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Arthritis
 

Arthritis

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Arthritis, its type, symptoms, and diagnosis

Arthritis, its type, symptoms, and diagnosis

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    Arthritis Arthritis Presentation Transcript

    • Arthritis
    • INTRODUCTION •Arthritis is a form of joint disorder that involves inflammation of one or more joints. •There are over 100 different forms of arthritis •The most common form, osteoarthritis (degenerative joint disease) is a result of trauma to the joint, infection of the joint, or age. •Other arthritis forms are rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and related autoimmune diseases. Septic arthritis is caused by joint infection.
    • Osteoarthritis • Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis. • It can affect both the larger and the smaller joints of the body, including the hands, feet, back, hip or knee. • The disease is essentially one acquired from daily wear and tear of the joint; however, osteoarthritis can also occur as a result of injury. • Initially, the condition starts with minor pain while walking but soon the pain can be continuous and even occur at night. • The pain can be debilitating and prevent one from doing some activities.
    • Rheumatoid arthritis • Rheumatoid arthritis is a disorder in which, for some unknown reason, the body's own immune system starts to attack body tissues. • In rheumatoid arthritis, most damage occurs to the joint lining and cartilage which eventually results in erosion of two opposing bones. • The drugs to treat rheumatoid arthritis range from corticosteroids to monoclonal antibodies given intravenously. Remicade can significantly improve quality of life in the short term. • There is no cure for the illness.
    • Psoriatic arthritis • With psoriasis, most individuals develop the skin problem first and then the arthritis. • The typical features are of continuous joint pains, stiffness and swelling. • The disease does recur with periods of remission but there is no cure for the disorder.
    • Septic arthritis • Septic arthritis is the purulent invasion of a joint by an infectious agent which produces arthritis. • People with artificial joints are more at risk than the general population but have slightly different symptoms, are infected with different organisms and require different treatment. • Septic arthritis is considered a medical emergency. If untreated, it may destroy the joint in a period of days.
    • Symptoms of Arthritis • Pain. • Swelling. • Joint Stiffness. • Inability to use the hand or walk • Malaise and a feeling of tiredness • Fever • Weight loss • Poor sleep • Muscle aches and pains • Tenderness • Difficulty moving the joint
    • Diagnosis • Clinical examination by a health professional. • Radiology/X-ray. • Blood test.
    • Thank You…
    • Thank You…