prevents soiling of the f Do not apply additional undercoating or rust-windows. – The wiper blades may be damaged or worn. proofing on or near the exhaust manifold, ex-This coating is subject to natural wear and can be haust pipes, catalytic converters or heatrenewed. – Replace damaged or worn wiper blades imme- diately. shields. During driving the substance used forf Consult an authorized Porsche dealer. undercoating could overheat and ignite. f Please see the chapter “WASHER FLUID” on Page 220. f Before applying fresh underseal, carefully re- f Please contact your authorized Porsche dealer move any deposits of dirt and grease. Once it for further information. has dried, the new undercoating compound forms a tough protective coating which pro- vides efficient rust-proofing of the floor panels and components.228 Maintenance, Car Care
    • f Always apply a fresh coating of suitable pre- The resulting film on the brake discs can im- Door, roof, lid and window seals servative to unprotected areas after cleaning pair braking performance. the underside of the body, the transmission, f Make sure that no cleaning agent comes into Caution! the engine or carrying out repairs to under- contact with the brake discs. The lubricant coating on the inner door body, engine or transmission components. f If cleaning agent has come into contact with seals, convertible top and hardtop seals mayEffective rust-proofing is particularly important be damaged by unsuitable cleaning and care the brake discs, thoroughly clean the brakeduring the cold weather season. If your car is driv- agents. discs with a strong jet of water.en frequently in areas where salt has been spreadon the roads, the whole engine compartment f Paying attention to any road users behind you, f Do not use any chemical cleaning agents orshould be cleaned thoroughly after the winter to dry the brake discs by applying the brakes at solvents.prevent salt from causing any lasting damage. A short intervals. f Do not use any preservative agents.full under-body wash should also be performed atthe same time. Metal particles (such as brass or copper in brake f Wash dirt (e.g. abrasion, dust, road salt and dust) must not remain too long on alloy wheels. grit) from all seals regularly using warm soapyStainless steel exhaust tailpipes Contact corrosion can cause pitting. water. Cleaners with an oxide-removing effect or the f If there is a risk of frost, protect the outer doorStainless steel exhaust tailpipes can discolor due wrong pH value, as are commonly used for other seals and lid seals against freezing into placeto soiling, strong heat, and combustion residues. metals, as well as mechanical tools and products, with a suitable care product.The original polish can be achieved again using will damage the oxide layer and are thereforecommercially available metal polishing paste or unsuitable. Headlights, lights, interior and exteriormetal polish. f Use only cleaners for alloy wheels plastic parts, adhesive films (pH value 9.5). Products with the wrongLight alloy wheels pH value can destroy the protective layer Use only clean water and a little dishwashing on the wheels. detergent to clean light lenses, plastic headlightf Please see the chapter “WASHING” on We recommend Porsche cleaner for alloy rims. lenses, plastic parts and surfaces. Page 225. Do not clean when dry. f If possible, wash the wheels every two weeks Use a soft sponge or a soft, lint-free cloth. Gently with a sponge or washing brush. If the wheels wipe the surface without applying too much Warning! are exposed to road salt, grit or industrial dust, pressure.Danger of accident resulting in serious per- weekly cleaning is necessary.sonal injury or death if cleaning agents (e.g. An interior window cleaner can also be used towheel cleaning agents) come into contact clean plastic surfaces (always read the cleaningwith the brake discs. instructions on the container). We recommend Porsche interior window cleaner. Maintenance, Car Care 229
    • f Gently wipe the surface without applying too f Remove heavy contamination with a leather Carpets and floor-mats much pressure. cleaner. Always read the instructions for use given on f Use only a vacuum cleaner or a medium stifff Do not clean when dry. the containers. brush.f Never use other chemical cleaners or We recommend Porsche leather cleaner. f Remove stains and spots with Porsche stain solvents. Treat cleaned leather only with a leather care pro- remover.f Rinse cleaned surfaces with clear water. duct. To protect carpets, the Porsche range of accesso- We recommend the Porsche leather care product. ries includes mats of the correct size and with theLeather appropriate fastening. Cleaning airbags coversCharacteristics and special features Warning!The natural surface markings of leather, e.g. Danger! Risk of an accident resulting in serious per-creases, healed scars, insect sting marks, struc- There is a danger of serious personal injury sonal injury or death.tural differences and slight variations in shade and or death if the airbag system is impaired bygrain add to the attractiveness of the natural leath- improper cleaning work. f Always check the movement of the pedals be-er product. fore driving and make sure that they are not ob- f Do not make any modifications whatsoever on structed by a floor-mat or any other object.Observe the following care instructions: individual components such as the padded covers of the steering wheel, passenger side f Secure the floor-mat to prevent it from sliding Caution! instrument panel, the front seats and the door into positions that could interfere with the safe linings. operation of your vehicle - do not install themThe leather will be damaged by the use of loosely in the vehicle.unsuitable cleaning and care agents and by f Let your authorized Porsche dealer clean Your Porsche dealer will be glad to offer youincorrect treatment. these components. nonskid floor-mats of the correct size.f Do not use caustic cleaners or hard cleaning aids. Cleaning fabric liningsf Perforated leather must under no circumstances get wet on its reverse side. f Fabric linings on pillars, convertible top liner and sun blinds, etc. must be cleaned onlyf Clean all types of leather regularly to remove using suitable cleaning agents or a suitable dry fine dust using a soft, damp, white woollen foam and a soft brush. cloth or a commercially available microfibre cloth.230 Maintenance, Car Care
    • Alcantara Storing your Porsche Climate control The air conditioning system should be in goodf Do not use a leather care product to clean If you intend to store your Porsche for a prolonged working condition and fully charged. Alcantara. period, please consult your authorized Porsche dealer. The staff will be glad to advise you on the Windshield/Headlight washerFor regular care it is sufficient to clean the cover most suitable and necessary methods.with a soft brush. f Check and correct antifreeze/cleaning solution f Clean your vehicle thoroughly inside and out- level as necessary.Heavy abrasion or rubbing when cleaning causes side.a lasting change in the surface. Clean the engine compartment. Electrical system The under carriage and chassis componentsCleaning when lightly soiled f Remove the battery from the vehicle and store should be free of dirt and salt deposits.f Wet a soft cloth with water or a neutral soap it in a cool dry place, not on a cement floor. solution and wipe off the dirt. f Fill up the fuel tank. When the battery is disconnected, the alarm system is deactivated. f Change the oil and oil filter, and run the engineCleaning when heavily soiled for several minutes. f Recharge the battery every 3 months. If thef Wet a soft cloth with lukewarm water or battery remains in the vehicle with the cables f Increase the tire pressure to 50 psi (3.5 bar). thinned white spirit and dab the dirt from the connected, it is necessary to check, remove It is not recommended to lift the vehicle, due to outside in. and recharge the battery every 2-3 weeks. the possibility of corrosion on shock absorber Do not fast charge the battery. piston shafts.Cleaning Safety belts The vehicle should be moved slightly, approxi- f Please see the chapter “BATTERY” on mately every four weeks, to prevent flat spot Page 261.f Use mild detergent to clean soiled belts. on the tires.f When drying, avoid direct sunlight. Vehicle interiorf Only use suitable cleaning agents. The interior must be dry, especially in the area of the floor carpets. The use of drying agents (Silica-f Do not tint or bleach the belts. Gel) is recommended in vehicles with leather inte- The belt fabric could be weakened, thus affec- rior and in areas with high humidity. The recom- ting safety. mended amount is 3 fabric bags of 1.1 lbs. (500 grams) each placed on the floor carpets. Windows, doors and lids must be closed. The air vents should be opened. Maintenance, Car Care 231
    • 232 Maintenance, Car Care
    • Practical Tips, Emergency Service Exercise Extreme Caution when Working on your Vehicle ......................................... 234 Tires/Wheels ............................................ 235 Loading Information................................... 246 Wheel Bolts .............................................. 248 Changing a wheel ...................................... 249 Flat Tire.................................................... 251 Lifting the Vehicle with a Lifting Platform or Garage Lift ............................................... 254 Spacers 911 Carrera, 911 Carrera S ......... 255 Electrical System ...................................... 257 Battery ..................................................... 261 Replacing the remote-control battery .......... 266 Emergency Starting with Jumper Cables ..... 267 Bulb chart................................................. 269 Lights, Replacing Bulbs.............................. 269 Headlights ................................................ 270 Number Plate Light.................................... 277 Changing Light-Emitting Diodes and Long-Life Bulbs ......................................... 277 Adjusting Headlights .................................. 278 Towing ..................................................... 280 Practical Tips, Emergency Service 233
    • Exercise Extreme Caution when f In particular, be very careful to ensure that f Do not smoke or allow an open flame around items of clothing (ties, shirt, sleeves etc.), jew- the battery or fuel.Working on your Vehicle elry, long hair, hand or fingers cannot get Keep a fire extinguisher in close reach. caught in the engine-compartment blower, fan, Danger! f Incomplete or improper servicing may cause belts or other moving parts. problems in the operation of the car. If in doubtIgnoring the following instructions may The radiator and radiator fans are in the front about any servicing, have it done by your au-cause serious personal injury or death. of the car. thorized Porsche dealer. The engine-compartment blower is mountedf The engine compartment of any motor vehicle on the engine-compartment lid. Improper maintenance during the warranty pe- is a potentially hazardous area. If you are not riod may affect your Porsche warranty cover- The engine-compartment blower can start or fully familiar with proper repair procedures, do age. continue running as a function of temperature, not attempt the adjustments described on the even with the engine switched off. f Supplies of fluids, e.g. engine oil, brake fluid or following pages. Carry out work in these areas only with the en- coolant, are hazardous to your health. This caution also applies to the entire vehicle. gine off, the ignition switched off, and exercise Keep these fluids out of children’s reach andf Only work on your vehicle outdoors or in a well extreme caution. dispose of them in accordance with the appro- priate regulations. ventilated area. f Your Porsche is equipped with an electronic ig-f Ensure that there are no open flames in the nition system. When the ignition is on, high volt- f Some countries require additional tools and area of your vehicle at any time when fuel age is present in all wires connected with the special spare parts to be carried. fumes might be present. Be especially cau- ignition system; therefore, exercise extreme Please make enquiries before driving abroad. tious of such devices such as hot water heat- caution when working on any part of the engine ers which ignite a flame intermittently. while the ignition is on or the engine is running.f Before working on any part in the engine com- f Always support your car with safety stands if it partment, turn the engine off and let it cool is necessary to work under the car. down sufficiently. Hot engine compartment Jacks are not suitable for this kind of work. components can burn skin on contact. f When working under the car without safetyf Be alert and cautious around engine at all stands but with the wheels on the ground, times while the engine is running. make sure the car is on level ground, the If work has to be performed with the engine wheels are blocked, and that the engine running, always set the parking brake, and cannot be started. make sure the shift lever is in neutral position Remove the ignition key. or the PDK selector lever in position P or N.234 Practical Tips, Emergency Service
    • Tires/Wheels Danger! Risk of loss of control and serious personalThe original equipment tires and wheel rims on injury or death.your Porsche comply with all applicable FederalMotor Vehicle Safety Standards. f If while driving, your vehicle experiences a sud- den vibration or ride disturbance, and/or youFor your safety remember the following: suspect that possible damage to your tires or– Wheel rims and wheel bolts are matched to fit vehicle has occurred, you should immediately your Porsche. reduce your speed without excessive use of the brakes.– If you intend to use other than original equip- ment wheels, be sure that they conform to f Stop the vehicle as soon as possible, and in- Porsche specifications for your model. spect the tires. Only tires with the same make and with the If you cannot determine the cause for the dis- same specification code (e.g. “N0”, “N1”...) turbance, have your vehicle towed to the near- can be mounted. est Porsche or tire dealer to have your vehicle or tire(s) inspected.– The use of wheel rims and wheel bolts that do not meet specifications of the original factory f Continuing to operate the vehicle without cor- installed equipment will affect the safe opera- rection could result in a loss of control and Example tion of your vehicle. serious personal injury. Uniform Tire Quality Grading– Before you plan on exchanging wheels, or snow tires already mounted on the wheel rims, Quality grades can be found where applicable on consult your authorized Porsche dealer. Your the tire sidewall between tread shoulder and max- dealer has the technical information necessary imum section width. to advise you which wheel rims and wheel bolts are compatible with the original factory instal- All passenger car tires must conform to Federal lations. Safety Requirements in addition to these grades. Treadwear The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled conditions on a specific govern- ment test course. For example, a tire graded 150 would wear one Practical Tips, Emergency Service 235
    • and a half (1-1/2) times as well on the government tire failure. f Cold tire inflation pressure means: all tirescourse as a tire graded 100. The grade C corresponds to a level of perform- must be cold, ambient temperature maximumThe relative performance of tires depends upon ance which all passenger car tires must meet un- (68 °F/20 °C), when adjusting the inflationthe actual conditions of their use, however, and der the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. pressure.may depart significantly from the norm due to var- 109. Avoid sunlight striking the tires before measur-iations in driving habits, service practices and dif- Grades B and A represent higher levels of per- ing cold pressures, since the pressures wouldferences in road characteristics and climate. formance on the laboratory test wheel than the rise from temperature influence. minimum required by law.Traction AA, A, B, C f Valve caps protect the valve from dust and dirt, and thus from leakage.The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are Warning! Always screw caps tightly down.AA, A, B, and C and they represent the tire’s ability The temperature grade for this tire is established Replace missing caps immediately.to stop on wet pavement as measured under con-trolled conditions on specified government test for a tire that is properly inflated and not overload- f Use only plastic valve caps. ed.surfaces of asphalt and concrete. Excessive speed, underinflation, or excessive f Do not use commercially available sealant orA tire marked C may have poor traction perform- loading, either separately or in combination, can tire inflating bottles. Only use Porscheance. cause heat buildup and possible tire failure, result- approved tire sealant. ing in serious personal injury or death. Warning! f Please see the chapter “TIRE PRESSURES FOR COLD TIRES (68 °F / 20 °C)” on Page 289.The traction grade assigned to this is based onbraking (straight-ahead) traction tests and does Tire pressuresnot include cornering (turned) traction, accelera- Warning!tion, hydroplaning or peak traction characteris-tics. Incorrect tire pressure causes increased tire wear and adversely affects road handling.Temperature A, B, C This could lead to tire failure, resulting in loss of control, leading to serious personal injuryThe temperature grades are A (the highest), B and or death.C, representing the tire’s resistance to the gener-ation of heat and its ability to dissipate heat when f Always use an accurate tire pressure gagetested under controlled conditions on a specified when checking inflation pressures.indoor laboratory test wheel. f Do not exceed the maximum tire pressure list-Sustained high temperatures can cause the mate- ed on the tire sidewall.rial of the tire to degenerate and reduce tire life, Please see the chapter “TIRE PRESSURE PLA-and excessive temperature can lead to sudden TE” on Page 285.236 Practical Tips, Emergency Service
    • Each tire, should be checked every 2 weeks when f Never let air out of hot tires.cold (68 °F/20 °C) and inflated to the inflation This could cause the tire pressure to fall belowpressure recommended in this Owners Manual or the prescribed value.on the tire-pressure plate. Insufficient tire filling pressure can cause tires toIf your vehicle has tires of a different size than the overheat and thus be damaged – even invisibly.size indicated in this Owners Manual or on the tire- Hidden tire damage is not eliminated by subse-pressure plate, you should determine the proper quently correcting the tire pressure.tire inflation pressure for those tires.As an added safety feature, your vehicle has been Overloadingequipped with a tire pressure monitoring (TPM)that illuminates a low tire pressure message when Danger!one or more of your tires is significantly under-in- Risk of damage to vehicle parts, loss of con-flated. Accordingly, when the low tire pressure trol and serious personal injury or death.message illuminates, you should stop and checkyour tires as soon as possible, and inflate them to f Do not overload your vehicle. Be careful aboutthe proper pressure. Driving on a significantly un- the roof load.der-inflated tire causes the tire to overheat and f If loading the vehicle also correct the tire pres-can lead to tire failure. Under-inflation also reduc- sure. Tire pressure for loaded vehicle can be Example of a tire pressure platees fuel efficiency and tire tread life, and may affect found on the tire pressure plate and in thethe vehicle’s handling and stopping ability. chapter technical data. Tire pressure platePlease note that the TPM is not a substitute for f Never exceed the specified axle load.proper tire maintenance, and it is the driver’s re- Information on the tire pressure plate Overloading can shorten the service life of thesponsibility to maintain correct tire pressure, even tires and car, as well as lead to dangerous ve- A Seating capacityif under-inflation has not reached the level to trig- hicle reactions and long braking distances. Maximum number of vehicle occupants, inclu-ger illumination of the TPM low tire pressure mes- Damage due to overloading is not covered by ding the driver.sage. the vehicle warranty.f On vehicles with tire pressure monitoring: Please see the chapter “TPM TIRE PRESSURE f Please see the chapter “LOADING INFORMA- MONITORING” on Page 143. TION” on Page 246.When tires are warm, the tire pressure is f Please see the chapter “TIRE PRESSURES FORincreased. COLD TIRES (68 °F / 20 °C)” on Page 289. Practical Tips, Emergency Service 237
    • B Vehicle load limit Tire traction Tire wear Is the maximum total weight limit specified of the load (passengers and cargo) for the vehi- Warning! The original equipment tires on your Porsche have cle. This is the maximum weight of passengers built-in tire wear indicators. They are molded into and cargo that can be loaded into the vehicle. When driving on wet or slushy roads, a the bottom of the tread grooves and will appear as Please see the chapter “LOADING INFORMA- wedge of water may build up between the approximately 1/2 in. (12 mm) bands when the TION” on Page 246. tires and the road. This phenomenon is tire tread depth is down to 1/16 of an in. known as “hydroplane” and may cause par- (1.6 mm).C Tire size for the front axle tial or complete loss of traction, vehicle Check with your authorized Porsche dealer control or stopping ability. When the indicators appear in two or more adja- about the current release status. cent grooves, it is time to replace the tires. We f Reduce speed on wet surface to prevent this. recommend, however, that you do not let the tiresD Recommended tire pressure for the front axle wear down to this extent. These values are for cold tires (68 °F/20 °C). Worn tires cannot grip the road surface properly Tire lifeE Tire size for the rear axle and are even less effective on wet roads. Check with your authorized Porsche dealer Tire life depends on various factors, i. e., road Snow tires lose their traction capability when their about the current release status. surfaces, traffic and weather conditions, driving tread depth falls below 5/32 in. (4 mm).F Recommended tire pressure for the rear axle. habits, type of tires and tire care. In the United States, state laws may govern the These values are for cold tires (68 °F/20 °C). f Inspect your tires for wear and damage before minimum tread depth permissible. Follow all suchG In vehicles with collapsible spare wheel: driving off. If you notice uneven or substantial laws. Size and tire pressure of the spare wheel. wear, wheels might need alignment or tires should be balanced or replaced.238 Practical Tips, Emergency Service
    • Danger! Tire care Tire damage, punctureDriving on worn tires can result in loss of con- f Avoid damaging tires and wheel rims. High-pressure cleaning units can damage thetrol of the vehicle and could cause serious tires.personal injuries or death. f If you must drive over a curb or other obstacle, drive slowly and at an obtuse angle. f Please see the chapter “HIGH-PRESSUREf Do not drive with worn tires or tires showing CLEANING UNITS, STEAM CLEANERS” on cuts or bruises as they may lead to sudden f Check tires for uneven wear and damage Page 224. deflation and loss of control which could cause before driving off. severe personal injury. f Check tires for imbedded material, cuts, punc- f Remove imbedded material. tures, cracks and bulges (side wall) before driv-f Specialized high performance tires on high f Replace worn or damaged tires immediately. ing off. performance sports cars exhibit more wear than those on a family sedan, or even a high f Keep oil, fuel, brake fluid, etc. away from tires. In case of tire damage, where it is uncertain wheth- performance sedan. er there is a break in the ply with all its conse- f Replace missing valve stem caps. Therefore, it is important to check your tire quences or tire damage caused by thermal or me- pressure and condition at least every two f Keep tires inflated correctly. chanical overloading due to loss of pressure or weeks. any other prior damage, we recommend that the f Wash tires when washing the vehicle. Also tire be replaced for safety reasons. clean inner side of wheels.If you notice that tires are wearing unevenly, con- If one faulty tire is replaced it should be noted thatsult your Porsche dealer. f Do not use abrasive cleaners when washing the difference in tread depth on one axle must notUneven wear may not always be due to improper the wheels. exceed 30%.wheel alignment. It can be the result of individual f Check wheel rims for corrosion. Handling inconsistencies may result.driving habits such as cornering at high speeds. Ifthe tire pressure is not checked and adjusted f Remove road salt, if driving in winter. f Perform a visual inspection if necessary.regularly, abnormal tire wear can also occur. Practical Tips, Emergency Service 239
    • Danger! Tire replacements If new tires are installed only on one axle, a notice- able change in handling occurs due to the differentRisk of serious personal injury or death. If in doubt, contact your Porsche dealer. tread depth of the other tires.Driving the vehicle with low tire pressure Use only tire makes and types approved by This happens especially if only rear tires are re-increases risk of a tire failure and resulting Porsche. placed. However, this condition disappears as theloss of control. Furthermore, low tire pres- new tires are broken in.sure increases rate of wear of the affected If you do not use a Porsche recommendedtires. replacement tire, make sure that you f Please adjust your driving style accordingly.f Check tires – including sidewalls – regularly for purchase your new tires from a reputable tire Installation of new tires should only be done by a foreign bodies, nicks, cuts, cracks and bulges. dealer and that the dealer complies with all qualified tire technician. manufacturers warnings for those tires.f After driving off road, examine tires for signs Valves of damage such as cuts, tears, bulges or for- Only tires with the same make and with the eign objects stuck in the tread. Replace a dam- same specification code (e.g. “N0”, “N1”...) Rubber valve stems must be replaced every time aged tire if necessary. can be mounted. a tire is replaced. For metal valves, the installation and replacementf Cross curb edges slowly and at right angles if instructions must be observed. Before mounting new tires, check with your possible. Avoid driving over steep or sharp curbs. Porsche dealer about the current release f Use only genuine Porsche metal valves. status.f In cases of doubt, have the wheel (particularly f Protect the valve inserts against soiling with Use tires with “ZR” quality standards. There valve caps. the inner side) checked by an authorized are currently no standards concerning tire Soiled valve inserts can cause a gradual loss Porsche dealer. strength at speeds above 150 mph (240 km/h). of air. Tires should be replaced no less than on one axle f Use only plastic valve caps. at the time. Only tires of the same make and type must be used. Mixed tires are not permissible. Initially, new tires do not have their full traction. You should therefore drive at moderate speeds during the first 60 - 120 miles (100 - 200 km).240 Practical Tips, Emergency Service
    • Parking at the curb Wheel alignment, wheel balancing Wheels with Tire Pressure Monitoring (TPM) sensors Warning! As a precaution, have wheels with summer tires balanced in the spring, and those with mud and Before changing wheels, make sure that theHard impacts against curbs (or traffic snow tires before winter. wheels are compatible with your vehicles TPM.islands) are dangerous and may cause hid- Unbalanced wheels may affect car handling andden tire damage which is not noticeable until f Check this with your authorized Porsche tire life.later. Such damage can result in accidents at dealer. Only the specified weights may be used for wheelhigh speeds causing serious personal injury balancing.or death. Self-adhesive weights must not come into contact Removing and storing tiresDepending on the force of impact, the edge with cleaning agents, since they could drop off.of the rim can also be damaged. Uneven tread wear indicates wheel imbalance. In f After changing, adjust tire pressure and torque wheel bolts diagonally to 94 ftlb (130 Nm).f If you are in doubt, have the wheel checked by this event, the vehicle should be checked at an au- an expert, particularly if you suspect damage thorized Porsche dealer. Tires must always remain on the same side of on the inside. the vehicle. Warning! When wheels are removed, the direction off If you must drive over a curb or other obstacle, rotation and position of each wheel should be drive slowly and at an obtuse angle. Exercise If, during a trip, uneven running or vibrations marked. care when parking along curbs. occur that could be caused by damage to tires or the car, the speed must be reduced Example immediately, but without braking sharply. If you continue your trip without having the FR (front right), FL, RR and RL. cause of the fault remedied, you might lose Wheels must always be fitted in accordance with control of your vehicle which could cause se- their marking. rious personal injury or death. The perception that tire durability and perform- f Stop the vehicle and check the tires. ance are immune to the effects of storage and f If no cause for the fault can be found, drive age is unfounded. carefully to the nearest authorized Porsche Chemical additives, which make the rubber elas- dealer. tic, lose their effectiveness in the course of time and the rubber becomes brittle and cracks. Therefore, the tires should be inspected from time to time. Practical Tips, Emergency Service 241
    • Note Before mounting snow tires, consult with Danger! your Porsche dealer. He has the technicalUnder no circumstances should tires older than 6 Risk of accident and serious personal injury information necessary to advise you onyears be used on your Porsche. or death due to excessive speed. wheel and tire compatibility.The age of the tire can be obtained from the “DOT” f Always check the maximum speed rating on Snow tires should have the same load capacity ascode number. If, for example, the last four num- the tire sidewall on any tire on the vehicle. original equipment tires and should be mounted onbers read 1208, then the tire was produced in the all four wheels. f Never exceed the maximum speed rating of12th week of 2008. Snow tires with studs should be run at moderate the tires.f Store tires in a cool and dry place. speeds when new in order to give the studs time to settle. f Fit winter tires to both axles well before theSnow tires cold season begins. Danger! Your authorized Porsche dealer will be pleasedFor a better grip on snow and ice, use radial M+S to advise you. Tires with badly worn treads and studs aretires with studs. very dangerous and could cause accidents Maintenance noteCheck with your local Motor Vehicle Bureau for resulting in serious personal injuries orpossible restrictions. We recommend fitting snow tires on the vehicle at death. temperatures below 45 °F (7 °C) since the driving Danger! f Make sure they are replaced immediately. performance of summer tires is reduced at low temperatures. Summer tires may be permanentlyRisk of loss of control and damage to the f Do not drive a vehicle equipped with snow tires damaged at extremely low temperatures.vehicle as well as serious personal injury or at prolonged high speed.death. Snow tires do not have the same degree of Winter tires lose their traction capability when theirThe standard tires profile and rubber mixture traction on dry, wet or snowfree roads as a tread depth falls below 5/32 in. (4 mm).are optimized for wet and dry driving condi- normal tire.tions, and may not prove favorable for snow Furthermore, snow tires wear rapidly underconditions. these conditions.f Therefore install M+S tires before driving in such conditions. Comply with all state and local laws governing snow tire and tread depth requirements.242 Practical Tips, Emergency Service
    • Snow chains 911 Carrera, 911 Carrera S Caution! Fitting snow chainsRisk of damage to body, axle or brake com- The use of snow chains is not permitted whenponents. 5 mm spacers are mounted.f Fit snow chains only to the rear wheels, and Caution! only with the tire/rim combination listed in the Technical Data. Risk of damage to the wheel housings if the To ensure adequate clearance between chain 5 mm spacers are not removed before fitting and body, Porsche recommends only the use snow chains. of fine-link chains such as those approved by f To permit the fitting of snow chains, have the Porsche. 5 mm spacers removed on all 4 wheels.f Follow instructions issued by the supplier of the chains. f To fit/remove the spacers: Please consult an authorized Porsche dealer.Different states and countries have varying statu- f Please see the chapter “SPACERS 911tory requirements regarding maximum speed. CARRERA, 911 CARRERA S” on Page 255.Check with local authorities for possible restric-tions. Tire designationsf Remove chains as soon as the roads are free of ice and snow. Due to new speed and load ratings for radial tires, new designations have come into force for snow tires for your Porsche. The designation to be used for ZR tires is e.g., 265/40 ZR 18 (Z = code letter for radial tires for speeds above 150 mph / 240 km/h). Practical Tips, Emergency Service 243
    • B TIN (Tire Identification Number) Example: DOT xx xx xxxx xxxx – DOT The DOT symbol indicates that the tires com- ply with the requirements of the US Depart- ment of Transportation and provides informa- tion about: – first two-digit code means manufacturer’s iden- tification mark. – second two-digit code means tire size. – third four-digit code means tire type code. – fourth four-digit code means date of manufac- ture. If, for example, the last four numbers read 0204, the tire was produced in the 2nd weekExample of Inscription – ZR - code letter for radial tires for speeds of 2004. above 150 mph / 240 km/h C Tire ply composition and materialInscription on radial tire There are currently no standards concerning tire strength at speeds above 150 mph The number of layers in the tread and sidewallsA Tire size (240 km/h). and their material composition.Example: P 295/30 ZR 19 100 Y – R - Belt type code letter for radial D Maximum permissible inflation pressure– P - The tire is designed for Passenger vehicle. – 19 - Indication of rim diameter in inches The maximum permissible cold inflation pressure This information is not included on all tires. to which a tire can be inflated.– 295 - Indication of tire width in mm – 100 - Load capacity coefficient f Do not exceed the permissible inflation– 30 - Indication of tire height to tire width ratio – Y - Speed code letter pressure. in percent – XL (Extra Load) - Tire with increased load rat- ing244 Practical Tips, Emergency Service
    • E Maximum Load rating Tip on drivingThe maximum load in kilograms and pounds can Tires with a maximum speed rating that is lowerbe carried by the tire. If you replace tires always than the specified maximum vehicle speed may beuse a tire that has the same maximum load rating mounted only if they bear an M+S identification onas the factory installed tire. the tire sidewall.F Radial f Please note that in addition to the winter tires, all-season and all-terrain tires are also subjectThe identification indicates if the tire has radial to speed limits and bear this identification.structure.G Term of tubeless or tube tire Inscription on light alloy wheelsIdentification for tubeless tires. Maintenance noteSpeed code letter f Protect the valve inserts against soiling with valve caps.The speed code letter indicates the maximum per- Use only plastic valve caps.missible speed for the tire. Soiled valve inserts can cause a gradual lossThis code letter is shown on the tire sidewall. of air. A- Rim width in inches B- Rim-flange contour code letter Note on operation C- Symbol for drop-center rimT = up to 118 mph (190 km/h) f The rim width in inches A and the rim offset F D- Rim diameter in inchesH = up to 131 mph (210 km/h) E- Double hump are visible from the outside. F- Rim offset in mmV = up to 150 mph (240 km/h) The information is inscribed on the back of theW = up to 167 mph (270 km/h) spokes near the tire valve.Y = up to 186 mph (300 km/h)(Y) = up to 186 mph (300 km/h) as for Y tires. Speeds of more than 300 km/h (186 mph) are also possible at a maximum tire load capacity of 85 % (confirmation from tire manufacturer required for speeds of more than 186 mph (300 km/h)). Practical Tips, Emergency Service 245
    • Loading Information The Gross Combined Weight Rating is the Danger! maximum total weight rating of vehicle, passen- Risk of loss of control, damage to the vehicle gers and cargo.Definitions and serious personal injury or death. The Vehicle Capacity Weight - Load Limit - is f Never exceed the specified axle loads.The Curb weight - actual weight of your vehicle - the maximum total weight limit specified of the Overloading can shorten the service life of thevehicle weight including standard and optional load (passengers and cargo) for the vehicle. This tires and car, as well as lead to dangerousequipment, fluids and emergency tools. This is the maximum weight of passengers and cargo vehicle reactions and long braking distances.weight does not include passengers and cargo. that can be loaded into the vehicle. This informa- Damage due to overloading is not covered by tion can be found on the tire pressure plate.The Gross Vehicle Weight is sum of the curb the vehicle warranty.weight and the weight of passengers and cargo The maximum loaded vehicle weight is thecombined. sum of curb weight, accessory weight, vehicle ca- pacity weight and production options weight.The Gross Vehicle Weight Rating is the maxi-mum total weight of vehicle, passengers, luggage The load rating is the maximum load that a tireand optional equipment. is rated to carry for a given inflation pressure.The Gross Axle Weight Rating is the maximum The maximum load rating is the load rating forload limit for the front or the rear axle. This infor- a tire at the maximum permissble inflation pres-mation is located on the safety compliance sticker sure.located in the driver’s side door jamb. The cargo capacity is the permissible weight ofFor determining the compatibility of the tire and cargo, the substracted weight of passengers fromvehicle load capabilities: the load limit.f Please see the chapter “TECHNICAL DATA” on f Never exceed the permissible limits. Page 286.The load capacity coefficient (e.g. “100”) is a min-imum requirement.246 Practical Tips, Emergency Service
    • 3. Subtract the combined weight of the driver and passengers from XXX kilograms or XXX pounds. 4. The resulting figure equals the available amount of cargo and luggage load capacity. For example, if the "XXX" amount equals 1400 lbs. and there will be five - 150 lb passengers in your vehicle, the amount of available cargo and luggage load capacity is 650 lbs. (1400 - 750 (5 x 150) = 650 lbs.) 5. Determine the combined weight of luggage and cargo being loaded on the vehicle. That weight may not safely exceed the available car- go and luggage load capacity calculated in Step 4.Example for determining the combined weight of Determining the combined weight ofoccupants and cargo occupants and cargo:Vehicle Load Capacity f Add the weight of all occupants and then add the total luggage weight (figure).f The combined weight of occupants and cargo should never exceed the weight shown on the Steps for determining correct load limit tire plate in the vehicle. 1. Locate the statement "The combined weight of Please see the chapter “TIRE PRESSURE PLA- occupants and cargo should never exceed XXX TE” on Page 285. pounds" on your vehicle’s placard (depending on the date of manufacture).f Never exceed the number of passengers shown on the tire pressure plate in the vehicle. 2. Determine the combined weight of the driver and passengers that will be riding in your vehi- cle. Practical Tips, Emergency Service 247
    • f Always clean the wheel bolts before fitting. Wheel Securing Bolts f Apply a thin coat of Optimoly TA (aluminum If the wheels have to be removed at the workshop, paste) on the thread and between the bolt head please do not forget to hand over the wrench and movable spherical cap ring (arrows). socket for the wheel securing bolts along with the The bearing surface of the spherical cap car key. facing the wheel must not be greased. The wrench socket for the wheel securing bolts is f Replace damaged wheel bolts. in the tool box. Only use the Original Porsche wheel bolts spe- cially designed for this vehicle type. To loosen or tighten the wheel bolt with anti-theft protection, a wrench socket with the appropriate Tightening torque coding must be used between the wheel bolt and the wheel-bolt spanner. Tightening torque of wheel bolts: f When positioning the wrench socket, ensure 96 ftlb./130 Nm that it engages fully in the teeth of the wheel bolt.Wheel Bolts Danger!Risk of wheel bolt breakage and wheel sepa-ration, resulting in serious personal injury ordeath.f Follow all instructions concerning wheel bolts.248 Practical Tips, Emergency Service
    • Changing a wheel 1. Apply the handbrake fully and engage 1st gear or PDK selector-lever position P and remove Warning! the ignition key.Risk of serious personal injury or death. The 2. Switch on the hazard warning lights if neces-car may slip off the jack. sary.f Make sure that no one is in the vehicle when 3. Secure the car against rolling away, e.g. by jacking up and changing a wheel. means of wedges under the wheels on the op- posite side.f Always place the car on stable supports if work This is particularly important on slopes. has to be carried out under the car. 4. Slightly slacken the wheel bolts of the wheel toRisk of damage to the brake discs of the be changed.Porsche Ceramic Composite Brake (PCCB). 5. Lift the car only at the specified jacking points.f Always screw in both assembly aids when changing a wheel. 6. Raise the car until the wheel lifts off the ground. Please see the chapter “LIFTING THE VEHICLENote WITH A LIFTING PLATFORM OR GARAGE LIFT” Screw in assembly aid for vehicles without PorscheThe tools required for changing a wheel (e.g. jack, on Page 254. Ceramic Composite Brakewheel bolt wrench, assembly aids) are not sup- 7. Remove 1 or 2 wheel bolts (see respectiveplied with the car. illustration). 9. Remove the remaining wheel bolts.Your authorized Porsche dealer will be pleased toadvise you. 8. Screw in assembly aids instead of the wheel Note on operation bolts. f To remove or mount the spacers: Please see the chapter “SPACERS 911 CARRERA, 911 CARRERA S” on Page 255. Practical Tips, Emergency Service 249
    • 13.Inflate the tire if necessary. Checking tire pressure with a Please see the chapter “TIRE PRESSURES FOR pressure gage COLD TIRES (68 °F / 20 °C)” on Page 289. 1. Remove the valve stem cap from the tire. 14.Lower the car fully and remove the jack. 2. Press the pressure gage onto the valve stem. 15.Tighten wheel bolts in diagonally opposite sequence. Note on operation f Do not press too hard or force the valve stem f Immediately after changing a wheel, use sideways, or air will escape. a torque wrench to check the prescribed If the sound of air escaping from the tire is tightening torque (96 ftlb./130 Nm). heard, reposition the pressure gage. Note on operation for vehicles with 3. Read the tire pressure on the gage stem and Tire Pressure Monitoring compare it to the permissble tire pressure. f On vehicles with Tire Pressure Monitoring, the This information can be found on the tire pres- settings on the on-board computer must be sure plate or in the chapter Technical Data. updated after the wheel change. Please see the chapter “TIRE PRESSURES FOR COLD TIRES (68 °F / 20 °C)” on Page 289.Screw in two assembly aids for vehicles with Porsche f Please see the chapter “TPM TIRE PRESSURECeramic Composite Brake 4. Remove the pressure gage. MONITORING” on Page 143.10.Take the wheel off and put a new wheel on. f Please see the chapter “TPM TIRE PRESSURE MONITORING” on Page 143. Please see the chapter “WHEEL BOLTS” on Page 248.11.Insert wheel bolts and tighten by hand.12.Remove assembly aids, screw in remaining wheel bolts. Initially tighten bolts only slightly in diagonally opposite sequence so that the wheel is centred.250 Practical Tips, Emergency Service
    • Flat Tire Important note Sealing the tire with the tire repair kit is only Warning! an emergency repair. Even with the tire air-Failure to follow these instructions may result tight, it may be used only for short journeysin serious personal injury to you or to by- in an emergency.standers. The maximum permitted speed is 50 mph (80 km/h).f If you have a flat tire, move a safe distance off the road. Turn the emergency flasher on and f Do not use commercially available sealant or use other warning devices to alert other motor- tire inflating bottles. ists. Set the parking brake. Use only the tire sealant located in the luggage compartment.f Do not park your vehicle where it may contact dry grass, brush or other flammable materials. Warning! The hot parts of the exhaust system could set such materials on fire, thereby causing both Risk of accident, resulting in serious property damage and serious personal injury personal injury or death. or death. f Have tires replaced by a specialist workshop as soon as possible.A tire sealant and compressor with pressuretester are located in the luggage compartment. f Avoid hard acceleration and high cornering speeds.f Please observe the safety and operating in- structions on the special sealant bottle with a special Porsche part number and on the com- pressor – these are essential. Practical Tips, Emergency Service 251
    • The tire sealant and a compressor with pressure Warning! tester can be found in the luggage compartment. The sealant is highly flammable and harmful The tire sealant comprises: to health. – A filler bottle f Fire, naked flame and smoking are prohibited when handling tire sealant. – A sticker denoting the maximum permissible speed for the driver’s field of vision f Avoid contact with skin, eyes or clothing due to caustic chemical properties of the tire sealant. – A filler hose f Keep tire sealant away from children. – A valve turner and f Do not inhale vapors, due to consequent harm – A spare valve insert. to personal health resulting in serious personal injury or death. Danger! Risk of accident, resulting in serious per- In case of contact with the sealant: sonal injury or death. f If sealant gets on the skin or in the eyes, f Use the tire sealant only in the case of cuts or thoroughly rinse the affected part of the bodyA - Filler bottle punctures no larger than 0.15 in. (4 mm). off immediately.B - Filler hose f Never use the tire sealant if the rim is dam- f Change soiled clothing immediately. aged.Tire sealant f Get medical attention immediately in the event of an allergic reaction.The tire sealant can be used to seal small cuts,especially in the tire tread. f If sealant was swallowed, thoroughly rinse out the mouth without delay and drink plenty ofSealing the tire with the tire sealant is only an water.emergency repair, so you can drive to the next Do not induce vomiting.workshop. Even with the tire air-tight, it may be Get medical attention immediately.used only for short journeys in an emergency.252 Practical Tips, Emergency Service
    • 5.Screw filler hose B onto the filler bottle. 16.Please consult your authorized Porsche The filler bottle is now open. dealer. 6.Unscrew valve cap from tire valve F. Note on operation for vehicles with 7.Remove valve insert E from the tire valve with Tire Pressure Monitoring valve turner D. f On vehicles with Tire Pressure Monitoring, the Keep the valve insert in a clean and dry place. settings on the on-board computer must be 8.Remove plug C of the filler hose B. updated after the wheel change. Please see the chapter “TPM TIRE PRESSURE 9.Push filler hose onto the tire valve. MONITORING” on Page 147. 10.Hold filler bottle higher than the level of the tire valve and press it together forcefully until the Care Instructions bottle is completely emptied into the tire. After drying, any sealant that emerges can be 11.Pull filler hose off the tire valve. peeled off like a film. 12.Twist the valve insert firmly into the tire valve Warning! using the valve turner. Risk of accident, resulting in serious per-A- Filler bottle 13.Connect the compressor to the cigarette light- sonal injury or death.B- Filler hose er and inflate the tire to the prescribed tireC- Plug of the filler hose pressure. f Have the tire replaced by an authorizedD- Valve turner Porsche dealer immediately.E- Valve insert Please see the chapter “TIRE PRESSURES FORF- Tire valve COLD TIRES (68 °F / 20 °C)” on Page 289. f Avoid hard acceleration and high cornering 14.Screw valve cap onto the tire valve. speeds.Inserting sealant 15.Check the tire pressure after driving for around f Do not exceed maximum speed of 50 mph 1.Leave the object that caused the puncture in (80 km/h). 10 minutes. the tire. If the tire pressure is less than 22 psi (1.5 bar), f Please always observe the safety and opera- 2.Remove sealant and the enclosed sticker from do not continue driving. ting instructions, which can be found in the the luggage compartment. If a value of more than 22 psi (1.5 bar) is indi- separate operating instructions for the sealant cated, correct the pressure to the prescribed and on the compressor. 3.Adhere the sticker in the drivers field of vision. value. 4.Shake filler bottle A. Practical Tips, Emergency Service 253
    • Platform lift Before the car is driven on to a lifting platform, it must be ensured that there is enough space be- tween the lifting platform and the vehicle. Garage lift A garage lift must be used only at the illustrated jacking points.Lifting the Vehicle with a Lifting Caution!Platform or Garage Lift Serious personal injury or death and/or seri-The car must be raised only at the illustrated jack- ous damage to the engine or the vehicle maying points. occur, if you lift the vehicle improperly. f Never lift the vehicle at any other place than the jacking points. f Never lift the vehicle by the engine, transmis- sion or axles. f Do not damage any sensitive components in the vicinity of the jacking points.254 Practical Tips, Emergency Service
    • Spacers Note on operation911 Carrera, 911 Carrera S f To fit/remove the spacers: Please consult an authorized Porsche dealer.f Use the spacers only together with wheels and fastening parts approved by Porsche. f Please see the chapter “CHANGING A WHEEL” Before having spacers fitted, find out about the on Page 249. current approval status.Mounting an emergency spare wheelIf 5 mm spacers are mounted, these must not beremoved to mount an emergency spare wheel.Fitting snow chainsThe use of snow chains is not permitted when5 mm spacers are mounted. Caution! Removing the spacersRisk of damage to the wheel housings if the5 mm spacers are not removed before fitting 1. Unscrew both countersunk screws (M6x16) onsnow chains. the wheel hub.f To permit the fitting of snow chains, have the 2. Remove the spacer. 5 mm spacers removed on all 4 wheels. 3. Fasten the brake disc with the short M6x12 countersunk screws, part No.: 900.269.047.09. Tightening torque 7.5 ftlb. (10 Nm). 4. For wheel mounting without a spacer, 5 mm shorter wheel bolts (part No.: 997.361.203.01) must be used. Tightening torque: 96 ftlb. (130 Nm). Mounting the spacers Practical Tips, Emergency Service 255
    • 1. Remove wheel.2. Unscrew both countersunk screws (M6x12) on the break disc.3. Fasten the spacer with the long M6x16 countersunk screws. Tightening torque 7.5 ftlb. (10 Nm).4. Fit wheel. To do this use the longer wheel bolts for fastening the wheels. Tightening torque: 96 ftlb. (130 Nm).f Please see the chapter “CHANGING A WHEEL” on Page 249.Required scope of parts if the spacers areremovedShort countersunk screws (M6x12)Part No: 900.269.047.09 Long wheel bolt1 set short wheel bolts X = bolt length approx. 49 mmPart No: 997.361.203.01 Arrows = spherical cap ringShort anti-theft protection Wheel bolt identifying featuresPart No: 996.361.057.01 For identification purposes, the movable sphericalf For information on the spacers: Please see the cap ring is galvanised in red on the long wheel chapter “SPACERS 911 CARRERA, 911 bolts. CARRERA S” on Page 255. The long wheel bolts must only be used together with 5 mm spacers fitted. The short wheel bolts are not marked in colour. The short wheel bolts must only be used without 5 mm spacers fitted. f Tightening torque for both wheel bolts: 96 ftlb. (130 Nm).256 Practical Tips, Emergency Service
    • Electrical SystemIn order to avoid damage and faults in electrical orelectronic systems, electrical accessories shouldbe installed at your authorized Porsche dealer.f Only use accessories authorized by Porsche. Warning!Risk of short circuit and fire, resulting inserious personal injury or death.Replacing fuses or relays with the enginerunning or the ignition on could cause elec-trical shock.f Disconnect the negative terminal on the battery during all work on the electrical system. Please see the chapter “BATTERY” on In the passenger’s footwell In storage tray between the front seats Page 261. Note on operation Sockets The sockets and thus the connected electricalRelays accessories function even if the ignition is Electrical accessories should preferably beDefective relays should be changed only by an connected to the 12 V sockets. switched off or the ignition key is withdrawn.authorized workshop. f Please observe the maximum power If the engine is not running and the accessories consumption. are switched on, the vehicle battery will be dis- charged. Note on operation Do not operate additional accessories for more than 5 minutes when engine is off. Continuing to The tire filling compressor must be connected to do so may drain the battery such that it may go the cigarette lighter. completely dead. Maximum power consumption for both sock- ets together: 70 W. Practical Tips, Emergency Service 257
    • Alarm system, central locking Load switch-off after 2 hours or 7 daysThe status of the central locking and alarm system If the ignition key is removed, loads which areis not changed by disconnecting the battery. switched on or are in standby mode (such as theWhen the battery is disconnected, the alarm luggage compartment light, interior light) aresystem ceases to function. automatically switched off after approx. 2 hours. The Radio/PCM is automatically switched off afterCentral locking overload protection approx. 10 minutes. If the vehicle is not started or unlocked with theIf the central locking system is operated more remote control within 7 days, the remote controlthan ten times within a minute, further operation is standby function is switched off (to save theblocked for 30 seconds. vehicle battery). 1. In this case, unlock the driver’s door with the key at the door lock. Leave the door closed in order to prevent the alarm system from being triggered. 2. Press button 1 on the remote control. The remote control is now activated again.258 Practical Tips, Emergency Service
    • 4. Replace only with fuses of the same rating. We recommend using genuine Porsche fuses for replacement. Note f If a fuse blows repeatedly consult an author- ized Porsche dealer. f Never try to “repair” fuses: you may cause se- rious damage to other parts of the electrical system.Replacing fuses A - Plastic gripper B - Spare fusesIn order to prevent damage to the electrical sys-tem due to short circuits and overloads, the indi- 1. Switch off the load with the defective fuse.vidual circuits are protected by fuses. 2. Pull off plastic cover at the finger hole (arrow).The fuse box is located in the driver’s footwell. The fuse plan and instructions for emergency unlocking of the luggage compartment lid can be found on the inner side of the cover. 3. Remove the corresponding fuse from its slot using the plastic gripper A in order to check it. A blown fuse can be identified by the melted metal strip. Practical Tips, Emergency Service 259
    • Emergency unlocking of the luggagecompartment lidIf the battery is discharged, the luggage compart-ment lid can be opened only with the aid of a donorbattery.NoteThe engine cannot be started with this method.f Please see the chapter “EMERGENCY STARTING WITH JUMPER CABLES” on Page 267.Unlocking lid1. Use the key to unlock the vehicle at the door lock.2. Remove the plastic cover from the fuse box. A - Plastic gripper (yellow) 5. Use the black jumper cable to connect the3. Pull out positive terminal C (red) in the fuse box C - Positive terminal (red) negative terminal of the donor battery to the using the plastic gripper A (yellow). door arrester D. 4. Use a jumper cable to connect the positive terminal of the donor battery to the positive 6. Press button 2 on the remote control for terminal C in the fuse box. approx. 2 seconds to unlock the luggage compartment lid. Note The alarm system is switched off. If the vehicle was locked, the alarm horn will sound 7. Disconnect the negative cable first, then the when the negative cable is connected. positive cable. 8. Push positive terminal C into the fuse box and push on the plastic fuse box cover.260 Practical Tips, Emergency Service
    • Battery f Wear eye protection. Charge state f Do not allow battery acid to come in contactThe battery is located in the luggage compart- A well-charged battery prevents starting problems with your skin, eyes, fabric or paintedment under a black plastic cover. and has a longer service life. surfaces. Traffic density, requirements regarding noise, ex-f Please see the chapter “EMERGENCY OPERA- f If you get electrolyte, which is an acid, in your haust gas and fuel consumption reduce the engine TION – PULLING OUT THE IGNITION KEY” on eyes or on your skin, immediately rinse with speed and, hence, the alternator output. Page 76. cold water for several minutes and call a doc- However, the large number of electrical loads hasf Please see the chapter “EMERGENCY UNLO- tor. markedly increased the demand for electrical CKING OF THE LUGGAGE COMPARTMENT LID” power. f Spilled electrolyte must be rinsed off at once on Page 260. with a solution of baking soda and water to In order to avoid discharging the battery neutralize the acid. unintentionally: Warning!Risk of short circuit, fire and damage to al- Battery posts, terminals and related acces- f Switch off unnecessary electrical loads in city sories contain lead and lead compounds, traffic, on short trips or in a line or traffic.ternerator and electronic control units, re- chemicals known to the State of California tosulting in serious personal injury or death. cause cancer and reproductive harm. f Always remove the ignition key from the igni-f Observe all warning notes on the battery. tion switch when leaving the car. f Always protect your skin by washing thorough-f Disconnect the negative terminal on the bat- ly with soap and water. f Avoid frequent operation of the convertible top tery during all work on the electrical system. and operation of the Porsche Communication Risk of explosion as a result of static charge, Management system when the engine is notf Do not lay tools or other metal objects on the resulting in serious personal injury or death. running. f Do not wipe the battery with a dry cloth. battery as they could cause a short circuit across the battery terminal. f In the cold season in particular or if the vehicle f Eliminate potential electrostatic charge by is used primarily for short journeys, it may beHydrogen gas generated by the battery necessary to recharge the battery from time to touching the vehicle before touching the bat-could cause an explosion, resulting in time. tery.serious personal injury or death.f Do not expose the battery to an open flame, electrical spark or a lit cigarette.f Do not wipe battery with a dry cloth.Risk of serious personal injury or death anddamage to the fabric, metal or paint. Practical Tips, Emergency Service 261
    • Battery care Checking the electrolyte fluid level Slow battery charging The acid level should be checked more frequently Your authorized Porsche dealer will be pleased tof Ensure that battery is securely mounted. by a qualified specialist workshop during the sum- advise you about a suitable charger.f Keep terminals and connections clean and mer months and in predominantly warm countries. 1. Always observe the instructions of the charger properly tightened. Battery charging manufacturer. Corrosion can be prevented by coating the ter- Depending on the type of charger, the battery minals and connections with petroleum jelly or Automotive batteries loose their efficiency when may have to be disconnected. silicone spray. not in use. In this case, always disconnect the negativef Ensure that vent caps are securely tightened to The charge available in your battery can be meas- lead first, and then the positive lead – risk of prevent spillage. ured with a battery hydrometer. short circuit! We recommend that the battery voltage be tested by your authorized Porsche dealer who has the ap- Reconnect the leads in reverse order. propriate equipment. 2. Before charging, cold batteries must be If the car is not driven for prolonged periods, the warmed up indoors. battery must be charged at least every 6 weeks. A discharged battery allows rapid formation of sul- 3. Frozen batteries must be thawed out first fates, leading to premature deterioration of the before being charged. plates. 4. When charging, ensure that there is adequate ventilation. Warning! 5. Connect the charger to the battery. Hydrogen gas generated by the battery Only plug into the mains and switch the could cause an explosion, resulting in charger on when it is connected up correctly. serious personal injury or death. 6. Switch on the charger. f Charge battery in a well ventilated area. 7. After charging, switch off the charger first and f Never charge a frozen battery. It may explode then disconnect it. because of gas trapped in the ice. Allow a fro- f Please see the chapter “PUTTING VEHICLE zen battery to thaw out first. INTO OPERATION” on Page 263. f If you get electrolyte, which is an acid, in your eyes or on your skin, immediately rinse with cold water for several minutes and call a doc- tor.262 Practical Tips, Emergency Service
    • Winter operation Replacing battery Putting vehicle into operationThe capacity and ability of the battery to store The service life of the battery is subject to normal After the battery is connected or after an exhaus-power decreases at low outside temperatures. wear; it depends greatly on care, climatic condi- tively discharged battery is charged, the multi-Moreover, the battery is more heavily loaded in tions, and driving conditions (distances, loads). functional PSM light lights up on the instrumentwinter months, e.g. by the heated rear window, panel and a message appears on the on-board f Only use an original Porsche battery, with themore frequent use of additional lights, the fans computer to indicate a fault. correct part number, as a replacement.and the windshield wipers, etc. This fault can be remedied with a few simple f Please observe the disposal instructions forf Have the battery checked before the start of steps: batteries. winter. 1. Start the engine.Maintenance note 2. With the vehicle stationary, perform a fewKeep the battery well charged to prevent it steering movements to the left and right andfrom freezing. then drive a short distance in a straight line until the multifunctinal PSM light goes out andA discharged battery can freeze at 23 °F (--5 °C), the message on the on-board computerbut a fully charged battery only freezes at -- 40 °F disappears.(--40 °C). 3. If the warnings do not disappear, then:A frozen battery must always be thawed before Drive carefully to the nearest authorizedconnecting jump leads. Porsche dealer. Have the fault remedied. 4. After the warnings disappear: Stop the vehicle in a suitable place. f Perform adaptation of the power windows: Please see the chapter “STORING END POSITION OF THE WINDOWS” on Page 26. Practical Tips, Emergency Service 263
    • Removing the batteryThe required tool is in the tool kit.The battery is located in the luggage compart-ment under a black plastic lid. Warning!Risk of damage to alternator and electroniccontrol units.f Do not disconnect the battery while the engine is running. This also applies to cars equipped with a bat- tery main switch.f Never drive the car with a disconnected bat- tery.Risk of caustic burns from escaping acid. 1. Switch off engine and all electrical loads. 4. Important: disconnect the negative (–) groundf Keep vent caps on to avoid spillage. wire first, and then the positive (+) cable - 2. Open turn-locks A. danger of short circuit!f Do not tilt the battery when removing and in- Remove plastic lid. stalling it. 5. Unscrew fastening screw B. 3. Pull off central vent hose C. 6. Remove battery. Danger! Risk of short circuit and explosion, resulting in serious personal injury or death. f Important: disconnect the negative (–) ground wire first, and then the positive (+) cable.264 Practical Tips, Emergency Service
    • Installing the battery1. Put battery in and push it all the way to the stop.2. Screw in fastening screw B. Danger!Risk of short circuit and explosion, resultingin serious personal injury or death.f Important: connect the positive (+) cable first, and then the negative (–) ground wire.3. Important: connect the positive (+) cable first, and then the negative (–) ground wire - danger of short circuit!4. Push on central vent hose C. Fitting the plastic lid 4. Turn the turn-locks so that they point in longitudinal direction. 1. Insert the two outer hooks of the plastic lid into the eye mounts of the lid opening. 5. Press the turn-locks down until they audibly engage. 2. Lower the lid. 3. Using both hands, push the lid into the eye mounts without using force (if too much force is used, the hooks may jam and the panel will warp). Make sure that the lid is correctly seated. Practical Tips, Emergency Service 265
    • 3. Replace the cover and press together firmly. Please observe the disposal instructions for batteries. Note f Please dispose batteries in compliance with any and all government regulations.Replacing the remote-controlbatteryThe battery should be changed when the range ofthe radio remote control becomes smaller orwhen the light-emitting diode no longer flasheswhen the remote control is operated.1. Using your finger nail or a small screwdriver, carefully lift off the cover of the key grip (arrow).2. Replace the battery (paying attention to the polarity). Replacement battery – Lithium CR 2032, 3 volts.266 Practical Tips, Emergency Service
    • Emergency Starting with Jumper Warning! Danger of caustic burns from escaping acid.Cables Risk of short circuit, damage and explosion, f Do not lean over the battery. resulting in serious personal injury or death.If the battery is discharged, e.g. in winter or after Danger of gas explosion. f Use only jumper cables of adequate diameterthe car has been parked for a long time, the bat- f Improper use of booster battery to start atery of another car can be used for starting with cross-section and fitted with completely insu- vehicle may cause an explosion, resulting inthe help of jumper cables. lated alligator clips. serious personal injury or death.Make sure the voltage of both batteries is the f Follow all warnings and instructions of thesame. Both batteries must be 12 volt types. f Keep sources of ignition away from the bat- jumper cable manufacturer.The capacity (Ampere hours, Ah) of the booster tery, e.g. open flame, burning cigarettes orbattery must not be substantially less than that of f When connecting jumper cables, make sure sparking due to cable contact or welding work. that they cannot get caught in any movingthe discharged battery. f A discharged battery can freeze even at 23 °F/The discharged battery must be correctly con- parts in the engine compartment. –5 °C.nected to the vehicle’s electrical system. The jumper cables must be long enough so Before connecting jumper cables, a frozen that neither vehicles nor cables touch another.f Please see the chapter “BATTERY” on battery must be thawed out. Page 261. f The vehicles must not be in contact, otherwise current might flow as soon as the positive ter-f Please see the chapter “EMERGENCY UNLO- minals are connected. CKING OF THE LUGGAGE COMPARTMENT LID” on Page 260. f The cable clamps must not be allowed to con- tact each other when one end of the jumper ca-Note bles are connected to a battery.f Do not try to start the car by pushing or tow- f Ensure that tools or conductive jewelery (rings, ing. Damage to the catalytic converters and chains, watch straps) do not come into contact other components of the car may result. with the positive jumper cable or the positive battery post. f Improper hook-up of jumper cables can ruin the alternator. Practical Tips, Emergency Service 267
    • Connect jumper cables in the following 4. Start the engine.sequence: An attempted start using jumper cables should not last more than 15 seconds. Then allow aAlways observe the sequence below: waiting period of at least one minute.1. Connect the positive lead (red) to the f Note positive terminal of the discharged battery Before disconnecting the jumper cables, elec- first, then connect it to the positive terminal of trical loads such as the heated rear window the donor battery. and the heating fan blower should be switched2. First connect the negative cable (black) to on (the vehicle’s lights must not be switched the negative terminal of the donor battery, then on). This reduces voltage peaks which may oc- connect it to a suitable grounding point on the cur when disconnecting the jumper cables. vehicle with the discharged battery. This grounding point must lie as far as possible With the engine running, remove both jumper from the battery. cables in reverse order. For example, a solid metal part or the engine block are suitable grounding points. If no suitable grounding points are to be found on either vehicle, the negative cable must carefully be connected directly to the negative terminal of the battery. If a suitable grounding point is to be found only on the donor vehicle, the negative cable must first be connected to the terminal of the discharged battery, then to the grounding point of the donor vehicle.3. Run the engine of the donor car at a higher speed.268 Practical Tips, Emergency Service
    • Bulb chart