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Graduate School Presentation for Global Governance class.

Graduate School Presentation for Global Governance class.

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  • The headquarters of HRW is in New York City.
  • As a second and optional step we can ask them point out the agency who is responsible for correcting that human right. Is it government? Society? Or groups that are responsible for correcting the violation?
  • Arms Business Children's Rights Counterterrorism Disability Rights ESC Rights or Economic, social and cultural rights Health International Justice LGBT Rights Migrants Press Freedom Refugees Terrorism Torture United Nations Women's Rights Arms Control – Land mines and cluster munitions can kill civilians after conflict has ended. Terrorism – Alkaida Torture – USA and other developed countries Women’s rights – constantly violated in the middle east and Africa. Stoning of women and rape are facts of life. Migrants Economic, social and cultural rights are socio-economic human rights, such as the right to education, the right to housing, and the right to health. Economic, social and cultural rights are recognized and protected in international and regional human rights instruments. Member states have a legal obligation to respect, protect and fulfill economic, social and cultural rights and are expected to take "progressive action" towards their fulfillment.
  • In rapid succession in the 1980s, Asia Watch (1985), Africa Watch (1988), and Middle East Watch (1989) were added to what was then known as "The Watch Committees." In 1988, the organization formally adopted the all-inclusive name Human Rights Watch.
  • Total Assets of $113 Million for 2010. Of the 100% here is the break down: 75% North America, 24% Western Europe, <1% rest of the world Donations received from individuals and foundations - no governmental support! The 100 M donation is to be given over a period of 10 years and in payments of 10 million per year.
  • Killed at least 2,385 civilians and abducted over 3,054 since September 2008 CRA = central African republic The Lord's Resistance Army is a sectarian religious and military group based in northern Uganda.   The group was formed in 1987 and is engaged in an armed rebellion against the Ugandan government in what is now one of Africa's longest-running conflicts. It is led by Joseph Kony, who proclaims himself the "spokesperson" of God and a spirit medium, primarily of the Holy Spirit, which the Acholi believe can represent itself in many manifestations. The LRA, which earned a reputation for its actions against the people of northern Uganda, has abducted an estimated 30,000 children and displaced 1.6 million people since its rebellion began in 1986
  • The governments who abuse human rights need to be sent a message that is is not acceptable.
  • THE MAIN POINT WE WANT YOU TO REMEMBER IS THAT HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH IS TAKING ACTION TO REMEDY A WRONG THAT IS HAPPENING IN THE WORLD TODAY. BUT MORE IMPORTANTLY THIS IS NOT ABOUT TAKING SIDES THIS IS ABOUT HUMAN RIGHTS. REGARDLESS OF WHERE YOU STAND POLITICALLY ON THE LEFT OR ON THE RIGHT, THERE ARE UNIVERSAL HUMAND RIGHTS THAT SHOULD NEVER BE VIOLATED AND IT IS THESE VERY RIGHTS THAT ARE BEING TRAPLED ON IN MANY PARTS OF THE WORLD AS WE SPEAK.

Transcript

  • 1. A thought provoking presentation of Human Rights Watch from a Global Governance perspective. By Stephan Lammerich, Hugo Pimentel, Branislav Radulovic Commentators: Christine Gurski, Shqipe Hajredini, Thuy Dung Vu, Oisin Zimmermann 12/01/2011 Lammerich, Pimentel, Radulovic
  • 2. 12/01/2011 Lammerich, Pimentel, Radulovic
    • Introduction
    • History
    • Finance
    • Global Governance Role
    • Example 1
    • Example 2
    • Criticism
    • Conclusion
    Agenda
  • 3. Human Rights Watch is one of the world’s leading independent organizations dedicated to defending and protecting human rights. 12/01/2011 Lammerich, Pimentel, Radulovic Dictionary definition according to Merriam-Webster: Human Rights = Rights (as freedom from unlawful imprisonment, torture, and execution) regarded as belonging fundamentally to all persons Introduction
  • 4. Introduction - What do you think?
    • Interaction: Please write down one basic human right that everyone deserves.
    12/01/2011 Lammerich, Pimentel, Radulovic “ The care of human life and happiness, and not their destruction, is the first and only object of good government.” (Thomas Jefferson )
  • 5. Introduction – What is the focus of HRW? 12/01/2011 Lammerich, Pimentel, Radulovic Source: www.hrw.org
  • 6. 12/01/2011 Lammerich, Pimentel, Radulovic
  • 7. History – Milestones of HRW 12/01/2011 Lammerich, Pimentel, Radulovic Americans Watch Founded as Helsinki Watch Asia Watch Africa Watch Middle East Watch In 1988 Human Rights Watch is created
    • Employs 280 people worldwide
    • Is active in 90 countries
  • 8. Finances
    • 100 % donations - no governmental support! - North America (75%) and Western Europe (25%), rest of the world (< 1%)
    • FYE 2009 Total Revenue of $45.3 M
    • In Sep. 2010 HRW received a $100 M donation
    12/01/2011 Lammerich, Pimentel, Radulovic Revenues/Donations Source: charitynavigator.org
  • 9. World Order Where does HRW operate?
  • 10.
      • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PNL2oyvrJZ0
      • Present in, Sudan, CAR and Congo
      • Religious military group founded in 1987
      • Joseph Kony (leader) - sought by the International Criminal Court
      • Considered a terrorist organization by the USA
      • Responsible for killings, atrocities, rapes and child soldiers
      • Horrific and degrading acts of sexual violence
      • Abducted an estimated 30,000 children (some used for sex)
      • Displaced 1.6 million people
      • In May 2010 U.S. President Obama signed into law the LRA Disarmament and Uganda Recovery Act
      • HRW called on US president in 2010 and the UN Security Council to take action. Law Passed in May of 2010.
      • HRW called on the Sudanese government to ensure no support of any kind is provided to LRA.
    12/01/2011 Lammerich, Pimentel, Radulovic Example 1 - Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA)
  • 11. 12/01/2011 Lammerich, Pimentel, Radulovic Example 2 - End Child Labor in the Fields
      • Hundreds of thousands of children in USA work in agricultural sector
      • Consequences: end of childhood, low wage level, risks for health & life
      • In US agricultural sector:
        • no fixed minimum age for farm work
        • no limit of working hours/day
      • Children start fulltime work with 11 years -> get only low education level -> forced to work in farming sector permanently
      • Children receive wages 30-40% below official minimum wage
      • In 2000 HRW focused on this problem -> report “Fingers to the Bone: United States Failure to Protect Child Farmworkers” was published
      • Situation remained unchanged up to 2010 -> HRW claims changes in Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) and gives recommendations to different US authorities
      • Source: HRW (2010): Fields of Peril – Child Labor in US Agriculture
  • 12. Criticism
    • General critic: Human Rights Watch as a Political Instrument of Liberal Cosmopolitan Elite of the United States of America or not?  
    • Poor research and inaccuracy
    • Accuses HRW of a lack of sufficient expertise to report on warfare.
    • The pro-Israel research institute NGO Monitor has accused HRW of &quot;faulty methodology&quot;, &quot;misrepresenting international law&quot;, and &quot;promoting the BDS agenda.
    • Selection bias
    • Accusation of ‘imbalance’ since it ignores many human rights abusing regimes while covering other zones of conflict &quot;intensely&quot;, notably Israel .
    • Funding George Soros donation 100 million US dollars. A number of the functionaries of HRW joined the structures own by Soros..
    • Double standards in reporting
    • Metodology they do not make judgment about the decision to go to war, they care about the humanitarian consequences of war
    12/01/2011 Lammerich, Pimentel, Radulovic
  • 13. Case studies
    • Venezuela
    • In September 2008 Venezuela expelled two HRW staff accused of &quot;anti-state activities&quot;. as a respond on HRW 230-page report, A decade under Chavez: /www.hrw.org/en/news/2008/09/19/venezuela-human-rights-watch-delegation-expelled
    • Accused for using false and misleading information in this report. The Council on Hemispheric Affairs 12 January 2009 Scholars Respond to HRW’s Kenneth Roth’s Riposte on Venezuelan Human Rights .
    • Bias concerning the Arab – Israeli conflict
    • HRW has been accused of bias against the state of Israel of issuing &quot;one-sided and hostile&quot; reports &quot;attacking Israel “and of having an anti-Israel agenda.
    • accusations that HRW has ignored anti- Semitism. Anti-Semitism in Europe: Fighting Back by Ana Palacio
    12/01/2011 Lammerich, Pimentel, Radulovic
  • 14.
    • Yugoslavia
    • Accused for working hand in hand with Bill Clinton's Administration.
    • Accused for challenged its territorial integrity and supported the dismemberment of the unitary state. Executive director Jeri Laber and Kenneth Anderson, “Why Keep Yugoslavia One Country?” New York Times, November 10, 1990.
    • Robert Hayden, &quot;Don't Turn Yugoslavia Into Europe's Lebanon,&quot; Letter, New York Times, December 3, 1990
    • Given the chance to vote as Bosnians, the population of BIH chose instead to vote, overwhelmingly, as Muslims, Serbs, and Croats.”[ Robert M. Hayden, Blueprints for a House Divided: The Constitutional Logic of the Yugoslav Conflicts (University of Michigan Press, 1999), pp. 91-92)
    • Nothing critical about ‘’Storm’’ operation in Croatia . 250 000 Serbs out of Croatia in 84 hours. &quot;Croatian Serb Exodus Commemorated,” Agence France Press, Aug. 4, 2004.
    • nothing critical about NATO action. Amnesti int. Violation of the Laws of War by NATO during Operation Allied Force , June, 2000, pp. 11-13.  
    12/01/2011 Lammerich, Pimentel, Radulovic
  • 15. Conclusion
    • In Germany they first came for the Communists, and I didn't speak up because I wasn’t communist. Then they came for the Jews, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Jew. Then they came for the trade unionists, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a trade unionist. Then they came for the Catholics, and I didn't speak up because I was a Protestant. Then they came for me — and by that time no one was left to speak up.
    • Pastor Martin Niemoeller
    • A German Anti-Nazi activist, 1960
    12/01/2011 Lammerich, Pimentel, Radulovic