SUMMARY  (I) <ul><li>-1.-What is Doping? </li></ul><ul><li>-2.-Origins of Doping. </li></ul><ul><li>-3.-Why is there the D...
SUMMARY  (II) <ul><li>-5.- Operations against Doping. </li></ul><ul><li>-6.- Sanctioned by operations against Doping. </li...
1.-What is doping?  (I) <ul><li>-The  International Olympic Committee  ( IOC ) </li></ul><ul><li>says that  doping is a su...
1.-What is doping?  (II) <ul><li>-Doping is also a medical treatment that can  increase performance . </li></ul><ul><li>-T...
2.-Origin of doping .  (I) <ul><li>Doping is an example of the many attempts through history man has done to artificially ...
2.-Origin of doping.  (II) <ul><li>-On the practice of doping there are many historical precedents. One of the earliest re...
2.-Origin of doping.  (III) <ul><li>- The Norse mythology   say that the  Berserkers   use  bufotenine , extracted from th...
2.-Origin of doping.  (IIII) <ul><li>- More recently ,  caffeine  is used  since 1805  in swimming, athletics and cycling,...
3.- Why is there the Doping? <ul><li>The athlete  uses them to stimulate or sedated, increase strength and muscle mass, ca...
4.-Classification of Doping substances. <ul><li>- The International Olympic Committee classifies toxic substances into thr...
4.1.-Doping Substances. <ul><li>· Stimulants.  · Narcotic Analgesics </li></ul><ul><li>· Anabolic Steroids.  · Beta blocke...
4.1.1.-Doping Substances. <ul><li>· Stimulants.  </li></ul><ul><li>-INDICATIONS: These are substances  that  stimulate the...
4.1.2.-Doping Substances. <ul><li>  Narcotic Analgesics:   </li></ul><ul><li>-INDICATIONS. </li></ul><ul><li>They are indi...
4.1.3.-Doping Substances. <ul><li>·  Anabolic Steroids. </li></ul><ul><li>-INDICATIONS. Are only indicated in cases of inc...
4.1.4.-Doping Substances. <ul><li>· Beta blockers: </li></ul><ul><li>-INDICATIONS.  Medicines used to control hypertension...
4.1.5.-Doping Substances. <ul><li>· Diuretics. </li></ul><ul><li>- INDICATIONS. </li></ul><ul><li>Promote or enhance diure...
4.1.6.-Doping Substances. <ul><li>· Hormones. </li></ul><ul><li>-INDICATIONS. </li></ul><ul><li>Substances referred to in ...
4.1.7.-Doping Substances. <ul><li>-EPO: </li></ul><ul><li>- Erythropoietin or EPO and doping: </li></ul><ul><li>The use of...
4.2.- Methods of Doping. <ul><li>· Blood Doping. </li></ul><ul><li>· Chemical and pharmacological manipulations. </li></ul...
4.2.1.-Blood Doping. <ul><li>-Blood transfusion  is the intravenous administration of erythrocytes or blood-related produc...
4.2.3.-   Chemical manipulations. <ul><li>-Chemical and pharmacological manipulations. </li></ul><ul><li>The medical commi...
4.3.1.- Substances subject to restriction. <ul><li>· Alcohol  </li></ul><ul><li>· Local Anesthetics </li></ul><ul><li>· Co...
5.-Operations against Doping. <ul><li>-Operación puerto. </li></ul><ul><li>-Operación Galgo. </li></ul>
5.1.-Operación Puerto. <ul><li>- Operacion Puerto : is the code name of a Spanish Police operation against the doping netw...
5.2.-Operación Galgo <ul><li>- Operación Galgo   is an investigation into  Doping  in athletics by the  Guardia Civil  in ...
-6.- Sanctioned by operations against doping.  (I) <ul><li>- Sanctioned by  Operación Puerto: </li></ul><ul><li>-Jan Ullri...
-6.- Sanctioned by operations against doping.  (II) <ul><li>- Suspects   in the Operación Galgo: </li></ul><ul><li>-Marta ...
8.-Other Cases of Doping (I) <ul><li>-Mike Tyson : ( marihuana) </li></ul><ul><li>- Fernando Vargas:( Esteroides) </li></u...
7.- Famous Cases of Doping. <ul><li>The Ezequiel Mosquera´s  Case. </li></ul><ul><li>The Ben Johnson´s Case. </li></ul><ul...
7.1.-The Ezequiel Mosquera´s  Case.  (I) <ul><li>- Ezequiel Mosquera :  is a Galician cyclist thas was accussed of a posit...
7.1.-The Ezequiel Mosquera´s  Case.  (II) <ul><li>Hidroxetil starch   :   this substance is considered non-dopant. It is a...
7.2.-The Ben Johnson´s Case. (I) <ul><li>-Ben Johnson  was Canadian  sprinter who broke </li></ul><ul><li>the world record...
7.2.-The Ben Johnson´s Case. (II) <ul><li>-  Hours after the occurrence, was discovered in an anti-doping control:  stanoz...
7.3.-The LANCE ARMSTRONG case  (I) <ul><li>-Lance Armstrong  (a cancer survivor,winner of 7 tours) was a criticed athelete...
7.3.-The LANCE ARMSTRONG case  (II) <ul><li>Many journalists began to write articles about his alleged doping, but never b...
7.3.-The LANCE ARMSTRONG case  (III)
7.4.-The Marion Jones Case. (I) <ul><li>-Marion Jones:  was an American athlete who won five medals at the Sydney Olympics...
7.4.-The Marion Jones Case. (II) <ul><li>- in a Anti doping control found him  steroids. she declared that she had  lied  ...
8.-Other Cases of Doping (II) <ul><li>- Carlos Gurpegui:  a Spanish footballer. </li></ul><ul><li>- Tim Montgomery:  an Am...
8.-Other Cases of Doping (III) <ul><li>-Johann  (Juanito) Mühlegg:  a german-spanish skier. </li></ul><ul><li>- Richard Ga...
8.-Other Cases of Doping (IIII) <ul><li>- Gervasio Deffer :  (Cannabis). </li></ul><ul><li>- Justin Gatlin : The winner of...
 
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Doping by Nacho Rivas 3º ESO La Salle

2,304
-1

Published on

0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
2,304
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
66
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Doping by Nacho Rivas 3º ESO La Salle

  1. 2. SUMMARY (I) <ul><li>-1.-What is Doping? </li></ul><ul><li>-2.-Origins of Doping. </li></ul><ul><li>-3.-Why is there the Doping? </li></ul><ul><li>-4.-Classification of Doping substances. </li></ul>
  2. 3. SUMMARY (II) <ul><li>-5.- Operations against Doping. </li></ul><ul><li>-6.- Sanctioned by operations against Doping. </li></ul><ul><li>-7.- Famous Cases of Doping. </li></ul><ul><li>-8.- Other Cases of Doping. </li></ul>
  3. 4. 1.-What is doping? (I) <ul><li>-The  International Olympic Committee  ( IOC ) </li></ul><ul><li>says that doping is a substance that uses an </li></ul><ul><li>athlete to improve their performance in competition </li></ul>
  4. 5. 1.-What is doping? (II) <ul><li>-Doping is also a medical treatment that can increase performance . </li></ul><ul><li>-The origin of the word ”doping” comes from the british word ”dope” (droga). </li></ul>
  5. 6. 2.-Origin of doping . (I) <ul><li>Doping is an example of the many attempts through history man has done to artificially improve their resistance  to fatigue by participating in the war, in hunting and sport. </li></ul>
  6. 7. 2.-Origin of doping. (II) <ul><li>-On the practice of doping there are many historical precedents. One of the earliest references is provided by a picture showing a Chinese Emperor chewing on a branch of  Ephedra. </li></ul>
  7. 8. 2.-Origin of doping. (III) <ul><li>- The Norse mythology   say that the Berserkers   use bufotenine , extracted from the  mushroom Amanita muscaria, to increase </li></ul><ul><li>their strenght at war. </li></ul>
  8. 9. 2.-Origin of doping. (IIII) <ul><li>- More recently , caffeine is used since 1805 in swimming, athletics and cycling, which records the first fatal case, the Welsh cyclist  Linton , who died in 1866 during the  Paris-Bordeaux  race by taking  drugs . </li></ul>
  9. 10. 3.- Why is there the Doping? <ul><li>The athlete  uses them to stimulate or sedated, increase strength and muscle mass, cardiac capacity, concentration, relieve fatigue, even caused by your workout. </li></ul>
  10. 11. 4.-Classification of Doping substances. <ul><li>- The International Olympic Committee classifies toxic substances into three categories, namely: 1· Doping Substances. 2· Methods of Doping. 3· Substances subject to restriction. </li></ul>
  11. 12. 4.1.-Doping Substances. <ul><li>· Stimulants. · Narcotic Analgesics </li></ul><ul><li>· Anabolic Steroids. · Beta blockers. · Diuretics. · Hormones. </li></ul>
  12. 13. 4.1.1.-Doping Substances. <ul><li>· Stimulants. </li></ul><ul><li>-INDICATIONS: These are substances  that stimulate the central nervous system or inhibitsome functions  such as appetite. They are commonly used to maintain  the individual's  emotional stability and control your  weight. </li></ul><ul><li>-ADVERSE REACTIONS. Hypertension, weight loss, psychosis, agitation, anxiety, euphoria, tachycardia, insomnia, depression, headache, vomiting, diarrhea, impotence…     </li></ul>
  13. 14. 4.1.2.-Doping Substances. <ul><li>  Narcotic Analgesics: </li></ul><ul><li>-INDICATIONS. </li></ul><ul><li>They are indicated for pain relief in cases such as fractures, postoperative pain, myocardial infarction and cancer, where conventional analgesics are insufficient. </li></ul><ul><li>-ADVERSE REACTIONS .  Nausea, vomiting, headache, rash, convulsions, respiratory depression,drowsiness, dry mouth, feeling faint… </li></ul>
  14. 15. 4.1.3.-Doping Substances. <ul><li>·  Anabolic Steroids. </li></ul><ul><li>-INDICATIONS. Are only indicated in cases of increased catabolism (consumption of the body) and in severe malnutrition, cancer and advanced osteoporosis. </li></ul><ul><li>-ADVERSE REACTIONS. Pain during sexual intercourse and other signs of excessive sexualstimulation, prostate and liver cancer and hair loss. In children beforepuberty, precocious sexual development, increased frequency of erections,phallic enlargement and premature epiphyseal closure… </li></ul>
  15. 16. 4.1.4.-Doping Substances. <ul><li>· Beta blockers: </li></ul><ul><li>-INDICATIONS.  Medicines used to control hypertension. </li></ul><ul><li>- ADVERSE REACTIONS .  Hypotension, coldness of the extremities, muscle fatigue, decreased heart rate, sleep disturbances, skin rashes and dry eyes. </li></ul>
  16. 17. 4.1.5.-Doping Substances. <ul><li>· Diuretics. </li></ul><ul><li>- INDICATIONS. </li></ul><ul><li>Promote or enhance diuresis (urination). It is used in renal andcardiovascular disease and hypertension and renal failure. </li></ul><ul><li>- ADVERSE REACTIONS . </li></ul><ul><li>Dehydration, electrolyte imbalance tingling in the extremities, hearingdysfunction, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea… </li></ul>
  17. 18. 4.1.6.-Doping Substances. <ul><li>· Hormones. </li></ul><ul><li>-INDICATIONS. </li></ul><ul><li>Substances referred to in cases where there is hormone deficiency. </li></ul><ul><li>-ADVERSE REACTIONS. </li></ul><ul><li>Nausea, vomiting, rash, anaphylactic shock (generalized reaction that leads to death), early onset of puberty… </li></ul>
  18. 19. 4.1.7.-Doping Substances. <ul><li>-EPO: </li></ul><ul><li>- Erythropoietin or EPO and doping: </li></ul><ul><li>The use of EPO or its related and drug doping in sports is prohibited. The&quot;positive&quot; effects of EPO is due to increased red cell mass (increasing the hematocrit), which allows for better athlete performance in aerobic activities. This will increase the resistance exercise. </li></ul>
  19. 20. 4.2.- Methods of Doping. <ul><li>· Blood Doping. </li></ul><ul><li>· Chemical and pharmacological manipulations. </li></ul><ul><li>· Psychological Doping (Hypnosis). </li></ul>
  20. 21. 4.2.1.-Blood Doping. <ul><li>-Blood transfusion  is the intravenous administration of erythrocytes or blood-related products. </li></ul>
  21. 22. 4.2.3.-   Chemical manipulations. <ul><li>-Chemical and pharmacological manipulations. </li></ul><ul><li>The medical commission of the  International Olympic Committee  prohibits the use of substances and methods which alter, attempt to alter or may reasonably be expected to alter the integrity and validity of urine samples used in doping controls- </li></ul>
  22. 23. 4.3.1.- Substances subject to restriction. <ul><li>· Alcohol </li></ul><ul><li>· Local Anesthetics </li></ul><ul><li>· Corticosteroids </li></ul>
  23. 24. 5.-Operations against Doping. <ul><li>-Operación puerto. </li></ul><ul><li>-Operación Galgo. </li></ul>
  24. 25. 5.1.-Operación Puerto. <ul><li>- Operacion Puerto : is the code name of a Spanish Police operation against the doping network of Doctor  Eufemiano Fuentes , started in May 2006, which resulted in a scandal that involved several of the world most famous cyclists at the time. </li></ul>
  25. 26. 5.2.-Operación Galgo <ul><li>- Operación Galgo is an investigation into  Doping  in athletics by the  Guardia Civil in  Spain. Initiated in April 2010, the investigation came to public attention with the raid of houses and the arrest of high profile athletes, coaches and doctors, among others. </li></ul>
  26. 27. -6.- Sanctioned by operations against doping. (I) <ul><li>- Sanctioned by Operación Puerto: </li></ul><ul><li>-Jan Ullrich: a Germany cyclist. </li></ul><ul><li>-Ivan Basso: a Italian cyclist. </li></ul><ul><li>-Alejandro Valverde: a Spanish cyclist. </li></ul>
  27. 28. -6.- Sanctioned by operations against doping. (II) <ul><li>- Suspects in the Operación Galgo: </li></ul><ul><li>-Marta Domíngez: a Spanish athlete. </li></ul><ul><li>-Eufemiano Fuentes : a Doctor also involved in Operación Puerto </li></ul><ul><li>-Alberto García: a Spanish athlete. </li></ul>
  28. 29. 8.-Other Cases of Doping (I) <ul><li>-Mike Tyson : ( marihuana) </li></ul><ul><li>- Fernando Vargas:( Esteroides) </li></ul><ul><li>-Fernando Couto: a footballer. </li></ul>
  29. 30. 7.- Famous Cases of Doping. <ul><li>The Ezequiel Mosquera´s Case. </li></ul><ul><li>The Ben Johnson´s Case. </li></ul><ul><li>The Lance Armstrong´s Case. </li></ul><ul><li>- The Marion Jones Case. </li></ul>
  30. 31. 7.1.-The Ezequiel Mosquera´s Case. (I) <ul><li>- Ezequiel Mosquera : is a Galician cyclist thas was accussed of a positive in Anti-Doping </li></ul><ul><li>analyse. </li></ul><ul><li>In this analuse they found “ Hidroxetil starch   ” </li></ul>
  31. 32. 7.1.-The Ezequiel Mosquera´s Case. (II) <ul><li>Hidroxetil starch   : this substance is considered non-dopant. It is a substance that does not carry a sanction but it can mask other products. </li></ul>
  32. 33. 7.2.-The Ben Johnson´s Case. (I) <ul><li>-Ben Johnson  was Canadian sprinter who broke </li></ul><ul><li>the world record of 100 m (9.79) in the Seoul Olympics in 1988. he became very famous,because nobody had done it before ... </li></ul>
  33. 34. 7.2.-The Ben Johnson´s Case. (II) <ul><li>- Hours after the occurrence, was discovered in an anti-doping control: stanozolol , a steroid, this steroid was found in the urine of  Ben Johnson . the scandal was greater than his record. Years later he returned and turned to doping, then he was retired </li></ul>
  34. 35. 7.3.-The LANCE ARMSTRONG case (I) <ul><li>-Lance Armstrong (a cancer survivor,winner of 7 tours) was a criticed athelete, He has got </li></ul><ul><li>a great capacity after a cancer… </li></ul>
  35. 36. 7.3.-The LANCE ARMSTRONG case (II) <ul><li>Many journalists began to write articles about his alleged doping, but never be demostrated. </li></ul>
  36. 37. 7.3.-The LANCE ARMSTRONG case (III)
  37. 38. 7.4.-The Marion Jones Case. (I) <ul><li>-Marion Jones: was an American athlete who won five medals at the Sydney Olympics ... </li></ul>
  38. 39. 7.4.-The Marion Jones Case. (II) <ul><li>- in a Anti doping control found him  steroids. she declared that she had lied  to the judge. so she was sentenced to two years in prison. </li></ul><ul><li>She was related with Tim Montogemery. </li></ul>
  39. 40. 8.-Other Cases of Doping (II) <ul><li>- Carlos Gurpegui: a Spanish footballer. </li></ul><ul><li>- Tim Montgomery: an American Sprinter. </li></ul><ul><li>-Everton Giovanella: a Brasilean Footballer. </li></ul>
  40. 41. 8.-Other Cases of Doping (III) <ul><li>-Johann (Juanito) Mühlegg: a german-spanish skier. </li></ul><ul><li>- Richard Gasquet: ( cocaine). </li></ul><ul><li>- Kolo Touré: (drugs) </li></ul>
  41. 42. 8.-Other Cases of Doping (IIII) <ul><li>- Gervasio Deffer : (Cannabis). </li></ul><ul><li>- Justin Gatlin : The winner of 100m in Athens 2004. </li></ul><ul><li>- Andre Agassi:( Metanfetamine). </li></ul>
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×