Chaper 5 key issue 3


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  • {"11":"Reasons for differences.\nIsolation\nSeparation by Atlantic Ocean allowed two languages to develop independently.\nLimited travel and communications\nFew people traveled between the U.S. and England during the 18th and 19th centuries and no form of communication that transmitted voices across the ocean, thus pronunciation of words developed independently.\n","6":"Most words that are specific to a dialect pertain to rural life, food, or objects from daily activities.\n","7":"FIGURE 5-22 SOFT-DRINK DIALECTS Soft drinks are called soda in the Northeast and Southwest, pop in the Midwest and Northwest, and Coke in the South. The map reflects voting at\n","8":"FIGURE 5-20 DIALECTS IN THE EASTERN UNITED STATES The most comprehensive classification of dialects in the United States was made by Hans Kurath in 1949. He found the greatest diversity of dialects in the eastern part of the country, especially in vocabulary used on farms. Kurath divided the eastern United States into three major dialect regions—Northern, Midlands, and Southern—each of which contained a number of important subareas. Compare this to the map of source areas of U.S. house types (FIGURE 4-25). As Americans migrated west, they took with them distinctive house types as well as distinctive dialects.\n","9":"FIGURE 5-21 U.S. DIALECTS AND SUBDIALECTS The four major U.S. dialect regions are Northern, Southern, Midlands, and West.\n"}
  • Chaper 5 key issue 3

    1. 1. Key Issue 3 Give several inoffensive examples of words you use that your parents wouldn’t understand. What does this reveal about the nature of languages? © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.
    2. 2. Go to User name- humangeo1234 Password- Cardinals Go to- My uploads Slideshow- Chapter 5: Key Issue 3 © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.
    3. 3. Directions: With your partner, complete steps for EACH slide Step 1: Read slide out loud Step 2: Write down important notes Step 3: Discuss concept for 30 seconds Step 4: Create two questions ( one should be basic knowledge one should be higher level) For example: 1.What is a language branch? 2.How do you think language branches evolved? © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.
    4. 4. Why Do Individual Languages Vary among Places? • Dialects of English – A dialect is a regional variation of a language distinguished by distinctive vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation. – Boundaries of where regional words are used can be mapped; such a word usage boundary is known as an isogloss. © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.
    5. 5. Why Do Individual Languages Vary among Places? • Dialects in the United States – The 13 original colonies can be grouped into three dialect regions. 1. New England – Inhabited by settlers from England 1. Southeastern – About ½ came from southeastern England, while the others represented a diversity of social-class backgrounds. 1. Midlands – Most diverse group—e.g., Quakers from north of England, Scots and Irish, German, Dutch, and Swedish migrants. © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.
    6. 6. Why Do Individual Languages Vary among Places? • Current Dialect Differences in the East – Some English words are specific to a dialect. • Rural life • Food • Objects from daily activities – Language differences tend to be greatest in rural areas because of limited interaction with people from other dialect regions. – Mass media has reduced the number of regionally distinctive words. © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.
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    8. 8. © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.
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    10. 10. Why Do Individual Languages Vary among Places? • Dialects in the United Kingdom – Languages with multiple dialects may recognize one as the standard language that is widely recognized as the most acceptable for government, business, education, and mass communication. • Ex. England’s is known as British Received Pronunciation (BRP). © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.
    11. 11. Why Do Individual Languages Vary among Places? • British and American English Dialects – English language is noticeably different than English spoken in England in three ways. 1. Vocabulary – Settlers in America encountered many new objects and experiences not present in England. – Climate and geography differ significantly between England and America. 1. Spelling – Noah Webster sought to make English used in America distinct from England to reduce cultural dependence by changing spellings of words in his dictionary. 1. Pronunciation – Chief cause was limited interaction between speakers of varying dialects. © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.
    12. 12. STOP © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.
    13. 13. Four corners How do you pronounce the following words? 1.Crayon 2.Aunt 3.Been 4.Mayonnaise 5.Route staticmaps/q_1.html © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.
    14. 14. How do you pronounce it? Crayon Corner 1 Corner 2 Cran ( like man) Cray-ahn Corner 3 Corner 4 Cray-awn Crown © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.
    15. 15. How do you pronounce it? Aunt Corner 1 Corner 2 Ahnt ant Corner 3 Corner 4 Aunt ( like caught) aint © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.
    16. 16. How do you pronounce it? Been Corner 1 Corner 2 Bin B-ee-n Corner 3 Corner 4 Ben Other © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.
    17. 17. How do you pronounce it? Crayon Corner 1 Corner 2 Cran ( like man) Cray-ahn Corner 3 Corner 4 Cray-awn Crown © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.
    18. 18. How do you pronounce it? Mayonnaise Corner 1 Corner 2 Man-aze May-uh-naze Corner 3 Corner 4 Other Mayo © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.
    19. 19. How do you pronounce it? Route Corner 1 Corner 2 root R-out Corner 3 Corner 4 Other © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.
    20. 20. Is it Northeastern, Midlands or Southern Regions Voice One Voice Two Voice Three © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. Explain why the dialect in that region is different
    21. 21. Guess what Dialect it is! © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.
    22. 22. Types of English Dialects Pidgina grammatically simplified form of a language, used for communication between people not sharing a common language. Pidgins have a limited vocabulary, some elements of which are taken from local languages, and are not native languages, but arise out of language contact between speakers of other languages. © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.
    23. 23. Complete ESPEN v=O7X9AAeDCr4 v=p6MyCK7xLFY © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.