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What are Questionnaires and what do they measure?
Questionnaires are any written instruments that present respondents with a series of questions or statements to which they are to react either writing out their answers or selecting from among existing answers”
Obj. 3.7 & 4.1 We would like to ask you to help us by answering the following questions concerning Foreign language learning. This survey is conducted by the Language Research Group of The University of X to better understand… This is not a test, so there is no “right” or “wrong answers and you don’t need to provide your name….
Tell respondents what they have to do in order to answer the questions
Obj. 3.7 & 4.1 Sample instructions for numerical rating scales In the following section we would like you to answer some questions by simple giving marks from 1 to 5 1 = not at all 2 = not really 3 = so-so 4= quite a lot 5 = very much For example, consider the following item. If you like hamburger very much, write 5 in the space in front of the question: -------------- How much do you like a hamburger? Please write one (and only one) whole number in front of each question and don’t leave out any of them. Thanks
Types of Questions: Open-ended and closed ended
Closed ended questions
A range of possible responses is determined by the researcher
Foreign languages should be compulsory in high school
Agree Neutral Disagree
Open ended questions
Obj. 3.8 & 5.1
Closed- ended questionnaire items Young a (1986, cited in Bell (1987) categorises questions as follows : Circle one of the following to indicate your attitude to the following statement: “ I like to learn through interacting with native speakers” Strongly agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly disagree Scale Rank the following from 1 to 4 in order of preference “ I like to learn best by studying’: - with the whole class - in small groups - in pair - independently Ranking Indicate your salary range by circling one of the following: Lest than 20,000 40,000-60,000 20,000 – 40,000 more than 60,000 Category Indicate your qualifications by circling any of the following: Diploma B.A M.A Ph.D List Example Question types
How many NESB students are there in the following classes Grid Circle one of the following: How often did you practice English outside class last week? 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10, more than 10 Quantity/ Frequency Example Question types Year 4 Year 3 Year 2 Year 1 15+ 10-15 5-10` 0-5
Dorney (3003) classified closed questions as rating scale items, ranking Items, multiple choice items and checklist Rating scale: Likert scale Multiple choice item: If there were a French Club in my school, I would Ranking order items Numeric Items Checklist