1910.180
TRUCK CRANE OPERATION
REVIEW. PART 1
TRAINER: BILL BROWN
INSPECTION MANAGER
inspections4me@gmail.com
Wheel mounted crane
(wagon crane) consists of a rotating
superstructure with power plant, operating
machinery and boom, m...
Truck Crane
A truck Crane consists of a rotating
superstructure with power plant, operating
machinery and boom, mounted o...
. DEFINITIONS
AUTHORIZED: IS ONE APPOINTED OR
CREDENTIALLED BY A DULY CONSTITUTED
ADMINISTRATIVE OR REGULATORY
AUTHORITY
Competent Person
A competent person is one who by knowledge, training and
experience has demonstrated the ability to solve...
Truck Crane
Semi Truck Crane
Large Boom Truck
Carry Deck Crane
O S H A
Occupational Safety & Health
Administration
Federal Law (Required action)
A N S I
American National Standards Institute

.Reaction Time
Measure how quickly the person reacts to a set of signals, or
to an emergency
Distance Judgement
Measurement of depth perception is important for Crane
Operators.
Hearing
Several devices are available...
ANGLE INDICATOR
MEASURES ANGLE OF BOOM TO HORIZON
Angle Chart
SAFETY RULES
There are many safety rules that have been set up to be
observed by Crane Operators. However, if you follow t...
1. No one but a regularly authorized operator is
allowed to use any crane.
2. Load Rating Chart with clearly legible lette...
4. The operator SHALL NOT leave their position at the
controls while a load is suspended.
5. The Cranes Wire Rope SHALL NO...
7. Do not allow anyone to ride on a load carried by the
crane, or on the crane hook.
8. Do not drag slings chains or lifti...
9. If you are asked to do something that you DO NOT
believe is safe,
you should refuse to do it, and call your foreman/sup...
12. In case of a problem always STOP operation and open
the power switch.
If your crane fails to respond correctly call yo...
15. Crane operators must follow the signals given to them only
by authorized persons (THE ASSIGNED RIGGER) and should
igno...
Crane Hand Signals
BOOM UP Hoist Up Slow Hoist Down
Boom Down Hoist Up Walk Crane
Crane Hand Signals #2
Swing Crane ------------------/ Retract Boom-------/ Everything Slow
EXTEND BOOM
Crane Hand Signals # 3
Emergency Stop------------------------------------- Routine Stop------------
Who can give the hand signals? or
Who can be a signaler?
a person qualified to give crane signals to
the operator, there ...
DON’T BE A HEADLINE
SUMMARY
Every worker should know crane hand signals. Knowing
the signals may allow you to help out w...
Cranes
Cranes are designed to make “Vertical lifts of loads ONLY,
DO NOT angle/side load unless it has been determined by ...
Limit Devices
A limiting device shall be installed and
maintainted to prevent the hook or other
end fitting from contacti...
Booms
When sections of booms are added or
removed, full number of bolts or pins of
the material and size recommended by t...
Fire Extinguishers
(i) A carbon dioxide, dry chemical, or
equivalent fire extinguisher shall be kept in
cab or vicinity o...
Power Lines
For operating near electric power lines:
See 1910.333 (c) (3)
Load Rating
Load ratings - where stability governs lifting
performance."
1910.180(c)(1)(i)
The margin of stability for ...
1910.180(c)(2)
"Load rating chart." A substantial and durable
rating chart with clearly legible letters and figures
shall ...
Inspection classification" -
1910.180(d)(1)
"Initial inspection." Prior to initial use all new and altered
cranes shall ...
Inspection of your Truck Crane
Frequent inspection: Daily to monthly intervals.
1910.180(d)(2)(ii)
Periodic inspection:...
Daily Inspections to monthly
1910.180(d)(3)(i)
All control mechanisms for maladjustment
interfering with proper operatio...
Page 2 of inspections procedours
..1910.180(d)(3)(v)
1910.180(d)(3)(v)
Crane hooks with deformations or cracks. For hoo...
Periodic Inspection
Periodic inspection." Complete inspections of
the crane shall be performed at intervals as
generally ...
Inspection Steps Page 1
 Deformed, cracked, or corroded members in the crane structure and
boom.
 1910.180(d)(4)(ii)
 L...
Inspection Steps Page 2
1910.180(d)(4)(vi)
Load, boom angle, and other indicators over their full
range, for any signifi...
Rope Inspection
Rope inspection." -
1910.180(g)(1)
"Running ropes." A thorough inspection of all ropes in
use shall be ...
Rope inspection #2
1910.180(g)(1)(i)
Reduction of rope diameter below nominal diameter due
to loss of core support, inte...
Rope inspection # 3
1910.180(g)(1)(vi)
Severe kinking, crushing, cutting, or
unstranding.
1910.180(g)(2)
"Other ropes....
NEVER USE A BAD ROPE!
KNOW THE LOAD
THE OPERATOR IS NEVER TO
EXCEED THE CAPACITY OF THE
CRANE.
Look on shippers tag for the weight or
weigh th...
Testing
Testing" -
1910.180(e)(1)
"Operational tests."
1910.180(e)(1)(i)
In addition to prototype tests and quality-c...
Maintenance Procedure
"Maintenance procedure" - "General."
After adjustments and repairs have been
made the crane shall n...
Idle Ropes
All rope which has been idle for a period of a month or
more due to shutdown or storage of a crane on which it...
Records
"Inspection records." Certification records
which include the date of inspection, the
signature of the person who...
PATH OF OPERATOR
DAILY INSPECTION
1910.179
B30.2 OPERATION
1. PROPER OPERATION, ALL MOTIONS,PROPER MARKING ON CONROLER
2. CHECK ALL BRAKES (NO EXCESSIVE DRIFT) (REVERSE PLUGGING OK)...
Lower block
Check Sheaves and Lower Hook in block
assy. Check the hook bearing for free
movement.
The lower hook must ha...
OPERATING CONTROLS
ALL LABLES MUST BE LEGABLE
MUST HAVE STRAIN RELIEF ATTACHED
PENDENT MUST NOT HAVE ANY CRACKS
Truck crane training bill brown
Truck crane training bill brown
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Truck crane training bill brown

250

Published on

Truck Crane review Training

Published in: Education, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
250
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
11
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • DALILY INSPECTIONS PER 1910.179 --------- 29 CFR-------------
  • PENDENT STATION CHECKED DAILY
  • Truck crane training bill brown

    1. 1. 1910.180 TRUCK CRANE OPERATION REVIEW. PART 1 TRAINER: BILL BROWN INSPECTION MANAGER inspections4me@gmail.com
    2. 2. Wheel mounted crane (wagon crane) consists of a rotating superstructure with power plant, operating machinery and boom, mounted on a base or platform equipped with axles and rubber tired wheels for travel. Its function is to hoist and swing loads at various radii.
    3. 3. Truck Crane A truck Crane consists of a rotating superstructure with power plant, operating machinery and boom, mounted on a automotive truck equipped with a power plant for travel. Its function is to hoist and swing loads at various radii.
    4. 4. . DEFINITIONS AUTHORIZED: IS ONE APPOINTED OR CREDENTIALLED BY A DULY CONSTITUTED ADMINISTRATIVE OR REGULATORY AUTHORITY
    5. 5. Competent Person A competent person is one who by knowledge, training and experience has demonstrated the ability to solve problems and preform functions relating to the subject matter and work
    6. 6. Truck Crane
    7. 7. Semi Truck Crane
    8. 8. Large Boom Truck
    9. 9. Carry Deck Crane
    10. 10. O S H A Occupational Safety & Health Administration Federal Law (Required action)
    11. 11. A N S I American National Standards Institute 
    12. 12. .Reaction Time Measure how quickly the person reacts to a set of signals, or to an emergency
    13. 13. Distance Judgement Measurement of depth perception is important for Crane Operators. Hearing Several devices are available to test hearing ability. The person should be able to meet standard requirements.
    14. 14. ANGLE INDICATOR MEASURES ANGLE OF BOOM TO HORIZON
    15. 15. Angle Chart
    16. 16. SAFETY RULES There are many safety rules that have been set up to be observed by Crane Operators. However, if you follow these rules you will observe most of the necessary precautions while operating your crane. .
    17. 17. 1. No one but a regularly authorized operator is allowed to use any crane. 2. Load Rating Chart with clearly legible letters and figures shall be provided and fixed to the crane. Must be clearly visible to operator at there controls 3. Before moving crane, be sure that the hook is high enough to Clear all obstacles.
    18. 18. 4. The operator SHALL NOT leave their position at the controls while a load is suspended. 5. The Cranes Wire Rope SHALL NOT be wrapped around. the load. Slings must be utilized 6. Do Not carry load over people on floor; sound warning devices if crane is equipped to warn persons nearby.
    19. 19. 7. Do not allow anyone to ride on a load carried by the crane, or on the crane hook. 8. Do not drag slings chains or lifting devices out from under loads that have been landed
    20. 20. 9. If you are asked to do something that you DO NOT believe is safe, you should refuse to do it, and call your foreman/supervisor in charge for advice 10.DO NOT exceed the rated capacity of your Hoist/Crane 11. An Operator MUST NOT operate a crane if he/she is not physically fit to do so.
    21. 21. 12. In case of a problem always STOP operation and open the power switch. If your crane fails to respond correctly call your foreman/supervisor. Attempting to get out of difficulty by repeating the operation may make the condition worse instead of better
    22. 22. 15. Crane operators must follow the signals given to them only by authorized persons (THE ASSIGNED RIGGER) and should ignore directions given by others during operation of their equipment. The only EXCEPTION to this rule is if ANYONE commands them to EMERGENCY STOP.
    23. 23. Crane Hand Signals BOOM UP Hoist Up Slow Hoist Down Boom Down Hoist Up Walk Crane
    24. 24. Crane Hand Signals #2 Swing Crane ------------------/ Retract Boom-------/ Everything Slow EXTEND BOOM
    25. 25. Crane Hand Signals # 3 Emergency Stop------------------------------------- Routine Stop------------
    26. 26. Who can give the hand signals? or Who can be a signaler? a person qualified to give crane signals to the operator, there should be only one designated signaler at a time, if signalers are changing between each other, the one in charge should wear a clearly visible badge of authority, a crane operator should move loads only on signals from one signaler, a crane operator must obey STOP signals no matter who gives it.  
    27. 27. DON’T BE A HEADLINE SUMMARY Every worker should know crane hand signals. Knowing the signals may allow you to help out when needed If you are asked to be a signal person, make sure you are using the same signals as other workers and operators on the project When tower cranes or situations where hand signals are not safe enough, ensure that a two-way radio is used for voice communication. This will give you direct contact with the operator. Whatever system you use - hands or radio - make sure the equipment and workers are able to do the job right.   Don't Be a Headline
    28. 28. Cranes Cranes are designed to make “Vertical lifts of loads ONLY, DO NOT angle/side load unless it has been determined by a qualified person not to pose a hazard to equipment or personnel.
    29. 29. Limit Devices A limiting device shall be installed and maintainted to prevent the hook or other end fitting from contacting the upper sheaves.
    30. 30. Booms When sections of booms are added or removed, full number of bolts or pins of the material and size recommended by the manfacture
    31. 31. Fire Extinguishers (i) A carbon dioxide, dry chemical, or equivalent fire extinguisher shall be kept in cab or vicinity of the crane (ii) Operating and maintenance personal shall be made familiar with the use and care of the fire extinguishers provided.
    32. 32. Power Lines For operating near electric power lines: See 1910.333 (c) (3)
    33. 33. Load Rating Load ratings - where stability governs lifting performance." 1910.180(c)(1)(i) The margin of stability for determination of load ratings, with booms of stipulated lengths at stipulated working radii for the various types of crane mountings, is established by taking a percentage of the loads which will produce a condition of tipping or balance with the boom in the least stable direction, relative to the mounting. The load ratings shall not exceed the following percentages for cranes, with the indicated types of mounting under conditions stipulated in paragraphs (c) (1)(ii) and (iii) of this section. Truck cranes 85%
    34. 34. 1910.180(c)(2) "Load rating chart." A substantial and durable rating chart with clearly legible letters and figures shall be provided with each crane and securely fixed to the crane cab in a location easily visible to the operator while seated at his control station. Load Rating Chart
    35. 35. Inspection classification" - 1910.180(d)(1) "Initial inspection." Prior to initial use all new and altered cranes shall be inspected to insure compliance with provisions of this section. ..1910.180(d)(2) 1910.180(d)(2) "Regular inspection." Inspection procedure for cranes in regular service is divided into two general classifications based upon the intervals at which inspection should be performed. The intervals in turn are dependent upon the nature of the critical components of the crane and the degree of their exposure to wear, deterioration, or malfunction. The two general classifications are herein designated as "frequent" and "periodic", with respective intervals between inspections as defined below:
    36. 36. Inspection of your Truck Crane Frequent inspection: Daily to monthly intervals. 1910.180(d)(2)(ii) Periodic inspection: 1- to 12- month intervals, or as specifically recommended by the manufacturer. 1910.180(d)(3) "Frequent inspection." Items such as the following shall be inspected for defects at intervals as defined in paragraph (d)(2)(i) of this section or as specifically indicated including observation during operation for any defects which might appear between regular inspections. Any deficiencies such as listed shall be carefully examined and determination made as to whether they constitute a safety hazard:
    37. 37. Daily Inspections to monthly 1910.180(d)(3)(i) All control mechanisms for maladjustment interfering with proper operation: Daily. 1910.180(d)(3)(ii) All control mechanisms for excessive wear of components and contamination by lubricants or other foreign matter. 1910.180(d)(3)(iii) All safety devices for malfunction. 1910.180(d)(3)(iv) Deterioration or leakage in air or hydraulic systems: Daily.
    38. 38. Page 2 of inspections procedours ..1910.180(d)(3)(v) 1910.180(d)(3)(v) Crane hooks with deformations or cracks. For hooks with cracks or having more than 15 percent in excess of normal throat opening or more than 10 deg. twist from the plane of the unbent hook. 1910.180(d)(3)(vi) Rope reeving for noncompliance with manufacturer's recommendations. 1910.180(d)(3)(vii) Electrical apparatus for malfunctioning, signs of excessive deterioration, dirt, and moisture accumulation.
    39. 39. Periodic Inspection Periodic inspection." Complete inspections of the crane shall be performed at intervals as generally defined in paragraph (d)(2)(ii) of this section depending upon its activity, severity of service, and environment, or as specifically indicated below. These inspections shall include the requirements of paragraph (d)(3) of this section and in addition, items such as the following. Any deficiencies such as listed shall be carefully examined and determination made as to whether they constitute a safety hazard:
    40. 40. Inspection Steps Page 1  Deformed, cracked, or corroded members in the crane structure and boom.  1910.180(d)(4)(ii)  Loose bolts or rivets.  1910.180(d)(4)(iii)  Cracked or worn sheaves and drums.  ..1910.180(d)(4)(iv)  1910.180(d)(4)(iv)  Worn, cracked, or distorted parts such as pins, bearings, shafts, gears, rollers and locking devices.  1910.180(d)(4)(v)  Excessive wear on brake and clutch system parts, linings, pawls, and ratchets.
    41. 41. Inspection Steps Page 2 1910.180(d)(4)(vi) Load, boom angle, and other indicators over their full range, for any significant inaccuracies. 1910.180(d)(4)(vii) Gasoline, diesel, electric, or other power plants for improper performance or noncompliance with safety requirements. 1910.180(d)(4)(viii) Excessive wear of chain-drive sprockets and excessive chain stretch. 1910.180(d)(4)(ix) Travel steering, braking, and locking devices, for malfunction. 1910.180(d)(4)(x) Excessively worn or damaged tires.
    42. 42. Rope Inspection Rope inspection." - 1910.180(g)(1) "Running ropes." A thorough inspection of all ropes in use shall be made at least once a month and a certification record which includes the date of inspection, the signature of the person who performed the inspection and an identifier for the ropes shall be prepared and kept on file where readily available. All inspections shall be performed by an appointed or authorized person. Any deterioration, resulting in appreciable loss of original strength shall be carefully observed and determination made as to whether further use of the rope would constitute a safety hazard. Some of the conditions that could result in an appreciable loss of strength are the following: ..1910.180(g)(1)(i)
    43. 43. Rope inspection #2 1910.180(g)(1)(i) Reduction of rope diameter below nominal diameter due to loss of core support, internal or external corrosion, or wear of outside wires. 1910.180(g)(1)(ii) A number of broken outside wires and the degree of distribution of concentration of such broken wires. 1910.180(g)(1)(iii) Worn outside wires. 1910.180(g)(1)(iv) Corroded or broken wires at end connections. 1910.180(g)(1)(v) Corroded, cracked, bent, worn, or improperly applied end connections.
    44. 44. Rope inspection # 3 1910.180(g)(1)(vi) Severe kinking, crushing, cutting, or unstranding. 1910.180(g)(2) "Other ropes." 1910.180(g)(2)(i) Heavy wear and/or broken wires may occur in sections in contact with equalizer sheaves or other sheaves where rope travel is limited, or with saddles. Particular care shall be taken to inspect ropes at these locations. ..1910.180(g)(2)(ii)
    45. 45. NEVER USE A BAD ROPE!
    46. 46. KNOW THE LOAD THE OPERATOR IS NEVER TO EXCEED THE CAPACITY OF THE CRANE. Look on shippers tag for the weight or weigh the item on shipping scale.  If unsure always ask !
    47. 47. Testing Testing" - 1910.180(e)(1) "Operational tests." 1910.180(e)(1)(i) In addition to prototype tests and quality-control measures, each new production crane shall be tested by the manufacturer to the extent necessary to insure compliance with the operational requirements of this paragraph including functions such as the following:
    48. 48. Maintenance Procedure "Maintenance procedure" - "General." After adjustments and repairs have been made the crane shall not be operated until all guards have been reinstalled, safety devices reactivated, and maintenance equipment removed
    49. 49. Idle Ropes All rope which has been idle for a period of a month or more due to shutdown or storage of a crane on which it is installed shall be given a thorough inspection before it is used. This inspection shall be for all types of deterioration and shall be performed by an appointed or authorized person whose approval shall be required for further use of the rope. A certification record which includes the date of inspection, the signature of the person who performed the inspection, and an identifier for the rope which was inspected shall be prepared and kept readily available. 1910.180(g)(2)(iii) Particular care shall be taken in the inspection of nonrotating rope. 1910.180(h)
    50. 50. Records "Inspection records." Certification records which include the date of inspection, the signature of the person who performed the inspection and the serial number, or other identifier, of the crane which was inspected shall be made monthly on critical items in use such as brakes, crane hooks, and ropes. This certification record shall be kept readily available.
    51. 51. PATH OF OPERATOR DAILY INSPECTION 1910.179 B30.2 OPERATION
    52. 52. 1. PROPER OPERATION, ALL MOTIONS,PROPER MARKING ON CONROLER 2. CHECK ALL BRAKES (NO EXCESSIVE DRIFT) (REVERSE PLUGGING OK) 3.CHECK LOWER HOOK FOR DAMAGE (NICKS,WELDS,SADDLE WEAR, HOOK BEARING) 4. CHECK HOOK BEARING (FREE MOVEMENT) & HOOK LATCH FOR PROPER FIT, 15% HOOK STRECH, 10% TWIST 5. CHECK WIRE ROPE FOR BROKEN WIRES,LOSE OF DIAM,KINKS, CRUSHED,OR ANY DAMAGE. 6. CHECK ROPE REEVING FOR PROPER INSTALLATION AND FIT ON DRUM. 7. CHECK LIMIT DEVICE, CHECK BY INCHING, & FULL SPEED, REVERSE PHASE. 8.OIL LEAKAGE ( NO LEAKS ALLOWED) 19. UNUSUAL NOISE AND VIBRATION ( REPORT ANY IF FOUND) 10. WARNING AND SAFETY LABLES, CHECK TO SEE IF INSTALLED, PENDENT, DISCONNECT. PATH OF THE OPERATOR INSPECTION DAILY CHECK
    53. 53. Lower block Check Sheaves and Lower Hook in block assy. Check the hook bearing for free movement. The lower hook must have a safety latch. Note: Unless it causes operator more harm than good. (must be written down why) Load testing to 100% to 110% max.
    54. 54. OPERATING CONTROLS ALL LABLES MUST BE LEGABLE MUST HAVE STRAIN RELIEF ATTACHED PENDENT MUST NOT HAVE ANY CRACKS
    1. A particular slide catching your eye?

      Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

    ×